Publications by authors named "Zoya Aamir"

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Differentiated macrophages acquire a pro-inflammatory and cell death-resistant phenotype due to increasing XIAP and p38-mediated inhibition of RipK1.

J Biol Chem 2018 07 13;293(30):11913-11927. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

From the Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology, and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario K1H 8M8, Canada,

Monocytes differentiate into macrophages, which deactivate invading pathogens. Macrophages can be resistant to cell death mechanisms in some situations, and the mechanisms involved are not clear. Here, using mouse immune cells, we investigated whether the differentiation of macrophages affects their susceptibility to cell death by the ripoptosome/necrosome pathways. We show that treatment of macrophages with a mimetic of second mitochondrial activator of caspases (SMAC) resulted in ripoptosome-driven cell death that specifically depended on tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) expression and the receptor-interacting serine/threonine protein kinase 1 (RipK1)-RipK3-caspase-8 interaction in activated and cycling macrophages. Differentiation of macrophages increased the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines but reduced RipK1-dependent cell death and the RipK3-caspase-8 interaction. The expression of the anti-apoptotic mediators, X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) and caspase-like apoptosis regulatory protein (cFLIP), also increased in differentiated macrophages, which inhibited caspase activation. The resistance to cell death was abrogated in XIAP-deficient macrophages. However, even in the presence of increased XIAP expression, inhibition of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) p38 and MAPK-activated protein kinase 2 (MK2) made differentiated macrophages susceptible to cell death. These results suggest that the p38/MK2 pathway overrides apoptosis inhibition by XIAP and that acquisition of resistance to cell death by increased expression of XIAP and cFLIP may allow inflammatory macrophages to participate in pathogen control for a longer duration.
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July 2018