Publications by authors named "Yu-Guang Zheng"

23 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Natural Deep Eutectic Solvents for the Extraction of Bioactive Steroidal Saponins from Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma.

Molecules 2021 Apr 5;26(7). Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Traditional Chinese Medicine Processing Technology Innovation Center of Hebei Province, Hebei University of Chinese Medicine, Shijiazhuang 050200, China.

In the present study, a simple and environmentally friendly extraction method based on natural deep eutectic solvents (NADESs) was established to extract four bioactive steroidal saponins from Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma (DNR). A total of twenty-one types of choline chloride, betaine, and L-proline based NADESs were tailored, and the NADES composed of 1:1 molar ratio of choline chloride and malonic acid showed the best extraction efficiency for the four steroidal saponins compared with other NADESs. Then, the extraction parameters for extraction of steroidal saponins by selected tailor-made NADES were optimized using response surface methodology and the optimal extraction conditions are extraction time, 23.5 min; liquid-solid ratio, 57.5 mL/g; and water content, 54%. The microstructure of the DNR powder before and after ultrasonic extraction by conventional solvents (water and methanol) and the selected NADES were observed using field emission scanning electron microscope. In addition, the four steroidal saponins were recovered from NADESs by D101 macroporous resin with a satisfactory recovery yield between 67.27% and 79.90%. The present research demonstrates that NADESs are a suitable green media for the extraction of the bioactive steroidal saponins from DNR, and have a great potential as possible alternatives to organic solvents for efficiently extracting bioactive compounds from natural products.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules26072079DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8038615PMC
April 2021

Micro-morphological identification study on Cordyceps sinensis (Berk.) Sacc. and its adulterants based on stereo microscope and desktop scanning electron microscope.

Microsc Res Tech 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Institute for Quality Control of Chinese Traditional Medicine and Ethnic Medicine, National Institutes for Food and Drug Control, Beijing, China.

The Chinese Materia Medica, Cordyceps sinensis (called "Dongchongxiacao" in Chinese), used as a tonic for nearly 600 years by Traditional Chinese Medicine, which has been recorded by Chinese Pharmacopoeia. This drug is rare and precious, which in turn lead to the emergence of adulterants derived from the same genus of Cordyceps. The adulterants which can be commonly found in the market are Cordyceps gunnii (called "Gunichongcao" in Chinese), Cordyceps liangshanensis (called "Liangshanchongcao" in Chinese), and Cordyceps gracilis (called "Xinjiangchongcao" in Chinese). This study combined a desktop scanning electron microscope and stereo microscope to distinguish C. sinensis from the above three adulterants especially on their different characters of caterpillar parts. Referring to the professional entomological literature, the micro-morphological features including the cuticle of the abdomen and the planta of abdomen prolegs were observed, photographed, and expressed based on the description of macroscopic characters. The identification method studied in this article is more convenient, quick, and environmental friendly.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jemt.23749DOI Listing
April 2021

[Quality control of Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma based on fingerprint and quantitative analysis].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2020 Oct;45(20):4949-4956

Traditional Chinese Medicine Processing Technology Innovation Center of Hebei Province, College of Pharmacy,Hebei University of Chinese Medicine Shijiazhuang 050200, China.

Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma, the dried rhizoma of Dioscorea nipponica, has been widely used in traditional Chinese medicines. According to the different of the growth and cultivation patterns, Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma can be divided into two species, the wild Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma and the cultivated Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma. In this paper, an accurate and reliable fingerprint of Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma was established based on HPLC coupled with evaporative light scattering detector(ELSD). A total of 6 common peaks were marked, and the similarity of the Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma samples was above 0.950. The results indicated that the established fingerprint could be used for quality evaluation of Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma. Moreover, an HPLC coupled with ELSD method was developed for simultaneous quantitative analysis of six steroidal saponins, including protodioscin, protogracillin, methyl protodioscin, pseudoprotodioscin, dioscin and gracillin in wild Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma and cultivated Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma samples. Furthermore, chemometrics analysis such as principal component analysis and partial least squares discriminant analysis were performed to compare and discriminate wild Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma and cultivated Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma samples based on the quantitative data. The results indicated that the contents of steroidal saponins were notably different between the wild and cultivated Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma, and protodioscin and protogracillin were significant to effectively discriminate the wild and cultivated Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma samples, and these two compounds could be recognized as chemical markers. In conclusion, this present study might provide useful data and acceptable analysis method for identification and quality evaluation of Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20200615.201DOI Listing
October 2020

[Comparative study on changes of ginsenosides and activities of American ginseng before and after steaming].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2020 Sep;45(18):4404-4410

College of Pharmacy, Hebei University of Chinese Medicine Shijiazhuang 050200, China Traditional Chinese Medicine Processing Technology Innovation Center of Hebei Province, Hebei University of Chinese Medicine Shijiazhuang 050200, China.

The chemical fingerprints of American ginseng were established by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) coupled with similarity evaluation system for chromatographic fingerprint of traditionanl Chinese medicine. The results were analyzed with use of stoichiometry methods(cluster analysis, principal component analysis, and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis), and meanwhile, a preliminary study on the antioxidant and anti-proliferation activity of colorectal cancer cells was conducted. By comparing the fingerprints of American ginseng before and after processing, the contents of five components in the eight ginseno-sides quantified in this paper increased, including ginsenoside Rc, Rg_2, Rb_2, Rb_3 and Rd, respectively, and a new component was produced after steaming. The activity study showed that steamed American ginseng had better antioxidant activity and anti-proliferation activity of colorectal cancer cells than raw American ginseng. The research results show that the steaming method of American ginseng used in this experiment has good stability and reproducibility, and the steaming of American ginseng produces similar changes as artificial red ginseng, which provides a certain reference for expanding the application range of American ginseng.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20200622.306DOI Listing
September 2020

[Dynamic changes of volatile components of Qiai from different harvest time based on GC-MS and chemometrics analysis].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2020 May;45(10):2417-2424

Traditional Chinese Medicine Processing Technology Innovation Center of Hebei Province, Hebei University of Chinese Medicine Shijiazhuang 050200, China.

Artemisiae Argyi Folium, the dried leaves of Artemisia argyi, has been widely used in traditional Chinese and folk medicines for a long time. Qiai is one of the top-geoherb of Artemisiae Argyi Folium. Qiai contains various bioactive constituents, such as volatile oils, phenolic acids, flavonoids and terpenoids. Phytochemical studies demonstrated that volatile compounds are the main bioactive constituents in Qiai. Try to investigate dynamic changes of volatile components of Qiai from different harvest time and explore the optimum harvest time of Qiai, in this study, the contents of total volatile oils in Qiai collected from five different harvest time were analyzed by steam distillation method. The results showed that the contents of volatile oils of Qiai were higher in the third harvest time(around the Dragon Boat Festival), which is basically consistent with the traditional harvest time. Furthermore, a sensitive method based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS) was established for qualitative analysis of volatile compounds in Qiai, and a total of thirty volatile compounds were identified. Chemometrics methods including principal component analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least-squares discriminate analysis(OPLS-DA) were applied to explore chemical markers and dynamic changes of volatile components in Qiai from different harvest time, and the results indicated that there were obvious differences in the relative contents of volatile compounds of Qiai samples from different harvest time. Eight volatile compounds, including α-terpinene, γ-terpinene, D-camphor, trans-carveol, α-copaene, isobornylisobutyrate, humulene, and caryophyllene oxide were selected as potential chemical markers. Among the eight chemical markers, the relative contents of α-terpinene, γ-terpinene, α-copaene and caryophyllene oxide were higher in the third harvest period(around the Dragon Boat Festival), which is consistent with the contents of total volatile oils. The present study could provide the basis for investigating the optimum harvest time of Qiai, and might be useful for the quality control of this herbal medicine.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20200219.203DOI Listing
May 2020

[Study on difference of chemical constituents of Qiai in different harvest periods].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2019 Dec;44(24):5433-5440

College of Pharmacy,Hebei University of Chinese Medicine Shijiazhuang 050200,China.

Artemisiae Argyi Folium,the dried leaves of Artemisia argyi,has been widely used in traditional Chinese and folk medicines for a long time. Qiai is one of the top-geoherb of Artemisiae Argyi Folium. Trying to investigate dynamic changes of chemical components of Qiai in different harvest periods and explore the optimum harvest time of Qiai,in this study,the contents of total flavonoids and total phenolic acids of 36 batches of Qiai collected in 6 different harvest periods were analyzed by ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometry. Furthermore,an HPLC method was applied for simultaneous determination of eight bioactive compounds including six phenolic acids( 5-caffeoylquinic acid,3-caffeoylquinic acid,4-caffeoylquinic acid,3,4-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid,3,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid and 4,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid) and two flavonoids( jaceosidin and eupatilin) in Qiai samples. The quantitative results indicated that there were some differences in the contents of total flavonoids,total phenolic acids and bioactive compounds of Qiai samples in different harvest periods. The dynamic changes of total flavonoids and total phenolic acids of Qiai in different harvest periods were consistent. The contents of total flavonoids and total phenolic acids of Qiai samples were higher in the third harvest period( around the Dragon Boat Festival),which is basically consistent with the traditional harvest periods. This present study can provide the basis for determining the suitable harvest time of Qiai,and might be useful for the quality evaluation of this herbal medicine.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20190830.202DOI Listing
December 2019

[Discussion on medicinal value of Saposhnikoviae Radix based on difference of ketone content in cortex and wood of Saposhnikoviae Radix].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2019 Sep;44(18):3948-3953

College of Pharmacy,Hebei University of Chinese Medicine Shijiazhuang 050200,China.

In order to confirm the tradition that bolting Saposhnikoviae Radix could not be used as medicine,the content of four chromone components in the cortex and wood of Saposhnikoviae Radix was analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography( HPLC),and the chemical fingerprints were established,12 common peaks were calibrated. The similarity analysis found that the similarity between batches was 0. 115-0. 995,it indicates that the cortex and wood of Saposhnikoviae Radix have certain differences. On this basis,systematic clustering analysis,principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis were carried out with the content of four chromone components and whether they met the pharmacopoeia criteria as the original variables. The results showed that the content of the four components in the cortex of Saposhnikoviae Radix was much higher than that in the wood,and the four components detected were able to distinguish the cortex and the wood of Saposhnikoviae Radix. The results of the study reveal the tradition that bolting Saposhnikoviae Radix should not be used as medicine dut to decreased quality.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20190701.109DOI Listing
September 2019

[Determination of 9 isoflavonoids in Puerariae Lobatae Radix with quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2019 Nov;44(22):4888-4895

College of Pharmacy,Hebei University of Chinese Medicine Shijiazhuang 050200,China.

A method for determination of 9 isoflavones in Puerariae Lobatae Radix was established and the accuracy and feasibility of the method were verified. The relative correction factors of eight isoflavonoids,3'-hydroxy puerarin,puerarinapioside,3'-methoxy puerarin,puerarin 6″-O-xyloside,daidzin,genistin,formononetin and daidzein were determined by HPLC method with puerarin as the internal standard. The contents of 9 isoflavonoids in 11 batches of samples were determined by external standard method and QAMS.The accuracy and feasibility of the methods were evaluated by comparison of the quantitative results between external standard method and QAMS. The reproducibility of the relative correction factors was good under different experimental conditions,and there was no significant difference between the external standard method of the 9 compounds and the content of QAMS method. The results showed that using puerarin as an internal standard to simultaneously determine the 8 isoflavonoids mentioned above is accurate and feasible. Thus,it can be used as quality control of Puerariae Lobatae Radix.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20190812.202DOI Listing
November 2019

Chelidonine enhances the antitumor effect of lenvatinib on hepatocellular carcinoma cells.

Onco Targets Ther 2019 19;12:6685-6697. Epub 2019 Aug 19.

Hebei University of Chinese Medicine, Shijiazhuang City, Hebei Province 050200, People's Republic of China.

Background: Lenvatinib is a newly approved molecular targeted drug for the treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the high cost associated with this treatment poses a huge financial burden on patients and the entire public health system. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop novel strategies that enhance the antitumor effect of lenvatinib.

Methods: The antitumor effects of chelidonine or/and lenvatinib on HCC cell lines MHCC97-H and LM-3 were examined using the 3-[4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl]-2,5-diphenyl-2- H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. For the in-vivo investigation, the effect on subcutaneous or intrahepatic tumor growth in nude mice was also determined. The mRNA levels of epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related factors were examined through quantitative polymerase chain reaction or Western blot.

Results: In the present study, we found that treatment with chelidonine enhanced the apoptotic effect of lenvatinib on HCC cells and the in-vivo growth of HCC tumors in nude mice. Mechanistically, treatment with chelidonine increased the expression of epithelial indicator E-cadherin, whereas it decreased the expression of mesenchymal indicators N-cadherin and Vimentin. These findings suggest that chelidonine restricted the EMT in HCC cells.

Conclusion: Chelidonine inhibits the process of EMT and enhances the antitumor effect of lenvatinib on HCC cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S215103DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6707434PMC
August 2019

Application of metabolomics in toxicity evaluation of traditional Chinese medicines.

Chin Med 2018 4;13:60. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

3State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, 210009 China.

Traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) have a long history of use because of its potential complementary therapy and fewer adverse effects. However, the toxicity and safety issues of TCM have drawn considerable attention in the past two decades. Metabolomics is an "omics" approach that aims to comprehensively analyze all metabolites in biological samples. In agreement with the holistic concept of TCM, metabolomics has shown great potential in efficacy and toxicity evaluation of TCM. Recently, a large amount of metabolomic researches have been devoted to exploring the mechanism of toxicity induced by TCM, such as hepatotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, and cardiotoxicity. In this paper, the application of metabolomics in toxicity evaluation of bioactive compounds, TCM extracts and TCM prescriptions are reviewed, and the potential problems and further perspectives for application of metabolomics in toxicological studies are also discussed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13020-018-0218-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6278008PMC
December 2018

[Quality evaluation of Taraxaci Herba based on fingerprint analysis and quantitative analysis of multi-components].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2018 Sep;43(18):3715-3721

College of Pharmacy, Hebei University of Chinese Medicine, Shijiazhuang 050200, China.

Taraxaci Herba was derived from the dried Herba of Taraxacum mongolicum, T. borealisinense and several species from the Taraxacum genus. Taraxaci Herba has been widely used in traditional Chinese and folk medicines. According to the different growth and cultivation pattern, Taraxaci Herba could be divided into two species, wild Taraxaci Herba and cultivated Taraxaci Herba. In the present study, an accurate and reliable fingerprint approach was developed using high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) for quality control of Taraxaci Herba. A total of 9 common peaks were marked, and the similarity of all the Taraxaci Herba samples was above 0.960. The established fingerprint method could be used for quality control of Taraxaci Herba. Furthermore, an HPLC method was established for simultaneous determination of six bioactive compounds, including monocaffeoyl tartaric acid, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, cichoric acid, 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid and luteolin in wild Taraxaci Herba and cultivated Taraxaci Herba. Moreover,chemometrics analysis such as principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis were performed to compare and discriminate the wild samples and cultivated samples based on the quantitative data. The chemometrics results indicated that 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid and luteolin were significant to effectively discriminate the wild Taraxaci Herba and cultivated Taraxaci Herba samples, and these two compounds could be recognized as chemical markers for quality evaluation of wild Taraxaci Herba and cultivated Taraxaci Herba. The fingerprint analysis and quantitative analysis of multi-components could be a well-acceptable strategy for evaluation the quality of Taraxaci Herba.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.2018.0103DOI Listing
September 2018

Comparison of Artemisiae argyi Folium and Artemisiae lavandulaefoliae Folium by simultaneous determination of multi-components with single reference standard method and chemometric analysis.

Phytochem Anal 2019 Jan 5;30(1):14-25. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

College of Chemistry and Material Science, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, P. R. China.

Introduction: Artemisiae argyi Folium and Artemisiae lavandulaefoliae Folium, two morphologically similar herbal medicines derived from Artemisia genus. Although the two Artemisia herbs have been used as medicines for a long time in China, the study of their phytochemical and bioactive composition is limited.

Objective: To comprehensively compare and evaluate the composition of Artemisiae argyi Folium and Artemisiae lavandulaefoliae Folium, and find the chemical makers for quality evaluation of the two Artemisia herbal medicines.

Methodology: Eight compounds including six phenolic acids and two flavonoids were assayed by a single reference standard for simultaneous determination of multi-components method using 3-caffeoylquinic acid as the reference standard. The quantitative data were further analysed by chemometric approaches to compare and distinguish the two herbal medicines.

Results: The credibility and feasibility of the single reference standard for simultaneous determination of the multi-components method were carefully validated. The validated method was applied to analyse 16 batches of Artemisiae argyi Folium and 10 batches of Artemisiae lavandulaefoliae Folium samples. The quantitative results showed that 3,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid was the most abundant constituent, and the contents of flavonoids were notably different between the two herbal medicines. The chemometric analysis results indicated the two flavonoids, jaceosidin and eupatilin could be used as chemical markers for quality evaluation of the two herbal medicines.

Conclusion: The single reference standard for simultaneous determination of the multi-components method coupled with chemometrics analysis could be a well-acceptable strategy to compare and evaluate the quality of Artemisiae argyi Folium and Artemisiae lavandulaefoliae Folium.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pca.2786DOI Listing
January 2019

[Quality evaluation of Artemisiae Argyi Folium based on fingerprint analysis and quantitative analysis of multicomponents].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2018 Mar;43(5):977-984

College of Pharmacy, Hebei University of Chinese Medicine, Shijiazhuang 050200, China.

Artemisiae Argyi Folium, the dried leaves of Artemisia argyi, has been widely used in traditional Chinese and folk medicines for treatment of hemorrhage, pain, and skin itch. Phytochemical studies indicated that volatile oil, organic acid and flavonoids were the main bioactive components in Artemisiae Argyi Folium. Compared to the volatile compounds, the research of nonvolatile compounds in Artemisiae Argyi Folium are limited. In the present study, an accurate and reliable fingerprint approach was developed using HPLC for quality control of Artemisiae Argyi Folium. A total of 10 common peaks were marked,and the similarity of all the Artemisiae Argyi Folium samples was above 0.940. The established fingerprint method could be used for quality control of Artemisiae Argyi Folium. Furthermore, an HPLC method was applied for simultaneous determination of seven bioactive compounds including five organic acids and two flavonoids in Artemisiae Argyi Folium and Artemisiae Lavandulaefoliae Folium samples. Moreover, chemometrics methods such as hierarchical clustering analysis and principal component analysis were performed to compare and discriminate the Artemisiae Argyi Folium and Artemisiae Lavandulaefoliae Folium based on the quantitative data of analytes. The results indicated that simultaneous quantification of multicomponents coupled with chemometrics analysis could be a well-acceptable strategy to identify and evaluate the quality of Artemisiae Argyi Folium.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.2018.0029DOI Listing
March 2018

[Determination of six active ingredients in different parts of Belamcanda chinensis and Iris tectorum and their anti-inflammatory activity].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2018 Jan;43(1):119-122

Hebei University of Chinese Medical, Shijiazhuang 050200, China.

In order to explore the anti-inflammatory activity and active ingredient basis from the leaves of the Belamcanda chinensis and Iris tectorum, we established an HPLC method for simultaneous determination of six anti-inflammatory active ingredient contents in the root of the B. chinensis and I. tectorum as well as their leaves with different dry methods, and the anti-inflammatory effects of the extract were studied by the mouse ear swelling experiment. The HPLC analysis was performed on an Agilent WondaSil© C₁₈-WR(4.6 mm×250 mm,5 μm),with isocratic elution of acetonitrile-0.1% ortho-phosphoric acid solution at a flow rate of 1. 0 mL·min⁻¹ and the detection was carried out at 265 nm. The chemical compositions of the B. chinensis and I. tectorum are similar but the contents of them are obviously different. Both rhizome and leaf extract of B. chinensis and I. tectorum had inhibitory effects on inflamed mice induced by dimethylbenzene and had anti-inflammatory effects by animal experiment, which could lay the material and active foundation for the development of the non-medicinal parts of the B. chinensis and I. tectorum.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20171027.006DOI Listing
January 2018

[Research on topographic factors of ecology suitability regionalization of Bupleuri Radix in Hebei province].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2017 Nov;42(22):4402-4407

Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050091, China.

To study the correlation between the content of saikosaponins ingredient of Bupleuri Radix and topographic factors, we researched the ecology suitability regionalization of topographic of Bupleuri Radix from Hebei province to provide a scientific basis for selecting artificial planting. Based on 43 samples of Bupleuri Radix from Hebei province, the variation of the content of saikosaponins in different conditions of topographic factors and the influence of slope, altitude and aspect were comprehensively analyzed by SPSS 21.0. Then we studied topographic factors of ecology suitability regionalization of Bupleuri Radix on the basis of the relationship between the saikosaponins and topographic factors by ArcGIS. The most suitable conditions of topographic for cultivation of saikosaponins are as follows:altitude 600 m above, slope 4.00-5.50 degrees, aspect to the sun. In Hebei province, it is suitable for growth of Bupleuri Radix in the Taihang Mountains and the Yanshan Mountains where the content of saikosaponins is higher.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.2017.0191DOI Listing
November 2017

[Correlation analysis between quality characteristics and commercial specifications of Panacis Quinquefolii Radix].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2016 Sep;41(18):3329-3335

College of Pharmacy, Hebei University of Chinese Medicine, Shijiazhuang 050200, China.

This study was aimed to analyze the correlation between commercial specifications of Panacis Quinquefolii Radix and quantitative indexes of sevent kinds of ginsenosides (ginsenosides Rg¹, Re, Rb¹, Rc, Rb₂, Rb₃, Rd) contained in Panacis Quinquefolii Radix by using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), explore the correlation between the characteristics of the traditional Panacis Quinquefolii Radix specifications and modern chemical quantitative indicators, and provide a theoretical basis for the quality grade evaluation of Panacis Quinquefolii Radix. The HPLC fingerprint method was used to analyze 40 batches of Panacis Quinquefolii Radix. A total of 19 peaks were marked, and the similarity was above 0.900 for all samples. On this basis, processing methods, product specifications, contents of 7 components, and the total contents of ginsenoside Rg¹, Re and Rb¹ were used as the original variables for cluster analysis and principal component analysis. The results showed great correlation between the quality of Panacis Quinquefolii Radix and the information on their origins, but the difference was less with the characteristics of traditional commercial specifications, indicating some limitations in the division of commercial specifications of Panacis Quinquefolii Radix. The results revealed the intrinsic relationship between the product specifications, traditional qualitative indexes, and quantitative indexes of chemical components of Panacis Quinquefolii Radix, providing a new idea for the objective comprehensive evaluation of the quality of Panacis Quinquefolii Radix.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4268/cjcmm20161804DOI Listing
September 2016

[Climatic division of Blumea balsamifera in Guizhou province based on topographical conditions].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2016 Sep;41(17):3164-3168

Hebei University of Chinese Medicine, Shijiazhuang 050000, China.

According to the meteorological index of the growth of Blumea balsamifera, and by using the climate and geographic date recorded in the main meteorological stations for 54 years(1960-2014) in Guizhou province, the authors established a regression model between climate division factors and geographic information for the possible planting area. Considering integrated various factors including climate factor, gradient and elevation, based on GIS technology, ascertain the planting area of B. balsamifera. Combined with the land use condition of Guizhou province based on RS, analyzed the distribution rule of the synthesis index, climatic divisions of B. balsamifera in Guizhou were divided into 3 areas (the most suitable, suitable, sub-suitable) objectively. There are 3 areas can plant B. balsamifera (the southwest, the south and the north). The most suitable climate area has 76.98 km², the suitable climate area has 156.04 km², and the sub-suitable climate area has 235.43 km².
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4268/cjcmm20161708DOI Listing
September 2016

[Research on climatic factors of ecology suitability regionalization of atractylodis].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2015 Nov;40(21):4171-6

Through study on the correlation between atractylodis lactones ingredient content and climatic factors, we research regionalization from climatic of five main producing provinces of the country, in order to provide a scientific basis for atractylodis' conscious cultivation. By sampling from 40 origins which from five main producing provinces of the country, we use SPSS to analysis variation of atractylodis lactones ingredient content in different conditions of climatic factors and the effect of each factors. Then according to the relationship between atractylodis lactones ingredient content and climatic factors, we use ArcGIS to conduct ecological suitability regionalization based on climatic factors. The most suitable climatic condition for cultivation of atractylodis: the wettest month precipitation 220-230 mm, the warmest average temperature 25 degrees C, the average temperature of driest season 10 degrees C.
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November 2015

[Study on commercial specification of atractylodes based on Delphi method].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2016 Mar;41(5):802-805

Hebei University of Chinese Medicine, Shijiazhuang 050200, China.

This research adopts "Delphi method" to evaluate atractylodes traditional traits and rank correlation. By using methods of mathematical statistics the relationship of the traditional identification indicators and atractylodes goods rank correlation was analyzed, It is found that the main characteristics affectingatractylodes commodity specifications and grades of main characters wereoil points of transaction,color of transaction,color of surface,grain of transaction,texture of transaction andspoilage. The study points out that the original "seventy-six kinds of medicinal materials commodity specification standards of atractylodes differentiate commodity specification" is not in conformity with the actual market situation, we need to formulate corresponding atractylodes medicinal products specifications and grades.This study combined with experimental results "Delphi method" and the market actual situation, proposed the new draft atractylodes commodity specifications and grades, as the new atractylodes commodity specifications and grades standards. It provides a reference and theoretical basis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4268/cjcmm20160507DOI Listing
March 2016

[Research on topographic factors of ecology suitability regionalization of Atractylodis macrocephala].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2014 Dec;39(23):4566-70

Through study on the correlation between Atractylodis macrocephala lactones ingredient content and topographic factors, we researched regionalization from topography of five main producing provinces of the country, in order to provide a scientific basis for A. macrocephala reasonable cultivation. By sampling from 40 origins of five main producing provinces of the country, the variation of A. macrocephala lactones ingredient content in different conditions of topographic factors and the effect of altitude, slope and aspect was analyzed by SPSS. Then according to the relationship between A. macrocephala lactones ingredient content and topographic factors, the ecological suitability regionalization was conducted by using ArcGIS based on topographic factors. It is suitable for growth of A. macrocephala in the hilly and mountainous areas of southern whose A. macrocephala lactones ingredient content is in high levels. It is unsuitable for growth of A. macrocephala in Northern plain areas, but we can cultivate A. macrocephala in the hilly and mountainous areas of Northern. The most suitable topographic condition for cultivation of A. macrocephala : altitude 200 meters above, slope 3.00-4.99 degrees.
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December 2014

[Research progress on standards of commodity classes of Chinese materia medica and discussion on several key problems].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2014 May;39(9):1733-8

Standards of commodity classes of Chinese materia medica is an important way to solve the "Lemons Problem" of traditional Chinese medicine market. Standards of commodity classes are also helpful to rebuild market mechanisms for "high price for good quality". The previous edition of commodity classes standards of Chinese materia medica was made 30 years ago. It is no longer adapted to the market demand. This article researched progress on standards of commodity classes of Chinese materia medica. It considered that biological activity is a better choice than chemical constituents for standards of commodity classes of Chinese materia medica. It is also considered that the key point to set standards of commodity classes is finding the influencing factors between "good quality" and "bad quality". The article also discussed the range of commodity classes of Chinese materia medica, and how to coordinate standards of pharmacopoeia and commodity classes. According to different demands, diversiform standards can be used in commodity classes of Chinese materia medica, but efficacy is considered the most important index of commodity standard. Decoction pieces can be included in standards of commodity classes of Chinese materia medica. The authors also formulated the standards of commodity classes of Notoginseng Radix as an example, and hope this study can make a positive and promotion effect on traditional Chinese medicine market related research.
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May 2014

[Genetic diversity of Atractylodes macrocephala by ISSR].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2012 Nov;37(22):3381-5

Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China.

Objective: To assess the genetic diversity of Atractylodes macrocephala in 12 cultivated populations and 3 wild populations.

Method: The molecular marker technique ISSR was used to investigate the genetic diversity of 365 samples from 15 populations in Zhejiang, Anhui and Hebei Provinces. Data was analyzed by POPGEN 32, and a cluster diagram was presented by UPGMA.

Result: One hundred and two amplified fragments were obtained using 13 ISSR primers. 94 polymorphic loci were identified as 92.16%. Nei's genetic diversity index (He) was 0.406 5, Shannon diversity index (I) was 0.590 3, and the coefficient of gene differentiation (Gst) was 0.202 5. The genetic similarity coefficient among the populations ranged from 0.690 7 to 0.960 5 in an average of 0. 825 6. No significant difference was found among the populations based on the clustering analysis.

Conclusion: There is a low level of genetic differentiation in higher genetic diversity of the A. macrocephala populations. No obvious regional or species diversities were identified. This is consistent with current status of cultivation and gerplasm circulation in A. macrocephala.
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November 2012

[Development of clinical application and experimental reseach on prescription biejiajian wan].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2008 Apr;33(8):965-7

Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital in Guangdong Province, Guangzhou 510120, China.

We reviewed the modern development of clinical application and experimental reseach on the prescription Biejiajian Wan (BJ), which are the basement that we will study its anti-renal fibrosis. At present, the prescription BJ is mainly applied to the treatment of chronic heptic desease. Its experimental reseach is mainly confined to the studing of anti-heptic fibrosi. Refering the scientific and technological result of anti-heptic fibrosis, we think the prescription BJ would have the effection of anti-renal fibrosis on the basis of theory of planning treatment according to diagnosis. But it has not been reported to the prescription BJ on the clinical and experimental reseach on anti-renal fibrosis. Therefore, it is very important to take on clinical reseach of the prescription BJ and discuss the effecting mechanism of anti-renal fibrosis from the level of integration, cell and molecule, which will help to enlarge the clinical application of the prescription Biejiajianwan and explained the essence of "persistent diseases injuring collateral branch of large channel" in traditional Chinese medicine.
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April 2008