Publications by authors named "Xiao-Qin Wan"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Risperidone stimulates food intake and induces body weight gain via the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus 5-HT2c receptor-NPY pathway.

CNS Neurosci Ther 2020 05 27;26(5):558-566. Epub 2019 Dec 27.

Department of Cardiology, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University (Currently Army Medical University), Chongqing, China.

Aims: Many patients taking risperidone for the treatment of psychiatric disorders experience substantial body weight gain. Researchers have speculated that risperidone induces obesity by modulating central signals; however, the precise central mechanisms involved remain to be fully elucidated.

Methods: Twenty-four C57BL/6J mice were divided into four groups: a control group; a risperidone-treated group; a lorcaserin-treated group; and a combined risperidone + lorcaserin-treated group. The mice were received the corresponding treatments for 4 weeks, and their brains were collected for in situ hybridization analysis. A subset of C57BL/6J mice was administrated with risperidone or placebo, and brains were collected 60 minutes post-treatment for determination of c-fos activity. In addition, brains of NPY-GFP mice treated with or without risperidone were collected to perform colocalization of NPY and c-fos, as well as NPY and 5-HT2c receptor using immunohistochemistry.

Results: There was significantly elevated c-fos expression in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (Arc) of risperidone-treated mice. More than 68% c-fos-positive neurons were NPY-expressing neurons. Furthermore, in situ hybridization revealed that Arc NPY mRNA expression was significantly increased in the risperidone-treated group compared with control group. Moreover, we identified that 95% 5-HT2c receptors were colocalized with NPY positive neurons, and increased Arc NPY mRNA expression induced by risperidone was markedly reduced by cotreatment with lorcaserin, a specific 5-HT2c receptor agonist.

Conclusion: Our findings provide critical insight into the mechanisms underlying antipsychotic-induced obesity, which may assist the development of therapeutic strategies to address metabolic side effects of risperidone.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cns.13281DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7163792PMC
May 2020

Physical exercise inhibits atherosclerosis development by regulating the expression of neuropeptide Y in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice.

Life Sci 2019 Nov 9;237:116896. Epub 2019 Oct 9.

Department of Cardiology, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing, China. Electronic address:

Aims: Population-based studies have shown that exercise has anti-atherosclerotic effects, but the mechanisms underlying this cardiac protection are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate if the anti-atherosclerotic effects of exercise are associated with changes in neuropeptide Y (NPY) expression in apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE) mice.

Main Methods: Thirty-one male ApoE mice were randomly divided into regular exercise (5 days/week), occasional exercise (1-2 days/week), and sedentary groups. After 8 weeks, atherosclerotic burden and plaque stability were measured by histological and morphological analysis. Quantitative real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry were used to measure the expression of NPY and its receptors in the aorta.

Key Findings: Eight weeks of occasional exercise was equally effective as regular exercise at preventing atherosclerotic plaque formation and enhancing atherosclerotic plaque stability. This was shown by increased plaque collagen and smooth muscle cell content and decreased plaque lipid and macrophage content. The expression of NPY and its receptors in the vasculature was decreased in the regular exercise and occasional exercise groups, and this expression was significantly correlated with the progress of atherosclerosis. Moreover, exercise may reduce the activity of macrophages by down-regulating the expression of NPY Y1 receptors, thereby reducing the release of inflammatory cytokines.

Significance: These results suggest that exercise training can attenuate plaque burden and enhance atherosclerotic plaque stability. The anti-atherosclerotic effect of exercise appears to be, at least in part, dependent on down-regulation of the expression of NPY and its receptors (especially Y1 receptors) in the aorta.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2019.116896DOI Listing
November 2019