Publications by authors named "Suad M Abdeen"

5 Publications

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Green Tea Induced Cellular Proliferation and the Expression of Transforming Growth Factor-β1 in the Jejunal Mucosa of Fasting Rats.

Med Princ Pract 2017 7;26(4):343-350. Epub 2017 Mar 7.

Objective: The aim of this study was to understand whether or not the protective effect of green tea after fasting-induced damage in the jejunal mucosa of rat is dependent on cell proliferation and the stimulation of specific growth factors.

Materials And Methods: Sixty adult male Wistar rats were used in this study. The animals were divided randomly into 5 groups, with 12 in each group (G1-5). The animals in G1 (control group) were fed a rat chow diet and water ad libitum. The animals in G2 (fasting group) were fasted for 3 days. The animals in the G3, G4, and G5 groups were fasted for 3 days as G2, but were given water (G3), green tea (G4), or a vitamin E (G5) solution, respectively, for another 7 days. The animals were euthanized, and the jejunum was removed and processed for histological and immunohistochemical analysis.

Results: Compared to the G3 group, the jejunal mucosa of G4 rats showed a 70.6% higher level (p < 0.001) of expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen and 98% higher level (p = 0.0001) of the expression of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), whereas the level of fibroblast growth factor-1 (FGF-1) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) expression was 22 and 11% lower, respectively, in G4 animals as compared to G3 rats. These differences in the expression of FGF-1 and IGF-1 in G4 animals were not statistically significant.

Conclusion: In this study, green tea repaired the fasting-induced damage in the jejunal mucosa of rats, mainly by inducing a significant expression of TGF-β1 in the jejunal mucosa.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000468937DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5768124PMC
June 2018

Tubulolobular carcinoma of the breast with grooved and cerebriform nuclei: failure to identify this specific subtype in a case during routine fine needle aspiration cytology and histopathological diagnosis.

Diagn Cytopathol 2011 Jan;39(1):54-9

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Kuwait.

Tubulolobular carcinoma (TLC) is a rare tumor of the breast in which histologic features of both tubular and lobular carcinoma are combined. We report a case of TLC, in which the specific subtype was missed at routine cytologic and histopathological examination. A 69-year-old woman presented with a right breast lump. Imaging studies indicated a malignant lesion in right upper quadrant. Routine fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology diagnosis was a duct cell carcinoma (small cell type). In a setting of cystic thyroid lesions, presence of excessive nuclear grooves, and rare intranuclear cytoplasmic inclusion, metastatic papillary thyroid carcinoma was also considered. However, both these possibilities were not supported by immunocytochemical findings (estrogen receptor+, thyroglobulin-, and chromogranin-). The histopathology diagnosis was invasive duct cell carcinoma. Review of FNA smears and paraffin sections led to the diagnosis of TLC, which was supported by positive immunohistochemical stainings for markers like e-cadherin and β-catein.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dc.21372DOI Listing
January 2011

Peptidyl arginine deiminase: A novel immunohistochemical marker for liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis.

Acta Histochem 2010 Nov;112(6):592-603

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Health Science Center, Kuwait University, 13110 Safat, Kuwait.

Peptidylarginine deiminase (PAD) is an enzyme known to be involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Since many of the molecular events present in the joints in RA also take place in the injured liver, we postulated in this study that PAD may be involved in liver fibrosis. The objectives of this study therefore were to find out if PAD could be demonstrated immunohistochemically in liver biopsies of patients with chronic hepatitis and if it is associated with METAVIR activity and fibrosis scores. Liver biopsies were obtained from 100 patients with chronic liver diseases between September 2006 and 2007. The biopsies were scored by two histopathologists according to the METAVIR activity and fibrosis scores after histological preparation. Immunohistochemistry for PAD was performed on the biopsies using a monoclonal antibody against PAD. PAD could not be demonstrated in normal liver biopsies but was found in the hepatocytes of patients with chronic hepatitis. PAD labeling could distinguish patients with no fibrosis from either F1 or F2 or F3 or F4 fibrosis. Similarly, PAD labeling could separate patients with no inflammatory activity from those with mild or moderate or severe activity. We concluded that PAD could be demonstrated immunohistochemically in liver biopsies of patients with chronic hepatitis and that its immunodetection was significantly associated with Metavir activity and fibrosis scores.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.acthis.2009.06.007DOI Listing
November 2010

The predictive value of CD38 positive hepatic stellate cell count for assessing disease activity and fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis.

Acta Histochem 2009 1;111(6):520-30. Epub 2008 Oct 1.

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Health Science Centre, Kuwait University, P.O. Box. 24923, 13110 Safat, Kuwait.

The activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is a critical event in hepatic fibrosis. The objectives of this study were to find out if cluster of differentiation 38 (CD38) can be demonstrated immunohistochemically on HSCs in liver biopsies from patients with chronic liver disease and if CD38 immunopositive HSC count is correlated with METAVIR inflammatory and fibrosis scores. Immunohistochemical labelling for CD38 was performed on 100 liver biopsies from patients with chronic liver disease. The CD38 immunopositive HSCs were identified and counted. The CD38 immunopositive HSC count was found to be associated with both the METAVIR score and the fibrosis scores. The CD38 immunopositive HSC count was able to discriminate between no fibrosis and stages 2, 3 or 4 fibrosis, but could not discriminate between no fibrosis and stage 1 fibrosis. Using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, a cut-off point of 10 HSCs per 10 high power field (hpf), or 25 per 100 hepatocytes, is 80% sensitive and 70% specific for predicting fibrosis. The specificity rose to 100% in patients with hepatitis C viral (HCV) infection. We conclude that CD38 positive HSCs can be demonstrated immunohistochemically and that the count is highly predictive of moderate to severe hepatic fibrosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.acthis.2008.04.008DOI Listing
February 2010

Fine-needle aspiration cytologic features of four special types of breast cancers: mucinous, medullary, apocrine, and papillary.

Diagn Cytopathol 2007 Jul;35(7):408-16

Cytology Unit, Mubarak Al-Kabeer Hospital, Kuwait.

Recognition of special types of breast cancers by fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology may have prognostic implications but some difficulties still exist in the ability of cytopathologists to determine the tumor subtypes. Detailed cytomorphological features were studied in the four special and unusual types of breast cancer cases (8 cases of mucinous, 9 medullary, 9 apocrime, and 11 papillary) and compared between themselves and with those of 32 duct cell carcinomas, not otherwise specified (NOS). Papillary carcinomas were also compared with 10 benign papillary lesions. The significance of the differences was determined using Fishers' Exact Test of Probability. In mucinous carcinoma, the frequency of signet ring cells (62.5%), and background pools of mucin (87.5%) were significantly higher than those of duct cell carcinoma (NOS), medullary carcinoma, apocrine carcinoma, and papillary carcinoma (P = 0.0408 to < 0.0001). In medullary carcinomas, lymphomononuclear cell infiltration (100.0%) was observed in significantly higher number of cases than in papillary, mucinous, and apocrine types (P < 0.0001). Further, moderate to marked nuclear pleomorphism (100.0%) and nuclear irregularity (77.8%) was significantly higher than those of mucinous carcinoma and papillary carcinoma (P = 0.0294 to <0.0003). Abnormal apocrine cells and papillary formation, characterizing all the apocrine carcinomas and papillary carcinomas, respectively, were present in significantly lower number in other variants and in duct cell carcinoma (NOS) (P = 0.0002 to <0.0001). Glycogen vacuoles (63.6%) were observed in a significantly higher number of papillary carcinoma as compared to duct cell carcinoma (NOS), apocrine, and medullary carcinomas (P = 0.0047 to 0.0022). The significant parameters differentiating papillary carcinoma and benign papillary lesions were loose cohesive clusters (P = 0.001) and acinar formation by neoplastic cells (P = 0.0237). Histopathology reports available in 36 cases, confirmed the cytodiagnosis of carcinoma in all 35 cases and the benign lesion in one case. Cytological subtyping was confirmed in 13 of 16 special types of carcinomas and all the 15 duct cell carcinoma (NOS). Thus, special and unusual variants of duct cell carcinomas like mucinous, medullary, apocrine, and papillary have specific cytomorphological features, which differentiate them from one another and from duct cell carcinoma (NOS). However, differentiating features between papillary carcinoma and benign papillary lesions were very few in this study.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dc.20661DOI Listing
July 2007