Publications by authors named "Stephen Smiles"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

A case of systemic lupus erythematosus associated with longitudinal extensive transverse myelitis, cerebral neutrophilic vasculitis, and cerebritis.

Bull Hosp Jt Dis (2013) 2014 ;72(4):294-300

Systemic Lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease with multiple clinical presentations and manifestations. Here, we report an intriguing case of a 30-year-old female with full-blown SLE, associated with longitudinal extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) manifested by lower extremity weakness, neurogenic bladder and bowel, and central nervous system (CNS) lupus clinically manifested by changes in mood and behavior as well as neutrophilic vasculitis and cerebritis on pathology. LETM is a rare complication of SLE; however, what makes this case even more intriguing is that it additionally had cerebral lesions consistent with neutrophilic vasculitis and cerebritis, and that it may all have started at least 10 years prior with nonspecific musculoskeletal manifestations subsequently followed by a rash as well as intractable fevers of unknown etiology—much later attributed to her lupus. Although she had a most concerning and dramatic presentation, she, so far, had responded very well to therapy including pulse dose steroids, plasmapheresis, intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG), cyclophosphamide, and related medications.
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December 2015

Increased interleukin-1β gene expression in peripheral blood leukocytes is associated with increased pain and predicts risk for progression of symptomatic knee osteoarthritis.

Arthritis Rheum 2011 Jul;63(7):1908-17

New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA.

Objective: To evaluate whether gene expression profiles could serve as biomarkers of symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) by examining gene expression profiles in peripheral blood leukocytes (PBLs) from patients with OA compared with those from non-OA controls, and to determine whether candidate genomic biomarkers (PBL expression of inflammatory genes) predict an increased risk of disease progression in patients with symptomatic radiographic knee OA.

Methods: Three independent cohorts of patients with knee OA and non-OA control subjects were studied. Two cohorts (a learning cohort and a validation cohort) were recruited at New York University Hospital for Joint Diseases (NYUHJD), and 1 cohort (a validation cohort) was recruited at Duke University Medical Center. PBL gene expression was assessed using Affymetrix microarray and was confirmed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Radiographic progression at 2 years was assessed in 86 patients.

Results: We identified 173 genes that were significantly up-regulated or down-regulated (≥1.5-fold change) in OA PBLs, at a false discovery rate of 5%. Cluster analysis revealed 2 distinct subgroups among the patients with OA: those in whom the expression of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) was increased ≥2-fold compared with controls, and those in whom the expression of IL-1β was comparable with that in controls. Overexpression of IL-1β in these OA subclasses was validated using qPCR in all 3 cohorts. Patients with the inflammatory "IL-1β signature" had higher pain scores and decreased function and were at higher risk of radiographic progression of OA.

Conclusion: PBLs from patients with symptomatic knee OA display a characteristic transcriptome profile. Moreover, increased expression of IL-1β identifies a subset of patients with OA who have increased pain and are at higher risk of radiographic progression of OA.
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July 2011

Long-term risks associated with biologic response modifiers used in rheumatic diseases.

Curr Opin Rheumatol 2004 May;16(3):199-205

New York University School of Medicine/Hospital for Joint Diseases, 301 East 17th Street, Room 1410, New York, NY 10003, USA.

Purpose Of Review: The introduction of tumor necrosis factor-alpha antagonists in 1998 has had a significant impact on the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. However, as use of these agents has increased worldwide, infrequent adverse events that were not apparent in pivotal controlled clinical trials required for registration have emerged.

Recent Findings: These adverse events include serious infections, particularly tuberculosis, which may be atypical in presentation. Concern regarding increased risk of lymphoma has also emerged, although it remains unclear whether the risk exceeds that observed in other rheumatoid arthritis patients with comparable disease activity. Development of a systemic lupus erythematosus-like syndrome, which typically abates after discontinuation of the drug, is another rare complication that was further reported during the past year. Finally, additional cases of congestive heart failure and demyelinating syndromes (including cases resembling progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy) have been reported that appear to be related to the tumor necrosis factor-alpha antagonists.

Summary: Additional postmarketing surveillance of these and other serious adverse events is necessary to determine the true risk of their occurrence, and whether a reassessment of the overall risk-benefit of tumor necrosis factor-alpha antagonists will be required.
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May 2004