Publications by authors named "Sissel Kramer Aagaard"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Use of alternative medicine, ginger and licorice among Danish pregnant women - a prospective cohort study.

BMC Complement Altern Med 2019 Jan 5;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Randers Regional Hospital, Randers, Denmark.

Background: The use of alternative medicines and dietary supplements is constantly changing, as are dietary habits. One example of this phenomenon is the current popularity of ginger products as an everyday health boost. Ginger and licorice has also been shown to ameliorate nausea a common complaint in early pregnancy. Alternative medicines are often regarded as safe. However, they might affect fetal development, such as through alterations of hormone metabolism and cytochrome P450 function. Health care professionals may be unaware of the supplementation habits of pregnant women, which may allow adverse exposures to go unnoticed, especially if the rates of use in pregnancy are not known. We therefore investigated the use of alternative medicines and licorice among pregnant Danish women.

Methods: A total of 225 pregnant women were included in a prospective cohort when attending the national prenatal screening program at gestational weeks 10-16. Participants were asked to complete a questionnaire regarding their socio-economic status and lifestyle habits, including their intake of alternative medicine and licorice.

Results: We found that 22.7% of women reported taking alternative medicines, with 14.7% reporting daily consumption. Ginger supplements were consumed by 11.1%, mainly as health boost and 87.1% reported consumption of licorice. Regular or daily licorice consumption was reported by 38.2 and 7.1%, respectively. Notably, the use of licorice was reflected by an increase in blood pressure of the pregnant women.

Conclusions: The use of licorice and alternative medicines appears to be common in pregnant Danish women, supporting the need for further investigations into the safety of alternative medicine use during pregnancy and the importance of up-to-date personalized counseling regarding popular health trends and lifestyle habits.
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January 2019

Prevalence of xenobiotic substances in first-trimester blood samples from Danish pregnant women: a cross-sectional study.

BMJ Open 2018 03 3;8(3):e018390. Epub 2018 Mar 3.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Randers Regional Hospital, Randers, Denmark.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of xenobiotic substances, such as caffeine, nicotine and illicit drugs (eg, cannabis and cocaine), in blood samples from first-trimester Danish pregnant women unaware of the screening.

Design: A crosssectional study examined 436 anonymised residual blood samples obtained during 2014 as part of the nationwide prenatal first-trimester screening programme. The samples were analysed by ultra performance liquid chromatography with high-resolution time-of-flight mass spectrometry.

Setting: An antenatal clinic in a Danish city with 62 000 inhabitants, where >95% of pregnant women joined the screening programme.

Primary And Secondary Outcome Measures: The prevalence and patterns of caffeine, nicotine, medication and illicit drug intake during the first trimester of pregnancy.

Results: The prevalence of prescription and over-the-counter drug detection was 17.9%, including acetaminophen (8.9%) and antidepressants (3.0%), of which citalopram (0.9%) was the most frequent. The prevalence of illegal drugs, indicators of smoking (nicotine/cotinine) and caffeine was 0.9%, 9.9%, and 76.4%, respectively. Only 17.4% of women had no substance identified in their sample.

Conclusions: This study emphasises the need for further translational studies investigating lifestyle habits during pregnancy, as well as the underlying molecular mechanisms through which xenobiotic substances may affect placental function and fetal development.
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March 2018

[Use of complementary and herbal medicine in the general population and among pregnant women].

Ugeskr Laeger 2017 Jan;179(5)

Studies have reported a widespread use of herbal medicine in the general population (6-48%) and among pregnant women (4-69%) with great geographic and socio-economic variations in the extent of utilization and compounds used. The use of herbal medicine in Denmark remains relatively undescribed. Equivalent to conventional drugs, herbal medicine has side effects, interactions and contraindications. Thus, especially pregnant women should be careful as the safety profile remains unclear. Many patients do not report their use of herbal medicine to healthcare practitioners if they are not asked directly.
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January 2017