Publications by authors named "Sarah Foster-Chang"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Tuberculosis Screening, Testing, and Treatment of US Health Care Personnel: ACOEM and NTCA Joint Task Force on Implementation of the 2019 MMWR Recommendations.

J Occup Environ Med 2020 07;62(7):e355-e369

American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Elk Grove, Illinois.

: On May 17, 2019, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Tuberculosis Controllers Association issued new Recommendations for Tuberculosis Screening, Testing, and Treatment of Health Care Personnel, United States, 2019, updating the health care personnel-related sections of the Guidelines for Preventing the Transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Health-Care Settings, 2005. This companion document offers the collective effort and experience of occupational health, infectious disease, and public health experts from major academic and public health institutions across the United States and expands on each section of the 2019 recommendations to provide clarifications, explanations, and considerations that go beyond the 2019 recommendations to answer questions that may arise and to offer strategies for implementation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001904DOI Listing
July 2020

Updated Tuberculosis Screening Guidelines for Health Care Personnel.

Workplace Health Saf 2020 Jul 4;68(7):356. Epub 2020 May 4.

Defense Health Agency.

Updated Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines for tuberculosis (TB) screening of U.S. health care personnel may change practice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2165079920913892DOI Listing
July 2020

Tuberculosis screening of new hospital employees: compliance, clearance to work time, and cost using tuberculin skin test and interferon-gamma release assays.

Workplace Health Saf 2014 Nov 9;62(11):460-7. Epub 2014 Sep 9.

Selection of the most suitable test(s) for detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) infection should be based on purpose, setting, effectiveness, and cost. Two tests are available to screen for latent TB: the tuberculin skin test (TST) and the more recent interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs). Based on the administrative, logistic, and technical ease of use, an IGRA trial was initiated by the occupational health department at an urban Veteran's Administration health care facility for TB screening of new employees. As a result, new employees completing the pre-placement process within the organization's designated 14 days increased from 77% to 97%, new employee clearance to work time decreased from 13.18 to 5.91 days, and new employee TB screening costs were reduced by 40%. The IGRA is an acceptable alternative to the TST and has significant potential to improve the process of pre-placement TB screening.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/21650799-20140902-02DOI Listing
November 2014

A Time Off Incentive Was Not Associated with Influenza Vaccination Acceptance among Healthcare Workers.

Influenza Res Treat 2013 26;2013:209491. Epub 2013 Jun 26.

University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN 38163, USA.

Objectives. The national influenza vaccination rate among healthcare workers (HCWs) remains low despite clear benefits to patients, coworkers, and families. We sought to evaluate formally the effect of a one-hour time off incentive on attitudes towards influenza vaccination during the 2011-2012 influenza season. Methods. All HCWs at the Philadelphia Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical Center were invited to complete an anonymous web-based survey. We described respondents' characteristics and attitudes toward influenza vaccination and determined the relationship of specific attitudes with respondents' acceptance of influenza vaccination, using a 5-point Likert scale. Results. We analyzed survey responses from 154 HCWs employed at the Philadelphia VA Medical Center, with a response rate of 8%. Among 121 respondents who reported receiving influenza vaccination, 34 (28%, 95% CI 20-37%) reported agreement with the statement that the time off incentive made a difference in their decision to accept influenza vaccination. Conclusions. Our study provides evidence that modest incentives such as one-hour paid time off will be unlikely to promote influenza vaccination rates within medical facilities. More potent interventions that include mandatory vaccination combined with penalties for noncompliance will likely provide the only means to achieve near-universal influenza vaccination among HCWs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/209491DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3710596PMC
July 2013
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