Publications by authors named "Salman Daliri"

11 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Prevalence of Influenza Among Hajj Pilgrims: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2021 Mar 24:1-8. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Health in Disasters and Emergencies, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objectives: Respiratory transmission, especially in mass gatherings, is considered one of the main ways of influenza transmission. The Hajj ceremony, as one of the largest gatherings worldwide, can increase the distribution of influenza infection. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate the incidence of influenza among Hajj pilgrims.

Methods: In this present systematic review and meta-analysis, all English studies published by 2019 were extracted from several databases such as the Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Science Direct, and Google Scholar. Finally, the data were extracted using a pre-prepared checklist and then analyzed by fixed and random effects model tests in the meta-analysis, Cochran, meta-regression, and Begg's test.

Results: Eighteen studies with a sample size of 62 431 were entered into the meta-analysis process. The overall prevalence of influenza, in addition to the prevalence of types A, B, and C influenza, was estimated at 5.9 (95% CI: 4.3-8.0), 3.6 (95% CI: 2.6-4.9), 2.9 (95% CI: 2.8-3.1), and 0.9% (95% CI: 0.5-1.5), respectively.

Conclusions: In general, influenza remains widespread regardless of vaccinating pilgrims and following health protocols. Therefore, it is recommended that comprehensive management and educational approaches be used to reduce the prevalence of influenza and its adverse consequences among the pilgrims.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2020.472DOI Listing
March 2021

Hospital Disaster Preparedness in Iran: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Iran J Public Health 2020 May;49(5):837-850

Psychosocial Injuries Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.

Background: Disasters are increasing all over the world. Iran, is one of the high-risk countries in this regard; so it is unavoidable to prepare hospitals as vital centers when disasters happen. This study aimed to evaluation the hospital preparedness based on previous studies in Iran.

Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis by browsing through all articles published since 2006 to 2017, in English and Persian both languages were designed. Databases that we searched to, include Google Scholar, PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Medlib, Cochrane Library, Science Direct, Internationally and SID, Irandoc and Magiran, domestically. Two expert researchers investigated separately. Researchers used random and fixed effect models in the meta-analysis. Moreover, random and fixed effects model and meta-regression tests were applied by using STATA ver. 11. The <0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: Twenty-five studies with a sample size of 181 hospitals were introduced to the process of meta-analysis. Iranian hospital preparedness is 53%, totally, that is moderate. Preparedness in different categories is as follows: emergency services 62%, communication 57%, security 54%, education 57%, logistic 65%, human resources 52%, Management and command 64%, reception 43%, transfer and evacuation 44%, traffic 47%, non-structural safety 57%, and structural safety 49%.

Conclusion: Hospital preparedness is moderate in Iran. Optimal management of existing resources and the use of Update technologies in the field of hospital services be directed towards improving the preparedness of hospitals for disasters.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7475629PMC
May 2020

More reliability of suspicious symptoms plus chest CT-scan than RT_PCR test for the diagnosis of COVID-19 in an 18-days-old neonate.

IDCases 2020 6;21:e00905. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran.

The present study investigated an 18-days-old neonate who was referred to the hospital with suspected respiratory symptoms of COVID-19. Results of CT-Scan and blood tests were highly suspicious, but result of the first RT-PCR test was negative on March 1. The second RT-PCR test reported positive on March 12. The neonate's medical history indicated no close contact except with family members and hospital treatment staffs, but the RT-PCR test results of all family members were also negative.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idcr.2020.e00905DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7336922PMC
July 2020

More reliability of suspicious symptoms plus chest CT-scan than RT_PCR test for the diagnosis of COVID-19 in an 18-days-old neonate.

IDCases 2020 6;21:e00905. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran.

The present study investigated an 18-days-old neonate who was referred to the hospital with suspected respiratory symptoms of COVID-19. Results of CT-Scan and blood tests were highly suspicious, but result of the first RT-PCR test was negative on March 1. The second RT-PCR test reported positive on March 12. The neonate's medical history indicated no close contact except with family members and hospital treatment staffs, but the RT-PCR test results of all family members were also negative.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idcr.2020.e00905DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7336922PMC
July 2020

Investigating the incidence rate and geographical distribution of congenital hypothyroidism among neonates in Isfahan province using geographic information system (GIS) between 2002 and 2015.

J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2020 Jan;33(1):35-45

Department of Epidemiology, Clinical Research Development Unit, Imam Hossein Hospital, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran.

Background Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is one of the main causes of mental retardation in neonates. The disease is associated with genetic, climatic and environmental factors. Accordingly, the present study was conducted to determine the incidence rate and correlation of geographic factors with CH in Isfahan province in order to explain the role of climatic factors in the incidence of disease in this province. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the incidence rate and geographical distribution of CH in neonates born in the Isfahan province from the beginning of 2002 to the end of 2015. To estimate the geographic distribution, the ArcGIS software (version 10.3) was used and to investigate the relationship between geographical factors and CH, the Poisson regression test and dispersion diagrams were used. Data analysis was done using the SPSS16 software. Results According to the results of the screening of 1,006,404 neonates born in Isfahan, the mean incidence rate of CH in all infants was 2.3, and that in male and female infants was 2.39 and 2.2 per 1000 live births, respectively. There was a statistically significant correlation between the city of residence (p = 0.01), climatic conditions (p = 0.044), annual precipitation (p = 0.027), sunlight (p = 0.01) and CH. However, there was no significant relationship between the mean altitude above sea level (p = 0.6), land use (p = 0.4) and relative humidity (p = 0.24). Conclusions Based on the findings of this study, the incidence rate of CH in Isfahan province was higher than the average of the country. Moreover, among the geographical factors, climatic conditions, annual precipitation and sunlight were associated with CH.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jpem-2019-0181DOI Listing
January 2020

Relationship between Demographic Factors and Violence during Pregnancy in Iran: A Meta-Analysis Study.

Iran J Psychiatry 2018 Oct;13(4):296-309

Student Research Committee, School of Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.

Domestic violence is the most common form of violence against women and a major health problem worldwide. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between demographic factors and domestic violence during pregnancy through meta-analysis. This meta-analysis study was conducted in Iran. All the articles published during 2001 up to Jun 2018 were extracted independently by 2 trained investigators from domestic and foreign databases including, Science Medlib, SID, Web of Science, PubMed, Science Direct, Irandoc, Medline, Scopus, Magiran, and Google Scholar with keywords and their compounds. The results of studies pooled using the random effects model Cochran and I2 tests were used to check heterogeneity. Data were analyzed using Stata Ver. 11.2. A total of 28 articles with the sample size of 15 020 people were included in the study. The findings of the meta-analysis showed that low level of maternal education (OR:1.68) (CI 95%:1.15, 2.46), low education level of the spouse (OR:1.73) (CI 95%:1.31, 2.29), unemployment of the husband (OR:1.61) (CI 95%: 1.05, 2.48), and smoking of the husband (OR:2.51) (CI 95%: 1.64, 3.84) were important factors in the increase in domestic violence during pregnancy. Having 3 children or fewer (OR: 0.30) (CI 95%: 0.16, 0.56) and enough and regular visits to physicians to receive adequate prenatal care (OR: 0.31) (CI 95%: 0.16, 0.57) were deterrent for violence during pregnancy. Based on our findings, level of education, unemployment, prenatal care, smoking, and number of children are associated with violence during pregnancy. Thus, paying attention to these factors and controlling them can reduce violence during pregnancy and its adverse consequences.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320378PMC
October 2018

Estimated Incidence Rate of Multiple Sclerosis and Its Relationship with Geographical Factors in Isfahan Province between the Years 2001 and 2014.

Int J Prev Med 2018 21;9:103. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Epidemiology, Medical University of Ilam, Ilam, Iran.

Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease associated with inflammation of the central nervous system in humans. This disease is the most common neurological disease, especially in young people. Various factors, including biological, genetic, and environmental factors, are effective on the prevalence of MS disease. This study intends to determine the relationship between geographical factors, and the prevalence of MS disease was performed.

Methods: This ecological study was carried out on 2000 patients with diagnosis of MS during the years 2001-2014 in Isfahan province. All patients' data including age, sex, marital status, year, and location of patients were extracted from the files. Arc geographic information systems version 10.3 software was used for geographical maps, and for statistical analysis of data, SPSS.16 software ANOVA tests, independent -test, and Kruskal-Wallis were used.

Results: Based on recorded cases of MS, the highest and lowest cumulative incidence of diseases was related to the city of Isfahan (75.92 in one hundred thousand) and Aran Bidgol (1.16 in one hundred thousand), respectively. A significant relationship was observed between the incidence and height above sea level ( = 0.001), the average annual rainfall ( = 0.001), and land use ( = 0.001). With increase in the height above sea level and the average annual precipitation, the incidence of disease decreased.

Conclusions: MS disease incidence is high in Isfahan province. The distribution of the disease is not the same in the cities of this province, and some cities have a higher incidence. Furthermore, the incidence of the disease is influenced by geographical factors such as height above sea level, average annual rainfall, and land use. Therefore, it is recommended that relevant authorities by the implementation of screening programs in high-risk areas take action to identify and treat patients in the early stages.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_317_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6282481PMC
November 2018

The relationship between quality of life and methods of delivery: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Electron Physician 2018 Apr 25;10(4):6596-6607. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

M.Sc. of Epidemiology, School of Health, Ilam University of Medical sciences, Ilam, Iran.

Background And Aim: Some physical, emotional and social changes arise in mothers during the postpartum periods which can affect the quality of life (QOL) of the mother and family. Given the importance of the quality of life in the postpartum period and its influencing factors such as method of delivery, the present study aimed at investigating the relationship between the quality of life and methods of delivery in the world, using a systematic review and meta-analysis method.

Methods: The present study is a systematic review and meta-analysis on the relationship between aspects of quality of life and method of delivery in the world conducted in Persian and English language articles published by the end of 2015. For this purpose, the databases of Medlib, SID, Scopus, ISI Web of Science, PubMed, Google scholar, Irandoc, Magiran and Iranmedex were searched using key words and their compounds. The results of studies were combined using the random effects model in the meta-analysis. Heterogeneity of studies was assessed using I2 index and Cochran test and data were analyzed using STATA Version 11.1 and SPSS Version 16.

Results: Based on the results of the meta-analysis of studies, the aspect of physical functioning had the highest quality of life mean score in women with vaginal delivery: 74.37 (95% CI: 67.7-81) and mental health had the highest QOL mean score in women with cesarean delivery: 65.8 (95% CI: 62.7-69). Also, based on the time elapsed since delivery, mental health had the highest mean score in less than 1 month, 2 months and 4 months' postpartum. Physical pain had the highest mean score 6 months after giving birth, and mental functioning in 8 months after giving birth.

Conclusions: The results of the present meta-analysis showed that the mean scores for most dimensions of quality of life in women with vaginal delivery were higher than in women with cesarean delivery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.19082/6596DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5984013PMC
April 2018

The relationship between some neonatal and maternal factors during pregnancy with the prevalence of congenital malformations in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2019 Nov 8;32(21):3666-3674. Epub 2018 May 8.

f Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery , Ilam University of Medical Sciences , Ilam , Iran.

Congenital malformations are one of the main causes of death and disability in children. These malformations arise during embryogenesis and fetal development during pregnancy due to exposure to some environmental factors and genetic mutations. Given the high prevalence of congenital malformations in Iran, the current study was conducted to investigate the relationship between some neonatal and maternal factors during pregnancy with the prevalence of congenital malformations in Iran. This was a systematic review and meta-analysis study. All studies conducted in Iran were extracted between 2000 and 2016 during a search in internal and external databases of Medlib, Medline, Pubmed, Web of Science, Google Scholar, Scopus, Magiran, SID, Cochrane, Irandoc, and all articles published. Then, the required data were entered into the Spss16 software (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL); and the model of fixed and random effects was analyzed in meta-analysis, Cochran, meta-regression using statistical tests. A total of 30 studies with a sample size of 928,311 patients were enrolled. Baby's gender (1-1.55: CI95%) OR: 1.25, preterm delivery (1.71-3.69: CI 95%) OR: 2.51, low birth weight (1.13-2.67: CI95%) OR: 1.74, age older than 35 for the pregnant mother (1.41-6.3: CI 95%) OR: 2.98, multiple births (1.14-3.46: CI 95%) OR: 1.99, mother suffering from chronic diseases (1.68-3.31: CI 95%) OR: 2.36 are significantly related with the risk of congenital malformations. Based on the results the baby's gender, premature birth, low birth weight, mother's age, consanguineous marriages, multiple births, family history of congenital malformations, and the risk of chronic diseases in the mother during pregnancy increase the birth of children with congenital malformations. As a result, control or modification of the above factors implementing a health and education intervention program can reduce the birth of children with congenital malformations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2018.1465917DOI Listing
November 2019

The prevalence of sexual violence during pregnancy in Iran and the world: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Inj Violence Res 2018 Jul 27;10(2):63-74. Epub 2018 Feb 27.

Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran. Email:

Background: Domestic violence during pregnancy is a public health crisis, because it affects both mother and fetus simultaneously, resulting in irreversible consequences for mothers and their newborns. This study was performed to determine the prevalence of sexual violence during pregnancy in the world and Iran as meta-analysis.

Methods: This study is a meta-analysis on the prevalence of sexual violence during pregnancy in the world and Iran that was conductedon Persian and English published articles up to 2015. To this end, through searching the information by key words and their compounds at SID, Medlib, Irandoc, Google scholar, Pubmid, ISI, Iranmedex, Scopus and Magiran, all related articles were extracted independently by two trained researchers. The results of studies analyzed using the STATA and Spss 16 software.

Results: In the initial searching of 167 articles, 33 articles related to Iran, 40 articles related to other parts of the world and totally 73 articles met inclusion criteria for study. The prevalence of sexual violence during pregnancy were estimated in the world 17% (CI 95%: 15% -18%) and in Iran 28% (CI 95%: 23%-32%). The prevalence of sexual violence during pregnancy in Iran is 11 percent more than the world.

Conclusions: According to the present meta-analysis results, the prevalence of sexual violence during pregnancy in Iran is high. Given that sexual violence during pregnancy causes damage to the mother and infant, it is recommended that the relevant authorities with the implementation of intervention and educational programs reduce the prevalence of sexual violence during pregnancy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5249/jivr.v10i2.954DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6101234PMC
July 2018

The prevalence of sexual violence during pregnancy in Iran and the world: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Inj Violence Res 2018 Jul 27;10(2):63-74. Epub 2018 Feb 27.

Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran. Email:

Background: Domestic violence during pregnancy is a public health crisis, because it affects both mother and fetus simultaneously, resulting in irreversible consequences for mothers and their newborns. This study was performed to determine the prevalence of sexual violence during pregnancy in the world and Iran as meta-analysis.

Methods: This study is a meta-analysis on the prevalence of sexual violence during pregnancy in the world and Iran that was conductedon Persian and English published articles up to 2015. To this end, through searching the information by key words and their compounds at SID, Medlib, Irandoc, Google scholar, Pubmid, ISI, Iranmedex, Scopus and Magiran, all related articles were extracted independently by two trained researchers. The results of studies analyzed using the STATA and Spss 16 software.

Results: In the initial searching of 167 articles, 33 articles related to Iran, 40 articles related to other parts of the world and totally 73 articles met inclusion criteria for study. The prevalence of sexual violence during pregnancy were estimated in the world 17% (CI 95%: 15% -18%) and in Iran 28% (CI 95%: 23%-32%). The prevalence of sexual violence during pregnancy in Iran is 11 percent more than the world.

Conclusions: According to the present meta-analysis results, the prevalence of sexual violence during pregnancy in Iran is high. Given that sexual violence during pregnancy causes damage to the mother and infant, it is recommended that the relevant authorities with the implementation of intervention and educational programs reduce the prevalence of sexual violence during pregnancy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5249/jivr.v10i2.954DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6101234PMC
July 2018