Publications by authors named "Sakineh Kadivar"

10 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Multiple Evanescent White Dot Syndrome: A Case Report and Experience with Corticosteroid Therapy.

Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol 2020 May 17;19(S1):91-94. Epub 2020 May 17.

Eye Research Center, Farabi Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran AND Department of Retina, Farabi Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Multiple evanescent white dot syndrome (MEWDS) is an inflammatory eye disease of the outer retina, retinal pigmented epithelium, choroid presenting with photopsia, loss of vision, and temporal scotoma. The patient was a 31-year-old female with a history of vision loss since 11 days ago (left eye). At presentation, best-corrected Snellen visual acuity was 20/140 in the Snellen chart. We decided to treat her with short time corticosteroid therapy (0.75 mg/kg/day prednisolone which was tapered in 3 weeks) for any possible rapid recovery of vision. The visual acuity of the involved eye was improved to 20/25 and 20/20, one week and three weeks after starting treatment respectively. Thus, it seems that short-term oral steroids might be an alternative method of management for patients with MEWDS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18502/ijaai.v19i(s1.r1).2865DOI Listing
May 2020

Oral Mineralocorticoid-Receptor Antagonists: Choroidal Parameters Changes Using OCT in Central Serous Chorioretinopathy.

Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina 2019 11;50(11):726-733

Background And Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of oral eplerenone in the treatment of acute and chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR).

Patients And Methods: Treatment-naïve patients with acute (< 3 months) and chronic (≥ 3 months) CSCR were enrolled in this prospective, nonrandomized, interventional, comparative case series. Patients with acute CSCR were either treated with oral eplerenone (acute case group; n = 16) or observed only (acute control group; n = 8). All chronic patients (chronic group; n = 25) were treated with oral eplerenone. Eplerenone was prescribed 25 mg twice per day for 3 months. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and optical coherence tomography measures, including subretinal fluid (SRF) height, subfoveal choroidal thickness (CT), central CT, central choroidal volume (CV), and total CV, were assessed at baseline and 3-month follow-up (FU) visit.

Results: BCVA improvement and SRF reduction at 3-month FU relative to baseline were observed in all three study groups. SRF was completely resolved in 13 patients (81.2%) in the acute case group, four patients (50%) in the acute control group, and eight patients (32%) in the chronic group. The acute case group showed greater SRF decrease relative to baseline compared to the chronic group (P = .009), but the resolution of SRF between acute cases and an acute control group was not statistically significant (P = .076). Subfoveal CT, central CT, total CV, and central CV were significantly reduced at the 3-month FU compared to baseline in both affected and the fellow eyes in the acute case and chronic groups, whereas no change was observed in either eyes in the acute control group. At 3 months' FU, the mean logMAR visual acuity demonstrated no significant difference among the study groups (P = .08). Eplerenone was well-tolerated, and no serious side effect was detected.

Conclusions: Oral eplerenone is a safe and effective treatment option for both acute and chronic CSCR. Resolution of SRF was more significant in acute CSR cases comparative to chronic cases. [Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. 2019;50:726-733.].
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/23258160-20191031-08DOI Listing
November 2019

Ocular movement disorders following scleral buckling surgery: A case series study.

J Curr Ophthalmol 2019 Jun 7;31(2):195-200. Epub 2018 Oct 7.

Eye Research Center, Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: To evaluate ocular movement disorders after scleral buckling surgery (SBS) for retinal detachment.

Methods: In this prospective, observational, case series, 206 patients (206 eyes) with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment who underwent SBS and investigated at the strabismus ward of Farabi Eye Hospital in Iran between November 2011 and November 2014 were assessed. Patients were followed from 6 to 36 months after SBS to evaluate for strabismus. Logistic regression analysis test and SPSS software version 20 were used for statistical analysis.

Results: From 206 patients, 56.8% were male, and 33.2% were female. For scleral buckle in 44.7% of patients, silicone band and tire (SBT) was used, and in 55.3%, a sponge. Among all patients, seven (3.39%) exhibited ocular movement disorder. There was no significant relation between type of buckle ( = 0.65) or the location of buckle ( = 0.56) and movement disorder.

Conclusion: Ocular movement disorder is one of the main complications after SBS without specific association between the type and location of exoplanet.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joco.2018.09.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6611860PMC
June 2019

Assessing the Relation of Epicardial Fat Thickness and Volume, Quantified by 256-Slice Computed Tomography Scan, With Coronary Artery Disease and Cardiovascular Risk Factors.

Arch Iran Med 2018 03 1;21(3):95-100. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

Department of Radiology, Shaheed Rajaei Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: This study aimed to investigate the association between epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) and coronary artery disease (CAD) as well as cardiovascular risk factors.

Methods: Complete medical records of subjects were reviewed and cardiovascular risk factors were recorded. Epicardial fat volume (EFV) and epicardial fat thickness (EFT) were measured using digital volumetry of acquired images using a 256-slice CT-scanner. Calcium score was measured using Agatston method in non-contrast images. After contrast administration, bolus-tract images were obtained. Coronary arteries were assessed using reconstructed images in arterial phase of contrast-enhanced images. EFV and EFT measurements were compared to computed tomography angiography (CTA) findings of coronary arteries.

Results: A total of 269 patients (Mean age: 55.5 ± 12.1, 44% female) were included. Higher means of EFT and EFV were associated with coronary artery stenosis. However, the correlation coefficients of the arterial stenosis with EFT and EFV were weak. EFV and EFT had a significant association with age (P < 0.001, P < 0.001 respectively), body mass index (BMI) (P < 0.001, P < 0.001 respectively) and hypertension (P < 0.016, P < 0.003 respectively). Diabetes mellitus (DM) and hyperlipidemia were not significantly associated with EFV (P = 0.069 and 0.639 respectively) and EFT (P = 0.103 and 0.366 respectively). EFV and EFT showed a weak correlation coefficient with calcium scoring (Spearman correlation coefficients: 0.26 and 0.22 respectively, both P < 0.001). In multivariate logistic regression models considering coronary stenosis as dependent variable and EFV, EFT and other CAD risk factors as independent variables, EFV and EFT did not show significant P values and were omitted from the model by other CAD risk factors.

Conclusion: Increased EFV and EFT are associated with CAD, age, BMI and hypertension. However, no remarkable association was found between them and calcium score, hyperlipidemia or DM. These variables could weakly predict CAD in univariate models but they are not independent predictive factors for CAD in multivariate models consisting of other CAD risk factors. Hence, EFT and EFV are not independent predictors for CADs when they are considered simultaneously with other CAD risk factors.
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March 2018

Topographic typology in a consecutive series of refractive surgery candidates.

Int Ophthalmol 2018 Aug 4;38(4):1611-1619. Epub 2017 Jul 4.

Eye Research Center, Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin Square, P.O. Box 1336616351, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: The term 'keratoconus (KC) suspect' is used as a blanket term to refer to any deviation of virgin cornea shape toward KC features. We intend to subclassify such topographies in meaningful and informative designations.

Methods: Pentacam corneal topographies of 199 consecutive refractive surgery candidates (398 eyes) are examined. Features of steepness, inferior-superior asymmetry, focal steepening, thinning, and bounded anterior or posterior elevations are observed in the quad map. Scissoring on retinoscopy, loss of best spectacle-corrected visual acuity, and iron ring deposition were looked for. Through iterative observation and refinement of classification criteria-partly taken from the literature-all eyes were designated a specific topographic diagnosis, i.e., circumventing the usage of the expression KC 'suspect'.

Results: Topographies of 308, 48, 21, 13, 6, 1, and 1 (collectively 398 eyes) were designated: normal, 'atypical normal,' forme fruste KC, posterior KC, subclinical/mild KC, superior KC, and pseudo-KC, respectively.

Conclusion: Current imaging modalities of the cornea and our accumulated experience in refractive science allow assignment of distinctive designations for abnormal corneal shapes along the topography spectrum. We devised and used the expressions: normal, atypical normal, forme fruste (arrested-incomplete) KC, posterior KC, subclinical (active latent) KC, superior KC, and pseudo-keratoconus. Identification of 1.5% (mild) KC highlights the importance of screening for ultraviolet cross-linkage candidacy in refractive surgery referrals.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10792-017-0631-2DOI Listing
August 2018

Diagnostic Efficacy of Coronary Artery Three-Dimensional Steady-State Free Precession Magnetic Resonance Angiography in Comparison with Invasive Coronary Angiography for Detecting Coronary Artery Disease.

Arch Iran Med 2017 May;20(5):314-319

Amiralam Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: To assess the diagnostic value of three-dimensional steady-state free precession magnetic resonance angiography (3D-SSFP MRA) for detecting coronary artery disease (CAD).

Materials And Methods: Patients suspected of CAD based on clinical evaluation, underwent invasive coronary angiography (CAG) and Cardiac MRA (CMRA). Collected data in favor of any CAD findings in CMRA were compared to CAG results as the standard diagnostic method in CAD detection. Analysis was performed on per-patient, per-vessel and per-segment bases.

Results: A total of 30 patients (mean age: 43 ± 10 years, 19 men) were enrolled for analysis. On per-patient analysis, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) and area under receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve of CMRA for detection of coronary artery stenosis were 100% (CI95%: 75% - 100%), 50% (CI95%: 18% - 81%), 73.33% (CI95%: 46% - 90%), 100% (CI95%: 47% - 100%) and 0.827, respectively. On per-vessel analysis, CMRA had a sensitivity of 89.29% (CI95%: 71%-97%), specificity of 80.56% (CI95%: 63% - 91%), PPV of 78.13% (CI95%: 60% - 90%), NPV of 90.63% (CI95%: 74% - 98%) and area under ROC curve of 0.845. On per-segment analysis, sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of CMRA for segmental stenosis detection were 77.78% (CI95%: 60% - 89%), 87% (CI95%: 81% - 92%), 62% (CI95%: 46% - 76%), and 93.89% (CI95%:  88% - 97%), respectively. Area under ROC curve was 0.835 on per-segment analysis.

Conclusion: 3D SSFP CMRA provides a promising non-invasive diagnostic tool for assessing coronary artery disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/0172005/AIM.0010DOI Listing
May 2017

Normative values and contralateral comparison of anterior chamber parameters measured by Pentacam and its correlation with corneal biomechanical factors.

Saudi J Ophthalmol 2017 Jan-Mar;31(1):7-10. Epub 2016 Dec 1.

Eye Research Center, Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: To evaluate the normative values of anterior chamber parameters measured by Pentacam and corneal hysteresis (CH) and corneal resistance factor (CRF) measured by Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA) and their relationship.

Methods: In an observational cross-sectional study, patients aged 18-35 years were included. Exclusion criteria were history of any intraocular or corneal disease, anomaly or surgery; hyperopic spherical refraction more than +3, and myopic spherical refraction less than -5.00 diopters (D) or cylindrical refraction more than 2.00 D. ORA was used to measure CH and CRF. Corneal volume (CV), anterior and posterior Q value (QA and QP), anterior and posterior elevation (AE and PE), central corneal thickness (CCT), corneal thinnest thickness (CTT), anterior chamber depth (ACD), anterior chamber volume (ACV) and anterior chamber angle (ACA) were measured with Pentacam.

Results: This study evaluated 506 eyes of 253 cases (182 females) with a mean age of 28.43 ± 6.36 years. The average CH and CRF were 10.07 ± 1.61 and 10.33 ± 1.68 mmHg. CH and CRF were not correlated with PQ, AQ, AE and PE. CH and CRF were significantly correlated with CCT ( = 0.499,  < 0.0001 and  = 0.591,  < 0.0001 respectively), CTT ( = 0.469,  < 0.0001 and  = 0.593,  < 0.0001 respectively) and CV ( = 0.443,  < 0.0001 and  = 0.526,  < 0.0001 respectively).

Conclusion: A significant positive correlation was found between CH and CRF, and CCT, CTT and CV. This study also provided data about wide range normative values of corneal parameters.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sjopt.2016.11.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5352957PMC
December 2016

Pretreatment Evaluation of Glioma.

Neuroimaging Clin N Am 2016 Nov 3;26(4):567-580. Epub 2016 Sep 3.

Division of Neuroradiology, Department of Radiology, Amiralam Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Glioma is considered the most common type of primary central nervous system (CNS) tumor. Imaging is crucial for diagnosis, characterization, grading, and therapeutic planning of CNS gliomas. Along with a brief description of conventional computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging techniques, this article reviews the ever-developing role of modern imaging techniques in preoperative management of CNS gliomas. It discusses current clinical applications, promising features, and limitations of each imaging method.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nic.2016.06.006DOI Listing
November 2016

Efficacy of transarterial chemoembolization on lesion reduction in colorectal liver metastases.

Acta Med Iran 2012 ;50(8):535-40

Department of Radiology, Advanced Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology Research Center, Medical Imaging Center, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Following failure of systemic chemotherapy, transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is an available method to control unresectable liver metastases from colorectal carcinoma (CRC). The aim of present study was to evaluate the efficacy of chemoembolization for inoperable metastatic liver lesions from CRC. Forty-five CRC patients with liver metastases resistant to systemic chemotherapy were enrolled in our study. For each patient, three session of TACE were conducted with 45 days interval. A combination of mitomycin, doxorubicin, and lipiodol were used for TACE. A tri-phasic computed tomography scan and biochemical laboratory tests were performed for all patients at baseline and 30 days after each TACE. Image analysis included measurement of lesion diameters as well as contrast enhancement. Eleven patients deceased before completing three session and the final analyses were performed on the remaining 34 patients. Evaluation of a total 93 lesions in all patients after chemoembolization sessions revealed a 25.88% reduction in anteroposterior (AP) diameter, 33.92% transverse (T) diameter, and 42.22% in product of APxT diameter of lesions (P<0.001 for all instances). CT scan showed a total disappearance of 33% of lesions and evident reduction in contrast enhancement in 16% of them. There were no changes in contrast enhancement in 51% of lesions. Evaluation of single largest lesion in each patient revealed 57.32% reduction in AP diameter, 59.66% in T diameter, and 62.17% in product of APxT diameters (P<0.001 for all diameters). TACE offers a viable option for CRC patients with unresectable liver metastases by significantly reducing lesion size and contrast enhancement.
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April 2013

Diagnostic performance of multislice CT coronary angiography in the assessment of significant coronary artery disease.

Acta Med Iran 2012 ;50(1):31-6

Department of Radiology, Rejaee Cardiovascular Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran.

The use of noninvasive assessment tools such as multi-slice CT coronary angiography (MSCT-CA-CA) is recently considered mainly because it offers safety, patient convenience, and faster performance. The aim of the present study was to determine the ability of MSCT-CA-CA for the detection of significant stenoses in the coronary arteries, in comparison to conventional invasive coronary angiography (ICA). A total of 58 consecutive patients who were candidate for coronary angiography, with the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome, from September 2006 to March 2006 were entered into the study. They underwent both coronary MSCT-CA-CA and ICA. The findings of each coronary segment were compared to MSCT-CA-CA in comparison with ICA. Based on artery analysis, sensitivity and specificity of MSCT-CA for the detection of involvement in RCA were 90.0% and 92.8%, in LAD were 71.8% and 92.9% and in LCX were 67.9% and 92.6%, respectively. On a per-segment basis, the sensitivity of MSCT-CA in the detection of injured segments ranged between 33.3% (for segment 11) and 100% (for segments 1, 2 and 12). Also, specificity ranged from 63.6% (for segment 15) and 98.1% (for segment 6). The presence of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and smoking led to the reduction of the specificity and accuracy of MSCT-CA, whereas history of diabetes mellitus could increase the specificity and accuracy of this tool. MSCT-CA has high diagnostic performance in the assessment of significant coronary artery disease. Risk factors for coronary artery disease may influence this performance.
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May 2012
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