Publications by authors named "Rolf Aamodt"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Radiologist-initiated double reading of abdominal CT: retrospective analysis of the clinical importance of changes to radiology reports.

BMJ Qual Saf 2016 08 24;25(8):595-603. Epub 2016 Mar 24.

Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Campus Ahus, Lørenskog, Norway Health Services Research Unit, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, Norway.

Background: Misinterpretation of radiological examinations is an important contributing factor to diagnostic errors. Consultant radiologists in Norwegian hospitals frequently request second reads by colleagues in real time. Our objective was to estimate the frequency of clinically important changes to radiology reports produced by these prospectively obtained double readings.

Methods: We retrospectively compared the preliminary and final reports from 1071 consecutive double-read abdominal CT examinations of surgical patients at five public hospitals in Norway. Experienced gastrointestinal surgeons rated the clinical importance of changes from the preliminary to final report. The severity of the radiological findings in clinically important changes was classified as increased, unchanged or decreased.

Results: Changes were classified as clinically important in 146 of 1071 reports (14%). Changes to 3 reports (0.3%) were critical (demanding immediate action), 35 (3%) were major (implying a change in treatment) and 108 (10%) were intermediate (requiring further investigations). The severity of the radiological findings was increased in 118 (81%) of the clinically important changes. Important changes were made less frequently when abdominal radiologists were first readers, more frequently when they were second readers, and more frequently to urgent examinations.

Conclusion: A 14% rate of clinically important changes made during double reading may justify quality assurance of radiological interpretation. Using expert second readers and a targeted selection of urgent cases and radiologists reading outside their specialty may increase the yield of discrepant cases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjqs-2015-004536DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4975845PMC
August 2016

mRNA expression of adipocytokines and glucocorticoid-related genes are associated with downregulation of E-cadherin mRNA in colorectal adenocarcinomas.

Int J Colorectal Dis 2012 Aug 14;27(8):1021-7. Epub 2012 Mar 14.

Surgical Department, Østfold Hospital Trust, 1600, Fredrikstad, Norway.

Background: There is a consistently reported relationship between the incidence of colon cancer and obesity. It is thought that adipose tissue, particularly visceral fat, which secretes systemic factors that alter immunological, metabolic and endocrine milieu and promotes insulin resistance by producing adipocytokines, is important in cancer progression. Systemic high concentrations of adipocytokines, such as tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), and glucocorticoid metabolism-related genes have been associated with gastrointestinal cancer. However, limited information exists about the expression of these cytokines within tumour tissue.

Material And Methods: mRNA expression of TNF-α, IL-6,IL-8, IL-10, IL-1RN, glucocorticoid receptor alpha (GR-α), 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), Slug, vimentin, Snail and E-cadherin was analysed in paired samples of tumour tissue and normal mucosa in 60 surgical patients for Dukes B and C colorectal adenocarcinomas using quantitative reverse transcription PCR and microarray technology. The mRNA expression level of analysed genes was compared between tumour tissue and normal mucosa from the same patients, and a correlation to mRNA expression of E-cadherin in the same tissue samples was also performed.

Results: A highly significant difference in mRNA expression level of several of the analysed genes was observed between tumour tissue and the normal intestinal mucosa. Inverse correlation between mRNA expression of 11βHSD1, IL-6, GR-α and PAI-1 on one hand and mRNA expression of E-cadherin on the other hand was observed.

Conclusion: Results show that the adipocytokines and glucocorticoid metabolism-related genes are overexpressed in colorectal adenocarcinomas, and expression of these genes is associated with the downregulation of E-cadherin mRNA, connecting these genes to carcinogenesis and progression of colorectal cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00384-012-1442-6DOI Listing
August 2012

The Prognostic Impact of Protein Expression of E-Cadherin-Catenin Complexes Differs between Rectal and Colon Carcinoma.

Gastroenterol Res Pract 2010 16;2010. Epub 2010 Aug 16.

Faculty Division Akershus University Hospital, University of Oslo, 1474 Nordbyhagen, Norway.

The E-cadherin-catenin complex provides cell-cell adhesion. In order for a carcinoma to metastasize, cancer cells must let go of their hold of neighboring cells in the primary tumor. The presence of components of the E-cadherin-catenin complex in 246 rectal adenocarcinomas was examined by immunohistochemistry and compared to their presence in 219 colon carcinomas. The expression data were correlated to clinical information from the patients' records. There were statistically significant differences in protein expression between the rectal and the colon carcinomas regarding membranous beta-catenin, gamma-catenin, p120-catenin, and E-cadherin, as well as nuclear beta-catenin. In the rectal carcinomas, there was a significant inverse association between the expression of p120-catenin in cell membranes of the primary tumors and the occurrence of local recurrence, while membranous protein expression of beta-catenin was inversely related to distant metastases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/616023DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2931401PMC
July 2011

Differences in protein expression and gene amplification of cyclins between colon and rectal adenocarcinomas.

Gastroenterol Res Pract 2009 15;2009:285830. Epub 2009 Dec 15.

Faculty Division Akershus University Hospital, University of Oslo, 1474 Nordbyhagen, Norway.

Adenocarcinomas of rectum and colon may be different with regard to the cellular biological basis for cancer development. A material of 246 rectal cancers removed surgically at Akershus University Hospital in the years 1992-2000 was investigated and was compared to a material of 219 colon cancers operated on at Akershus University Hospital during the years 1988, 1990 and 1997-2000. There were highly significant differences between the rectal and the colon cancers in the protein expression of cyclin D1, cyclin D3, cyclin E, nuclear beta-catenin, and c-Myc and in gene amplification of cyclin A2, cyclin B1, cyclin D1, and cyclin E. Gene amplification and protein expression in the rectal cancers correlated significantly for the cyclins B1, D3, and E. A statistically significant relation was observed between overexpression of cyclin A2 and local relapse of rectal carcinomas, as higher expression of cyclin A2 was associated with lower local recurrence rate.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2009/285830DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2796221PMC
June 2010
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