Publications by authors named "Nikola Henderson"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

A Letter to the Editor.

Ann Surg 2018 02;267(2):e39

Department of General Surgery, Royal Alexandra Hospital, Paisley, Greater Glasgow and Clyde NHS Trust, Glasgow, Scotland, UK.

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February 2018

Totally laparoscopic strategies for the management of colorectal cancer with synchronous liver metastasis.

Surg Endosc 2012 Sep 22;26(9):2571-8. Epub 2012 Mar 22.

Department of Hepatobiliary and Advanced Laparoscopic Surgery, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, DD1 9SY, UK.

Introduction: Laparoscopy is an accepted treatment for colorectal cancer and liver metastases, but there is no consensus for its use in the management of synchronous liver metastases (SCRLM). The purpose of this study was to evaluate totally laparoscopic strategies in the management of colorectal cancer with synchronous liver metastases.

Methods: Patients presenting to Ninewells Hospital between July 2007 and August 2010, with adenocarcinoma of the colon and rectum with synchronous liver metastases were considered. Patients underwent simultaneous laparoscopic liver and colon cancer resection, a staged laparoscopic resection of SCRLM and colon cancer, or simultaneous colon resection and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of SCRLM. Primary endpoints were in-hospital morbidity and mortality, total hospital stay, intraoperative blood loss, duration of surgery, and resection margin status.

Results: Twenty-eight patients presented with synchronous colorectal liver metastases. Thirteen patients underwent a simultaneous laparoscopic liver and colon resection (median operating time, 370 (range, 190-540) min; median hospital stay, 7 (range, 3-54) days), seven patients had a staged laparoscopic resection of SCRLM and primary colon cancer (median operating time, 530 (range, 360-980) min; median hospital stay 14, (range, 6-51) days), and eight patients underwent laparoscopic colon resection and RFA of SCRLM (median operating time, 310 (range, 240-425) min; median hospital stay, 8 (range, 6-13) days). There were no conversions to an open procedure. Overall in-hospital morbidity and mortality was 28 and 0 % respectively. An R0 resection margin was achieved in 91 % of the resection group. At a median follow-up of 26 (range, 18-55) months, 19 (90 %) patients remain disease-free.

Conclusions: Totally laparoscopic strategies for the radical treatment of stage IV colorectal cancer are feasible with low morbidity and favorable outcomes. A laparoscopic approach for the simultaneous management of SCRLM and primary colon cancer is associated with reduced surgical access trauma, postoperative morbidity, and hospital stay with no compromise in short-term oncological outcome.
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September 2012

Natural history of upper limb arterio-venous fistulae for chronic hemodialysis.

J Vasc Access 2012 Jul-Sep;13(3):332-7

Department of Vascular Surgery/East of Scotland Vascular Network, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee, UK.

Purpose: Arterio-venous fistulae (AVF) for hemodialysis are prone to problems, ultimately leading to failure of the fistulae. Our aim was to determine the site and time to first stenosis and time to and factors influencing AVF failure for radio-cephalic (RC), brachio-cephalic (BC), and transposed brachio-basilic (BB) AVF.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of native AVF constructed within a single vascular unit between January 2002-December 2008. Patients followed up to the end points of death, AVF failure or end of study period. Data collected included: age, sex, AVF type, time and site of first stenosis and time to failure. The relationship between fistula type, stenosis, and failure were examined.

Results: In total, 398 native AVF were included in the study (91 RC, 208 BC, and 99 BB), with a mean age of 66 years. A total of 215 (54%) AVF developed a flow limiting stenosis, and over time 151 (40%) AVF failed. Stenoses developed significantly earlier in RC AVF (median 113 days) compared to BC (median 277 days), compared to BB (median days 414), P=.029. There was no statistically significant difference in time to failure (RC median 1344 days; BC median 1576 days; BB median 1159 days), P=.673. The presence of stenosis was the only variable found to have a significant impact on AVF failure in multivariate analysis.

Conclusions: Type of upper limb fistula did not impact on failure rates. Flow limiting stenoses impacted on fistula failure.
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March 2013

Laparoscopic versus open liver segmentectomy: prospective, case-matched, intention-to-treat analysis of clinical outcomes and cost effectiveness.

Surg Endosc 2008 Dec 24;22(12):2564-70. Epub 2008 Sep 24.

Unit of HPB and Advanced Laparoscopic Surgery, Department of Surgery and Molecular Oncology, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, University of Dundee, Dundee, DD1 9SY, UK.

Introduction: Reduction in hospital stay, blood loss, postoperative pain and complications are common findings after laparoscopic liver resection, suggesting that the laparoscopic approach may be a suitable alternative to open surgery. Some concerns have been raised regarding cost effectiveness of this procedure and potential implications of its large-scale application. Our aim has been to determine cost effectiveness of laparoscopic liver surgery by a case-matched, case-control, intention-to-treat analysis of its costs and short-term clinical outcomes compared with open surgery.

Methods: Laparoscopic liver segmentectomies and bisegmentectomies performed at Ninewells Hospital and Medical School between 2005 and 2007 were considered. Resections involving more than two Couinaud segments, or involving any synchronous procedure, were excluded. An operation-magnitude-matched control group was identified amongst open liver resections performed between 2004 and 2007. Hospital costs were obtained from the Scottish Health Service Costs Book (ISD Scotland) and average national costs were calculated. Cost of theatre time, disposable surgical devices, hospital stay, and high-dependency unit (HDU) and intensive care unit (ICU) usage were the main endpoints for comparison. Secondary endpoints were morbidity and mortality. Statistical analysis was performed with Student's t-test, chi(2) and Fisher exact test as most appropriate.

Results: Twenty-five laparoscopic liver resections were considered, including atypical resection, segmentectomy and bisegmentectomy, and they were compared to 25 matching open resections. The two groups were homogeneous by age, sex, coexistent morbidity, magnitude of resection, prevalence of liver cirrhosis and indications. Operative time (p < 0.03), blood loss (p < 0.0001), Pringle manoeuvre (p < 0.03), hospital stay (p < 0.003) and postoperative complications (p < 0.002) were significantly reduced in the laparoscopic group. Overall hospital cost was significantly lower in the laparoscopic group by an average of 2,571 pounds sterling (p < 0.04).

Conclusions: Laparoscopic liver segmentectomy and bisegmentectomy are feasible, safe and cost effective compared to similar open resections. Large-scale application of laparoscopic liver surgery could translate into significant savings to hospitals and health care programmes.
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December 2008