Publications by authors named "Nathan Aardsma"

12 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Phase I Study of IGF-Methotrexate Conjugate in the Treatment of Advanced Tumors Expressing IGF-1R.

Am J Clin Oncol 2019 11;42(11):862-869

Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology/Oncology.

Objectives: Insulin-like growth factor-methotrexate (IGF-MTX) is a conjugate of methotrexate and 765IGF, a variant of IGF-1 with high affinity for insulin-like growth factor type 1 receptor. The study aim was to determine the maximum tolerated dose of IGF-MTX in refractory solid organ and hematologic malignancies expressing insulin-like growth factor type 1 receptor.

Materials And Methods: This phase I trial used a modified toxicity probability interval design with 5 cohort dose levels, and expansion cohort at maximum tolerated dose. IGF-MTX was given intravenously over 90 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle.

Results: A total of 17 patients were enrolled. The highest tolerated dose tested was 0.80 µEq/kg with dose-limiting toxicity of grade 3 hypoglycemia. Drug-related grade 3 and 4 toxicities included abdominal pain (26%), hypoglycemia (10%), and hypotension (10%). Of the 15 evaluable for response, 3 patients (20%) had stable disease, including the patient with Hodgkin lymphoma with stable disease for 12 cycles of therapy. IGF-MTX concentrations declined rapidly, with half-lives of 5.2 to 14 minutes for the initial distribution phase and 6.5 to 7.5 hours for the terminal elimination phase. Higher IGF-R1 expression did not correlate with better outcome.

Conclusions: IGF-MTX is well tolerated. IGF-MTX pharmacokinetics suggest rapid cellular uptake. The activity of IGF-MTX in Hodgkin lymphoma should be explored.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/COC.0000000000000611DOI Listing
November 2019

FOXM1 contributes to treatment failure in acute myeloid leukemia.

JCI Insight 2018 08 9;3(15). Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Department of Medicine, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with NPM1 mutations demonstrate a superior response to standard chemotherapy treatment. Our previous work has shown that these favorable outcomes are linked to the cytoplasmic relocalization and inactivation of FOXM1 driven by mutated NPM1. Here, we went on to confirm the important role of FOXM1 in increased chemoresistance in AML. A multiinstitution retrospective study was conducted to link FOXM1 expression to clinical outcomes in AML. We establish nuclear FOXM1 as an independent clinical predictor of chemotherapeutic resistance in intermediate-risk AML in a multivariate analysis incorporating standard clinicopathologic risk factors. Using colony assays, we show a dramatic decrease in colony size and numbers in AML cell lines with knockdown of FOXM1, suggesting an important role for FOXM1 in the clonogenic activity of AML cells. In order to further prove a potential role for FOXM1 in AML chemoresistance, we induced an FLT3-ITD-driven myeloid neoplasm in a FOXM1-overexpressing transgenic mouse model and demonstrated significantly higher residual disease after standard chemotherapy. This suggests that constitutive overexpression of FOXM1 in this model induces chemoresistance. Finally, we performed proof-of-principle experiments using a currently approved proteasome inhibitor, ixazomib, to target FOXM1 and demonstrated a therapeutic response in AML patient samples and animal models of AML that correlates with the suppression of FOXM1 and its transcriptional targets. Addition of low doses of ixazomib increases sensitization of AML cells to chemotherapy backbone drugs cytarabine and the hypomethylator 5-azacitidine. Our results underscore the importance of FOXM1 in AML progression and treatment, and they suggest that targeting it may have therapeutic benefit in combination with standard AML therapies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1172/jci.insight.121583DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6129129PMC
August 2018

Osseous Rosai-Dorfman Disease Presenting as a Solitary Lesion of the Distal Radius.

J Hand Surg Am 2019 Jan 17;44(1):70.e1-70.e5. Epub 2018 Apr 17.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL.

Rosai-Dorfman disease, also known as sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy, is a rare entity in which bone involvement occurs in less than 5% to 10% of patients and skeletal cases are usually multifocal. Extranodal solitary lesions of bone without nodal involvement or additional clinical manifestations are exceedingly rare. We present the clinical course and management of a 34-year-old African American woman who presented with the disease as a solitary lesion of the distal radius.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhsa.2018.03.019DOI Listing
January 2019

EBV-positive post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder presenting as primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the central nervous system.

Folia Neuropathol 2017 ;55(3):221-226

Primary central nervous system post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PCNS-PTLD) is a rare complication with inferior survival outcomes in solid organ transplant patients. It represents approximately 7-15% of all PTLD patients. Because of the rarity of this disease, the diagnosis of PCNS-PTLD is often challenging, and the optimal therapy has not been established. We report a case of a renal transplant patient who initially presented with acute altered neurological function, an enhancing mass lesion of the brain on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and nonspecific reactive histopathological changes on brain biopsy. The lesion was self-limited and spontaneously resolved without medical treatment for PTLD. Six months later, surveillance MRI revealed recurrence of the brain lesion. The biopsy showed morphologic changes consistent with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The patient responded well to reduction of immunosuppression and treatment with a single-agent regimen of rituximab. This is an unusual case of PCNS-PTLD with an initial presentation resembling a self-limited reactive lesion.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/fn.2017.70487DOI Listing
September 2018

Granulomas within renal epithelial neoplasms in patients with sarcoidosis: A causal association?

Pathol Res Pract 2017 Nov 23;213(11):1431-1434. Epub 2017 Jul 23.

Surgical Pathology Division, Department of Pathology, University of Illinois at Chicago, 840 S. Wood St., Suite 130 CSN, Chicago, IL, 60612, United States; Hematologic Pathology Division, Department of Pathology, University of Illinois at Chicago, 840 S. Wood St., Suite 130 CSN, Chicago, IL, 60612, United States.

Sarcoidosis is a chronic granulomatous disease that can involve virtually every organ system, but most commonly presents as lung, skin, or lymph node disease. Although kidney involvement is usually clinically silent, granulomatous interstitial nephritis - the hallmark of renal sarcoidosis - can lead to functional impairment and organ failure. Also, recent studies have suggested an association between sarcoidosis and an increased risk of developing kidney tumors. While a sarcoid-like granulomatous reaction (SLGR) to renal epithelial neoplasms in patients without sarcoidosis has been well documented, direct involvement of the tumor parenchyma by sarcoidosis has been reported only rarely. Here we present two renal epithelial tumors directly involved by sarcoidosis with a common pattern of distribution of non-caseating granulomas.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prp.2017.07.021DOI Listing
November 2017

Atypical Plasmacytic Proliferation in a Case of C3 Glomerulopathy: Pathophysiology Demystified.

J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep 2017 Jan-Mar;5(1):2324709617690746. Epub 2017 Feb 1.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL, USA.

An 11-year-old Hispanic female underwent evaluation of asymptomatic proteinuria and hematuria. The patient denied fever, edema, and gross hematuria. Urinalysis showed mild proteinuria, and a urine microscopic examination revealed red blood cells. Screening tests for glomerulonephritis revealed a low C3 and negative ANA, ASO, DNAse-B, and ANCA. Histological examination of a renal biopsy specimen showed glomeruli with endocapillary proliferation, a predominant C3 deposition in the capillary loops by immunofluorescence, and electron dense deposits in the mesangium, paramesangium, and capillary walls by electron microscopy consistent with a diagnosis of C3 glomerulopathy. An interstitial plasmacytosis was also present with focal clustering of plasma cells, which were found to be kappa light chain restricted by in situ hybridization suggestive of a clonal proliferation. One can speculate that these plasma cells may be directly responsible for the renal pathology that was seen.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2324709617690746DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5298534PMC
February 2017

Terminal innervation of female genitalia, cutaneous sensory receptors of the epithelium of the labia minora.

Clin Anat 2015 Apr 2;28(3):392-8. Epub 2015 Feb 2.

Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Rockefeller University, New York, New York; UPMC Hamot, Erie, Pennsylvania.

Introduction: Little information is available regarding the sensory nerve endings within the glabrous skin of the external female genitalia. The diversity of possible sensations suggests a variety of receptor types. Comprehensive knowledge of the sensory stimuli, including stimulus position, changes in temperature, pressure and pain, is critical for addressing pain and sexual function disorders clinically. The aim of this neuro-histological study is document the presence and characteristics of cutaneous sensory receptors in female genital tissue.

Materials And Methods: Labial skin samples were obtained from ten normal girls (aged 1-9 years). The specimens were waste tissue obtained during surgical intervention. They were all obtained by the senior investigator, a pediatric urologist, after the parent or legal guardian had given informed consent. The specimens were stained by Cajal-type silver impregnation and by immunocytochemistry against protein gene product (PGP) 9.5 and neuron-specific enolase (NSE).

Results: PGP 9.5 was the most sensitive neural marker for identifying cutaneous sensory receptors. Free nerve endings (FNEs) in the papillary dermis appeared as thin fibers, varicose, branched or single processed, straight or bent. In the labia minora, FNEs were identified in the strata basale, spinosum and granulosum of the epidermis. Non-capsulated (Meissner-like) corpuscles in the dermal papillae interdigitated with epidermal ridges of the skin. Capsulated corpuscles protruded from the deep dermis into the epidermis. Encapsulated corpuscles and cells located in the inner and outer cores were strongly positive for PGP 9.5.

Conclusions: FNEs, Meissner's corpuscles and Pacinian corpuscles are present in the female labia minora and exhibit characteristic staining patterns.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ca.22502DOI Listing
April 2015

Terminal innervation of the male genitalia, cutaneous sensory receptors of the male foreskin.

Clin Anat 2015 Apr 2;28(3):385-91. Epub 2015 Feb 2.

Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Rockefeller University, New York, New York; Department of Anatomy and Embryology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Purpose: Understanding the types of sensory nerve termini within the glabrous skin of the human male foreskin could throw light on surgical outcomes and therapeutic possibilities for the future. Various receptor types sense changes in temperature, position, pressure, pain, light touch, itch, burning and pleasurable sexual sensations. Similarities and differences in innervation characteristics and density might become apparent when the glans penis is compared with homologous structures in the female genitalia. The aim of this study is to document the presence and characteristics of cutaneous sensory receptors in the human penile foreskin using a histopathological study of the nerve termini to achieve a more complete understanding of sensory experiences.

Methods: Foreskin samples were obtained from ten boys (aged 1-9 years) who had undergone circumcision. Informed consent was obtained from the parent/legal guardian. The samples were examined after modified Bielschowsky silver impregnation of neural tissue, and immunocytochemistry against gene protein product (PGP) 9.5 and neuron-specific enolase (NSE).

Results: PGP 9.5 appeared to be the most sensitive neural marker. Free nerve endings were identified in the papillary dermis visualized as thin fibers, mostly varicose, with either branched or single processes, either straight or bent. Two types of sensory corpuscle were identified: capsulated and non-capsulated. Meissner-like corpuscles were located in the papillary dermis. Capsulated corpuscles resembled typical Pacinian corpuscles, comprising a single central axon surrounded by non-neural periaxonic cells and lamellae. The capsulated corpuscles were strongly positive for PGP 9.5 and NSE.

Conclusions: Free nerve endings, Meissner's corpuscles and Pacinian corpuscles are present in the human male foreskin and exhibit characteristic staining patterns.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ca.22501DOI Listing
April 2015

Rare presentation of intracranial vascular blowout after tumor resection and radiation therapy.

J Neurointerv Surg 2015 May 24;7(5):e18. Epub 2014 Apr 24.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

A middle-aged patient presented with a rapidly growing right dural-based extra-axial posterior clinoid mass extending to the right cavernous sinus that was surgically resected. Histological examination showed solid growth of primitive neuroectodermal tumor arising from the third nerve. Following surgical resection, the patient was further managed by radiation and chemotherapy. Two years later the patient developed new intracranial hemorrhage in the area adjacent to the previous surgical cavity. A cerebral angiogram showed contrast extravasation at the junction of the posterior communicating artery (Pcom) and the right posterior cerebral artery (PCA), with an expanding pseudoaneurysm. This was managed with N-butyl cyanoacrylate embolization. Autopsy showed microscopic recurrence of tumor into the PCA/PCom region with invasion of the wall of the Pcom. This case report illustrates the concept of vascular blowout in intracranial cerebral vasculature. It appears that, in the presence of risk factors that contribute to weakening of vessel walls (surgery, radiation, tumor recurrence), a blowout can occur intracranially.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/neurintsurg-2014-011192.repDOI Listing
May 2015

Rare presentation of intracranial vascular blowout after tumor resection and radiation therapy.

BMJ Case Rep 2014 Apr 19;2014. Epub 2014 Apr 19.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

A middle-aged patient presented with a rapidly growing right dural-based extra-axial posterior clinoid mass extending to the right cavernous sinus that was surgically resected. Histological examination showed solid growth of primitive neuroectodermal tumor arising from the third nerve. Following surgical resection, the patient was further managed by radiation and chemotherapy. Two years later the patient developed new intracranial hemorrhage in the area adjacent to the previous surgical cavity. A cerebral angiogram showed contrast extravasation at the junction of the posterior communicating artery (Pcom) and the right posterior cerebral artery (PCA), with an expanding pseudoaneurysm. This was managed with N-butyl cyanoacrylate embolization. Autopsy showed microscopic recurrence of tumor into the PCA/PCom region with invasion of the wall of the Pcom. This case report illustrates the concept of vascular blowout in intracranial cerebral vasculature. It appears that, in the presence of risk factors that contribute to weakening of vessel walls (surgery, radiation, tumor recurrence), a blowout can occur intracranially.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2014-011192DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3992549PMC
April 2014

Inhibitory effects of 405 nm irradiation on Chlamydia trachomatis growth and characterization of the ensuing inflammatory response in HeLa cells.

BMC Microbiol 2012 Aug 15;12:176. Epub 2012 Aug 15.

Biology Department, Gannon University, Erie, PA 16541, USA.

Background: Chlamydia trachomatis is an intracellular bacterium that resides in the conjunctival and reproductive tract mucosae and is responsible for an array of acute and chronic diseases. A percentage of these infections persist even after use of antibiotics, suggesting the need for alternative treatments. Previous studies have demonstrated anti-bacterial effects using different wavelengths of visible light at varying energy densities, though only against extracellular bacteria. We investigated the effects of visible light (405 and 670 nm) irradiation via light emitting diode (LEDs) on chlamydial growth in endocervical epithelial cells, HeLa, during active and penicillin-induced persistent infections. Furthermore, we analyzed the effect of this photo treatment on the ensuing secretion of IL-6 and CCL2, two pro-inflammatory cytokines that have previously been identified as immunopathologic components associated with trichiasis in vivo.

Results: C. trachomatis-infected HeLa cells were treated with 405 or 670 nm irradiation at varying energy densities (0 - 20 J/cm2). Bacterial growth was assessed by quantitative real-time PCR analyzing the 16S: GAPDH ratio, while cell-free supernatants were examined for IL-6 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (CCL2) production. Our results demonstrated a significant dose-dependent inhibitory effect on chlamydial growth during both active and persistent infections following 405 nm irradiation. Diminished bacterial load corresponded to lower IL-6 concentrations, but was not related to CCL2 levels. In vitro modeling of a persistent C. trachomatis infection induced by penicillin demonstrated significantly elevated IL-6 levels compared to C. trachomatis infection alone, though 405 nm irradiation had a minimal effect on this production.

Conclusion: Together these results identify novel inhibitory effects of 405 nm violet light on the bacterial growth of intracellular bacterium C. trachomatis in vitro, which also coincides with diminished levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-6.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2180-12-176DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3438111PMC
August 2012

Immunocytochemical characterization of pacinian-like corpuscles in the labia minora of prepubertal girls.

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2011 Dec 9;24(6):353-8. Epub 2011 Sep 9.

Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Rockefeller University, New York, New York, USA.

Study Objective: To better understand the precise role of sensory corpuscles within the female external genitalia.

Design: After IRB approval, waste tissue samples were obtained from 10 normal girls (aged 2-9 years) who underwent surgery for labial fusion. Immunocytochemistry against protein gene product 9.5 (PGP 9.5), neuron-specific enolase (NSE), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), 5-hydroxytryptamine transporter (5HTT), 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1A (5HT1A), Neuronal Peptide Y (NPY), neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), and estrogen receptors (ER) α and β was performed.

Results: Pacinian-like corpuscles were identified in epithelium of labia minora of prepubertal girls. A central structure composed of an axon surrounded by a central core, outer core, external capsule, surrounded by encapsulated stroma, and a subsidiary innervation in the outer aspect of the corpuscle stroma stained for PGP 9.5 in the outer core and layers of the external capsule, NSE positive cells in layers of the outer core, 5HTT in stroma of the corpuscle and cells located in layers of the outer core, 5HT1A in cells of outer core, NPY in stroma of the corpuscle, and nNOS in external core and external capsule of the central structure. ERα was present in stroma, external core, and external capsule, and ERβ in stroma of the corpuscle with subsidiary innervation in the stroma positive to PGP 9.5, VIP, and NPY.

Conclusion: PGP 9.5, NSE, ERα, nNOS, and 5HTT immunoreaction detected in the outer core and external capsule could indicate these areas may play an important role in the functional aspects of the Pacinian-like corpuscle.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpag.2011.06.005DOI Listing
December 2011
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