Publications by authors named "Mohammed Aejaz Habeeb"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

In vitro quantitative and relative gene expression analysis of pancreatic transcription factors Pdx-1, Ngn-3, Isl-1, Pax-4, Pax-6 and Nkx-6.1 in trans-differentiated human hepatic progenitors.

J Diabetes Investig 2014 Sep 29;5(5):492-500. Epub 2014 Jan 29.

Department of Zoology The Adony Arts and Science College Kurnool India.

Aims/introduction: Diabetes is a major health concern throughout the world because of its increasing prevalence in epidemic proportions. β-Cell deterioration in the pancreas is a crucial factor for the progression of diabetes mellitus. Therefore, the restoration of β-cell mass and its function is of vital importance for the development of effective therapeutic strategies and most accessible cell sources for the treatment of diabetes mellitus.

Materials And Methods: Human fetuses (12-20 weeks gestation age) were used to isolate human hepatic progenitor cells (hHPCs) from fetal liver using a two-step collagenase digestion method. Epithelial cell adhesion molecule-positive (EpCAM+ve)-enriched hHPCs were cultured in vitro and induced with 5-30 mmol/L concentration of glucose for 0-32 h. Pdx-1 expression and insulin secretion was analyzed using immunophenotypic and chemifluorescence assays, respectively. Relative gene expression was quantified in induced hHPCs, and compared with uninduced and pancreatic cells to identify the activated transcription factors (Pdx-1, Ngn-3, Isl-1, Pax-4, Pax-6 and Nkx-6.1) involved in β-cell production.

Results: EpCAM+ve cells derived from human fetal liver showed high in vitro trans-differentiation potential towards the β-cell phenotype with 23 mmol/L glucose induction after 24 h. The transcription factors showed eminent expression in induced cells. The expression level of transcription factors was found significantly high in 23 mmol/L-induced hHPCs as compared with the uninduced cells.

Conclusions: The present study has shown an exciting new insight into β-cell development from hHPCs trans-differentiation. Relative quantification of gene expression in trans-differentiated cells offers vast possibility for the production of a maximum number of functionally active pancreatic β-cells for a future cure of diabetes.
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September 2014

A latest and promising approach for prediction of viral load in hepatitis B virus infected patients.

Indian J Hum Genet 2011 Jan;17(1):17-21

Department of Gastroenterology, Centre for Liver Research and Diagnostics, Owaisi Hospital and Research Centre, Kanchanbagh, Hyderabad, India.

Introduction: Designing a rapid, reliable and sensitive assay for detection of hepatitis B virus (HBV) variants by real-time PCR is challenging at best. A recent approach for quantifying the viral load using a sensitive fluorescent principle was brushed in this study.

Materials And Methods: : A total of 250 samples were collected from the outpatient unit, CLRD. Complete Human HBVDNA sequences (n = 944) were selected from the National Centre for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), primers and probes were designed and synthesized from the core, surface, and x region. Real-time based quantification was carried out using a standard kit and in-house generated standards and RT-PCR protocols.

Results And Discussion: The standard calibration curve was generated by using serial dilution 10(2) to 10(8). The calibration curve was linear in a range from 10(2) to 10(8) copies/ml, with an R(2) value of 0.999. Reproducibility as measured by dual testing of triplicates of serum samples was acceptable, with coefficients of variation at 6.5%, 7.5%, and 10.5%. Our results showed that amplification performance was good in the case of the x-region-based design (98%). Out of 100 negative samples screened by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and the standard RT-PCR kit, one sample was detected as positive with the in-house developed RT-PCR assay, the positivity of the sample was confirmed by sequencing the amplified product, NCBI accession EU684022.

Conclusion: This assay is reproducible showing limited inter- and intra-assay variability. We demonstrate that the results of our assay correlated well with the standard kit for the HBV viral load monitor.
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January 2011

Association of Helicobacter pylori restriction endonuclease-replacing gene, hrgA with overt gastrointestinal diseases.

Arq Gastroenterol 2008 Jul-Sep;45(3):225-9

Center for Liver Research and Diagnostics, Deccan College of Medical Sciences and Allied Hospitals, Kanchanbagh, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Background And Aim: Helicobacter pylori has been proven to be responsible for causing various gastrointestinal disorders including gastric adenocarcinoma. Several genes of pathogen (the genes of the cag-PAI, vacA, iceA, and babA) either in combination or independently have been reported to significantly increase the risk of ulceration/gastric carcinoma, with the cagA gene having the strongest predictive value. Pursuit to identify new genes which could serve as a marker of overt disease progression, lead to the discovery of hrgA gene.

Methods: Fifty-six indigenous strains of H. pylori from subjects with various gastric disorder were screened to assess the status of hrgA gene along with the cagA gene using simple polymerase chain reaction using specific oligonucleotide primers. Post-amplification, amplicons were subjected for sequencing to identify any strain specific variations in sequences from the H. pylori isolated from different disease manifestations. Histopathological analysis was done to ascertain any significant change in the histological scores of subjects infected with cagA+/hrgA+ and cagA-/hrg+ strains.

Results: All the 56 (100%) subjects amplified with the oligonucleotide primers specific to hrgA gene, whereas 81.71% subjects showed the presence of cagA gene. Sequencing of the amplimers showed 99% homology. Histology of the cagA+/hrgA+ and cagA-/hrg+ subjects did not show any significant difference.

Conclusion: hrgA gene of Helicobacter pylori is not a ideal surrogate marker for identifying individuals with higher risk of developing overt gastro-duodenal diseases such as neoplasia of the stomach.
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August 2009

Characterization of hepatic progenitors from human fetal liver during second trimester.

World J Gastroenterol 2008 Oct;14(37):5730-7

Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad 500007, India.

Aim: To enrich hepatic progenitors using epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) as a marker from human fetal liver and investigate the expression of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) and their markers associated with hepatic progenitor cells.

Methods: EpCAM +ve cells were isolated using magnetic cell sorting (MACS) from human fetuses (n = 10) at 15-25 wk gestation. Expression of markers for hepatic progenitors such as albumin, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), CD29 (integrin beta1), CD49f (integrin alpha6) and CD90 (Thy 1) was studied by using flow cytometry, immunocytochemistry and RT-PCR; HLA class I (A, B, C) and class II (DR) expression was studied by flow cytometry only.

Results: FACS analysis indicated that EpCAM +ve cells were positive for CD29, CD49f, CD90, CD34, HLA class I, albumin and AFP but negative for HLA class II (DR) and CD45. RT PCR showed that EpCAM +ve cells expressed liver epithelial markers (CK18), biliary specific marker (CK19) and hepatic markers (albumin, AFP). On immunocytochemical staining, EpCAM +ve cells were shown positive signals for CK18 and albumin.

Conclusion: Our study suggests that these EpCAM +ve cells can be used as hepatic progenitors for cell transplantation with a minimum risk of alloreactivity and these cells may serve as a potential source for enrichment of hepatic progenitor.
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October 2008

Hepatoprotective activity of Sapindus mukorossi and Rheum emodi extracts: in vitro and in vivo studies.

World J Gastroenterol 2008 Apr;14(16):2566-71

Centre for Liver Research and Diagnostics, Deccan college of Medical Sciences and Allied Hospitals, Kanchanbagh, Hyderabad 500058, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Aim: To study the hepatoprotective capacity of Sapindus mukorossi (S. mukorossi) and Rheum emodi (R. emodi) extracts in CCl(4) treated male rats.

Methods: The dried powder of S. mukorossi and R. emodi was extracted successively with petroleum ether, benzene, chloroform, and ethanol and concentrated in vacuum. Primary rat hepatocyte monolayer cultures were used for in vitro studies. In vivo, the hepatoprotective capacity of the extract of the fruit pericarp of S. mukorossi and the rhizomes of R. emodi was analyzed in liver injured CCl(4)-treated male rats.

Results: In vitro: primary hepatocytes monolayer cultures were treated with CCl(4) and extracts of S. mukorossi & R. emodi. A protective activity could be demonstrated in the CCl(4) damaged primary monolayer culture. In vivo: extracts of the fruit pericarp of S. mukorossi (2.5 mg/mL) and rhizomes of R. emodi (3.0 mg/mL) were found to have protective properties in rats with CCl(4) induced liver damage as judged from serum marker enzyme activities.

Conclusion: The extracts of S. mukorossi and R. emodi do have a protective capacity both in vitro on primary hepatocytes cultures and in in vivo in a rat model of CCl(4) mediated liver injury.
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April 2008

Antimicrobial activity of Sapindus mukorossi and Rheum emodi extracts against H pylori: In vitro and in vivo studies.

World J Gastroenterol 2006 Nov;12(44):7136-42

Centre for Liver Research and Diagnostics, Deccan college of Medical Sciences and Allied Hospitals, Kanchanbagh, Hyderabad 500064, India.

Aim: to evaluate the antibacterial activity of Sapindus mukorossi (S. mukorossi) and Rheum emodi (R. emodi).

Methods: Powders of S. mukorossi and R. emodi were extracted successively with petroleum ether, benzene, chloroform and ethanol and were concentrated in vacuum. The disk diffusion method was used for in vitro studies and in vivo studies were performed on male Wister rats. Thirty resistant clinical isolates of H pylori, as determined by their antibiotic sensitivity patterns by E-test, along with two Gram +ve (S. aureus, B. subtilis) and two Gram -ve (E. coli, P. vugaris) organisms were screened for their susceptibility patterns against these extracts.

Results: In our screening, all 30 resistant isolates and the other four organisms (two Gram +ve S. aureus, B. subtilis and two Gram -ve, E. coli, P. vugaris) were sensitive to the test compounds. It was found that ethanol and chloroform extracts of S. mukorossi and ethanol and benzene extracts of R. emodi inhibited H pylori at very low concentrations. In the in vitro study, the isolates showed a considerable zone of inhibition at very low concentrations (10 mug/mL) for both the extracts. In the in vivo study, the H pylori infection was cleared with minimal doses of extracts of S. mukorossi (2.5 mg/mL) and R. emodi (3.0 mg/mL) given orally for seven days.

Conclusion: We can conclude from this study that the extracts of S. mukorossi and R. emodi inhibited the growth of pylori in vitro and, in in vivo studies, the H pylori infection cleared within seven days at very low concentrations. We also found that H pylori did not acquire resistance against these herbal extracts even after 10 consecutive passages.
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November 2006

Prevalent HBV genotypes and subtypes in a South Indian population.

J Clin Virol 2006 Sep 18;37(1):58-64. Epub 2006 Jul 18.

Centre for Liver Research and Diagnostics, Deccan College of Medical Sciences and Allied Hospitals, Kanchanbagh, Hyderabad 500 058, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Background: Genotypes or genetic subtypes describe genetically related strains and have been described for viruses belonging to several different families. The eight major genotypes of hepatitis B virus (HBV) have distinct geographic distribution. Recent studies suggest possible pathogenic and therapeutic differences among HBV genotypes.

Objectives: To evaluate the HBV genotypes of 85 samples by RFLP analysis and sequence the desired region to look for variations and identify the subtypes of the surface region.

Study Design: We studied 85 patients with HBV in order to identify the most prevalent genotype and subtype. Patients with HBV-related liver disease attending the Department of Gastroenterology at Owaisi Hospital and Research Centre were studied.

Results And Conclusions: Genotype D1 was most prevalent. Genotyping was carried out by RFLP analysis and confirmed by sequencing. Nucleotide sequences showed significant homology (96-97%) with the other genotypes that have been reported. Subtype ayw was the most prevalent subtype within the surface region. Construction of a phylogenetic tree incorporating these isolates and other published HBV sequences showed that the isolates are derived from the same evolutionary tree. The study adds to our understanding of the genetic diversity of HBV and the geographical distribution of its subtypes, and will be useful for reconstructing the evolutionary history of HBV.
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September 2006

Effect of ultraviolet B (302 nm) irradiation on viability, metabolic and detoxification functions of goat hepatocytes--in vitro study.

Mol Cell Biochem 2005 Sep;277(1-2):49-53

Owaisi Hospital and Research Centre, Deccan College of Medical Sciences, Kanchanbagh, Hyderabad, 500 058, India.

The object of the present study was to investigate the effect(s) of UV-B irradiation on the functional integrity, metabolic and detoxifying capacity of the isolated goat hepatocytes. Isolated goat hepatocytes were subjected to UV-B irradiation invitro for 0, 250, 500, 1250, 2500 and 7500 Joules/m2 which correspond to the irradiation time of 0, 1, 2, 5, 10 and 30 min. Cells were then analysed for Viability (Trypan blue exclusion test [TBE], 3-[4,5-dimethylthiozol-2yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide [MTT] assay, Membrane integrity (Lactate dehydrogenase [LDH] leakage, Lipid peroxidation) Detoxification (Ureagenesis, Cytochrome P450 activity [CYP450, Diazepam metabolism] and Glutathione-S-Transferase [GST] activity. The results show that there was no difference in functional, metabolic as well as detoxifying parameters of the hepatocytes when irradiated from 0-1250 Joules/m2, whereas a significant alteration was appreciable in the parameters such as LDH leakage, lipid peroxidation, and CYP450 activity when irradiated beyond 1250 Joules/m2. Our present findings suggest that the biologically compatible and feasible dose of UV-B irradiation for xenotransplantation appears to be 1250 Joules/m2.
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September 2005