Publications by authors named "Maximilian Trapp"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Phonon Bridge Effect in Superlattices of Thermoelectric TiNiSn/HfNiSn With Controlled Interface Intermixing.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2020 Jun 25;10(6). Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Institute of Physics, Johannes Gutenberg University, Staudingerweg 7, 55128 Mainz, Germany.

The implementation of thermal barriers in thermoelectric materials improves their power conversion rates effectively. For this purpose, material boundaries are utilized and manipulated to affect phonon transmissivity. Specifically, interface intermixing and topography represents a useful but complex parameter for thermal transport modification. This study investigates epitaxial thin film multilayers, so called superlattices (SL), of TiNiSn/HfNiSn, both with pristine and purposefully deteriorated interfaces. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffractometry are used to characterize their structural properties in detail. A differential 3 ω -method probes their thermal resistivity. The thermal resistivity reaches a maximum for an intermediate interface quality and decreases again for higher boundary layer intermixing. For boundaries with the lowest interface quality, the interface thermal resistance is reduced by 23% compared to a pristine SL. While an uptake of diffuse scattering likely explains the initial deterioration of thermal transport, we propose a phonon bridge interpretation for the lowered thermal resistivity of the interfaces beyond a critical intermixing. In this picture, the locally reduced acoustic contrast of the less defined boundary acts as a mediator that promotes phonon transition.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nano10061239DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7353130PMC
June 2020

Synthesis and Assembly of Zinc Oxide Microcrystals by a Low-Temperature Dissolution-Reprecipitation Process: Lessons Learned About Twin Formation in Heterogeneous Reactions.

Chemistry 2020 Jul 28;26(42):9319-9329. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Eduard-Zintl-Institut für Anorganische und Physikalische Chemie, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Alarich-Weiss-Strasse 12, 64287, Darmstadt, Germany.

Cobalt-doped zinc oxide single crystals with the shape of hexagonal platelets were synthesized by thermohydrolysis of zinc acetate, cobalt acetate, and hexamethylenetetramine (HMTA) in mixtures of ethanol and water. The mineralization proceeds by a low-temperature dissolution-reprecipitation process from the liquid phase by the formation of basic cobalt zinc salts as intermediates. The crystal shape as well as twin formation of the resulting oxide phase can be influenced by careful choice of the solvent mixture and the amount of doping. An understanding of the course of the reaction was achieved by comprehensive employment of analytical techniques (i.e., SEM, XRD, IR) including an in-depth HRTEM study of precipitates from various reaction stages. In addition, EPR as well as UV/Vis spectroscopic measurements provide information about the insertion of the cobalt dopant into the zincite lattice. The Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) technique is shown to be suitable for depositing coatings of the platelets on glass substrates functionalized with polyelectrolyte multilayers and hence is applied for the formation of monolayers containing domains with ordered tessellation. No major differences are found between deposits on substrates with anionic or cationic surface modification. The adherence to the substrates is sufficient to determine the absolute orientation of the deposited polar single crystals by piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM) and Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM) studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/chem.201904638DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7496901PMC
July 2020

Piezotronic Tuning of Potential Barriers in ZnO Bicrystals.

Adv Mater 2018 Mar 19;30(10). Epub 2018 Jan 19.

Institute of Materials Science, Technische Universität Darmstadt, 64287, Darmstadt, Germany.

Coupling of magnetic, ferroelectric, or piezoelectric properties with charge transport at oxide interfaces provides the option to revolutionize classical electronics. Here, the modulation of electrostatic potential barriers at tailored ZnO bicrystal interfaces by stress-induced piezoelectric polarization is reported. Specimen design by epitaxial solid-state transformation allows for both optimal polarization vector alignment and tailoring of defect states at a semiconductor-semiconductor interface. Both quantities are probed by transmission electron microscopy. Consequently, uniaxial compressive stress affords a complete reduction of the potential barrier height at interfaces with head-to-head orientation of the piezoelectric polarization vectors and an increase in potential barrier height at interfaces with tail-to-tail orientation. The magnitude of this coupling between mechanical input and electrical transport opens pathways to the design of multifunctional electronic devices like strain triggered transistors, diodes, and stress sensors with feasible applications for human-computer interfacing.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201705573DOI Listing
March 2018
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