Publications by authors named "Marja Aalbers"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Immune reactivity of candidate reference materials.

Arb Paul Ehrlich Inst Bundesamt Sera Impfstoffe Frankf A M 2006 (95):84-8; discussion 88-90, 100-4

Servicio de Allergía, Hospital Clinio San Carlos, Madrid.

Immune reactivity is a key issue in the evaluation of the quality of recombinant allergens as potential reference materials. Within the frame of the CREATE project, the immune reactivity of the natural and recombinant versions of the major allergens of birch pollen (Bet v 1), grass pollen (Phl p 1 and 5), olive pollen (Ole e 1), and house dust mite (Der p 1 and 2, and Der f 1 and 2) was analysed. The IgE binding capacity of the allergens was studied by direct RAST and RAST inhibition, and their biological activity by basophil histamine release, using sera of allergic patients selected across Europe. For birch pollen, rBet v 1 is an excellent mimic of the natural allergen. For grass pollen, rPhl p 1 showed a significant lower IgE reactivity and was not considered a suitable candidate, whereas rPhl p 5a exhibited an immune reactivity closer to that of its natural counterpart. For olive, rOle e 1 had a lower IgE binding capacity in RAST but a higher biological activity in histamine release. For house dust mite, recombinant group 1 allergens were significantly less potent than their natural counterparts, but recombinant group 2 allergens were close mimics of their natural homologues.
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April 2007

Molecular and immunological characterization of profilin from mugwort pollen.

Biol Chem 2002 Nov;383(11):1779-89

Institute of Genetics, University of Salzburg, A-5020 Salzburg, Austria.

In late summer in Europe, pollen of mugwort is one of the major sources of atopic allergens. No information about the complete molecular structure of any mugwort allergen has been published so far. Here we report the isolation and characterization of mugwort pollen cDNA clones coding for two isoforms of the panallergen profilin. Thirty-six percent of the mugwort-allergic patients tested displayed IgE antibodies against natural and recombinant profilin, and no significant differences were observed in the IgE-binding properties of the isoforms. One profilin isoform was purified to homogeneity and detailed structural analysis indicated that the protein exists in solution as dimers and tetramers stabilized by sulfydryl and/or ionic interactions. Profilin monomers were detectable only after exposure of multimers to harsh denaturing conditions. Dimers and tetramers did not significantly differ in their ability to bind serum IgE from mugwort pollen-allergic patients. However, oligomeric forms might have a higher allergenic potential than monomers because larger molecules would have additional epitopes for IgE-mediated histamine release. Profilin isolated from mugwort pollen also formed multimers. Thus, oligomerization is not an artifact resulting from the recombinant production of the allergen. Inhibition experiments showed extensive IgE cross-reactivity of recombinant mugwort profilin and profilin from various pollen and food extracts.
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November 2002

Influence of the 3D-conformation, glycan component and microheterogeneity on the epitope structure of Ole e 1, the major olive allergen. Use of recombinant isoforms and specific monoclonal antibodies as immunological tools.

Mol Immunol 2002 Sep;39(1-2):93-101

Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular, Facultad de Química, Universidad Complutense, 28040 Madrid, Spain.

Ole e 1 is the main allergen of olive pollen, which is a major cause of pollinosis in countries of the Mediterranean area. Nine Ole e 1-specific murine monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), as well as two Ole e 1-isoforms and two Ole e 1-like allergens from lilac and privet, all of them obtained in Pichia pastoris by recombinant methods, have been used as tools to determine the role of the three-dimensional (3D)-folding, the glycan component and several point changes of the amino acid sequence in the binding of murine IgG mAbs and human IgE to the olive allergen. Seven mAb families (F1-F7) were established, two of which (F1 and F2) recognize continuous epitopes. The carbohydrate moiety of Ole e 1 was involved in the binding to F2 and F4, whereas F3 and F7 were able to bind to all Ole e 1 variants. The remaining families of IgG murine antibodies exhibited different affinities for the antigens assayed in a native or denatured conformation. Although the binding of human IgE to Ole e 1 was not affected by heat treatment, it was shown to be strongly dependent on the integrity of the disulfide bridges and was partially inhibited by F3-F7 IgG antibodies, their individual values ranging from 12 to 31% and reaching 53% with their mixture. The IgE from sera of olive-allergic patients showed a significant diversity of binding capacity to the members of the Ole e 1-like family due to the microheterogeneity of their polypeptide sequences, in spite of their highly conserved primary structures. Whereas one of the isoforms of Ole e 1 exhibits a highly similar behavior to the natural form, being a putative molecule for diagnostic purposes, other ones can be considered as hypoallergenic variants of this allergen and, thus, potential candidates to be used in immunotherapy.
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September 2002