Publications by authors named "Maria Dolors Bernabeu-Tamayo"

9 Publications

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Nursing students first experience on high fidelity simulation: A phenomenological research study.

Nurse Educ Pract 2021 Aug 23;55:103162. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Nursing Department, Faculty of Medicine, Av. Can Domènech s/n, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain. Electronic address:

Aim/objective: This study aimed to explore the perceptions of nursing students towards their first experience with high-fidelity simulation (HFS) in a Spanish university.

Background: Simulation experiences are becoming more popular in nursing education, allowing students to practice clinical skills before encountering actual patients.

Methods: A phenomenological approach was used. Sixteen in-depth, semi-structured, qualitative one-on-one interviews were conducted among second-year undergraduate nursing students who had completed a scheduled HFS training program. The interview transcripts were analyzed using Colaizzi's phenomenological method.

Results: Four themes were identified: "Learning through simulation"; "Acting like a nurse instead of being a student"; "Facilitators and barriers of learning"; and "Transition from simulation to reality."

Conclusion: This study provides support for including high-fidelity simulation programs in the nursing curricula to enhance student preparedness for clinical placements.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2021.103162DOI Listing
August 2021

Nurses' Experiences of Care at Crisis Resolution Home Treatment Teams: A case study research.

J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 2021 Feb 8. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Nursing Department, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: There are many international studies on CRHTTs; however, there has been little research on nurses' experiences of working with CRHTTs. Earlier studies focused on the nurses' gatekeeping role but did not explore nurses' perception of care as a construct. WHAT DOES THE PAPER ADD TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This study provides information based on mental health nurses' experiences. It explains the home environment, the therapeutic relationship and the process of mental health nursing care during a crisis. Also, the study explains nurses' satisfaction with care provided at patients' home. Unlike other studies, this study focused on nurses' experiences while providing care, rather than on nurses' general responsibilities and the services they provide. This study is the first of its kind in Spain with such a focus. WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE?: Acknowledging nurses' experiences and their perspectives about the care they provide could help shift mental health nursing paradigms from those based on biomedical models to newer perspectives found in recovery models. Furthermore, this knowledge could improve the quality of care in mental health settings due to its potential to guide nursing practices. Raising mental health care providers' awareness of mental health nurses' personal and professional care constructs would help implement support systems to meet the professional's needs. Meeting the needs of nurses related to the care they provide is likely to impact patient care positively.

Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Crisis resolution home treatment teams (CRHTTs) provide short-term, intensive home treatment to people experiencing mental health crises. There is limited research on nurses' experiences with CRHTTs. While earlier studies mainly focussed on mental health nurses' gatekeeping responsibilities, more investigation is needed in this field.

Aim: To explore nurses' perceptions and constructions about care in CRHTT services.

Method: A qualitative case study was employed. Ten semi-structured interviews were performed to nursing staff working in CRHTT services.

Results: Three main categories emerged from the data analysis: nurses' perspectives of the care provided, nursing setting of care at home and nursing care plan at home.

Discussions: Findings revealed that nurses experienced greater satisfaction providing care in the home settings, and therefore, it positively impacted the quality of care and reduced patient's stigma. This study also relates the value of developing care plans centred on patients' environments increasing Mental Health Nursing (MHN) work satisfaction.

Implications For Practice: Knowledge of the intrinsic experiences of care provided by nurses in CRHTTs may help facilitate the development of the nursing role in CRHTT by improving understanding of care in mental health settings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpm.12738DOI Listing
February 2021

Student's satisfaction and intercultural competence development from a short study abroad programs: A multiple cross-sectional study.

Nurse Educ Pract 2021 Jan 18;50:102926. Epub 2020 Nov 18.

Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona. Faculty of Medicine. Nursing Department, Av. Can Domènech S/n, 08915, Bellaterra, Catalunya, Spain. Electronic address:

Nurses should be culturally competent to care appropriately to all patient groups. Whilst there are many opportunities to obtain clinical experiences, there are less curriculum-based opportunities to develop cultural competencies. This multiple cross-sectional study aimed to explore the development of intercultural awareness, knowledge, and competence in two different nursing students' groups (2016 and 2017 program edition) during a one-week study abroad program hosted by a European network of 14 higher education institutions. A questionnaire was designed specifically for the study and reliability established. Factor analysis confirmed three dimensions: perceived benefits, satisfaction, and acquisition of learning outcomes. Fifty-eight students (71.6%) completed the questionnaire for the April 2016 group, and 60 (88.2%) from the April 2017 group. There were minimal differences in responses between the two groups which suggested perceived benefits were retained one year later. Ratings were high for perceived satisfaction, perceived benefits; and the learning outcomes with regard to cultural competencies. Overall, the one-week program was considered a success and students would recommend it to others. This study concludes that a short, one-week study abroad program enabled nursing students to develop individually as well as develop cultural competencies in healthcare.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2020.102926DOI Listing
January 2021

Early Patient Experiences of Primary Above-the-Knee Amputation From Vascular Etiologies: A Phenomenological Study.

Clin Nurs Res 2021 06 11;30(5):539-547. Epub 2020 Nov 11.

Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain.

The aim of this study was to explore the different meanings of the experience of lower-limb amputation due to vascular causes in the time period from the fifth to twelfth week post-amputation. A phenomenological study involving semi-structured interviews was carried out. Data collection took place in a Public Hospital in Spain and included a convenience sample of 20 patients who had undergone amputation. The study highlighted patients' fears related to mobility, pain, dependence, and autonomy. Moreover, patients experience of the rehabilitation process and resources for adaptation were described as well as all the changes related to the social environment. The figure of a nurse was considered essential after amputation by the patients. This study provides a deep understanding of their experiences at the immediate time after amputation considering patients demographical associations and the etiology of the vascular pathology. This could be the starting point to understand patients' immediate needs upon discharge.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1054773820971873DOI Listing
June 2021

Nurses' perceptions of patient safety culture: a mixed-methods study.

BMC Health Serv Res 2020 Jun 26;20(1):584. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Nursing Department, Medicine Faculty, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Av. de Can Domènech, 737, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: There are relatively few qualitative studies concerning patient safety culture.

Methods: We aimed to explore patient safety culture as perceived by the nursing staff in two public hospitals in Catalonia, Spain. A mixed-methods design was employed using a questionnaire, in-depth interviews, and non-participant observations.

Results: Sixty-two percent of the nursing staff rated patient safety as "Acceptable" but was not higher because of work pressure and lack of resources as perceived by staff. "Teamwork within units" had the highest rate of positive responses, and "Staffing" had the lowest rate. Emergency units showed more negative results than the other two units.

Conclusions: Safety incidents are not always reported due to fear of punishment, reflecting a lack of positive safety culture. It is necessary to design and implement strategies that promote a positive culture to avoid punitive responses and apply and evaluate these changes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12913-020-05441-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7318509PMC
June 2020

Mapping nursing practices in rehabilitation units in Spain and the United Kingdom: A multiple case study.

Nurs Health Sci 2020 Sep 4;22(3):521-528. Epub 2020 Feb 4.

Nursing Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Spain.

Because of the crisis in the health sector with few employment opportunities, many Spanish nurses are looking for professional development abroad. No studies have mapped nursing practices across Europe. The aim of this research was to provide a comprehensive approach to understand nursing practices and features of the context in Spain and the United Kingdom within the rehabilitation unit and to discuss those practices from a patient safety point of view. Multiple case study design with thematic analysis was applied in this study. The methods for data collection were in-depth interviews, nonparticipant observations, and document analysis. Results were classified into six categories: resources, techniques and nursing procedures, patients' personal care, health education, documentation task, and attitudes and communication skills. This study concludes that differences exist between nursing practices despite both countries having similar nursing competences. In addition, the UK unit has a positive safety culture, recognizes that mistakes happen, and applies more barriers to avoid them. The study provides valuable information to help the decision-making process for Spanish nurses considering working in the UK.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nhs.12686DOI Listing
September 2020

Treating mental health crises at home: Patient satisfaction with home nursing care.

J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 2020 Jun 18;27(3):246-257. Epub 2019 Nov 18.

GRIVIS Research Group, Nursing Department, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain.

WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Most studies have focused on whether hospital admissions have been reduced by the introduction of crisis services, rather than focusing on how these services are employed. Research has also shown that home assistance decreases costs and increases the level of patient satisfaction, thereby being more efficient in terms of the cost/effectiveness ratio than is traditional hospital care. Patient satisfaction with nursing care has long been identified as a key element of quality of care; however, satisfaction with nursing care among patients and families receiving crisis resolution at home has not been studied yet. WHAT THE PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: There is limited research on patient satisfaction with CRHTTs. This study provides new insights and data including that on relationships between patient satisfaction and the teams' attention to person-centred mental health care. The difference between this study and other studies on patient satisfaction with crisis resolution home treatment teams is that this study focused on patients' and families' satisfaction with the nursing care provided by crisis resolution home treatment teams rather than with the general service provided. This study is the first of its kind with such a focus. WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE?: This research has both academic and clinical implications. Patients' and their families' satisfaction with nursing care is an integral aspect for evaluating mental health services, and this is especially important regarding services provided by crisis resolution home treatment teams because such teams are currently being introduced in countries such as Spain. Closely examining patients and families' satisfaction with nursing care can also foster improvements in current practices. Nurses in crisis teams might need to focus on equalizing power relations, which the data gathered in this study suggests is most important to patient satisfaction. ABSTRACT: Introduction Crisis resolution home treatment teams (CRHTT) provide short-term, intensive home treatment to people experiencing mental health crises. Patient satisfaction has long been identified as a key element of quality of care; however, satisfaction with nursing care as part of this service has not been studied yet. Aim To assess patients' and their families' satisfaction with the nursing care provided through a home care program offered by a hospital in Catalonia which administers person-centred care. Method A mixed methods research design was conducted. A cross-sectional study including quantitative survey data and qualitative interview data with a phenomenological focus was conducted. Results Twenty interviews were conducted. Patients and relatives reported high satisfaction that seems to be related to the person-centred nature of the care. Discussion The findings provide new insights, including how home treatment tends to equalize power relations between nurses and patients/the patient's family members, and how nurses increase sensitivity when focusing on service users' needs and priorities, leading to high patient and family satisfaction. Implications for practice This research has both academic and clinical implications. It highlights what mental health patients and their families value most about home care and interactions with nurses, and also drives improvements in current practices.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpm.12573DOI Listing
June 2020

Student satisfaction with content and language integrated learning in nursing education: A cross-sectional study.

Nurse Educ Pract 2019 Jul 31;38:21-26. Epub 2019 May 31.

Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona. Lecturer at the Nursing Department. Faculty of Medicine. Av. Can Domènech s/n, 08193, Bellaterra, Catalunya, Spain. Electronic address:

Content and language integrated learning is an evidenced approach focused on teaching content in which the language is learnt implicitly, facilitating internationalization. The purpose of this study was to determine nursing student satisfaction with a clinical skills course taught in English in a non-English speaking country. It includes the exploration of variables, barriers, benefits, and competence acquisition as perceived by the students. A cross-sectional study was conducted using a self-reported questionnaire administered to students who had completed the Clinical Skills course during the 2016/17 and 2017/18 academic years (n = 159). The students did not perceive the lessons in English as a barrier to acquisition of knowledge and clinical skills (mean 1.08; SD 1.64), and they were satisfied with the lessons received (mean 4.04; SD 1.65). Most students considered that receiving lessons in English adds value to their training process (mean 4.04; SD 2.35), and most agreed that it would benefit them in future (mean 4.48; SD 1.75). From the outcomes of our investigation we conclude that the content and language integrated learning approach should be maintained in future courses owing to the evidenced benefits, which may advance professional internationalization and the nursing competence development of students, leading to high student satisfaction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2019.05.011DOI Listing
July 2019

Patient safety culture in Hungarian hospitals.

Int J Health Care Qual Assur 2019 Mar;32(2):412-424

Department of Nursing, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona , Barcelona, Spain.

Purpose: The Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPSC) is a rigorously designed tool for measuring inpatient safety culture. The purpose of this paper is to develop a cross-cultural HSOPSC for Hungary and determine its strengths and weaknesses.

Design/methodology/approach: The original US version was translated and adapted using existing guidelines. Healthcare workers (=371) including nurses, physicians and other healthcare staff from six Hungarian hospitals participated. Answers were analyzed using exploratory factor analyses and reliability tests.

Findings: Positive responses in all dimensions were lower in Hungary than in the USA. Half the participants considered their work area "acceptable" regarding patient safety. Healthcare staff worked in "crisis mode," trying to accomplish too much and too quickly. The authors note that a "blame culture" does not facilitate patient safety improvements in Hungary.

Practical Implications: The results provide valuable information for promoting a more positive patient safety culture in Hungary and for evaluating future strategies to improve patient safety.

Originality/value: Introducing a validated scale to measure patient safety culture in Hungary improves healthcare quality.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJHCQA-02-2018-0048DOI Listing
March 2019
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