Publications by authors named "Luciana Facure"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Role of rare germline copy number variation in melanoma-prone patients.

Future Oncol 2016 Jun 29;12(11):1345-57. Epub 2016 Mar 29.

Department of Genetics & Evolutionary Biology, Institute of Biosciences, University of São Paulo, Brazil.

Aim: This work evaluates a possible causative role for germline copy number variants (CNVs) in melanoma predisposition.

Patients & Methods: A total of 41 melanoma-prone Brazilian patients were investigated for CNVs using 850K single nucleotide polymorphism arrays.

Results: Ten rare CNVs were identified in nine patients, comprising 54 known genes, mostly related to cancer. In silico analyses revealed gene enrichment for cellular development and growth, and proliferation, highlighting five genes directly associated with the melanoma phenotype (ANGPT1, IDH1, PDE5A, HIST1H1B and GCNT2).

Conclusion: Patients harboring rare CNVs exhibited a decreased age of disease onset, in addition to an overall higher skin cancer predisposition. Our findings suggest that rare CNVs contribute to melanoma susceptibility, and should be taken into account when investigating cancer risk factors.
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June 2016

Characterization of individuals at high risk of developing melanoma in Latin America: bases for genetic counseling in melanoma.

Genet Med 2016 07 17;18(7):727-36. Epub 2015 Dec 17.

Unidad de Lesiones Pigmentadas, Cátedra de Dermatología, Hospital de Clínicas, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay.

Purpose: CDKN2A is the main high-risk melanoma-susceptibility gene, but it has been poorly assessed in Latin America. We sought to analyze CDKN2A and MC1R in patients from Latin America with familial and sporadic multiple primary melanoma (SMP) and compare the data with those for patients from Spain to establish bases for melanoma genetic counseling in Latin America.

Methods: CDKN2A and MC1R were sequenced in 186 Latin American patients from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, and Uruguay, and in 904 Spanish patients. Clinical and phenotypic data were obtained.

Results: Overall, 24 and 14% of melanoma-prone families in Latin America and Spain, respectively, had mutations in CDKN2A. Latin American families had CDKN2A mutations more frequently (P = 0.014) than Spanish ones. Of patients with SMP, 10% of those from Latin America and 8.5% of those from Spain had mutations in CDKN2A (P = 0.623). The most recurrent CDKN2A mutations were c.-34G>T and p.G101W. Latin American patients had fairer hair (P = 0.016) and skin (P < 0.001) and a higher prevalence of MC1R variants (P = 0.003) compared with Spanish patients.

Conclusion: The inclusion criteria for genetic counseling of melanoma in Latin America may be the same criteria used in Spain, as suggested in areas with low to medium incidence, SMP with at least two melanomas, or families with at least two cases among first- or second-degree relatives.Genet Med 18 7, 727-736.
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July 2016

Isolated limb infusion with hyperthermia and chemotherapy for advanced limb malignancy: factors influencing toxicity.

ANZ J Surg 2014 Sep 24;84(9):677-82. Epub 2012 Sep 24.

Department of Skin Oncology, Hospital do Câncer A.C. Camargo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: The isolated limb infusion (ILI) technique is a simpler and less invasive alternative to isolated limb perfusion, which allows regional administration of high-dose chemotherapy to patients with advanced melanoma and other malignancies restricted to a limb.

Methods: Patients from two institutions, treated by ILI between 1998 and 2009 for extensive disease restricted to a limb, were included. The cohort included 31 patients with melanoma who presented with in-transit metastases or an extensive primary lesion, one patient with squamous cell carcinoma and another with epithelioid sarcoma not suitable for local surgical treatment.

Results: A complete response was achieved in 26.3% of patients and a partial response in 52.6%. Toxicity was assessed according to the Wieberdink limb toxicity scale. Grade II toxicity was noted in 39.5% of patients, grade III in 50% and grade IV in 10.5%. Toxicity was correlated with the results of a number of clinical and laboratory tests. The toxicity of melphalan and actinomycin D was dose-dependent. For melphalan, the relationship between toxicity and mean dose was as follows: grade II--34.7 mg; grades III and IV--47.5 mg (P = 0.012). The relationship between toxicity and maximum serum creatine phosphokinase (CPK) was as follows: grade II--431.5 U/L; grades III and IV--3228 U/L (P = 0.010).

Conclusion: Toxicity after ILI is dose-dependent and serum CPK correlates with toxicity.
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September 2014

Isolated limb perfusion with hyperthermia and chemotherapy: predictive factors for regional toxicity.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2012 ;67(3):237-41

Hospital do Câncer AC Camargo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: Isolated limb perfusion combined with melphalan is an accepted treatment for obtaining locoregional control in advanced melanoma of the extremities and other malignant neoplasias restricted to the limb. This study aims to examine the factors associated with toxicity caused by the regional method. We considered the technical aspects of severe complications associated with the procedure in an attempt to diminish the patient morbidity that occurs during the learning curve.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the records of patients who underwent perfusion at the AC Camargo Hospital in São Paulo, Brazil between January 2000 and January 2009. The Wieberdink scale was applied to classify local toxicity and its relation to clinical and laboratory variables.

Results: Fifty-eight perfusions were performed in 55 patients. Most patients (86.2%) presented a toxicity level between I and III. Grade V toxicity was seen in five cases (8.6%), four of which occurred in the first 2 years. Creatine phosphokinase, an important predictive factor for toxicity, had an average value of 231.8 for toxicity grades I-III and 1286.2 for toxicity grades IV-V (p = 0.001). There was a relationship between the melphalan dose and toxicity, which was 77 mg (25 to 130 mg) for toxicity grades I-II and 93.5 mg (45 to 120 mg) for toxicity grades IV-V (p = 0.0204).

Conclusion: It is possible to prevent the toxicity associated with melphalan by adjusting the dose according to the patient's body weight (especially for women and obese patients) and the creatine phosphokinase values in the postoperative period.
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December 2012