Publications by authors named "Kylie Boyd"

4 Publications

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Scoping Review of Postinfectious Sequelae.

Foodborne Pathog Dis 2021 Jul 22:1-15. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA.

Previous economic estimates of infection with and chronic sequelae following infection lack sufficient data to establish the true burden of disease and its chronic sequelae. This scoping review aims to fill this gap by updating existing literature regarding the development of postinfectious sequelae following infection. Literature published between January 1, 2000, and November 6, 2018, in PubMed, EMBASE, and Scopus was searched for a wide range of postinfectious sequelae and economic estimate terms. This scoping review includes summaries from the 108 articles covering 5 main groupings of outcomes (categories are not exclusive) including vision disorders ( = 58), psychological and mental health disorders ( = 27), neurological disorders ( = 17), fetal death and infection ( = 15), and hearing loss ( = 6), as well as a description of other outcomes reported. While the majority of the included studies assessed the incidence of these outcomes postinfection, very few followed participants long-term. These prospective studies are needed to understand the true burden of postinfectious sequelae over the life course, particularly because congenital infection with can lead to severe outcomes for newborns. This scoping review can be used as an important resource for other researchers wishing to conduct future systematic reviews and meta-analyses, as well as for policy makers interested in developing guidance for public and health care partners.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/fpd.2021.0015DOI Listing
July 2021

Enteric Pathogens and Reactive Arthritis: Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses of Pathogen-Associated Reactive Arthritis.

Foodborne Pathog Dis 2021 Sep 13;18(9):627-639. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Naval Medical Research Center, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA.

The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to estimate the proportion of postinfectious reactive arthritis (ReA) after bacterial enteric infection from one of four selected pathogens. We collected studies from PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase, which assessed the proportion of postinfectious ReA published from January 1, 2000 to April 1, 2018. Papers were screened independently by title, abstract, and full text; papers in English, Spanish, and Portuguese utilizing a case-control (CC) or cohort study design, with a laboratory confirmed or probable acute bacterial enteric infection and subsequent ReA, were included. The proportion of ReA cases was pooled between and across pathogens. Factors that can induce study heterogeneity were explored using univariate meta-regression, including region, sample size, study design, and ReA case ascertainment. Twenty-four articles were included in the final review. The estimated percentage of cases across studies describing -associated ReA ( = 11) was 1.71 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.49-5.84%); ( = 17) was 3.9 (95% CI 1.6-9.1%); ( = 6) was 1.0 (95% CI 0.2-4.9%); and ( = 7) was 3.4 (95% CI 0.8-13.7%). Combining all four pathogens, the estimated percentage of cases that developed ReA was 2.6 (95% CI 1.5-4.7%). Due to high heterogeneity reflected by high values, results should be interpreted with caution. However, the pooled proportion developing ReA from studies with sample sizes () <1000 were higher compared with  > 1000 (6% vs. 0.3%), retrospective cohort studies were lower (1.1%) compared with CC or prospective cohorts (6.8% and 5.9%, respectively), and those where ReA cases are identified through medical record review were lower (0.3%) than those identified by a specialist (3.9%) or self-report (12%). The estimated percentage of people who developed ReA after infection with , , , or is relatively low (2.6). In the United States, this estimate would result in 84,480 new cases of ReA annually.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/fpd.2020.2910DOI Listing
September 2021

Training and Incorporating Students in SARS-CoV-2 Case Investigations and Contact Tracing.

Public Health Rep 2021 Mar-Apr;136(2):154-160. Epub 2020 Dec 10.

572170 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Arizona, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Objectives: In June 2020, Arizona had the fastest-growing number of cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) worldwide. As part of the growing public health response, the University of Arizona Student Aid for Field Epidemiology Response (SAFER) team was able to modify and increase case investigation efforts to assist local health departments. We outline the recommended logistical and management steps to include students in a public health response of this scope.

Methods: From April 1 through September 1, 2020, the SAFER team identified key components of a successful student team response: volunteer training, management that allows more senior students to manage newer students, adoption of case-management software, and use of an online survey platform for students to conduct interviews consistently and allow for data quality control and management.

Results: From April 1 through September 1, 2020, SAFER worked with 3 local health departments to complete 1910 COVID-19 case investigations through a virtual call center. A total of 233 volunteers and 46 hourly student workers and staff members were involved. As of September 2020, students were completing >150 interviews per week, including contact-tracing efforts.

Practice Implications: Developing relationships between applied public health and academic programs can relieve the burden of low-risk, high-volume case investigations at local and state health departments. Furthermore, by establishing a virtual call center, health sciences faculty and students can volunteer remotely during a pandemic with no additional risk of infection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354920974664DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8093843PMC
February 2021

Red-Hot Reactance: Color Cues Moderate the Freedom Threatening Characteristics of Health PSAs.

Health Commun 2021 05 10;36(6):663-670. Epub 2019 Dec 10.

Department of Communication Studies, Texas Christian University.

This study investigated whether color cues in health PSAs affect people's experience of psychological reactance to health recommendations. By integrating psychological reactance theory and color-in-context theory, we predicted that reactance would be greater after viewing a threatening health PSA conveyed in red compared to other colors. Using a 3 (color: gray, green, red) × 2 (freedom threatening language: low, high) experimental design in the context of oral health, we found that red exacerbated the degree to which freedom threatening language elicited perceived freedom threat and reactance, and this effect further decreased attitude and intention toward using a firm-bristled toothbrush. These findings show the importance of considering visual communication like color cues when developing successful health campaigns.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10410236.2019.1700885DOI Listing
May 2021
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