Publications by authors named "Jon Aanestad"

2 Publications

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Assessment of canine vocal fold function after injection of a new biomaterial designed to treat phonatory mucosal scarring.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2011 Mar;120(3):175-84

Department of Surgery, Center for Laryngeal Surgery and Voice Rehabilitation, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA.

Objectives: Most cases of irresolvable hoarseness are due to deficiencies in the pliability and volume of the superficial lamina propria of the phonatory mucosa. By using a US Food and Drug Administration-approved polymer, polyethylene glycol (PEG), we created a novel hydrogel (PEG30) and investigated its effects on multiple vocal fold structural and functional parameters.

Methods: We injected PEG30 unilaterally into 16 normal canine vocal folds with survival times of 1 to 4 months. High-speed videos of vocal fold vibration, induced by intratracheal airflow, and phonation threshold pressures were recorded at 4 time points per subject. Three-dimensional reconstruction analysis of 11.7 T magnetic resonance images and histologic analysis identified 3 cases wherein PEG30 injections were the most superficial, so as to maximally impact vibratory function. These cases were subjected to in-depth analyses.

Results: High-speed video analysis of the 3 selected cases showed minimal to no reduction in the maximum vibratory amplitudes of vocal folds injected with PEG30 compared to the non-injected, contralateral vocal fold. All PEG30-injected vocal folds displayed mucosal wave activity with low average phonation threshold pressures. No significant inflammation was observed on microlaryngoscopic examination. Magnetic resonance imaging and histologic analyses revealed time-dependent resorption of the PEG30 hydrogel by phagocytosis with minimal tissue reaction or fibrosis.

Conclusions: The PEG30 hydrogel is a promising biocompatible candidate biomaterial to restore form and function to deficient phonatory mucosa, while not mechanically impeding residual endogenous superficial lamina propria.
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March 2011

Three-dimensional hydrogel model using adipose-derived stem cells for vocal fold augmentation.

Tissue Eng Part A 2010 Feb;16(2):535-43

Department of Surgery, Center for Laryngeal Surgery and Voice Rehabilitation, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA.

Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) may provide a clinical option for rebuilding damaged superficial lamina propria of the vocal fold. We investigated the effects of five hydrogels (hyaluronic acid [HA], collagen, fibrin, and cogels of fibrin-collagen and fibrin-HA) on the differentiation of ASCs, with the long-term goal of establishing the conditions necessary for controlling the differentiation of ASC into the functional equivalent of superficial lamina propria fibroblasts. Human ASCs were isolated and characterized by fluorescence-activated cell sorting and real-time polymerase chain reaction. According to fluorescence-activated cell sorting and gene analysis, over 90% of isolated ASCs expressed adult stem cell surface markers and expressed adult stem cell genes. Scaffold-specific gene expression and morphology were assessed by culturing the ASCs in three-dimensional hydrogels. Twofold higher amounts of total DNA were detected in fibrin and cogel cultures than in collagen and HA cultures. Elastin expression was significantly higher in cells grown in fibrin-based gels than in cells grown in other gels. Cells grown in the cogels showed elongated morphology, expressed decorin marker, and exhibited glycosaminoglycan synthesis, which indicate ASC differentiation. Our data suggest that it may be possible to control the differentiation of ASCs using scaffolds appropriate for vocal fold tissue engineering applications. In particular, cogels of HA or collagen with fibrin enhanced proliferation, differentiation, and elastin expression.
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February 2010