Publications by authors named "Jasmin Blatterer"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Cardio-pathogenic variants in unexplained intrauterine fetal death: a retrospective pilot study.

Sci Rep 2021 Mar 24;11(1):6737. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Institute of Human Genetics, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

To describe the prevalence and spectrum of cardio-pathogenic variants in singleton fetuses after unexplained intrauterine fetal death (IUFD). DNA from post-mortem fibroblastic tissue samples of 16 fetuses after unexplained IUFD was retrieved at two tertiary university hospitals for clinical exome sequencing with subsequent filtering of 122 cardio-specific genes to elucidate underlying cardio-pathogenic variants. In total, we included 12 (75%) male and four (25%) female fetuses who were stillborn at a median gestational age of 34 (23-40) weeks. In two (12.5%) fetuses no cardio-pathogenic variants were found. In 14 (87.5%) fetuses, overall 33 variants were detected in 22 cardio-specific genes, involving 14 (63.63%) genes associated with cardiomyopathy, six (27.27%) arrhythmogenic susceptibility genes and two (9.09%) arrhythmia and cardiomyopathy associated genes. Among the 33 variants, five (15.2%) were classified as likely benign according to the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics; 28 (84.8%) variants were considered as variants of uncertain significance. Compared to a cohort of explained IUFDs, the cases with and without fetal variants in cardiac genes differed not significantly regarding maternal age, previous history of stillbirth, time of stillbirth or fetal sex. Unexplained stillbirth may be caused by cardio-genetic pathologies, yet a high number of variants of uncertain significance merit a more detailed post-mortem examination including family segregation analysis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-85893-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7991630PMC
March 2021

Exome sequencing of a Pakistani family with spastic paraplegia identified an 18 bp deletion in the cytochrome B5 domain of FA2H.

Neurol Res 2021 Feb 27;43(2):133-140. Epub 2020 Nov 27.

Diagnostic and Research Institute of Human Genetics, Medical University of Graz , Graz, Austria.

Hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs) are a diverse class of neurodegenerative disorders that mainly affect the corticospinal tract of the body and result in various clinical conditions such as lower limb spasticity and muscle weakness in the lower extremities. Worldwide, more than 70 chromosomal loci/genes have been reported to be associated with HSPs, out of which, six genes viz., and have been mapped in Pakistani families. In the present genetic study, we report on a large consanguineous Pakistani family with a complex form of HSP segregating with a 18 bp deletion in the first exon of the Fatty Acid 2-Hydroxylase () gene (NM_024306.5:c.159_176del). The identified in-frame deletion results in loss of six amino acids (p.Arg53_Ile58del) within the cytochrome B5 domain of the protein. FA2H is required for alpha-hydroxylation of free fatty acids to form alpha-hydroxylated sphingolipids. Its cytochrome b5-like heme-binding domain, which spans from residues 15 to 85, imparts the redox activity to FA2H. This mutation has previously been reported in a Pakistani family presenting with a similar form of complex HSP. Together with our findings the pathogenic role of the observed variant is further supported. Mutation studies on additional Pakistani families for will further elucidate its mutational spectrum, which may help in developing a prenatal diagnostic test for Khyber Pakhtunkhwa resident Pakistani families.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01616412.2020.1831329DOI Listing
February 2021

Identification of a novel protein truncating mutation p.Asp98* in XPC associated with xeroderma pigmentosum in a consanguineous Pakistani family.

Mol Genet Genomic Med 2020 02 10;8(2):e1060. Epub 2020 Jan 10.

Diagnostic & Research Institute of Human Genetics, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

Background: Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a rare genetic disorder, which is characterized by hyper-sensitivity to solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Clinical consequences of sun exposure are skin lesions and an increased risk of developing skin cancer. Genetic studies have identified eight genes associated with xeroderma pigmentosum. The proteins encoded by these genes are mainly involved in DNA repair mechanisms.

Methods: Molecular genetic characterization of patients with xeroderma pigmentosum involved positional cloning methods such as homozygosity mapping and subsequent candidate gene analysis. Mutation screening was performed through Sanger DNA sequencing.

Results And Discussion: In this case study, we report a novel protein truncating mutation in XPC associated with autosomal recessive xeroderma pigmentosum in a consanguineous Pakistani family. Genetic mapping revealed a novel single base insertion of a thymine nucleotide NM_004628.4: c.291dupT (c.291_292insT) in the second exon of XPC. The identified mutation leads to a premature stop codon (TGA) at amino acid position 98 (p.Asp98*) and thus presumably results in a truncated protein. The Xeroderma pigmentosum, complementation group C (XPC) is located on 3p25.1 and encodes a protein involved in nucleotide excision repair. The identified mutation presumably truncates all functional domains of the XPC protein, which likely results in the loss of protein function.

Conclusion: The study expands the knowledge of the mutational spectrum of XPC and is valuable for genetic counseling of affected individuals and their families.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mgg3.1060DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7005610PMC
February 2020

Exome sequence analysis in consanguineous Pakistani families inheriting Bardet-Biedle syndrome determined founder effect of mutation c.299delC (p.Ser100Leufs*24) in BBS9 gene.

Mol Genet Genomic Med 2019 08 11;7(8):e834. Epub 2019 Jul 11.

Institute of Human Genetics, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

Background: Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is characterized by a heterogeneous phenotypic spectrum of retinopathy, intellectual disability (ID), obesity, polydactyly, and kidney dysfunctions as the major clinical features. Genetic investigations have reported 21 BBS genes, the products of which are mostly located at the centrosome, basal body or the ciliary transition zone.

Methods: In the present genetic report, we analyzed two apparently unrelated consanguineous BBS families from Dera Ismail Khan (D.I.Khan) district, Pakistan. Genetic mapping was performed using Whole exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing.

Results: Whole exome sequencing identified a recently reported single base deletion NM_001033604.1:c.299delC in the fourth exon of BBS9 in both families. The identified frameshift mutation is predicted to cause premature truncation of the expressed protein (p.Ser100Leufs*24). This mutation has previously been mapped in a consanguineous Pakistani family; therefore this is the second report of this particular mutation in two additional BBS families originating from different locations.

Conclusion: We speculate the evolutionary significance of this mutation and assume its strong founder effect in the Khaisoori tribe of D.I.Khan. Based on these findings, we suggest developing a molecular diagnostic test that may be used for premarital and prenatal screening of families at risk of BBS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mgg3.834DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6687644PMC
August 2019