Publications by authors named "Hosam Dabes"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Simple predictors of nonresponse to direct-acting antivirals in chronic hepatitis C patients.

Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2020 08;32(8):1017-1022

Department of Endemic Medicine and Hepato-gastroenterology.

Objectives: The introduction of direct acting antivirals (DAAs) has resulted in very high sustained virological response rates (SVR) in patients with chronic hepatitis-C (CHC). There are still a minority who fails to achieve SVR. This study aims to identify simple factors associated with nonresponse to DAAs using routine pretreatment workup.

Methods: A retrospective study included 10 655 CHC patients who were candidates for anti-viral therapy. Pretreatment demographics, laboratory results, ultrasonography and FIB-4were obtained.

Results: At post-treatment week 4, 10 495 patients (98.5%) were responders and 160 (1.5%) were non-responders. About 50.6% of non-responders were males and 61.3% were cirrhotic. Non-responders had significantly higher baseline BMI, liver enzymes, AFP and a significantly lower albumin, platelet count by univariate analysis ((P < 0.001). Sex, previous treatment, BMI, liver cirrhosis, AST, Albumin and platelet counts were the independent predictors of non-response. At post-treatment week 12, HCV-PCR results were available only for 7259 patients and 210 (2.9%) were non-responders. 54.8% of non-responders were cirrhotic and 51.4% were males. Non-responders had significantly higher AST, AFP and INR and a significantly lower albumin level, platelet count by univariate analysis (P < 0.05). Sex, previous treatment, AST, Albumin, WBC and platelet counts were the independent predictors of non-response. SVR-4 among treatment naive patients was 98.6% while among treatment experienced was 96.8%. SVR-12 among treatment naive patients was 97.9% while among treatment experienced was 87.9%.Cirrhotics had SVR-4 rate 97.7% and SVR-12 rate 96.21%.

Conclusion: Routine pre-treatment work up for HCV G4 patients receiving DAAs can help in prediction of non-response.
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August 2020

Ritonavir-boosted paritaprevir, ombitasvir plus ribavirin could improve eGFR in patients with renal impairment and HCV: an Egyptian cohort.

Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol 2019 Jan 13;13(1):89-93. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

a Endemic Medicine and Hepato-gastroenterology Department, Faculty of Medicine , Cairo University , Cairo , Egypt.

Background: The present study aimed at evaluation of changes in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) among chronic Hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) Stages 3-5 who were treated with 12 weeks of ritonavir-boosted paritaprevir, ombitasvir plus ribavirin.

Methods: Changes in renal functions were compared across follow up time points (baseline, SVR4, and SVR8). Data on on-treatment adverse events (AEs), serious AEs, laboratory abnormalities, treatment discontinuation were collected.

Results: 171 patients were included (females 35%, mean age 53 years). 29 patients had liver cirrhosis. The most common etiologies of CKD were diabetes and/or hypertension (n = 67). All included patient reached the end of treatment (EOT) with no treatment discontinuations. The overall EOT response was 100%. 122/122 (100%) patients who reached 4 weeks post-treatment have achieved SVR4, and 80/80 (100%) have achieved SVR12. No reported SAEs. Ribavirin therapy was interrupted in 25% (43/171) of patients due to anemia; 16 patients required blood transfusions. The median eGFR improved from 33.5 (15) mL/min/1.73 m at baseline to 35 (36) mL/min/1.73 m2 at SVR8 (p = 0.0003).

Conclusions: The use of ombitasvir, paritaprevir, and ritonavir for treatment of HCV-infected patients with advanced renal disease was safe and effective, moreover, it was associated with significantly improved eGFR.
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January 2019

High prevalence of HCV (GT4)-related TSH abnormality among 13402 Egyptian patients treated with direct acting antiviral therapy.

Hepatol Int 2018 Mar 14;12(2):143-148. Epub 2018 Feb 14.

Hepatology and Endemic Medicine Department, Cairo University, Cairo, 11311, Egypt.

Background: HCV is associated with several extra hepatic diseases including thyroid dysfunction. This study aims at evaluating prevalence of thyroid dysfunction and its possible predictors in a large cohort of HCV GT4-infected patients, and the role of thyroid dysfunction as a predictor of response in the setting of direct acting antivirals (DAAs).

Methods: Patients registered on the web-based registry system to receive therapy for chronic HCV in Beheira governorate viral hepatitis specialized treatment center affiliated to the National committee for control of viral hepatitis (NCCVH), Ministry of health, Egypt in the period from January 2015 to October 2016. Their data were exported and analyzed for the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction and its associated variables.

Results: Out of 13,402 patients, 2833 (21.1%) had elevated TSH level > 4.5 mIU/l (hypothyroidism). Female gender (62.7%), older age, higher FIB4, AST, and BMI and lower albumin were significantly associated with elevated TSH level on univariate analysis, while liver stiffness measured by fibroscan was not significantly associated. On the other hand, 466 patients (3.5%) showed low TSH level < 0.4 mIU/l (hyperthyroidism). Older age (median 52 years) and male gender (51.5%) were the only significantly associated variables. No association was found between SVR and baseline TSH level. Follow-up of 236 patients after SVR revealed improvement in TSH level in 80% of them.

Conclusion: Hypothyroidism is prevalent in patients with chronic HCV GT4, and is influenced by patient gender and age. Pretreatment TSH does not affect SVR after DAAs. Despite limited data SVR achievement after DAAs improves thyroid dysfunction.
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March 2018