Publications by authors named "Hamidreza Arabiun"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Effects of Different Storage Media, Temperature, and Time on Osteoblast Preservation in Autogenous Bone Grafts: A Histomorphometrical Analysis.

J Dent (Shiraz) 2020 Sep;21(3):225-233

Dept. of Anatomical Sciences, Histomorphometry, Stereology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Statement Of The Problem: Autogenous bone graft is the gold standard for bone reconstruction. Osteogenic cells must be kept viable in graft for a successful procedure. In extracorporeal preservation of grafts during surgery, three different factors may influence the quality of grafts. These factors include temperature, storage medium, and time interval.

Purpose: In this study, we evaluated the effects of different storage media, temperatures, and times on osteoblast count in autogenous bone grafts, preserved extracorporeally.

Materials And Method: Samples were obtained from iliac crest region in a goat. The grafts were preserved in 36 groups of different storage time, temperature, and medium. Samples were histomorphometrically analyzed to determine osteoblast count as the criteria of graft quality.

Results: In almost all samples, room temperature was the most and incubator was the least favorable storage temperatures. In grafts preserved in room temperature, no difference was noted between normal saline and Ringer's lactate solution and in almost all of the samples autologous blood and dry environment were more favorable media than Ringer's lactate solution. The effect of storage time was highly depended on the combination of temperature and solution.

Conclusion: The results demonstrated that for preserving as many osteoblasts as possible in bone grafts, the best temperature was room temperature and the least favorable temperature was incubator. In addition, when bone fragments were preserved in room temperature, the best medium for graft storage was blood, which showed better results than normal saline and Ringer's lactate solution.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.30476/DENTJODS.2020.81808.0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7519932PMC
September 2020

Postoperative Pain Management after Impacted Third Molar Surgery with Preoperative Oral Lamotrigine, a Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.

J Dent (Shiraz) 2018 Sep;19(3):189-196

Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Statement Of The Problem: Extraction of the impacted third molar is often associated with severe postoperative pains, management of which are a big challenge. Lamotrigine is a new antiepileptic drug with pre-emptive analgesic properties, which is hypothesized to alleviate postoperative pain.

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of pre-operative administration of single oral 200 mg lamotrigine in reducing the postoperative pain of impacted third molar surgery.

Materials And Method: In this randomized controlled trial, 100 adult patients were divided into two groups (n= 50) to receive either 200 mg oral lamotrigine or placebo 1 hour before the removal of impacted third molar. The patients were monitored for 4 hours in the recovery room and pain intensity was measured through visual analogue scale (VAS) for the next 12 hours at 30-minute intervals. The time and number of rescue analgesics used in 12 hours was also recorded.

Results: Two groups were not statistically significantly different regarding the severity of postoperative pain. (= 0.512).

Conclusion: Accordingly, pre-emptive administration of lamotrigine was not effective in diminishing the postoperative acute pain of impacted third molar extraction.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6092458PMC
September 2018