Publications by authors named "Haibo Fu"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Domestication Shapes the Community Structure and Functional Metagenomic Content of the Yak Fecal Microbiota.

Front Microbiol 2021 31;12:594075. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Key Laboratory of Adaptation and Evolution of Plateau Biota, Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining, China.

Domestication is a key factor of genetic variation; however, the mechanism by which domestication alters gut microbiota is poorly understood. Here, to explore the variation in the structure, function, rapidly evolved genes (REGs), and enzyme profiles of cellulase and hemicellulose in fecal microbiota, we studied the fecal microbiota in wild, half-blood, and domestic yaks based on 16S rDNA sequencing, shotgun-metagenomic sequencing, and the measurement of short-chain-fatty-acids (SCFAs) concentration. Results indicated that wild and half-blood yaks harbored an increased abundance of the phylum and reduced abundance of the genus , which are both associated with efficient energy harvesting. The gut microbial diversity decreased in domestic yaks. The results of the shotgun-metagenomic sequencing showed that the wild yak harbored an increased abundance of microbial pathways that play crucial roles in digestion and growth of the host, whereas the domestic yak harbored an increased abundance of methane-metabolism-related pathways. Wild yaks had enriched amounts of REGs in energy and carbohydrate metabolism pathways, and possessed a significantly increased abundance of cellulases and endohemicellulases in the glycoside hydrolase family compared to domestic yaks. The concentrations of acetic, propionic, n-butyric, i-butyric, n-valeric, and i-valeric acid were highest in wild yaks. Our study displayed the domestic effect on the phenotype of composition, function in gut microbiota, and SCFAs associated with gut microbiota, which had a closely association with the growth performance of the livestock. These findings may enlighten the researchers to construct more links between economic characteristics and gut microbiota, and develop new commercial strains in livestock based on the biotechnology of gut microbiota.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2021.594075DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8059439PMC
March 2021

Environment and host species identity shape gut microbiota diversity in sympatric herbivorous mammals.

Microb Biotechnol 2020 Dec 26. Epub 2020 Dec 26.

Key Laboratory of Adaptation and Evolution of Plateau Biota, Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining, Qinghai, 810008, China.

The previous studies have reported that the mammalian gut microbiota is a physiological consequence; nonetheless, the factors influencing its composition and function remain unclear. In this study, to evaluate the contributions of the host and environment to the gut microbiota, we conducted a sequencing analysis of 16S rDNA and shotgun metagenomic DNA from plateau pikas and yaks, two sympatric herbivorous mammals, and further compared the sequences in summer and winter. The results revealed that both pikas and yaks harboured considerably more distinct communities between summer and winter. We detected the over-representation of Verrucomicrobia and Proteobacteria in pikas, and Archaea and Bacteroidetes in yaks. Firmicutes and Actinobacteria, associated with energy-efficient acquisition, significantly enriched in winter. The diversity of the microbial community was determined by the interactive effects between the host and season. Metagenomic analysis revealed that methane-metabolism-related pathway of yaks was significantly enriched in summer, while some pathogenic pathways were more abundant in pikas. Both pikas and yaks had a higher capacity for lipid degradation in winter. Pika and yak shared more OTUs when food shortage occurred in winter, and this caused a convergence in gut microbial composition and function. From winter to summer, the network module number increased from one to five in pikas, which was different in yaks. Our study demonstrates that the host is a dominant factor in shaping the microbial communities and that seasonality promotes divergence or convergence based on dietary quality across host species identity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1751-7915.13687DOI Listing
December 2020

Assessment of the Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound in Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy for the Treatment of Patients with Nondilated Collecting System.

J Endourol 2021 Apr 30;35(4):436-443. Epub 2020 Oct 30.

Department of Urology, The Second People's Hospital of China Three Gorges University, The Second People's Hospital of Yichang, Yichang, China.

To investigate the clinical value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for kidney stone patients without hydronephrosis. Patients with nondilated collecting system kidney stones who underwent PCNL between October 2018 and December 2019 at our hospital were enrolled in this study. Patients who met the inclusion criteria were randomized into two groups: a CEUS-guided PCNL group and a conventional ultrasound (US)-guided PCNL group. The operation results of the two groups were compared, including the number of attempts for effective puncture, duration to effective puncture, stone clearance rate, blood loss, postoperative complications, and hospital stay. Fifty-six patients with a nondilated collecting system who underwent PCNL for 60 kidneys were included in this study, including 4 patients who underwent bilateral PCNL due to bilateral renal stones. There were 30 kidneys in each group. All patients successfully underwent PCNL. The CEUS-guided PCNL group had more accurate punctures, with a higher effective rate of one puncture and shorter puncture time. There was no statistically significant difference in stone clearance rate between the two groups. Four cases of double channels were established in the conventional US-guided PCNL group, while there was only one case in the CEUS-guided PCNL group. In the CEUS-guided PCNL group, most cases (96.7%, 29/30) had no or only mild complications, which were significantly better than the conventional US-guided PCNL group (76.7%, 23/30). The mean postoperative hemoglobin loss in the CEUS-guided PCNL group was 9.5 (range 1-25) g/L, which was significantly lower than 15.5 (range 5-52) g/L in the conventional US-guided PCNL group. The CEUS technique can improve visibility of the nondilated renal collecting system, facilitate selection of suitable calix, and identify renal calix fornix. It also benefits needle placement in patients with a nondilated collecting system.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/end.2020.0564DOI Listing
April 2021

Enterotypes of the Gut Microbial Community and Their Response to Plant Secondary Compounds in Plateau Pikas.

Microorganisms 2020 Aug 28;8(9). Epub 2020 Aug 28.

Key Laboratory of Adaptation and Evolution of Plateau Biota, Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining 810008, China.

Animal gut microbiomes can be clustered into "enterotypes" characterized by an abundance of signature genera. The characteristic determinants, stability, and resilience of these community clusters remain poorly understood. We used plateau pika () as a model and identified three enterotypes by 16S rDNA sequencing. Among the top 15 genera, 13 showed significantly different levels of abundance between the enterotypes combined with different microbial functions and distinct fecal short-chain fatty acids. We monitored changes in the microbial community associated with the transfer of plateau pikas from field to laboratory and observed that feeding them a single diet reduced microbial diversity, resulting in a single enterotype with an altered composition of the dominant bacteria. However, microbial diversity, an abundance of some changed dominant genera, and enterotypes were partially restored after adding swainsonine (a plant secondary compound found in the natural diet of plateau pikas) to the feed. These results provide strong evidence that gut microbial diversity and enterotypes are directly related to specific diet, thereby indicating that the formation of different enterotypes can help animals adapt to complex food conditions. Additionally, natural plant secondary compounds can maintain dominant bacteria and inter-individual differences of gut microbiota and promote the resilience of enterotypes in small herbivorous mammals.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8091311DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7563992PMC
August 2020

A Term Neonatal Case With Lethal Respiratory Failure Associated With a Novel Homozygous Mutation in ABCA3 Gene.

Front Pediatr 2020 17;8:138. Epub 2020 Apr 17.

Department of Pediatrics, Zibo Central Hospital, Shandong, China.

The mutations in the (ATP-binding cassette transporter subfamily A member 3) gene could result in lethal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in neonates and interstitial lung disease (ILD) in infants and children. Here, we describe a full-term newborn who manifested respiratory distress 20 min after birth and then gradually developed hypoxemic respiratory failure and died on 53 days of life. A homozygous missense mutation (c.746C >T) was identified in exon 8 of gene in the neonate by next-generation sequencing, and the mutations were inherited from parents, respectively. This homozygous mutation is the first reported to date.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fped.2020.00138DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7181334PMC
April 2020

Is the En Bloc Transurethral Resection More Effective than Conventional Transurethral Resection for Non-Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Urol Int 2020 7;104(5-6):402-409. Epub 2020 Jan 7.

Department of Urology, Second People's Hospital of Yichang, Second People's Hospital of China Three Gorges University, Yichang, China,

Background: En bloc transurethral resection (ERBT) is a major topic of discussion as an alternative to conventional transurethral resection (cTURBT) for the treatment of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) addressing the limitations of cTURBT.

Methods: We searched through electronic databases including Embase, Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Web of Science, PubMed, and Google Scholar for articles published up to April 1, 2019; RevMan 5.3 was used to conduct this meta-analysis. Results were expressed as 95% confidence intervals (CI) and risk differences (RD).

Results: Nine trials met the inclusion criteria (n = 1,020 patients): 1 study was a randomized controlled trial including a total of 142 participants, 4 studies had a prospective paired design including 605 patients, and 4 studies were retrospective (n = 273 patients). Duration of continuous postoperative bladder irrigation (RD -0.16; 95% CI -3.47 to 0.28; I2 = 97%; p = 0.10) and operation time (RD 0.05; 95% CI -0.23 to 0.32; I2 = 79%; p = 0.74) were not significantly different between ERBT and cTURBT. However, hospitalization time (I2 = 96%; χ2 = 203.16; p = 0.01) and catheterization time (I2 = 95%; χ2 = 163.24; p = 0.02), as well as 24-month recurrence rate (I2 = 0%; χ2 = 0.98; p = 0.008) were significantly better using the ERBT scheme. The incidence of urethral stricture between both schemes (95% CI -0.03 to 0.02; p = 0.50) was not different, but complications such as obturator nerve reflex (95% CI 0.01 to 0.12; p < 0.00001) and bladder perforation (95% CI 0.05 to 0.59; p = 0.50) were less frequent in the ERBT group.

Conclusion: ERBT is an effective treatment approach with some advantages for NMIBC. Our meta-analysis revealed that hospitalization time, catheterization time, and 24-month recurrence rate is superior in patients treated with ERBT than cTURBT, and ERBT patients also have a lower complication rate. Furthermore, ERBT improves the quality of tumor specimens and decreases the frequency of repeat transurethral bladder cancer resection. Further randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm our results.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000503734DOI Listing
March 2021