Publications by authors named "Guoqiang Qian"

2 Publications

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Protective effect of the combinations of glycyrrhizic, ferulic and cinnamic acid pretreatment on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats.

Exp Ther Med 2015 Feb 16;9(2):435-445. Epub 2014 Dec 16.

College of Medicine, Jinan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510632, P.R. China.

The aim of this study was to find an effective drug cocktail pretreatment to protect myocardial tissue of the heart from ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. The mechanisms underlying the effects of the drug cocktail were subsequently explored in order to expand the application of Dang-gui-si-ni-tang (DGSN), a Traditional Chinese Medicine. The active components of DGSN in the serum following oral administration were investigated using high-performance liquid chromatography. The activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were then analyzed to show the effect of the active components in the treatment of myocardial I/R injury. An 16 (4) orthogonal experiment was utilized to determine the most effective cocktail mix and the mechanism underlying the effect of this mix on myocardial I/R injury was investigated. It was observed that FCG, a mixture of glycyrrhizic (50 mg/kg), cinnamic (200 mg/kg) and ferulic (300 mg/kg) acid, was the optimal drug cocktail present in DGSN. This was absorbed into the blood following oral administration and was shown to decrease MDA levels and increase the activity of SOD. In conclusion, the findings suggest that FCG, a combination of active ingredients in the DGSN decoction, can be absorbed into the blood and protect the myocardium from I/R injury.
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February 2015

[Study on regulatory effect of Kaixin San on endogenous melatonin biosynthesis in rat depression model].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2012 Jun;37(11):1638-41

Medical College of Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China.

Objective: To study the effect of Kaixin San on the rate-limiting enzyme in biosynthesis of melatonin (MT) and pineal body in rat depression model.

Method: The unpredictable chronic mild stress was used to establish the rat depression model for 21 days. The rats were divided into the normal control group, the model group, Kaixin San low, medium and high dose groups (KXS 65, 130, 260 mg x kg x d(-1)) and the trazodone group. All groups were administered at 30 min after modeling each day. Rats were sacrificed and the pineal glands were isolated immediately after acquisition tail venous blood at 2:00a. m on the 22nd day. The plasma was analyzed for melatonin content by using a rat metabolic panel Milliplex kit. The pineal glands were analyzed for AANAT and HIOMT mRNA levels by Real-time quantitative PCR and for AANAT and HIOMT activity by a radiometric assay simultaneously.

Result: The plasma MT concentration, expression of AANT and HIOMT mRNA, activity of AANAT in rat pineal glands of the model group were significantly lower than the control group (P < 0.05), but the activity of HIOMT showed not change. Compared with the model group, all of Kaixin San groups showed increase in MT concentration in plasma (P <0. 05) , with the medium dose group revealing the highest level. Besides, the medium dose group displayed significant increase in AANAT, HIOMT mRNA level and AANAT activity (P < 0.05), but no increase in HIOMT activity.

Conclusion: Kaixin San can regulate AANAT activity of pineal bodyand regulate MT biosynthesis in rat depression model.
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June 2012