Publications by authors named "Ghada Kadi"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Non-convulsive seizures and electroencephalography findings as predictors of clinical outcomes at a tertiary intensive care unit in Saudi Arabia.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2018 08 5;171:95-99. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Division of Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

Objective: Electroencephalography (EEG) in the intensive care unit (ICU) is often done to detect non-convulsive seizures (NCS). The outcome of ICU patients with NCS strongly depends on the underlying etiology. The implication of NCS and other EEG findings on clinical outcome independent from their etiology is not well understood and our aim to investigate it.

Patients And Methods: We retrospectively identified all adult patients in the ICU who underwent EEG monitoring between January 2008 and December 2011. The main goals were to define the rate of NCS or non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) occurrence in our center among patients who underwent EEG monitoring and to examine if NCS/NCSE are associated with poor outcome [defined as death or dependence] with and without adjustment for underlying etiology. The rate of poor outcome among different EEG categories were also investigated.

Results: During the study period, 177 patients underwent EEG monitoring in our ICU. The overall outcome was poor in 62.7% of those undergoing EEG. The rate of occurrence of NCS/NCSE was 8.5% and was associated with poor outcome in 86.7% with an odds ratio (OR) of 5.1 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.09-23.8). This association was maintained after adjusting for underlying etiologies with OR 5.6 (95% CI 1.05-29.6). The rate of poor outcome was high in the presence of periodic discharges and sharp and slow waves of 75% and 61.5%, respectively.

Conclusions: Our cohort of ICU patients undergoing EEGs had a poor outcome. Those who developed NCS/NCSE experienced an even worse outcome regardless of the underlying etiology.
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August 2018

Pediatric electroencephalography. Parent`s knowledge and experience.

Neurosciences (Riyadh) 2011 Jul;16(3):283-4

Department of Neurosciences, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

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July 2011