Publications by authors named "Elana Nack"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

New Cardiac Abnormalities After Radiotherapy in Breast Cancer Patients Treated With Trastuzumab.

Clin Breast Cancer 2020 06 19;20(3):246-252. Epub 2019 Dec 19.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, RI.

Purpose: To evaluate cardiac imaging abnormalities after modern radiotherapy and trastuzumab in breast cancer patients.

Patients And Methods: All patients treated with trastuzumab and radiotherapy for breast cancer between 2006 and 2014 with available cardiac imaging (echocardiogram or multigated acquisition scan) were retrospectively analyzed. Cardiac abnormalities included myocardial abnormalities (atrial or ventricular dilation, hypertrophy, hypokinesis, and impaired relaxation), decreased ejection fraction > 10%, and valvular abnormalities (thickening or stenosis of the valve leaflets). Breast laterality (left vs. right) and heart radiation dose volume parameters were analyzed for association with cardiac imaging abnormalities.

Results: A total of 110 patients with 57 left- and 53 right-sided breast cancers were evaluated. Overall, 37 patients (33.6%) developed a new cardiac abnormality. Left-sided radiotherapy was associated with an increase in new cardiac abnormalities (relative risk [RR] = 2.51; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.34-4.67; P = .002). Both myocardial and valvular abnormalities were associated with left-sided radiotherapy (myocardial: RR = 2.21; 95% CI, 1.06-4.60; P = .029; valvular: RR = 3.30; 95% CI, 0.98-10.9; P = .044). There was no significant difference in decreased ejection fraction between left- and right-sided radiotherapy (9.6% vs. 2.1%; P = .207). A mean heart dose > 2 Gy as well as volume of the heart receiving 20 Gy (V20), V30, and V40 correlated with cardiac abnormalities (mean heart dose > 2 Gy: RR = 2.00; P = .040).

Conclusion: New cardiac abnormalities, including myocardial and valvular dysfunction, are common after trastuzumab and radiotherapy. The incidence of new abnormalities correlates with tumor laterality and cardiac radiation dose exposure. Long-term follow-up is needed to understand the clinical significance of these early imaging abnormalities.
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June 2020

Exposure to female pheromones stimulates a specific type of neuronal population in the male but not female magnocellular division of the medial preoptic nucleus (MPN mag) of the Syrian hamster.

Horm Behav 2013 Aug 15;64(3):421-9. Epub 2013 Jun 15.

Lehigh University, Dept of Biological Sciences, United States. Electronic address:

The magnocellular division of the medial preoptic area (MPN mag) integrates pheromonal and hormonal signals to play a critical role in the expression of male typical sex behavior. The MPN mag contains two morphologically distinct neuronal populations; the percentage of each type within the nucleus is sex specific. Males have more neurons with a single nucleolus whereas females have more with multiple nucleoli. To determine which neuronal subtype mediates pheromonal induction of copulation, tissue from male and female hamsters exposed to female pheromones was immunolabeled for the immediate early protein (EGR-1). Subsequently the tissue was counterstained and the number of ERG-1 neurons with one or two nuclei was determined. The results indicate that pheromones stimulate neurons with single nucleoli in males but fail to stimulate either neuronal subtype in females suggesting that synaptic input to the MPN mag is sexually differentiated.
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August 2013