Publications by authors named "Croider Franco Lacerda"

9 Publications

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Frequency of Human Papillomavirus Detection in Chagasic Megaesophagus Associated or Not with Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Pathobiology 2021 Oct 12:1-9. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Molecular Oncology Research Center, Barretos Cancer Hospital, Barretos, Brazil.

Background: Chagasic megaesophagus (CM) as well as the presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) has been reported as etiological factors for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).

Objective: We assessed the prevalence of HPV DNA in a series of ESCCs associated or not with CM. Data obtained were further correlated to the pathological and clinical data of affected individuals.

Methods: A retrospective study was performed on 92 formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissues collected from patients referred to 3 different hospitals in São Paulo, Brazil: Barretos Cancer Hospital, Barretos, São Paulo; Federal University of Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba, Minas Gerais; and São Paulo State University, Botucatu, São Paulo. Cases were divided into 3 groups: (i) 24 patients with CM associated with ESCC (CM/ESCC); (ii) 37 patients with ESCC without CM (ESCC); and (iii) 31 patients with CM without ESCC (CM). Detection of HPV DNA was assessed in all samples by a genotyping assay combining multiplex polymerase chain reaction and bead-based Luminex technology.

Results: We identified a high prevalence of high-risk HPV in patients in the CM group (12/31, 38.8%) and CM/ESCC (8/24, 33.3%), compared to individuals in the ESCC group (6/37, 16.3%). The individuals in the groups with cancer (ESCC and CM/ESCC) had a higher frequency of HPV-16 (4/9, 44.5% and 2/8, 25.0%). The other types of high-risk HPVs detected were HPV-31, 45, 51, 53, 56, 66, and 73. We also observed in some samples HPV coinfection by more than one viral type. Despite the high incidence of HPV, it did not show any association with the patient's clinical-pathological and molecular (TP53 mutation status) characteristics.

Conclusion: This is the first report of the presence of HPV DNA in CM associated with ESCC. HPV infection was more presence in megaesophagus lesions. Further studies are needed to confirm and better understand the role of persistent HPV infection in patients with CM.
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October 2021

mutations are frequent in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma associated with chagasic megaesophagus and are associated with a worse patient outcome.

Infect Agent Cancer 2018 29;13:43. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

1Molecular Oncology Research Center, Barretos Cancer Hospital, Rua Antenor Duarte Villela, 1331, Barretos, SP CEP 14784 400 Brazil.

Background: Chronic diseases such as chagasic megaesophagus (secondary to Chagas' disease) have been suggested as etiological factors for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma; however, the molecular mechanisms involved are poorly understood.

Objective: We analyzed hotspot gene mutations in a series of esophageal squamous cell carcinomas associated or not with chagasic megaesophagus, as well as, in chagasic megaesophagus biopsies. We also checked for correlations between the presence of mutations with patients' clinical and pathological features.

Methods: The study included three different groups of patients: i) 23 patients with chagasic megaesophagus associated with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (CM/ESCC); ii) 38 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma not associated with chagasic megaesophagus (ESCC); and iii) 28 patients with chagasic megaesophagus without esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (CM). hotspot mutations in exons 9 and 20 were evaluated by PCR followed by direct sequencing technique.

Results: mutations were identified in 21.7% (5 out of 23) of CM/ESCC cases, in 10.5% (4 out of 38) of ESCC and in only 3.6% (1 case out of 28) of CM cases. In the CM/ESCC group, mutations were significantly associated with lower survival (mean 5 months), when compared to wild-type patients (mean 2.0 years). No other significant associations were observed between mutations and patients' clinical features or mutation profile.

Conclusion: This is the first report on the presence of mutations in esophageal cancer associated with chagasic megaesophagus. The detection of mutations in benign chagasic megaesophagus lesions suggests their putative role in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma development and opens new opportunities for targeted-therapies for these diseases.
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December 2018

Presence of microsatellite instability in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma associated with chagasic megaesophagus.

Biomark Med 2018 06 6;12(6):573-582. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

Molecular Oncology Research Center, Barretos Cancer Hospital, Barretos, São Paulo, Brazil.

Aim: The molecular pathogenesis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) has been increasingly studied, but there is no report on the role of MSI in ESCC development associated with chagasic megaesophagus (CM).Results/methodology: In four ESCC/CM (4/19) we found microsatellite instability (MSI) alterations (21.1%), being three MSI-L (15.8%) and one MSI-H (5.3%). Four out of 35 ESCC cases showed MSI-L (11.4%) and only one out of 26 CM cases presented MSI-L (3.9%). The MSI-H was observed in an ESCC/CM patient that presents lack of MSH6 immunostaining corroborating deficiency in MMR pathway. Interestingly, the MSI-H ESCC/CM case also presented a deletion the HSP110 poly(T)17 gene.

Discussion/conclusion: Taking together, we concluded that MSI is a rare event in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, but can be associated with CM.
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June 2018

Comparison of laparoscopic total gastrectomy and laparotomic total gastrectomy for gastric cancer.

Arq Bras Cir Dig 2015 ;28(1):65-9

Department of Oncological Surgery of the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract, Barretos Cancer Hospital, Barretos, São Paulo.

Background: The use of laparoscopy for the treatment of gastric cancer suffered some resistance among surgeons around the world, gaining strength in the past decade. However, its oncological safety and technical feasibility remain controversial.

Aim: To describe the results from the clinical and anatomopathological point of view in the comparative evaluation between the surgical videolaparoscopic and laparotomic treatments of total gastrectomy with linphadenectomy at D2, resection R0.

Method: Retrospective analyses and comparison data from patients submitted to total gastrectomy with D2 linphadenectomy at a sole institution. The data of 111 patients showed that 64 (57,7%) have been submitted to laparotomic gastrectomy and 47 (42,3%) to gastrectomy entirely performed through videolaparoscopy. All variables related to the surgery, post-operative follow-up and anatomopathologic findings have been evaluated.

Results: Among the studied variables, videolaparoscopy has shown a shorter surgical time and a more premature period for the introduction of oral and enteral nourishment than the open surgery. As to the amount of dissected limph nodes, there has been a significant difference towards laparotomy with p=0,014, but the average dissected limph nodes in both groups exceed 25 nodes as recommended by the JAGC. Was not found a significant difference between the studied groups as to age, ASA, type of surgery, need for blood transfusion, stage of the disease, Bormann classification, degree of differentiation, damage of the margins, further complications and death.

Conclusion: The total gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy performed by laparoscopy presented the same benefits known of laparotomy and with the advantages already established of minimally invasive surgery. It was done with less surgical time, less time for re-introduction of the oral and enteral diets and lower hospitalization time compared to laparotomy, without increasing postoperative complications.
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February 2016

Totally laparoscopic liver resection: new Brazilian experience.

Arq Bras Cir Dig 2014 Jul-Sep;27(3):191-5

Department of Oncological Surgery, Barretos Cancer Hospital, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Background: Despite the increasing number of laparoscopic hepatectomy, there is little published experience.

Aim: To evaluate the results of a series of hepatectomy completely done with laparoscopic approach.

Methods: This is a retrospective study of 61 laparoscopic liver resections. Were studied conversion to open technique; mean age; gender, mortality; complications; type of hepatectomy; surgical techniques applied; and simultaneous operations.

Results: The conversion to open technique was necessary in one case (1.6%). The mean age was 54.7 years (17-84), 34 were men. Three patients (4.9%) had complications. One died postoperatively (mortality 1.6%) and no deaths occurred intraoperatively. The most frequent type was right hepatectomy (37.7%), followed by bisegmentectomy (segments II-III and VI-VII). Were not used hemi-Pringle maneuvers or assisted technic. Six patients (8.1%) underwent simultaneous procedures (hepatectomy and colectomy).

Conclusion: Laparoscopic hepatectomy is feasible procedure and can be considered the gold standard for various conditions requiring liver resections for both benign to malignant diseases.
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May 2015

Laparoscopic reconstruction of the extrahepatic bile duct using a jejunal tube: an innovative, more physiological and anatomical technique for biliodigestive derivation†.

J Surg Case Rep 2014 Jan 7;2014(1). Epub 2014 Jan 7.

Department of Digestive Surgery, Triangulo Mineiro Federal University, Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

The incidence of bile duct injuries has increased as a consequence of the increasing number of cholecystectomies. However, the results of biliodigestive derivation currently used for bile duct reconstruction are unsatisfactory. We report here the case of a patient with iatrogenic Bismuth II bile duct injury and propose a new technique that permits more anatomical and physiological reconstruction of extensive bile duct injuries using transverse retubularization of a pedicled jejunal segment interposed between the bile duct and duodenum.
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January 2014

Step-by-step esophagojejunal anastomosis after intra-corporeal total gastrectomy for laparoscopic gastric cancer treatment: technique of "reverse anvil".

Arq Bras Cir Dig 2014 Jan-Mar;27(1):71-6

Department of Oncologic Surgery for High Digestive System, Barretos Hospital, Barretos, SP, Brazil.

Background: The laparoscopic gastrectomy is a relatively new procedure due mainly to the difficulties related to lymphadenectomy and reconstruction. Until the moment, technique or device to perform the esophagojejunal anastomosis by laparoscopy is still a challenge. So, a safe, cheap and quickly performing technique is desirable to be developed.

Aim: To present technique proposed by the authors with its technical details on reconstruction with "reverse anvil".

Method: After total gastrectomy completed intra-corporeally, the reconstruction starts with the preparation of the intra-abdominal esophagus cross-section next to the esophagogastric transition of 50%. A graduated device is prepared using Levine gastric tubes (nº. 14 and 10), 3 cm length, connected to the anvil of the circular stapler (nº. 25) with a wire thread (2-0 or 3-0) of 10 cm, which is connected to end of this device. The whole device is introduced in reverse esophagus. The esophagus is amputated and the wire is pulled after previous transfixation in the distal esophagus and the anvil positioned. The jejunal loop is sectioned 20-30 cm from duodenojejunal angle, and the anvil put in the jejunal loop and connect previously in the esophagus. Linear stapler (blue 60 mm) is used to close the opening of the jejunal loop.

Conclusion: The "reverse anvil" technique used by the authors facilitated the transit reestablishment after total gastrectomy, contributing to obviate reconstruction problems after total gastrectomy.
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December 2014

Full laparoscopic total pancreatectomy with and without spleen and pylorus preservation: a feasibility report.

J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci 2013 Aug;20(6):647-53

Department of Digestive and Endocrine Surgery, Institut de Recherche contre les Cancers de l'Appareil Digestif (IRCAD), University Hospital of Strasbourg, IRCAD, 1 Place de l'Hôpital, 67091, Strasbourg Cedex, France.

Background/purpose: Laparoscopic pancreatic surgery is gaining acceptance and clear advantages have been demonstrated in distal resection. Total pancreaticoduodenectomy (TPD) combines the operative steps of distal pancreatectomy and pancreaticoduodenectomy, but facilitates reconstruction and lowers the risk of common complications by avoiding the need for a pancreatic anastomosis. The aim of this report is to analyse the feasibility of laparoscopic total pancreaticoduodenectomy, with and without spleen and pylorus preservation.

Methods: Two patients underwent laparoscopic TPD for pancreatic intraductal mucinous neoplasm and endocrine tumors. Total splenopancreaticoduodenectomy (TSP) and pylorus- and spleen-preserving total pancreaticoduodenectomy (PSPTP) were performed.

Results: The two procedures were successfully completed laparoscopically. PSPTP was more time-consuming (420 vs. 360 min) and had an increased risk of hemorrhage (600 vs. 200 ml) compared with TSP. After both procedures, the postoperative outcome was uneventful and the postoperative length of hospital stay was 8 days.

Conclusions: This report confirms the feasibility of full laparoscopic TPD, and presents the first full laparoscopic pylorus- and spleen-preservation technique with conservation of the splenic vessels, without robotic assistance. No conclusions can be drawn from this report, but it shows that the laparoscopic approach provides visual magnification, improved exposure, and delicate manipulation of tissues, which may reproduce the clear advantages of laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy.
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August 2013

Bypass laparoscopic procedure for palliation of esophageal cancer.

J Surg Case Rep 2013 Mar 26;2013(3). Epub 2013 Mar 26.

Surgical Oncologist, Head of Upper Digestive Surgery Department, Barretos Cancer Hospital, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Esophageal cancer is a devastating disease with rapidly increasing incidence in Western countries. Dysphagia is the most common complication, causing severe malnutrition and reduced quality of life. A 69-year-old male with persistent esophageal cancer after radiation therapy was subjected to palliative by-pass surgery using a laparoscopic approach. Due to the advanced stage at diagnosis, palliative treatment was a more realistic option. Dysphagia is a most distressing symptom of this disease, causing malnutrition and reducing quality of life. The goal of palliation is to improve swallowing. The most common methods applied are endoscopic stenting, radiation therapy (external or brachytherapy), chemotherapy, yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser rechanneling or endoscopic dilatation. Palliative surgery is rarely proposed due to morbidity and complications. This paper demonstrates an update in the technique proposed by Postlethwait in 1979 for palliation of esophageal cancer.
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March 2013