Publications by authors named "Chinnadurai Aarthi"

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Eco-friendly and cost-effective Ag nanocrystals fabricated using the leaf extract of Habenaria plantaginea: toxicity on six mosquito vectors and four non-target species.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Apr 18;25(11):10317-10327. Epub 2017 May 18.

Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Pisa, via del Borghetto 80, 56124, Pisa, Italy.

Recently, the biofabrication of metal nanoparticles has gained wide interest owing to its inherent features such as swift, simplicity, eco-friendliness, and cheaper costs. Different green-reducing agents led to the production of nanoparticles with varying toxicity on insects. In the current study, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were successfully synthesized using Habenaria plantaginea leaf extract. Ag nanoparticles were studied by UV-Vis spectroscopy (UV-Vis), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), atomic force microscopy (AFM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled with energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). H. plantaginea extract and AgNPs were tested for mosquito larvicidal activity on Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti, Culex quinquefasciatus, An. subpictus, Ae. albopictus, and Cx. tritaeniorhynchus. LC values were 102.51, 111.99, 123.47, 123.96, 136.56, 149.42 μg/ml and 12.23, 13.38, 14.78, 14.37, 15.39, 16.89 μg/ml, respectively. Moreover, H. plantaginea aqueous extract and AgNPs were tested against the non-target species Anisops bouvieri, Diplonychus indicus, Poecilia reticulata, and Gambusia affinis obtaining LC values ranging from 831.82 to 36,212.67 μg/ml. Overall, this study showed the effectiveness of H. plantaginea-fabricated nanoparticles on a wide range of important mosquito vectors, highlighting their scarce toxicity on four natural enemies predating mosquito larvae and pupae.
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April 2018