Publications by authors named "Cecilia Villalain"

23 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Comparison between Cerebroplacental Ratio and Umbilicocerebral Ratio in Predicting Adverse Perinatal Outcome in Pregnancies Complicated by Late Fetal Growth Restriction: A Multicenter, Retrospective Study.

Fetal Diagn Ther 2021 06 15:1-9. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Center for High Risk Pregnancy and Fetal Care, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Chieti, Chieti, Italy.

Introduction: The role of cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) or umbilicocerebral ratio (UCR) to predict adverse intrapartum and perinatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by late fetal growth restriction (FGR) remains controversial.

Methods: This was a multicenter, retrospective cohort study involving 5 referral centers in Italy and Spain, including singleton pregnancies complicated by late FGR, as defined by Delphi consensus criteria, with a scan 1 week prior to delivery. The primary objective was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of the CPR and UCR for the prediction of a composite adverse outcome, defined as the presence of either an adverse intrapartum outcome (need for operative delivery/cesarean section for suspected fetal distress) or an adverse perinatal outcome (intrauterine death, Apgar score <7 at 5 min, arterial pH <7.1, base excess of >-11 mEq/mL, or neonatal intensive care unit admission).

Results: Median CPR absolute values (1.11 vs. 1.22, p = 0.018) and centiles (3 vs. 4, p = 0.028) were lower in pregnancies with a composite adverse outcome than in those without it. Median UCR absolute values (0.89 vs. 0.82, p = 0.018) and centiles (97 vs. 96, p = 0.028) were higher. However, the area under the curve, 95% confidence interval for predicting the composite adverse outcome showed a poor predictive value: 0.580 (0.512-0.646) for the raw absolute values of CPR and UCR, and 0.575 (0.507-0.642) for CPR and UCR centiles adjusted for gestational age. The use of dichotomized values (CPR <1, UCR >1 or CPR <5th centile, UCR >95th centile) did not improve the diagnostic accuracy.

Conclusion: The CPR and UCR measured in the week prior delivery are of low predictive value to assess adverse intrapartum and perinatal outcomes in pregnancies with late FGR.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000516443DOI Listing
June 2021

Diagnostic performance of cerebroplacental and umbilicocerebral ratio in appropriate for gestational age and late growth restricted fetuses attempting vaginal delivery: a multicenter, retrospective study.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2021 Jun 8:1-7. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Fetal Medicine Unit, Maternal and Child Health and Development Network, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital 12 de Octubre, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Background: Cerebroplacental Doppler studies have been advocated to predict the risk of adverse perinatal outcome (APO) irrespective of fetal weight.

Objective: To report the diagnostic performance of cerebroplacental (CPR) and umbilicocerebral (UCR) ratios in predicting APO in appropriate for gestational age (AGA) fetuses and in those affected by late fetal growth restriction (FGR) attempting vaginal delivery.

Study Design: Multicenter, retrospective, nested case-control study between 1 January 2017 and January 2020 involving five referral centers in Italy and Spain. Singleton gestations with a scan between 36 and 40 weeks and within two weeks of attempting vaginal delivery were included. Fetal arterial Doppler and biometry were collected. The AGA group was defined as fetuses with an estimated fetal weight and abdominal circumference >10th and <90th percentile, while the late FGR group was defined by Delphi consensus criteria. The primary outcome was the prediction of a composite of perinatal adverse outcomes including either intrauterine death, Apgar score at 5 min <7, abnormal acid-base status (umbilical artery pH < 7.1 or base excess of more than -11) and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission. Area under the curve (AUC) analysis was performed.

Results: 646 pregnancies (317 in the AGA group and 329 in the late FGR group) were included. APO were present in 12.6% AGA and 24.3% late FGR pregnancies, with an odds ratio of 2.22 (95% CI 1.46-3.37). The performance of CPR and UCR for predicting APO was poor in both AGA [AUC: 0.44 (0.39-0.51)] and late FGR fetuses [AUC: 0.56 (0.49-0.61)].

Conclusions: CPR and UCR on their own are poor prognostic predictors of APO irrespective of fetal weight.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2021.1926977DOI Listing
June 2021

Placental growth factor testing in the management of late preterm preeclampsia without severe features: a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2021 Apr 3. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

BCNatal, Barcelona Center for Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine (Hospital Clínic and Hospital Sant Joan de Déu), Institut Clínic de Ginecologia, Obstetrícia i Neonatologia Fetal i+D Fetal Medicine Research Center, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: In women with late preterm preeclampsia, the optimal time for delivery remains a controversial topic, because of the fine balance between the maternal benefits from early delivery and the risks for prematurity. It remains challenging to define prognostic markers to identify women at highest risk for complications, in which case a selective, planned delivery may reduce the adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes.

Objective: This trial aimed to determine whether using an algorithm based on the maternal levels of placental growth factor in women with late preterm preeclampsia to evaluate the best time for delivery reduced the progression to preeclampsia with severe features without increasing the adverse perinatal outcomes.

Study Design: This parallel-group, open-label, multicenter, randomized controlled trial was conducted at 7 maternity units across Spain. We compared selective planned deliveries based on maternal levels of placental growth factor at admission (revealed group) and expectant management under usual care (concealed group) with individual randomization in singleton pregnancies with late preterm preeclampsia from 34 to 36+6 weeks' gestation. The coprimary maternal outcome was the progression to preeclampsia with severe features. The coprimary neonatal outcome was morbidity at infant hospital discharge with a noninferiority hypothesis (noninferiority margin of 10% difference in incidence). Analyses were conducted according to intention-to-treat.

Results: Between January 1, 2016, and December 31, 2019, 178 women were recruited. Of those women, 88 were assigned to the revealed group and 90 were assigned to the concealed group. The data analysis was performed before the completion of the required sample size. The proportion of women with progression to preeclampsia with severe features was significantly lower in the revealed group than in the concealed group (adjusted relative risk, 0.5; 95% confidence interval, 0.33-0.76; P=.001). The proportion of infants with neonatal morbidity was not significantly different between groups (adjusted relative risk, 0.77; 95% confidence interval, 0.39-1.53; P=.45).

Conclusion: There is evidence to suggest that the use of an algorithm based on placental growth factor levels in women with late preterm preeclampsia leads to a lower rate of progression to preeclampsia with severe features and reduces maternal complications without worsening the neonatal outcomes. This trade-off should be discussed with women with late preterm preeclampsia to allow shared decision making about the timing of delivery.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2021.03.044DOI Listing
April 2021

Maternal and neonatal outcomes of pregnancies complicated by late fetal growth restriction undergoing induction of labor with dinoprostone compared with cervical balloon: A retrospective, international study.

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2021 07 1;100(7):1313-1321. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Center for High-Risk Pregnancy and Fetal Care, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Chieti, Chieti, Italy.

Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare vaginal dinoprostone and mechanical methods for induction of labor (IOL) in pregnancies complicated by late fetal growth restriction.

Material And Methods: Multicenter, retrospective, cohort study involving six referral centers in Italy and Spain. Inclusion criteria were pregnancies complicated by late fetal growth restriction as defined by Delphi consensus criteria. The primary outcome was the occurrence of uterine tachysystole; secondary outcomes were either cesarean delivery or operative vaginal delivery for non-reassuring fetal status, a composite score of adverse neonatal outcome and admission to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the data.

Results: A total of 571 pregnancies complicated by late fetal growth restriction undergoing IOL (391 with dinoprostone and 180 with mechanical methods) were included in the analysis. The incidence of uterine tachysystole (19.2% vs. 5.6%; p = 0.001) was higher in women undergoing IOL with dinoprostone than in those undergoing IOL with mechanical methods. Similarly, the incidence of cesarean delivery or operative delivery for non-reassuring fetal status (25.6% vs. 17.2%; p = 0.027), composite adverse neonatal outcome (26.1% vs. 16.7%; p = 0.013) and NICU admission (16.9% vs. 5.6%; p < 0.001) was higher in women undergoing IOL with dinoprostone than in those undergoing IOL with mechanical methods. At logistic regression analysis, IOL with mechanical methods was associated with a significantly lower risk of uterine tachysystole (odds ratio 0.26, 95% confidence interval 0.13-0.54; p < 0.001).

Conclusions: In pregnancies complicated by late fetal growth restriction, IOL with mechanical methods is associated with a lower risk of uterine tachysystole, cesarean delivery or operative delivery for non-reassuring fetal status, and adverse neonatal outcome compared with pharmacological methods.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aogs.14135DOI Listing
July 2021

Maternal and perinatal outcomes in high compared to low risk pregnancies complicated by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection (phase 2): the World Association of Perinatal Medicine working group on coronavirus disease 2019.

Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM 2021 02 20;3(4):100329. Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Centre for High-Risk Pregnancy and Fetal Care, University of Chieti, Chieti, Italy (Dr Liberati, Dr Sebastiano, Dr Oronzi, Dr Cerra, and Dr Buca).

Background: It has still to be ascertained whether severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection in pregnancy is associated with worse maternal and fetal outcomes compared to low risk gestations.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate maternal and perinatal outcomes in high- and low-risk pregnancies complicated by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection.

Study Design: This was a multinational retrospective cohort study involving women with laboratory-confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection from 76 centers from 25 countries in Europe, the United States, South America, Asia, and Australia from April 4, 2020, to October 28, 2020. The primary outcome was a composite measure of maternal mortality and morbidity, including admission to the intensive care unit, use of mechanical ventilation, or death. The secondary outcome was a composite measure of adverse perinatal outcome, including miscarriage, fetal loss, neonatal and perinatal death, and admission to the neonatal intensive care unit. All outcomes were assessed in high- and low-risk pregnancies. Pregnancies were considered high risk in case of either preexisting chronic medical conditions in pregnancy or obstetrical disorders occurring in pregnancy. The Fisher exact test and logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the data.

Results: A total of 887 singleton pregnancies who tested positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction of nasal and pharyngeal swab specimens were included in the study. The risk of composite adverse maternal outcomes was higher in high-risk pregnancies than in low-risk pregnancies (odds ratio, 1.52; 95% confidence interval, 1.03-2.24; P=.035). In addition, women carrying high-risk pregnancies were at higher risk of hospital admission (odds ratio, 1.48; 95% confidence interval, 1.07-2.04; P=.002), presence of severe respiratory symptoms (odds ratio, 2.13; 95% confidence interval, 0.41-3.21; P=.001), admission to the intensive care unit (odds ratio, 2.63; 95% confidence interval, 1.42-4.88), and invasive mechanical ventilation (odds ratio, 2.65; 95% confidence interval, 1.19-5.94; P=.002). When exploring perinatal outcomes, high-risk pregnancies were at high risk of adverse perinatal outcomes (odds ratio, 1.78; 95% confidence interval, 0.15-2.72; P=.009). However, such association was mainly because of the higher incidence of miscarriage in high-risk pregnancies compared with that in low-risk pregnancies (5.3% vs 1.6%, P=.008); furthermore, there was no difference in other explored outcomes between the 2 study groups. At logistic regression analysis, maternal age (odds ratio, 1.12; 95% confidence interval, 1.02-1.22; P=.023) and high-risk pregnancy (odds ratio, 4.21; 95% confidence interval, 3.90-5.11; P<.001) were independently associated with adverse maternal outcomes.

Conclusion: High-risk pregnancies complicated by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection were at higher risk of adverse maternal outcomes than low-risk pregnancies complicated by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajogmf.2021.100329DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7896113PMC
February 2021

Impact of restaging lymphadenectomy after sentinel node biopsy on endometrial cancer.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2021 Feb 23;257:127-132. Epub 2020 Dec 23.

Hospital Universitario Donostia, San Sebastián, Spain; Biodonostia Health Research Institute; Basque Country University.

Introduction: Approximately 10 % of patients with an intra-operative diagnosis of low-risk endometrial cancer (EC) will be upstaged after a definitive histological evaluation of hysterectomy and bilateral adnexectomy samples. This study aimed to explore the results associated with the performance of pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy for restaging after upstaging/upgrading these patients, and to compare those who underwent sentinel lymph node biopsy (SNB) in the first procedure with those who did not.

Materials And Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 27 patients diagnosed with low-risk EC (based on the criteria of the European Society of Medical Oncology/European Society of Gynecological Oncology/European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology), who underwent surgical laparoscopic restaging due to upstaging based on the final histological result at Hospital Universitario Donostia from April 2013 to September 2018. Surgical and oncological results were compared between patients who underwent hysterectomy and double adnexectomy without any additional procedures (SNB-; n = 17) and patients who also underwent pelvic&aortic sentinel node biopsysen (SNB+; n = 10). The main outcome evaluated in the study was intra-operative complications. Secondary outcomes were mean operative time, length of hospital stay, number of nodes obtained, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS).

Results: The median duration of restaging surgery was 240 [interquartile range (IQR) 180-300) min in the SNB(-) group and 300 (IQR 247.5-330) min in the SNB(+) group; this difference was significant (one-sided Student's t-test, p = 0.0295). With regard to intra-operative complications, there were 17.65 % and 40 % in the SNB(-) and SNB(+) groups, respectively, all of which were vascular; this difference was not significant. There were no significant difference in the length of hospital stay, number of pelvic nodes obtained, PFS or OS between the groups.

Conclusion: Women with EC who require lymph node restaging due to upstaging, and have previously undergone SNB, experience more surgical complications and a longer operative time. The authors advise against performing second restaging surgery in these patients.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2020.12.028DOI Listing
February 2021

Eculizumab in Early-Stage Pregnancy.

Kidney Int Rep 2020 Dec 10;5(12):2383-2387. Epub 2020 Oct 10.

Fetal Medicine Unit-Maternal and Child Health and Development Network, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital 12 de Octubre, 12 de Octubre Research Institute, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ekir.2020.09.045DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7710878PMC
December 2020

Seroprevalence analysis of SARS-CoV-2 in pregnant women along the first pandemic outbreak and perinatal outcome.

PLoS One 2020 30;15(11):e0243029. Epub 2020 Nov 30.

Instituto de Investigación Hospital 12 de Octubre (imas12), Madrid, Spain.

Objectives: To evaluate the progression of the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in the pregnant population of the south of Madrid during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. Secondarily we aimed to evaluate maternal and perinatal outcomes.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study conducted at Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre during weeks 10 to 19 of 2020, coinciding with the Spanish lockdown. We tested 769 serum samples obtained from routine serological testing during the first and third trimesters of pregnancy for specific IgG anti SARS-CoV-2 RBD and S proteins. RT-PCR tests were performed in suspected cases according to clinical practice. We compared maternal and perinatal outcomes in those with delivered pregnancies (n = 578) according to the presence or absence of specific IgG antibodies. Those with positive IgG were subdivided by the presence or absence of Covid-19 related symptoms at any time and the results of RT-PCR testing if performed. Therefore, we had 4 study groups: G1 (IgG negative), G2 (IgG positive, asymptomatic, RT-PCR testing negative or not done), G3 (IgG positive, symptomatic, RT-PCR testing negative or not done), and G4 (IgG positive, symptomatic, RT-PCR positive).

Results: Seropositivity increased from 0% to 21.4% (95% CI 11.8-31.0) during the study period, of which 27.9% had an asymptomatic course. Overall outcomes were favorable with a significant increased rate of preterm birth in G4 vs G1 (21.4% vs 6.7%) and cesarean/operative delivery (50% vs 26.9%). Asymptomatic and mild cases did not have differences regarding pregnancy course when compared to seronegative women. There were no documented cases of vertical or horizontal transmission.

Conclusion: Seroprevalence in pregnant women in southern Madrid went up to 21.4% of which 27.9% had an asymptomatic course. Overall perinatal results were favorable, especially in those asymptomatic.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0243029PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7703887PMC
December 2020

Obstetric and pediatric growth charts for the detection of late-onset fetal growth restriction and neonatal adverse outcomes.

J Perinat Med 2021 Feb 7;49(2):216-224. Epub 2020 Oct 7.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Fetal Medicine Unit-SAMID, University Hospital 12 de Octubre, 12 de Octubre Research Institute (imas12), Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Objectives: Late-onset fetal growth restriction (FGR) has heterogeneous prenatal and postnatal diagnostic criteria. We compared the prenatal and postnatal diagnosis of late-onset FGR and their ability to predict adverse perinatal outcomes.

Methods: Retrospective cohort study of 5442 consecutive singleton pregnancies that delivered beyond 34 + 0 weeks. Prenatal diagnosis of FGR was based on customized fetal growth standards and fetal Doppler while postnatal diagnosis was based on a birthweight <3rd percentile according to newborn charts (Olsen's charts and Intergrowth 21st century programme). Perinatal outcomes were analyzed depending on whether the diagnosis was prenatal, postnatal or both.

Results: A total of 94 out of 5442 (1.7%) were diagnosed as late-onset FGR prenatally. Olsen's chart and Intergrowth 21st chart detected that 125/5442 (2.3%) and 106/5442 (2.0%) of infants had a birthweight <3rd percentile, respectively. These charts identified 35/94 (37.2%) and 40/94 (42.6%) of the newborns with a prenatal diagnosis of late-onset FGR. Prenatally diagnosed late-onset FGR infants were at a higher risk for hypoglycemia, jaundice and polycythemia. Both prenatally and postnatally diagnosed as late-onset FGR had a higher risk for respiratory distress syndrome when compared to non-FGR. The higher risks for intensive care admission and composite adverse outcomes were observed in those with a prenatal diagnosis of late-onset FGR that was confirmed after birth.

Conclusions: Current definitions of pre- and postnatal late-onset FGR do not match in more than half of cases. Infants with a prenatal or postnatal diagnosis of this condition have an increased risk of neonatal morbidity even if these diagnoses are not coincident.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jpm-2020-0210DOI Listing
February 2021

Risk factors associated with adverse fetal outcomes in pregnancies affected by Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): a secondary analysis of the WAPM study on COVID-19.

J Perinat Med 2020 11;48(9):950-958

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ospedale di San Leonardo, Castellammare di Stabia, Italy.

Objectives To evaluate the strength of association between maternal and pregnancy characteristics and the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes in pregnancies with laboratory confirmed COVID-19. Methods Secondary analysis of a multinational, cohort study on all consecutive pregnant women with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 from February 1, 2020 to April 30, 2020 from 73 centers from 22 different countries. A confirmed case of COVID-19 was defined as a positive result on real-time reverse-transcriptase-polymerase-chain-reaction (RT-PCR) assay of nasal and pharyngeal swab specimens. The primary outcome was a composite adverse fetal outcome, defined as the presence of either abortion (pregnancy loss before 22 weeks of gestations), stillbirth (intrauterine fetal death after 22 weeks of gestation), neonatal death (death of a live-born infant within the first 28 days of life), and perinatal death (either stillbirth or neonatal death). Logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate parameters independently associated with the primary outcome. Logistic regression was reported as odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI). Results Mean gestational age at diagnosis was 30.6±9.5 weeks, with 8.0% of women being diagnosed in the first, 22.2% in the second and 69.8% in the third trimester of pregnancy. There were six miscarriage (2.3%), six intrauterine device (IUD) (2.3) and 5 (2.0%) neonatal deaths, with an overall rate of perinatal death of 4.2% (11/265), thus resulting into 17 cases experiencing and 226 not experiencing composite adverse fetal outcome. Neither stillbirths nor neonatal deaths had congenital anomalies found at antenatal or postnatal evaluation. Furthermore, none of the cases experiencing IUD had signs of impending demise at arterial or venous Doppler. Neonatal deaths were all considered as prematurity-related adverse events. Of the 250 live-born neonates, one (0.4%) was found positive at RT-PCR pharyngeal swabs performed after delivery. The mother was tested positive during the third trimester of pregnancy. The newborn was asymptomatic and had negative RT-PCR test after 14 days of life. At logistic regression analysis, gestational age at diagnosis (OR: 0.85, 95% CI 0.8-0.9 per week increase; p<0.001), birthweight (OR: 1.17, 95% CI 1.09-1.12.7 per 100 g decrease; p=0.012) and maternal ventilatory support, including either need for oxygen or CPAP (OR: 4.12, 95% CI 2.3-7.9; p=0.001) were independently associated with composite adverse fetal outcome. Conclusions Early gestational age at infection, maternal ventilatory supports and low birthweight are the main determinants of adverse perinatal outcomes in fetuses with maternal COVID-19 infection. Conversely, the risk of vertical transmission seems negligible.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jpm-2020-0355DOI Listing
November 2020

sFlt-1/PlGF ratio for the prediction of delivery within 48 hours and adverse outcomes in expectantly managed early-onset preeclampsia.

Pregnancy Hypertens 2020 Oct 15;22:17-23. Epub 2020 Jul 15.

Fetal Medicine Unit, Maternal and Child Health and Development Network (Red SAMID-RD12/0026/0016), Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Instituto de Investigación Hospital, 12 de Octubre (imas12). Av. de Córdoba, s/n, 28041 Madrid, Spain; Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Av. Séneca, 2, 28040 Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

Objective: To analyze if sFlt-1/PlGF ratio is more useful than other parameters at diagnosis of early-onset (<34 weeks) preeclampsia (PE) in the prediction of delivery within 48 h and adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes.

Method: Observational retrospective study of a cohort of 76 singleton pregnancies with early-onset PE and expectant management. The predictive value of sFlt-1/PlGF ratio, blood pressure, proteinuria, creatinine, liver enzymes and platelets at diagnosis for delivery < 48 h and adverse outcomes was determined.

Results: Maternal and perinatal adverse outcomes occurred in 25/76 (32.9%) cases and 13/69 (18.8%) livebirths, respectively. Areas under the curve (AUC) for sFlt-1/PlGF ratio were 0.59 (95%CI 0.42-0.75) and 0.75 (95%CI 0.62-0.88) for maternal and perinatal complications, respectively. Mean (standard deviation) time to delivery for a sFlt-1/PlGF ratio > 655 vs. ≤ 655 was of 4.4 (7.5) vs. 12.1 (9.3) days, p < 0.01. Relative risk for delivery within 48 h for a sFlt-1/PlGF ratio > 655 was 5.3 (95% confidence interval 2.7-10.6), p < 0.01.

Conclusions: sFlt-1/PlGF ratio > 655 at diagnosis was associated with a 5-fold increased risk of delivery in ≤ 48 h. None of the parameters were good predictors of adverse maternal or perinatal outcomes.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.preghy.2020.07.007DOI Listing
October 2020

Universal screening for SARS-CoV-2 before labor admission during Covid-19 pandemic in Madrid.

J Perinat Med 2020 Nov;48(9):981-984

Fetal Medicine Unit - Maternal and Child Health and Development Network (Red SAMID-RD12/0026/0016), Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Instituto de Investigación Hospital 12 de Octubre (imas12), Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Objectives Asymptomatic women admitted to labor may act as silent spreaders of COVID-19. Therefore, universal screening at admission has been proposed. The objective of the study was to evaluate the performance of universal screening for SARS-CoV-2 using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase-chain-reaction (qRT-PCR) tests in women admitted to labor. Methods Observational retrospective study of a cohort of pregnant women admitted to labor and delivery between April 8 and May 2, 2020 in a large maternity in Madrid. SARS-CoV-2 screening with qRT-PCR from combined nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swabs was carried out systematically. Screening performance was described. Results We attended 212 deliveries. Nine cases with COVID-19 diagnosis before admission were excluded. In the remaining 203 women, seven referred COVID-19-related symptoms but only one had a positive qRT-PCR. Among the 194 asymptomatic women, only one case (0.5%) was positive. Conclusions The percentage of positive tests in asymptomatic women admitted to delivery was only 0.5% during the post-peak period.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jpm-2020-0236DOI Listing
November 2020

Laparoscopic complete resection of bulky precaval nodes by extraperitoneal approach in a patient with advanced endometrial cancer.

Int J Gynecol Cancer 2020 11 21;30(11):1846-1847. Epub 2020 Jun 21.

Gynecology and Obstetrics Department, Hospital Universitario Donostia, San Sebastian, Spain.

View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/ijgc-2019-001083DOI Listing
November 2020

Maternal and Perinatal Outcomes Associated With Extremely High Values for the sFlt-1 (Soluble fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 1)/PlGF (Placental Growth Factor) Ratio.

J Am Heart Assoc 2020 04 4;9(7):e015548. Epub 2020 Apr 4.

Fetal Medicine Unit-SAMID Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre Instituto de Investigación Hospital 12 de Octubre (imas12) Universidad Complutense de Madrid Madrid Spain.

Background There is little knowledge about the significance of extremely high values (>655) for the ratio of sFlt-1 (soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1) to PlGF (placental growth factor). We aim to describe the time-to-delivery interval and maternal and perinatal outcomes when such values are demonstrated while assessing suspected or confirmed placental dysfunction based on clinical or sonographic criteria. Methods and Results A multicenter retrospective cohort study was performed on 237 singleton gestations between 20+0 and 37+0 weeks included at the time of first demonstrating a sFlt-1/PlGF ratio >655. Clinicians were aware of this result, but standard protocols were followed for delivery indication. Main outcomes were compared for women with and without preeclampsia at inclusion. In those with preeclampsia (n=185, of whom 77.3% had fetal growth restriction), severe preeclampsia features and fetal growth restriction in stages III or IV were present in 49.2% and 13.5% cases, respectively, at inclusion and in 77.3% and 28.6% cases, respectively, at delivery. In the group without preeclampsia (n=52, 82.7% had fetal growth restriction), these figures were 0% and 30.8%, respectively, at inclusion and 21.2% and 50%, respectively, at delivery. Interestingly, 28% of women without initial preeclampsia developed it later. The median time to delivery was 4 days (interquartile range: 1-6 days) and 7 days (interquartile range: 3-12 days), respectively (<0.01). Overall, perinatal mortality was 62.1% before 24 weeks; severe morbidity surpassed 50% before 29 weeks but became absent from 34 weeks. Maternal serious morbidity was high at any gestational age. Conclusions An sFlt-1/PlGF ratio >655 is almost invariably associated with preeclampsia or fetal growth restriction that progresses rapidly. In our tertiary care settings, we observed that maternal adverse outcomes were high throughout gestation, whereas perinatal adverse outcomes diminished as pregnancy advanced.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.119.015548DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7428600PMC
April 2020

Correlation of Kryptor and Elecsys® immunoassay sFlt-1/PlGF ratio on early diagnosis of preeclampsia and fetal growth restriction: A case-control study.

Pregnancy Hypertens 2020 Apr 3;20:44-49. Epub 2020 Mar 3.

Fetal Medicine Unit-SAMID, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Instituto de Investigación Hospital 12 de Octubre (imas12), Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Objectives: The measurement of the soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 to placental growth factor (sFlt-1/PlGF) ratio on automated platforms has improved the detection of preeclampsia and fetal growth restriction (PE/FGR). The cut-off points of >38 and ≥85 has been defined for "rule in" and "aid in diagnosis", respectively, using the Elecsys® platform. We aimed to compare the performance of these cut-offs between the Elecsys® and Kryptor platforms at 24-28 weeks.

Study Design: Observational case-control study of singleton pregnancies at high risk for PE/FGR and sFlt-1/PlGF measurement at 24-28 weeks' gestation: 21 cases (9 early PE/FGR with delivery <32 weeks) were 1:1 matched for body mass index and parity with 21 controls. Correlations of the sFlt-1, PlGF and sFlt-1/PlGF values and diagnostic accuracy of the >38 and ≥85 cutoffs for early and late PE/FGR using Elecsys® and Kryptor assays were evaluated.

Main Outcome Measures: PE/FGR cases showed significantly higher median (IQR) sFlt-1/PlGF values at 24-28 weeks vs. controls, using both Elecsys® and Kryptor platforms: 55 (13-254) and 97 (13-530) vs. 4.1 (2.0-6.5) and 3.9 (1.8-7.7), respectively. The sFlt-1/PlGF correlation between both methods was excellent (r = 0.95) although lower PlGF and higher sFlt-1/PlGF values were observed with Kryptor. The higher diagnostic accuracy was obtained for early PE/FGR with the ≥85 cutoff (95.2%; 95%CI: 83.8-99.4%) in both platforms.

Conclusion: sFlt-1/PlGF measurements correlates well between Elecsys® and Kryptor platforms, and the cutoffs of >38 and ≥85 exhibit high diagnostic accuracy for assessing early PE/FGR at 24-28 weeks with both methods.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.preghy.2020.03.002DOI Listing
April 2020

Angiogenesis biomarkers for the prediction of severe adverse outcomes in late-preterm preeclampsia.

Pregnancy Hypertens 2020 Jan 9;19:74-80. Epub 2020 Jan 9.

Fetal Medicine Unit-SAMID, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Instituto de Investigación Hospital 12 de Octubre (imas12), Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Objectives: The optimal timing for delivery in non-severe late-preterm (34 + 0-36 + 6 weeks) preeclampsia (PE) is uncertain. It is attempted to reach term pregnancy safely but current clinical and analytical parameters fail to determine which cases will develop severe features that require preterm delivery. We aim to establish if angiogenic biomarkers may identify cases that would benefit from earlier delivery.

Study Design: Prospective case-control study of 96 women (n = 48 controls and n = 48 cases with PE) with maternal determinations of the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio between 34 + 0 and 36 + 6 weeks. The PE group was classified in two groups based on the need (n = 26) or not (n = 22) for preterm delivery due to criteria of severity. Diagnostic accuracy of these biomarkers for predicting preterm delivery for severe PE was evaluated.

Main Outcome Measures: Women with PE showed higher median sFlt-1/PlGF ratio than controls (122 vs 5, p < 0.01) and lower PlGF MoM (0.7 vs 1.0, p < 0.01). However, these differences did not remain when both PE subgroups were compared. Diagnostic performance of the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio and PlGF at different cut-offs was poor for detecting PE requiring delivery before term.

Conclusions: Angiogenic biomarkers are not useful to predict which late-preterm PE cases will develop severe features that require preterm delivery.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.preghy.2019.12.004DOI Listing
January 2020

Prognostic Factors of Successful Cervical Ripening and Labor Induction in Late-Onset Fetal Growth Restriction.

Fetal Diagn Ther 2020 13;47(7):536-544. Epub 2019 Dec 13.

Fetal Medicine Unit, Maternal and Child Health and Development Network (Red SAMID-RD12/0026/0016), Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital 12 de Octubre, 12 de Octubre Research Institute (imas12), Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain,

Objective: The aim of this work was to identify independent risk factors influencing the achievement of vaginal delivery among women undergoing labor induction for late-onset fetal growth restriction (FGR).

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of 201 singleton pregnancies with late-onset FGR (diagnosed >32 + 0 weeks) that required labor induction with cervical ripening from 37 + 0 weeks, either with dinoprostone (from 2014 to 2015) or Foley balloon (from 2016 to 2018). Independent factors for successful vaginal delivery were identified. A prediction model of vaginal delivery with the identified factors was made using logistic regression and bootstrapping with 1,000 re-samples performed for bias correction.

Results: Perinatal results were more favorable in the vaginal delivery group, with significantly lower neonatal admission rates (4.0 vs. 13.7%) and lower composite neonatal morbidity (4.0 vs. 15.7%). The labor induction method (Foley balloon), higher cerebro-placental ratio, lower pre-gestational BMI, and absence of pre-eclampsia were identified as independent factors associated to vaginal delivery. The area under the curve of the model was of 0.75 (95% CI 0.70-0.79).

Conclusions: The use of a Foley balloon is the only modifiable risk factor to improve the chances of vaginal delivery when attempting induction of labor in singleton pregnancies with late-onset FGR.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000503390DOI Listing
May 2021

Obstetric and pediatric growth charts for the detection of fetal growth restriction and neonatal adverse outcomes in preterm newborns before 34 weeks of gestation.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2021 Apr 9;34(7):1112-1119. Epub 2019 Jul 9.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Fetal Medicine Unit, SAMID, University Hospital, 12 de Octubre Research Institute (imas12), Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Introduction: Identification of fetal growth-restricted (FGR) infants depends on the fetal or newborn charts used to identify them. We aimed to compare the prenatal and postnatal diagnosis of FGR and their ability to predict adverse perinatal outcomes.

Methods: Observational retrospective cohort study of 95 consecutive mother-infant pairs with preterm birth between 24 and 34 weeks (study period: January 2014 to December 2015). Prenatal sonographic diagnosis of FGR, based on customized fetal growth standards and fetal Doppler, was compared with the postnatal diagnosis of FGR based on a birthweight < 3rd percentile according to newborn charts (International Newborn size references for the Intergrowth twenty-first century program, and Olsen's charts). Neonatal mortality and adverse neonatal outcomes were compared among groups.

Results: In 23/95 (24%) cases a prenatal diagnosis of early FGR was made. Postnatal FGR was confirmed in 11/23 (48%) cases using Olsen's charts and 8/23 (35%) using Intergrowth 21st charts. One postnatal FGR case was missed by prenatal ultrasound. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia, sepsis and hypoglycemia were more frequent in pre- and postnatal FGR versus non-FGR. After adjusting for gestational age and sex, only an increased relative risk of hypoglycemia (2.0, 95%CI 1.0-2.8) was observed in infants with pre- and postnatal FGR diagnosis. Nonsignificant differences on neonatal outcomes were identified between prenatal FGR cases with normal birthweight and the non-FGR group.

Conclusion: Only prenatal FGR cases in which a birthweight below the third percentile is confirmed by means of postnatal charts (Olsen or Intergrowth standard) are at higher risk of adverse postnatal outcome.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2019.1626368DOI Listing
April 2021

Prevention of lymphorrhea in aortic lymphadenectomy.

Int J Gynecol Cancer 2019 03;29(3):645-646

Hospital Universitario Donostia, San Sebastian, Spain.

The objective of this video 1 is to describe the technique to avoid postoperative lymphorrhea after a lumboaortic lymphadenectomy. All procedures were performed at Donostia University Hospital, a tertiary referral and educational center in San Sebastián, Spain. Lumboaortic extra-peritoneal lymphadenectomy was performed for several gynecological malignancies (endometrial and cervical cancer). During the procedure, afferent lymphatic capillaries were identified at the infra-renal aortic level and clipped to avoid retrograde lymphorrhea at this level. Numerous strategies have been described to reduce the likelihood of lymphorea and lymphocele formation.1 Harmonic scalpel and other sealing advanced devices are not useful to secure lymphatic leakage at this level, although some authors have published a clinical benefit in their use,2 while clips have been found useful to prevent leakage in other lymphatic locations.3 The use of harmonic scalpel, biological agents or surgical patch has been ineffective in our experience, but sealing clips and peritonization (marsupialization),4 once the procedure is concluded, could be an effective approach. Performing simple gestures during lumboaortic lymphadenectomy can help to reduce the appearance of posterior lymphorrhea.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/ijgc-2018-000128DOI Listing
March 2019

Labor Induction in Late-Onset Fetal Growth Restriction: Foley Balloon versus Vaginal Dinoprostone.

Fetal Diagn Ther 2019 24;46(1):67-74. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Fetal Medicine Unit - Maternal and Child Health and Development Network (Red SAMID-RD12/0026/0016), Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital 12 de Octubre, 12 de Octubre Research Institute (imas12), Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Objective: To compare vaginal delivery rate and perinatal outcomes of fetuses with late-onset fetal growth restriction (FGR) undergoing labor induction, depending on the method for cervical ripening (dinoprostone vs. Foley balloon).

Material And Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 148 consecutive singleton gestations diagnosed with stage I late-onset FGR and Bishop score < 7, in which labor induction was indicated at ≥37 + 0 weeks. Before January 2016, cervical ripening was achieved with 10 mg of vaginal dinoprostone (n = 77) and afterwards with Fo-ley balloon (n = 71). Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the association between mode of delivery and induction method.

Results: Foley balloon had lower percentages of uterine tachysystole with fetal repercussion (4.2 vs. 16.9%, p = 0.01) and cesarean sections for suspected fetal distress (7.0 vs. 26.0%, p < 0.01) when compared to dino-prostone. Lower percentages of cesarean sections were found in the Foley balloon group (15.5 vs. 37.7%, p < 0.01). The odds ratio and adjusted odds ratio of cesarean section with dinoprostone were of 3.3 and 4.4, respectively. Perinatal mortality and severe morbidity were null in both groups.

Conclusion: The use of Foley balloon resulted in a higher percentage of vaginal delivery compared to dinoprostone, with a favorable safety profile in both groups.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000491784DOI Listing
January 2020

Prognostic value of the aortic isthmus Doppler assessment on late onset fetal growth restriction.

J Perinat Med 2019 Feb;47(2):212-217

Fetal Medicine Unit-SAMID, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital 12 de Octubre, 12 de Octubre Research Institute (imas12), Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Background As conflicting results have been reported about the association of reversed flow on the aortic isthmus (AoI) and adverse perinatal results in fetal growth restriction (FGR), we aim to compare perinatal outcomes (including tolerance to labor induction) of late-onset FGR between those with anterograde and reversed AoI flow. Methods This was an observational retrospective cohort study on 148 singleton gestations diagnosed with late-onset FGR (diagnosis ≥32+0 weeks), with an estimated fetal weight (EFW) <10th centile and mild fetal Doppler alteration: umbilical artery (UA) pulsatility index (PI) >95th centile, middle cerebral artery (MCA)-PI <5th centile or cerebral-placental ratio <5th centile. Anterograde AoI flow was present in n=79 and reversed AoI flow in n=69. Delivery was recommended from 37 weeks in both groups. Perinatal results were compared between the groups. Results The global percentage of vaginal delivery of fetuses with anterograde and reversed blood flow was 55.7% vs. 66.7% (P=0.18) and the percentage of cesarean section (C-section) for non-reassuring fetal status was 12.7% vs. 15.9% (P=0.29), respectively. When evaluating those that underwent labor induction, the vaginal delivery rate was 67.9% vs. 77.2% (P=0.17), respectively. There were no significant differences regarding any other perinatal variables and there were no cases of severe morbidity or mortality. Conclusion We observed that the presence of reversed AoI flow does not worsen perinatal outcomes on fetuses with late-onset growth restriction with mild Doppler alterations. Attempt of labor induction is feasible in these fetuses regardless of the direction of AoI flow.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jpm-2018-0185DOI Listing
February 2019

Fetal Biometry and Doppler Study for the Assessment of Perinatal Outcome in Stage I Late-Onset Fetal Growth Restriction.

Fetal Diagn Ther 2018 4;44(4):264-270. Epub 2018 May 4.

Objective: To compare perinatal outcomes on fetuses classified as stage I late-onset fetal growth restriction (FGR) depending on the estimated fetal weight (EFW) centile category and the fetal and maternal Doppler study.

Material And Methods: Retrospective cohort study on 131 cases of stage I late-onset FGR (diagnosis ≥32+0 weeks), defined as: EFW < 3rd centile and normal Doppler (G1) or EFW < 10th centile and mean uterine artery pulsatility index (PI) > 95th centile (G2) or EFW < 10th centile and mild fetal Doppler alteration: umbilical artery PI > 95th centile, middle cerebral artery PI < 5th centile, or cerebroplacental ratio < 5th centile (G3). All groups were compared to their perinatal results.

Results: There were 37, 30, and 64 cases in G1, G2, and G3, respectively. G1 and G2 showed lower percentages of cesarean section when compared with G3 (18.4, 22.5, and 45.3% (p < 0.01), respectively), being attributable to an excess of cesarean sections for non-reassuring fetal status. These differences remained when definitive birth weight centile was above that considered to define FGR, being 5.9, 12.5, and 41.8% (p < 0.01), respectively.

Discussion: In stage I late-onset FGR fetuses, abnormal fetal Doppler is associated with a poorer tolerance to vaginal delivery, even when the birth weight is > 10th centile.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000485124DOI Listing
March 2019

Maximizing Sentinel Lymph Node Detection: Aortic Sentinel Lymph Node Detection in Endometrial Cancer.

J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2019 01 2;26(1):23-24. Epub 2018 Mar 2.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital Universitario Donostia, San Sebastián, Spain.

Study Objective: To determine the importance of a dual (cervical and fundal) indocyanine green (ICG) injection and thorough dissection for the detection of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs).

Design: Description and step-by-step demonstration of the surgical procedure using video (Canadian Task Force classification III).

Setting: Hospital Universitario Donostia, San Sebastián, Spain.

Patients: A 60-year-old woman with a diagnosis of IAG1 endometrial adenocarcinoma (EC).

Interventions: The patient received a cervical and transcervical fundal ICG injection for para-aortic and pelvic SLN detection in the setting of a research protocol, followed by a total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy with a frozen section of the uterus as a standard approach [1]. Institutional Review Board approval was obtained for the research protocol of this study.

Measurements And Main Results: Dual ICG injection [2] adds the benefit of a cervical injection (that best evaluates the pelvic region [3]) to the fundal injection, with better spread to the lumboaortic pathway [4] so as not to lose the aortic drainage and aortic SLN, whose relevance is still discussed due to its low incidence of metastasis [5]. This search does not add to the associated morbidity but is associated with increased operative time. For pelvic SLN dissection, patience and good training are key; the surgeon must always be on the lookout for uncommon pathways if no SLN is detected in the classical areas. The final histological classification was upgraded to a grade IIIC2 (ie, micrometastasis in the aortic and pelvic-right pararectal space) EC, 3 cm G1 with no lymphovascular invasion.

Conclusion: Dual ICG injection allows comprehensive mapping not only of pelvic SLNs, but also of para-aortic SLNs, in EC, maximizing the identification of all possible affected areas. Nonetheless, the relevance of its added benefit requires further evaluation.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmig.2018.02.016DOI Listing
January 2019
-->