Publications by authors named "Brigitte M Aarts"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Renal biopsies performed before versus during ablation of T1 renal tumors: implications for prevention of overtreatment and follow-up.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2021 01 20;46(1):373-379. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Department of Urology, OLVG, Oosterpark 9, 1091 AC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Purpose: To assess the difference between renal mass biopsy (RMB) performed either before or during the ablation procedure.

Methods: A retrospective multicenter study was performed in patients with a cT1 renal mass treated with ablation between January 2007 and July 2019, including a search in the national pathology database for patients with a RMB planned for ablation. Patient and tumor characteristics and information on malignant, benign, and non-diagnostic biopsy results were collected to establish rates of overtreatment and number of ablations avoided in case of benign or non-diagnostic histology.

Results: RMB was performed in 714 patients, of which 231 patients received biopsy before planned ablation, and 483 patients at the time of ablation. Pathology results before ablation were malignant in 63% (145/231), benign in 20% (46/231) and non-diagnostic in 17% (40/231). Pathology results at the time of ablation were malignant in 67.5% (326/483), benign in 16.8% (81/483) and non-diagnostic in 15.7% (76/483), leading to a total of 32.5% of ablation of benign or non-diagnostic lesions. Of the patients with a benign biopsy obtained before ablation, 80.4% (37/46) chose not to undergo ablation. Patients with inconclusive biopsy before planned ablation chose an informed individualized approach including ablation, repeated biopsy, or no intervention in 56%, 34% and 10%.

Conclusion: This study emphasizes the importance of obtaining a biopsy prior to the ablation procedure in a separate session to lower the rate of potentially unnecessary ablations.
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January 2021

Tubular maximum phosphate reabsorption capacity in living kidney donors is independently associated with one-year recipient GFR.

Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 2018 02 4;314(2):F196-F202. Epub 2017 Oct 4.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology.

The donor glomerular filtration rate (GFR) measured before kidney donation is a strong determinant of recipient graft outcome. No tubular function markers have been identified that can similarly be used in donors to predict recipient outcomes. In the present study we investigated whether the pre-donation tubular maximum reabsorption capacity of phosphate (TmP-GFR), which may be considered a functional tubular marker in healthy kidney donors, is associated with recipient GFR at 1 yr after transplantation, a key determinant of long-term outcome. We calculated the pre-donation TmP-GFR from serum and 24-h urine phosphate and creatinine levels in 165 kidney donors, and recipient I-iothalamate GFR and eGFR (CKD-EPI) at 12 mo after transplantation. Kidney donors were 51 ± 10 yr old, 47% were men, and mean GFR was 118 ± 26 ml/min. The donor TmP-GFR was associated with recipient GFR 12 mo after transplantation (GFR 6.0 ml/min lower per 1 mg/dl decrement of TmP-GFR), which persisted after multivariable adjustment for donor age, sex, pre-donation GFR, and blood pressure and other potential confounders. Results were highly similar when eGFR at 12 mo was taken as the outcome. Tubular damage markers kidney injury molecule-1 and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin were low and not associated with recipient GFR. A lower donor TmP-GFR before donation, which may be considered to represent a functional measure of tubular phosphate reabsorption capacity, is independently associated with a lower recipient GFR 1 yr after transplantation. These data are the first to link donor tubular phosphate reabsorption with recipient GFR post-transplantation.
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February 2018

Post-Transplant Hypophosphatemia and the Risk of Death-Censored Graft Failure and Mortality after Kidney Transplantation.

Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 2017 Aug 25;12(8):1301-1310. Epub 2017 May 25.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology, University Medical Center Groningen and University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands

Background And Objectives: Hypophosphatemia is common in the first year after kidney transplantation, but its clinical implications are unclear. We investigated the relationship between the severity of post-transplant hypophosphatemia and mortality or death-censored graft failure in a large cohort of renal transplant recipients with long-term follow-up.

Design, Setting, Participants, & Measurements: We performed a longitudinal cohort study in 957 renal transplant recipients who were transplanted between 1993 and 2008 at a single center. We used a large real-life dataset containing 28,178 phosphate measurements (median of 27; first to third quartiles, 23-34) serial measurements per patient) and selected the lowest intraindividual phosphate level during the first year after transplantation. The primary outcomes were all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and death-censored graft failure.

Results: The median (interquartile range) intraindividual lowest phosphate level was 1.58 (1.30-1.95) mg/dl, and it was reached at 33 (21-51) days post-transplant. eGFR was the main correlate of the lowest serum phosphate level (model =0.32). During 9 (5-12) years of follow-up, 181 (19%) patients developed graft failure, and 295 (35%) patients died, of which 94 (32%) deaths were due to cardiovascular disease. In multivariable Cox regression analysis, more severe hypophosphatemia was associated with a lower risk of death-censored graft failure (fully adjusted hazard ratio, 0.61; 95% confidence interval, 0.43 to 0.88 per 1 mg/dl lower serum phosphate) and cardiovascular mortality (fully adjusted hazard ratio, 0.37; 95% confidence interval, 0.22 to 0.62) but not noncardiovascular mortality (fully adjusted hazard ratio, 1.33; 95% confidence interval, 0.9 to 1.96) or all-cause mortality (fully adjusted hazard ratio, 1.15; 95% confidence interval, 0.81 to 1.61).

Conclusions: Post-transplant hypophosphatemia develops early after transplantation. These data connect post-transplant hypophosphatemia with favorable long-term graft and patient outcomes.
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August 2017