Publications by authors named "Ayyappan Appukuttan Aachary"

3 Publications

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A pursuit of the functional nutritional and bioactive properties of canola proteins and peptides.

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2012 ;52(11):965-79

Richardson Centre for Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.

This review focuses on updated information about canola proteins and peptides, their functional, nutritional, and bioactive properties, safety aspects, and potential application in foods. Attention is paid to gelation, emulsion, thermal, and water holding capacities of crude and pure proteins and peptides isolated from canola meal. Various factors affecting these properties are discussed. This paper provides an overview of use of canola meal as a protein source in animal diets and their digestibility in vivo. Their effects on a range of health outcomes including ACE inhibition, hypocholesterolemic effects, cancer prevention, anti-viral and anti-diabetic properties are reviewed on the basis of the available in vitro and in vivo animal and human data. The review also focuses on the safety aspects and selected food applications of canola proteins and peptides.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2010.516033DOI Listing
November 2012

Value addition to corncob: production and characterization of xylooligosaccharides from alkali pretreated lignin-saccharide complex using Aspergillus oryzae MTCC 5154.

Bioresour Technol 2009 Jan 13;100(2):991-5. Epub 2008 Aug 13.

Fermentation Technology and Bioengineering Department, Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore 570 020, Karnataka, India.

Comparison of various pretreatments such as mild alkali/acid treatments and pressure cooking of corncob to expose its lignin-saccharide complex has been carried out to enhance enzymatic hydrolysis of xylan to xylooligosaccharides (XOS). Scanning electron micrographs of lignin-saccharide complex of native and pretreated corncob powder showed that the complex was greatly altered during alkali pretreatment. Hydrolysis of alkali pretreated corncob powder using a commercial endoxylanase produced 81+/-1.5% of XOS in the hydrolyzate equivalent to 5.8+/-0.14 mg ml(-1) of XOS. Reaction parameters for the production of XOS from corncob using endoxylanase from Aspergillus oryzae MTCC 5154 were optimized and an XOS yield of 10.2+/-0.14 mg ml(-1) corresponding to 81+/-3.9% with 73.5% xylobiose was obtained. HPLC/RID and ESI/MS analysis of XOS mixture and purified fractions showed that XOS was a mixture of neutral oligosaccharides of DP, 2-7.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2008.06.050DOI Listing
January 2009

Corncob-induced endo-1,4-beta-d-xylanase of Aspergillus oryzae MTCC 5154: production and characterization of xylobiose from glucuronoxylan.

J Agric Food Chem 2008 Jun 20;56(11):3981-8. Epub 2008 May 20.

Fermentation Technology and Bioengineering Department, Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, Karnataka, India.

Eight different fungi were cultivated in a peptone-yeast extract medium containing 1% oat spelt xylan (OSX) to evaluate endo-1,4-beta-xylanase secretion for xylooligosaccharide (XOS) production. Aspergillus oryzae MTCC 5154, Aspergillus flavus , Aspergillus niger , and Aspergillus ochraceus showed significant titers of endoxylanases, which were further used for the production of XOS from birch wood xylan (BWX). A. oryzae produced 89.5 +/- 1.13% XOS in the hydrolysate at 24 h of reaction. The effect of OSX, BWX, and raw corncob on the induction of endoxylanase in A. oryzae was studied, and the xylanase activity was maximum at 96 h of cultivation in 3% corncob containing medium. XOS produced at 36 h of reaction was 5.87 +/- 0.53 mg/mL (12 +/- 2% xylose, 48 +/- 2.43% xylobiose, and 40 +/- 3.6% higher oligomers) from 1% BWX . HPLC/refractive index detection and ESI/MS analysis of fractions obtained by GPC corresponded to neutral and 4- O-methyl-alpha- d-glucuronic acid substituted acidic oligosaccharides. The major fraction, beta- d-xylopyranosyl-(1-->4)- d-xylanopyranose was characterized using (13)C NMR.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf073430iDOI Listing
June 2008
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