Publications by authors named "Ayyappan Aachary"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Effect of pretreatments and endo-1,4-β-xylanase hydrolysis of canola meal and mustard bran for production of oligosaccharides.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2015 Jan 24;175(1):194-208. Epub 2014 Sep 24.

Department of Human Nutritional Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3T 2N2, Canada.

Alkali/acid-pretreated canola meal and mustard bran were subjected to endo-1,4-β-xylanase (T. longibrachiatum) hydrolysis for oligosaccharide production. Pretreatments significantly (α = 0.05) increased the relative content of pentose sugars, especially in alkali-pretreated canola meal (∼44 %) and mustard bran (∼72 %). The amounts of pentosan (g/100 g) in acid- and alkali-pretreated canola meal were 7.50 and 8.21 and in corresponding mustard bran were 8.67 and 10.39, respectively. These pretreated substrates produced a pentose content (g/100 g) of 2.10 ± 0.14 (18 h) and 2.95 ± 0.10 (24 h), respectively, during hydrolysis. As per UPLC-MS data, the main oligosaccharides in the hydrolyzates of alkali-pretreated substrates are xylo-glucuronic acid and xylobiose. The release of total phenolics of the hydrolyzates increased until 18 h irrespective of the type of substrate or pretreatment. Hydrolyzates of acid-pretreated substrates indicated more total antioxidant activity than alkali-pretreated substrates, attributed to its high phenolic content. The study suggests the potential of canola meal and mustard bran for the production of oligosaccharides, wherein the use of various combinations of cell-wall-degrading enzymes and its optimization may result in a better yield, with simultaneous production of endogenous phenolics.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12010-014-1253-zDOI Listing
January 2015

Value-added potential of expeller-pressed canola oil refining: characterization of sinapic acid derivatives and tocopherols from byproducts.

J Agric Food Chem 2014 Oct 22;62(40):9800-7. Epub 2014 Sep 22.

Department of Human Nutritional Sciences, University of Manitoba , Winnipeg, Manitoba R3T 2N2, Canada.

Valuable phenolic antioxidants are lost during oil refining, but evaluation of their occurrence in refining byproducts is lacking. Rapeseed and canola oil are both rich sources of sinapic acid derivatives and tocopherols. The retention and loss of sinapic acid derivatives and tocopherols in commercially produced expeller-pressed canola oils subjected to various refining steps and the respective byproducts were investigated. Loss of canolol (3) and tocopherols were observed during bleaching (84.9%) and deodorization (37.6%), respectively. Sinapic acid (2) (42.9 μg/g), sinapine (1) (199 μg/g), and canolol (344 μg/g) were found in the refining byproducts, namely, soap stock, spent bleaching clay, and wash water, for the first time. Tocopherols (3.75 mg/g) and other nonidentified phenolic compounds (2.7 mg sinapic acid equivalent/g) were found in deodistillates, a byproduct of deodorization. DPPH radical scavenging confirmed the antioxidant potential of the byproducts. This study confirms the value-added potential of byproducts of refining as sources of endogenous phenolics.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf502428zDOI Listing
October 2014

Endogenous Phenolics in Hulls and Cotyledons of Mustard and Canola: A Comparative Study on Its Sinapates and Antioxidant Capacity.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2014 Aug 15;3(3):544-58. Epub 2014 Aug 15.

Department of Human Nutritional Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2, Canada.

Endogenous sinapic acid (SA), sinapine (SP), sinapoyl glucose (SG) and canolol (CAN) of canola and mustard seeds are the potent antioxidants in various lipid-containing systems. The study investigated these phenolic antioxidants using different fractions of canola and mustard seeds. Phenolic compounds were extracted from whole seeds and their fractions: hulls and cotyledons, using 70% methanol by the ultrasonication method and quantified using HPLC-DAD. The major phenolics from both hulls and cotyledons extracts were SP, with small amounts of SG, and SA with a significant difference of phenolic contents between the two seed fractions. Cotyledons showed relatively high content of SP, SA, SG and total phenolics in comparison to hulls (p < 0.001). The concentration of SP in different fractions ranged from 1.15 ± 0.07 to 12.20 ± 1.16 mg/g and followed a decreasing trend- canola cotyledons > mustard cotyledons > mustard seeds > canola seeds > mustard hulls > canola hulls. UPLC-tandem Mass Spectrometry confirmed the presence of sinapates and its fragmentation in these extracts. Further, a high degree of correlation (r = 0.93) was noted between DPPH scavenging activity and total phenolic content.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/antiox3030544DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4665413PMC
August 2014

A pursuit of the functional nutritional and bioactive properties of canola proteins and peptides.

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2012 ;52(11):965-79

Richardson Centre for Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.

This review focuses on updated information about canola proteins and peptides, their functional, nutritional, and bioactive properties, safety aspects, and potential application in foods. Attention is paid to gelation, emulsion, thermal, and water holding capacities of crude and pure proteins and peptides isolated from canola meal. Various factors affecting these properties are discussed. This paper provides an overview of use of canola meal as a protein source in animal diets and their digestibility in vivo. Their effects on a range of health outcomes including ACE inhibition, hypocholesterolemic effects, cancer prevention, anti-viral and anti-diabetic properties are reviewed on the basis of the available in vitro and in vivo animal and human data. The review also focuses on the safety aspects and selected food applications of canola proteins and peptides.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2010.516033DOI Listing
November 2012

Value addition to corncob: production and characterization of xylooligosaccharides from alkali pretreated lignin-saccharide complex using Aspergillus oryzae MTCC 5154.

Bioresour Technol 2009 Jan 13;100(2):991-5. Epub 2008 Aug 13.

Fermentation Technology and Bioengineering Department, Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore 570 020, Karnataka, India.

Comparison of various pretreatments such as mild alkali/acid treatments and pressure cooking of corncob to expose its lignin-saccharide complex has been carried out to enhance enzymatic hydrolysis of xylan to xylooligosaccharides (XOS). Scanning electron micrographs of lignin-saccharide complex of native and pretreated corncob powder showed that the complex was greatly altered during alkali pretreatment. Hydrolysis of alkali pretreated corncob powder using a commercial endoxylanase produced 81+/-1.5% of XOS in the hydrolyzate equivalent to 5.8+/-0.14 mg ml(-1) of XOS. Reaction parameters for the production of XOS from corncob using endoxylanase from Aspergillus oryzae MTCC 5154 were optimized and an XOS yield of 10.2+/-0.14 mg ml(-1) corresponding to 81+/-3.9% with 73.5% xylobiose was obtained. HPLC/RID and ESI/MS analysis of XOS mixture and purified fractions showed that XOS was a mixture of neutral oligosaccharides of DP, 2-7.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2008.06.050DOI Listing
January 2009

Corncob-induced endo-1,4-beta-d-xylanase of Aspergillus oryzae MTCC 5154: production and characterization of xylobiose from glucuronoxylan.

J Agric Food Chem 2008 Jun 20;56(11):3981-8. Epub 2008 May 20.

Fermentation Technology and Bioengineering Department, Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, Karnataka, India.

Eight different fungi were cultivated in a peptone-yeast extract medium containing 1% oat spelt xylan (OSX) to evaluate endo-1,4-beta-xylanase secretion for xylooligosaccharide (XOS) production. Aspergillus oryzae MTCC 5154, Aspergillus flavus , Aspergillus niger , and Aspergillus ochraceus showed significant titers of endoxylanases, which were further used for the production of XOS from birch wood xylan (BWX). A. oryzae produced 89.5 +/- 1.13% XOS in the hydrolysate at 24 h of reaction. The effect of OSX, BWX, and raw corncob on the induction of endoxylanase in A. oryzae was studied, and the xylanase activity was maximum at 96 h of cultivation in 3% corncob containing medium. XOS produced at 36 h of reaction was 5.87 +/- 0.53 mg/mL (12 +/- 2% xylose, 48 +/- 2.43% xylobiose, and 40 +/- 3.6% higher oligomers) from 1% BWX . HPLC/refractive index detection and ESI/MS analysis of fractions obtained by GPC corresponded to neutral and 4- O-methyl-alpha- d-glucuronic acid substituted acidic oligosaccharides. The major fraction, beta- d-xylopyranosyl-(1-->4)- d-xylanopyranose was characterized using (13)C NMR.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf073430iDOI Listing
June 2008
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