Publications by authors named "Antonio Perez-Castro"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Two Distinct E2F Transcriptional Modules Drive Cell Cycles and Differentiation.

Cell Rep 2019 06 23;27(12):3547-3560.e5. Epub 2019 May 23.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Hollings Cancer Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA. Electronic address:

Orchestrating cell-cycle-dependent mRNA oscillations is critical to cell proliferation in multicellular organisms. Even though our understanding of cell-cycle-regulated transcription has improved significantly over the last three decades, the mechanisms remain untested in vivo. Unbiased transcriptomic profiling of G, G-S, and S-G-M sorted cells from FUCCI mouse embryos suggested a central role for E2Fs in the control of cell-cycle-dependent gene expression. The analysis of gene expression and E2F-tagged knockin mice with tissue imaging and deep-learning tools suggested that post-transcriptional mechanisms universally coordinate the nuclear accumulation of E2F activators (E2F3A) and canonical (E2F4) and atypical (E2F8) repressors during the cell cycle in vivo. In summary, we mapped the spatiotemporal expression of sentinel E2F activators and canonical and atypical repressors at the single-cell level in vivo and propose that two distinct E2F modules relay the control of gene expression in cells actively cycling (E2F3A-8-4) and exiting the cycle (E2F3A-4) during mammalian development.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2019.05.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6673649PMC
June 2019

E2f8 mediates tumor suppression in postnatal liver development.

J Clin Invest 2016 08 25;126(8):2955-69. Epub 2016 Jul 25.

E2F-mediated transcriptional repression of cell cycle-dependent gene expression is critical for the control of cellular proliferation, survival, and development. E2F signaling also interacts with transcriptional programs that are downstream of genetic predictors for cancer development, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here, we evaluated the function of the atypical repressor genes E2f7 and E2f8 in adult liver physiology. Using several loss-of-function alleles in mice, we determined that combined deletion of E2f7 and E2f8 in hepatocytes leads to HCC. Temporal-specific ablation strategies revealed that E2f8's tumor suppressor role is critical during the first 2 weeks of life, which correspond to a highly proliferative stage of postnatal liver development. Disruption of E2F8's DNA binding activity phenocopied the effects of an E2f8 null allele and led to HCC. Finally, a profile of chromatin occupancy and gene expression in young and tumor-bearing mice identified a set of shared targets for E2F7 and E2F8 whose increased expression during early postnatal liver development is associated with HCC progression in mice. Increased expression of E2F8-specific target genes was also observed in human liver biopsies from HCC patients compared to healthy patients. In summary, these studies suggest that E2F8-mediated transcriptional repression is a critical tumor suppressor mechanism during postnatal liver development.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1172/JCI85506DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4966321PMC
August 2016

Rad9B responds to nucleolar stress through ATR and JNK signalling, and delays the G1-S transition.

J Cell Sci 2012 Mar 7;125(Pt 5):1152-64. Epub 2012 Mar 7.

Unidad de Investigación, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, Instituto de Tecnologías Biomédicas, Ofra s/n, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain.

The complex formed by Rad9, Rad1 and Hus1 (9-1-1) protects against genomic instability by activating DNA damage checkpoint and DNA damage repair pathways, mainly in response to replication fork collapse and UV lesions. Here we compare the role of Rad9A (also known as Rad9) with the human paralogue Rad9B. Unlike Rad9A, overexpression of Rad9B delays cells in G1 phase. Moreover, Rad9B migrates to nucleoli after nucleolar stress in an ATR- and JNK-dependent manner, in a newly described nucleolar domain structure containing p21. Analysis of chimeras of Rad9A and Rad9B demonstrate that localisation to nucleoli and the block in G1 phase upon overexpression crucially depend on the Rad9B C-terminal tail. Taken together, data presented here show a relationship between Rad9B and pathways for checkpoints, stress response and nucleolar function.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/jcs.091124DOI Listing
March 2012

The DNA damage checkpoint is activated during residual tumour cell survival to methotrexate treatment as an initial step of acquired drug resistance.

Anticancer Drugs 2006 Nov;17(10):1171-7

Cellular and Molecular Biology Unit, Municipal Institute of Medical Research, Barcelona, and Research Unit, University Hospital of Canarias, Tenerife, Spain.

In the process of acquired drug resistance, the absence of tumour cell subpopulations already resistant before treatment implies an initial adaptive stage of cell growth following drug exposure that, under the selective pressure of the drug, allows the emergence of stably resistant cell variants. Here, we show that p53-defective HT-29 colon cancer cells overcome methotrexate-induced cell death owing to DNA damage checkpoint-mediated cell survival at the adaptive stage that precedes stable resistance acquisition. HT-29 cell cycle progression was dramatically delayed in the presence of a lethal dose of methotrexate, leading to DNA damage during S-phase transition and to cell death as treated cells progressed to G2 and M phases. As a result, the DNA damage checkpoint was induced as indicated by the presence of activated phosphorylated forms of checkpoint proteins Chk1 and Rad9. As we recently described, in-vitro resistance to methotrexate occurs without cell subpopulations already resistant before treatment, hence resistance is acquired through a multistep process that includes an early stage of transient cell survival. Our present results showed that this acute cell survival stage was due to a minor percentage of cells that could complete the first division cycle after drug exposure. Cell survival was enhanced by drug withdrawal during S-phase transition and suppressed if drug withdrawal was followed by treatment with the checkpoint-inhibitor drug caffeine. These results thus point to checkpoint-mediated transient adaptation as a target to prevent the emergence of acquired resistance to methotrexate.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.cad.0000236311.73703.d2DOI Listing
November 2006