158,756 results match your criteria zealand


Letter to the Editor: A new phenomenon in medical publishing: The autonomous citation.

J Clin Epidemiol 2021 Sep 19. Epub 2021 Sep 19.

Department of obstetrics and Gynaecology, Monash Medical Centre, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

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September 2021

pgHMA: Application of the Heteroduplex Mobility Assay Analysis in Phylogenetics and Population Genetics.

Mol Ecol Resour 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Research School of Biology, Australian National University, Canberra, 2600, Australia.

The Heteroduplex mobility assay (HMA) has proven to be a robust tool for the detection of genetic variation. Here, we describe a simple and rapid application of the HMA by microfluidic capillary electrophoresis, for phylogenetics and population genetic analyses (pgHMA). We show how commonly applied techniques in phylogenetics and population genetics have equivalents with pgHMA: phylogenetic reconstruction with bootstrapping, skyline plots, and mismatch distribution analysis. Read More

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September 2021

Generating political priority for skin cancer primary prevention: A case study from Aotearoa New Zealand.

Health Promot J Austr 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand.

Since the 1980s, several jurisdictions have implemented skin cancer prevention programmes to reduce the burden of skin cancer. Common elements have included mass media campaigns aiming to promote SunSafe behaviour, school sun safety programmes, and environmental interventions, such as shade provision. To date, evaluation of skin cancer prevention programmes has shown favourable outcomes for behaviour change [1, 2]. Read More

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September 2021

Non-adherence to established dietary guidelines associated with increased mortality: the Copenhagen General Population Study.

Eur J Prev Cardiol 2021 Sep;28(11):1259-1268

Department of Internal Medicine, Zealand University Hospital, Denmark.

Aims: The relevance of adherence to established dietary guidelines is repeatedly challenged. We hypothesised that non-adherence to established dietary guidelines is associated with an excess risk of cardiovascular, non-cardiovascular and all-cause mortality.

Methods: We studied 100,191 white adult Danes aged 20-100 years recruited in 2003-2015 and followed up until December 2018. Read More

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September 2021

Feeding Volatiles of Larval Sparganothis pilleriana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) Attract Heterospecific Adults of the European Grapevine Moth.

Environ Entomol 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Julius Kühn-Institute-Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants, Institute for Plant Protection in Fruit Crops and Viticulture, Laboratory of Zoology and Integrated Production in Viticulture, D-76833 Siebeldingen, Germany.

Plants release volatiles in response to caterpillar feeding. These herbivore-induced plant volatiles (HIPVs) attract natural enemies of the herbivores and repel or attract conspecific adult herbivores in a tri-trophic interaction which has been considered to be an indirect plant defense against herbivores. Recently, we demonstrated the attraction of male and female European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana (Denis & Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) to a blend of phenylacetonitrile and acetic acid, two compounds identified as HIPVs in heterospecific apple-leafroller interactions. Read More

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September 2021

Description of an Australian endemic species of Trioza (Hemiptera: Triozidae) pest of the endemic tea tree, Melaleuca alternifolia (Myrtaceae).

PLoS One 2021 22;16(9):e0257031. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Agriculture Victoria Research, AgriBio Centre, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia.

Psyllids, also known as jumping plant lice, are phloem feeding Hemiptera that often show a strict species-specific relationship with their host plants. When psyllid-plant associations involve economically important crops, this may lead to the recognition of a psyllid species as an agricultural or horticultural pest. The Australian endemic tea tree, Melaleuca alternifolia (Maiden & Betche) Cheel. Read More

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September 2021

Sugar Habit Hacker: Initial evidence that a planning intervention reduces sugar intake.

J Behav Addict 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

3School of Population Health, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand.

Background And Aims: Sugar is a potentially addictive substance that is consumed in such high levels the World Health Organisation has set recommended consumption limits. To date there are no empirically tested brief interventions for reducing sugar consumption in adult populations. The current study aimed to preliminarily assess the feasibility of recruitment, retention, and intervention engagement and impact of a brief intervention. Read More

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September 2021

The utility of rapid Group A streptococcus molecular testing compared with throat culture for the diagnosis of Group A streptococcal pharyngitis in a high-incidence rheumatic fever population.

J Clin Microbiol 2021 Sep 22:JCM0097821. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Microbiology, Middlemore Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand.

Group A (GAS) causes significant morbidity and mortality in New Zealand and is responsible for invasive disease and immune sequelae including acute Rheumatic Fever (ARF). Early treatment of GAS pharyngitis reduces the risk of ARF. In settings with a high-burden of GAS disease, a rapid GAS pharyngitis diagnostic test with a strong negative predictive value is needed to enable prompt and accurate treatment. Read More

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September 2021

Birth Weight and Adolescent Health Indicators in Rarotonga, Cook Islands.

Asia Pac J Public Health 2021 Sep 22:10105395211046763. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

While research into the developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD) has highlighted the potential of healthy early-life environments for later noncommunicable disease risk reduction, such research is lacking in developing contexts. This study is set in Rarotonga, Cook Islands, a small island developing state in the Pacific-population 17 434. Adult overweight/obesity rates are 89. Read More

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September 2021

In vivo efficacy of 3D-printed elastin-gelatin-hyaluronic acid scaffolds for regeneration of nasal septal cartilage defects.

J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Marquette University, School of Dentistry, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA.

Nasal septal cartilage perforations occur due to the different pathologies. Limited healing ability of cartilage results in remaining defects and further complications. This study sought to assess the efficacy of elastin-gelatin-hyaluronic acid (EGH) scaffolds for regeneration of nasal septal cartilage defects in rabbits. Read More

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September 2021

The Gastric Conduction System in Health and Disease: A Translational Review.

Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Farncombe Family Digestive Health Research Institute, Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Canada.

Gastric peristalsis is critically dependent on an underlying electrical conduction system. Recent years have witnessed substantial progress in clarifying the operations of this system, including its pacemaking units, its cellular architecture, and slow wave propagation patterns. Advanced techniques have been developed for assessing its functions at high spatiotemporal resolutions. Read More

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September 2021

Maintenance treatment with rucaparib for recurrent ovarian carcinoma in ARIEL3, a randomized phase 3 trial: The effects of best response to last platinum-based regimen and disease at baseline on efficacy and safety.

Cancer Med 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Gynecologic Oncology and Reproductive Medicine, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA.

Background: The efficacy and safety of rucaparib maintenance treatment in ARIEL3 were evaluated in subgroups based on best response to most recent platinum-based chemotherapy and baseline disease.

Methods: Patients were randomized 2:1 to receive either oral rucaparib at a dosage of 600 mg twice daily or placebo. Investigator-assessed PFS was assessed in prespecified, nested cohorts: BRCA-mutated, homologous recombination deficient (HRD; BRCA mutated or wild-type BRCA/high loss of heterozygosity), and the intent-to-treat (ITT) population. Read More

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September 2021

Synthesis of 3-nitroindoles by sequential paired electrolysis.

Org Biomol Chem 2021 Sep 22;19(36):7903-7913. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

School of Chemical Sciences, University of Auckland, 23 Symonds Street, Auckland 1010, New Zealand.

3-Nitroindoles are synthetically versatile intermediates but current methods for the preparation hinder their widespread application. Herein, we report that nitroenamines undergo electrochemical cyclisation to 3-nitroindoles in the presence of potassium iodide. Detailed control experiments and cyclic voltammogram studies infer the reaction proceeds a sequential paired electrolysis process, beginning with anodic oxidation of iodide (I) to the iodine radical (I˙), which facilitates cyclisation of the nitroenamine to give a 3-nitroindolinyl radical. Read More

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September 2021

Shifting COVID-19 Vaccine Intentions in New Zealand: Next Steps in the Vaccination Campaign.

Lancet Reg Health West Pac 2021 Oct 17;15:100278. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Independent Researcher.

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October 2021

A bespoke data linkage of an IVF clinical quality registry to population health datasets; methods and performance.

Int J Popul Data Sci 2021 13;6(1):1679. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Centre for Big Data Research in Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

Introduction: Assisted reproductive technologies (ART), such as in-vitro fertilisation (IVF), have revolutionised the treatment of infertility, with an estimated 8 million babies born worldwide. However, the long-term health outcomes for women and their offspring remain an area of concern. Linking IVF treatment data to long-term health data is the most efficient method for assessing such outcomes. Read More

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September 2021

Cancer After Pediatric Kidney Transplantation: A Long-term Single-center Experience in Japan.

Transplant Direct 2021 Apr 22;7(4):e687. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: The cancer incidence, types, and risk factors after pediatric kidney transplantation (KT) have been reported in the United States, Canada, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand. However, no information is available about cancer in pediatric KT recipients in Asian countries.

Methods: Children aged <20 y who underwent initial KT from 1983 to 2016 were analyzed. Read More

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Bacteriophage origin of some minimal ATP-dependent DNA ligases: a new structure from Burkholderia pseudomallei with striking similarity to Chlorella virus ligase.

Sci Rep 2021 Sep 21;11(1):18693. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

School of Science, University of Waikato, Hamilton, 3240, New Zealand.

DNA ligases, the enzymes responsible for joining breaks in the phosphodiester backbone of DNA during replication and repair, vary considerably in size and structure. The smallest members of this enzyme class carry out their functions with pared-down protein scaffolds comprising only the core catalytic domains. Here we use sequence similarity network analysis of minimal DNA ligases from all biological super kingdoms, to investigate their evolutionary origins, with a particular focus on bacterial variants. Read More

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September 2021

Relationship of low molecular weight fluorophore levels with clinical factors and fenofibrate effects in adults with type 2 diabetes.

Sci Rep 2021 Sep 21;11(1):18708. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

National Health and Medical Research Council Clinical Trials Centre, The University of Sydney, Level 6 Medical Foundation Building, 92-94 Parramatta Rd, Camperdown, Sydney, NSW, 2050, Australia.

People with diabetes are at risk of chronic complications and novel biomarkers, such as Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) may help stratify this risk. We assessed whether plasma low-molecular weight AGEs, also known as LMW-fluorophores (LMW-F), are associated with risk factors, predict complications, and are altered by fenofibrate in adults with type 2 diabetes. Plasma LMW-F were quantified at baseline, after six weeks fenofibrate, and one year post-randomisation to fenofibrate or placebo. Read More

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September 2021

"A 15% Reduction in Physical Inactivity Will Be Achieved in Australasia by 2030"-Audience Votes Negative in Online Debate.

J Phys Act Health 2021 Sep 21:1-4. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

The Australasian Society for Physical Activity aims to advance the science and practice of physical activity in Australia, New Zealand, the Pacific Islands, East Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and Oceania. Fun, enjoyment, and cross-disciplinary discourse are important to ensure the network of physical activity professionals and our collective voice continues to grow. In May 2021, Australasian Society for Physical Activity's Early Career Network curated an engaging online Physical Activity Debate attended by 206 professionals. Read More

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September 2021

Obituary Professor Michael N Marsh BTh, DPhil, DM, DSc, FRCP.

Gut 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Academic Unit of Gastroenterology, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, UK.

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September 2021

The efficacy and safety of acetaminophen use following liver resection: a systematic review.

HPB (Oxford) 2021 Sep 6. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Department of Surgery, North Shore Hospital, Private Bag Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Purpose: Acetaminophen is commonly used for post-operative analgesia following liver resection. It is metabolised by the liver and appropriate administration and dosage is in question in in patients undergoing hepatectomy. A systematic review was conducted to investigate safety and efficacy of acetaminophen use. Read More

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September 2021

Abnormal one-year post-lung transplant spirometry is a significant predictor of increased mortality and chronic lung allograft dysfunction.

J Heart Lung Transplant 2021 Aug 21. Epub 2021 Aug 21.

Lung Transplant Service, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; Department of Medicine, Central Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: The prognostic value of evaluating spirometry at a fixed time point using standardized population reference has not previously been evaluated. Our aim was to assess the association between spirometric phenotype at 12 months (Spiro), survival and incidence of chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD) in bilateral lung transplant recipients.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of bilateral lung transplant recipients transplanted between January 2003 and September 2012. Read More

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Culture and genome-based analysis of four soil Clostridium isolates reveal their potential for antimicrobial production.

BMC Genomics 2021 Sep 22;22(1):686. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Food System Integrity team, Hopkirk Research Institute, AgResearch Ltd, Massey University, 4474, Palmerston North, New Zealand.

Background: Soil bacteria are a major source of specialized metabolites including antimicrobial compounds. Yet, one of the most diverse genera of bacteria ubiquitously present in soil, Clostridium, has been largely overlooked in bioactive compound discovery. As Clostridium spp. Read More

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September 2021

A case of bovine dystocia secondary to congenital mesothelioma in a calf.

N Z Vet J 2021 Sep 22:1-9. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Science, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.

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September 2021

Anxiety impact on scuba performance.

Diving Hyperb Med 2021 Sep;51(3):306-307

Extreme Environments Research Group, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, United Kingdom.

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September 2021

Fine sediment effects on seagrasses: A global review, quantitative synthesis and multi-stressor model.

Mar Environ Res 2021 Sep 17;171:105480. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Coastal Marine Field Station, University of Waikato, Tauranga, 3110, New Zealand.

This review collates research into fine sediment as a stressor of seagrass and emphasizes the multiple modes of action of this contaminant. The article is based on a bibliographic database search that identified 201 articles describing sediment impacts on seagrasses. Articles were classified by one of three non-exclusive modes of action: 1) light reduction; 2) smothering (burial), and 3) effects via rhizosphere physico-chemistry. Read More

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September 2021

The tension between clinical and microbiological relevance in applying clinical trial results for gram negative bacterial infections.

Clin Microbiol Infect 2021 Sep 18. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Middlemore Hospital, Counties Manukau Health, Auckland, New Zealand.

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September 2021

A Prospective, Median 15-Year Comparison of Ponseti Casting and Surgical Treatment of Clubfoot.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Starship Children's Health, Auckland District Health Board, Auckland, New Zealand.

Background: In 2010, 2 authors of this current study reported the results of Ponseti treatment compared with primary posteromedial release (PMR) for congenital talipes equinovarus in a cohort of 51 prospective patients. This current study shows outcomes recorded at a median of 15 years after the original treatment.

Methods: Patient health records were available for all 51 patients at a median of 15 years (range, 13 to 17 years) following treatment of congenital talipes equinovarus with either the Ponseti method (25 patients [38 feet]) or PMR (26 patients [42 feet]). Read More

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September 2021

A scoping review of hard systems and tools that restrict money and cash for gambling.

Authors:
Simone N Rodda

J Behav Addict 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

1School of Population Health, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand.

Background: Gamblers engage in a range of "soft" financial options to limit access to money or cash for gambling (e.g., family looks after cash). Read More

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September 2021