221,973 results match your criteria younger 45 years

COVID-19 Related Symptoms of Anxiety, Depression, and PTSD among US Adults.

Psychiatry Res 2021 Apr 24;301:113959. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Epidemiology and Environmental Health, School of Public Health and Health Professions, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA. Electronic address:

During the COVID-19 pandemic, social distancing measures often result in individual isolation, which can lead to adverse mental outcomes. We collected online questionnaires from 3,952 US adults to examine the impact of "shelter-in-place" guidelines on mental health, and to explore potential disparities and modifiable factors. Self-reported anxiety, depression, and PTSD symptoms were associated with more restrictive quarantine. Read More

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Prevalence of cannabis use, disorder, and medical card possession in U.S. military veterans: Results from the 2019-2020 National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study.

Addict Behav 2021 Apr 27;120:106963. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

National Center for PTSD, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA; Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, CT.

More than half of U.S. states legalized medical or recreational sale and possession of cannabis since the prevalence of cannabis use was last estimated among U. Read More

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Outcomes of Posterior Labral Repair with or without Concomitant High-Grade Glenohumeral Chondral Pathology: a retrospective cohort with minimum 2-year follow-up.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Carolinas Medical Center, Atrium Musculoskeletal Institute, 1025 Morehead Medical Dr., Suite #300, Charlotte, NC, 28204, USA. Electronic address:

Background: The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes of patients who underwent posterior labral repair with and without concomitant glenohumeral chondral pathology.

Methods: A retrospective review was performed on patients ≥ 18 years of age who underwent primary posterior labral repair over 5 years. Charts were reviewed to determine the presence and location of high-grade (Outerbridge Grade III/IV) pathology. Read More

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Risk Factors for Complications and Revision Surgery after Anatomic and Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Exactech, 2320 NW 66(th) Court, Gainesville, FL 32653, USA.

Background: Complications and revisions following anatomic (aTSA) and reverse (rTSA) total shoulder arthroplasty have deleterious effects on patient function and satisfaction. The purpose of this study is to evaluate patient-specific, implant-specific and technique-specific risk factors for intra-operative complications, postoperative complications, and the occurrence of revisions after aTSA and rTSA.

Methods: A total of 2964 aTSA and 5616 rTSA patients were enrolled in an international database of primary shoulder arthroplasty. Read More

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Effects of brain radiotherapy on cognitive performance in adult low-grade glioma patients: A Systematic Review.

Radiother Oncol 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Neurosurgery, Leeds General Infirmary, Great George Street, Leeds, UK.

Grade II gliomas are slow growing tumours that usually affect younger patients. The mainstream treatment modality at present is surgical. The role of radiation therapy in the management of grade II gliomas has been the subject of considerable debate. Read More

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Comparison of First Nations and non-First Nations children's profiles with bronchiectasis over two five-year periods from the Northern Territory, Australia.

Chest 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Child Health Division, Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, NT, Australia; Australian Centre for Health Services Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, Australia; Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Queensland Children's Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Background: Although the burden of bronchiectasis is globally recognised, there is limited paediatric data particularly on trends over the years. There is also no published data on whether vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency and human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection, both found to relate with severe bronchiectasis in First Nations adults, is also important in children with bronchiectasis.

Research Question: Among children with bronchiectasis, has (a) the clinical and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) profiles changed between two 5-year periods (period-1=2007-11, period-2=2012-16); and (b) is vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency and/or HTLV-1 infection associated with radiological severity of bronchiectasis?

Study Design And Methods: We analysed the data from children with bronchiectasis prospectively enrolled at Royal Darwin Hospital, Australia at their first diagnosis i. Read More

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Frequency of health-care service use and severity of illness in undocumented migrants in Catalonia, Spain: a population-based, cross-sectional study.

Lancet Planet Health 2021 May;5(5):e286-e296

Institut Català de la Salut, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: In Spain, legislation was passed in 2012 excluding undocumented migrants from the public health-care system. Catalonia was one of the Spanish regions that did not implement this legislation, and continued to guarantee access to health care to the whole population. We aimed to analyse health-care use and health status among undocumented migrants in Catalonia, and compare health-care use and health status with legal residents classified according to their socioeconomic position (SEP). Read More

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Impact of Media-based Negative and Positive Age Stereotypes on Older Individuals' Mental Health during the COVID-19 Pandemic.

J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Yale School of Public Health.

Objectives: During the COVID-19 pandemic, stigmatization of older persons has increased in traditional and social media. It was unknown whether this negative messaging could be detrimental to the mental health of older individuals, and whether the relatively uncommon positive messaging about older individuals could benefit their mental health.

Method: To address these gaps, we designed age-stereotype interventions based on actual news stories that appeared during the pandemic, and divided them into negative and positive versions of what we term personified (i. Read More

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Weight Loss Results and Compliance with Follow-up after Bariatric Surgery.

Obes Surg 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Bariatric Surgery, Spaarne Gasthuis, Haarlem, the Netherlands.

Purpose: The importance of follow-up (FU) for midterm weight loss (WL) after bariatric surgery is controversial. Compliance to this FU remains challenging. Several risk factors for loss to FU (LtFU) have been mentioned. Read More

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Does preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy impact short-term surgical outcomes in patients with locally advanced colon cancer?

Int J Colorectal Dis 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Surgery, University of Arizona Medical Center, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Background: Preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for colon cancer in advanced stages is associated with improved outcomes and tumor regression. The aim of our study was to identify outcomes in patients with colon cancer who received preoperative NAC.

Methods: A 4-year analysis of the American College of Surgeons-National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) was performed. Read More

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Epinephrine administration in venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation patients is associated with mortality: a retrospective cohort study.

ESC Heart Fail 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Pontchaillou, University Hospital of Rennes, Rennes, France.

Aims: Knowledge about the impact of epinephrine on the outcome in venoarterial (VA) extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) patients is limited, and existing data are conflicting.

Methods And Results: We conducted a retrospective cohort study in a 1500 bed tertiary university hospital. Five hundred and eighty-nine VA-ECMO patients were analysed. Read More

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Reference data for hop tests used in pediatric ACL injury rehabilitation: A cross-sectional study of healthy children.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Midwifery, Occupational Therapy and Psychomotor Therapy, Faculty of Health, University College Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

In rehabilitation, four single leg hop tests are frequently used for evaluation of ACL injured children. However, reference values on single leg hop performance and the corresponding limb symmetry indexes (LSIs) of healthy children younger than 15 years of age are lacking. Thus, the purpose was to describe hop performance and LSIs in healthy Danish children, and to quantify the proportion of participants passing LSI values of ≥85% as well as ≥90%. Read More

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Chest computed tomography findings of COVID-19 in children younger than 1 year: a systematic review.

World J Pediatr 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Background: The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the chest computed tomography (CT) findings in infants with confirmed COVID-19 infection by providing a comprehensive review of the existing literature.

Data Sources: A systematic search was conducted on PubMed and Embase from the onset of the COVID-19 outbreak to October 20, 2020, for studies that discussed the chest CT findings in infants younger than 1 year with COVID-19 infection.

Results: A total of 35 studies comprising 70 COVID-19 (58. Read More

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The impact of gender, age, race/ethnicity, and stage on quality of life in a spectrum of cutaneous lymphomas.

Support Care Cancer 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Division of Dermatology, City of Hope, Duarte, USA.

Purpose: Cutaneous lymphomas (CLs) are a group of rare, potentially disfiguring and disabling cancers that can have a significant impact on quality of life (QoL). While previous studies have shown that mycosis fungoides (MF) and Sézary syndrome (SS) impair QoL, the effect of other types of CL on QoL has not been evaluated.

Objective: To determine the impact of disease on QoL in all CL patients and to assess how QoL between the CL sub-types varies by demographic and clinical factors. Read More

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Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Multi-Hit Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Treated with Ibrutinib.

Clin Cancer Res 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Hematology, Rigshospitalet

: aberration ( mutation and/or 17p deletion) is the most important predictive marker in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). While each aberration is considered an equal prognosticator, the prognostic value of carrying isolated (single-hit) or multiple (multi-hit) aberrations remains unclear, particularly in the context of targeted agents. We performed deep sequencing of using baseline samples collected from 51 aberrant patients treated with ibrutinib in a phase II study (NCT01500733). Read More

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Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Nutrition Research Network: The Saqmolo' Project Rationale and Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial Examining the Influence of Daily Complementary Feeding of Eggs on Infant Development and Growth in Guatemala.

J Acad Nutr Diet 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Adequate nutrition during the complementary feeding period is critical for optimal child growth and development and for promoting long-term educational attainment and economic potential. To prioritize limited public health resources, there is a need for studies that rigorously assess the influence of multicomponent integrated nutrition interventions in children younger than age 2 years in different contexts. This study aimed to describe the rationale and protocol for the Saqmolo' Project using the Standard Protocol Items: Recommendations for Interventional Trials (SPIRIT) guidelines. Read More

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Longitudinal MRI brain volume changes over one year in children with mucopolysaccharidosis types IIIA and IIIB.

Mol Genet Metab 2021 Apr 27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Center for Gene Therapy, The Abigail Wexner Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Division of Neurology, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, The Ohio State University, Department of Neurology, Columbus, OH, United States of America. Electronic address:

Objective: To quantify changes in segmented brain volumes over 12 months in children with mucopolysaccharidosis types IIIA and IIIB (MPS IIIA and IIIB).

Methods: In order to establish suitable outcome measures for clinical trials, twenty-five children greater than 2 years of age were enrolled in a prospective natural history study of MPS IIIA and IIIB at Nationwide Children's Hospital. Data from sedated non-contrast brain 3 T MRIs and neuropsychological measures were reviewed from the baseline visit and at 12-month follow-up. Read More

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Active elderly and health-can moderate exercise improve health and wellbeing in older adults? Protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2021 May 7;22(1):331. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Background: Aging is marked by a progressive rise in chronic diseases with an impact on social and healthcare costs. Physical activity (PA) may soothe the inconveniences related to chronic diseases, has positive effects on the quality of life and biological rhythms, and can prevent the decline in motor functions and the consequent falls, which are associated with early death and disability in older adults.

Methods: We randomized 120 over-65 males and females into groups of similar size and timing and will give each either moderate physical activity or cultural and recreational activities. Read More

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A new lesser metatarsophalangeal joint replacement arthroplasty design - in vitro and cadaver studies.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 May 7;22(1):424. Epub 2021 May 7.

Netcare Sunninghill Hospital, Suite 3A, -2 Level, Westwing, Cnr Nanyuki & Witkoppen Road, Sunninghill, Johannesburg, 2157, South Africa.

Background: Isolated degenerative joint disease and/or Freiberg's infraction of the lesser metatarsophalangeal joint, although not frequent may become debilitating in the younger individual. Currently, once conservative management fails, the mainstay of treatment is debridement and excision-interposition arthroplasty. Replacement arthroplasty has been ineffective in the long term as the joints are subject to severe repetitive fatigue loading over small articulating surfaces through a wide range of motion. Read More

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COVID-19 and atrial fibrillation in older patients. Does oral anticoagulant therapy provide a survival benefit? An insight from the GeroCovid Registry.

Thromb Haemost 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Medicine, Campus Bio-Medico University, Roma, Italy.

Introduction: Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most frequent arrhythmia of older patients, associates with serious thrombo-embolic complications and high mortality. COVID-19 severely affects aged subjects, determining an important prothrombotic status. Aim of this study was to evaluate mortality-related factors in older AF patients with COVID-19. Read More

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Anterior Cruciate Ligament Repair: Historical Perspective, Indications, Techniques, and Outcomes.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2020 Dec;28(23):963-971

From the Department of Orthopaedics, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) repair was first reported in 1895 by Sir Arthur Mayo-Robson. Open primary ACL repair was performed throughout the 1970s and 1980s; however, rerupture rates were as high as 50% at mid-term follow-up. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, synthetic graft materials received consideration; however, the outcomes were abysmal. Read More

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December 2020

Identifying patients at risk for nonroutine discharge after surgery for cervical myelopathy: an analysis from the Quality Outcomes Database.

J Neurosurg Spine 2021 May 7:1-9. Epub 2021 May 7.

15Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Objective: Optimizing patient discharge after surgery has been shown to impact patient recovery and hospital/physician workflow and to reduce healthcare costs. In the current study, the authors sought to identify risk factors for nonroutine discharge after surgery for cervical myelopathy by using a national spine registry.

Methods: The Quality Outcomes Database cervical module was queried for patients who had undergone surgery for cervical myelopathy between 2016 and 2018. Read More

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Cost-effectiveness analysis in patients with an unruptured cerebral aneurysm treated with observation or surgery.

J Neurosurg 2021 May 7:1-9. Epub 2021 May 7.

Faculty of Medicine, Divisions of1Neurosurgery and.

Objective: The main goal of preventive treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) is to avoid the morbidity and mortality associated with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. A comparison between the conservative approach and the surgical approach combining endovascular treatment and microsurgical clipping is currently lacking. This study aimed to conduct an updated evaluation of cost-effectiveness comparing the two approaches in patients with UIA. Read More

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Silent corticotroph pituitary adenomas: clinical characteristics, long-term outcomes, and management of disease recurrence.

J Neurosurg 2021 May 7:1-8. Epub 2021 May 7.

Departments of1Neurological Surgery.

Objective: Silent corticotroph adenomas (SCAs) are a distinct subtype of nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFAs) that demonstrate positive immunohistochemistry for adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) without causing Cushing's disease. SCAs are hypothesized to exhibit more aggressive behavior than standard NFAs. The authors analyzed their institution's surgical experience with SCAs in an effort to characterize rates of invasion, postoperative clinical outcomes, and patterns of disease recurrence and progression. Read More

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Mechanisms of postural control in older adults based on surface electromyography data.

Hum Mov Sci 2021 May 4;78:102803. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Physical Therapy, School of Rehabilitation, Tokyo Kasei University, Inariyama2-15-1, Sayama 350-1398, Japan. Electronic address:

Objectives: The present study aimed to clarify the mechanisms of postural control during standing in older adults and document the mechanisms of age-related motor control based on changes in muscle activities.

Methods: A total of 26 healthy male adults (older adult group, ≥65-78 years: n = 16; younger adult group, 20-23 years: n = 10) participated in this study. Ground reaction force and kinematic data of the lower limbs (hip, knee, and ankle), and electromyographic data from 6 postural muscles on the right side were recorded and quantified for each motor phase during rapid voluntary center of pressure (COP) shift. Read More

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Association of Neighborhood Socioeconomic Disadvantage With Complicated Appendicitis in Children.

J Surg Res 2021 May 4;265:245-251. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Electronic address:

Background: Lower socioeconomic status (SES) is linked to poorer outcomes for a variety of health conditions in children, potentially through delay in accessing care. The objective of this study was to measure the association between SES and delay in surgical care as marked by presentation with complicated appendicitis (CA).

Methods: Children treated for acute appendicitis between 2015-2019 at a large academic children's hospital were reviewed. Read More

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Prediction of reproductive function recovery after microsurgical varicocelectomy in men from infertile couples: Clinical and laboratory predictors.

Andrologia 2021 May 7:e14101. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Urology and Andrology, Faculty of Fundamental Medicine, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

The objective was to reveal predictors for fertility recovery after varicocelectomy in subfertile men. This retrospective study recruited 93 men with clinical varicocele and pathozoospermia who underwent microsurgical varicocelectomy. Stepwise discriminant analysis was performed to identify predictors of spontaneous pregnancy (SP) after surgery. Read More

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Diabetes in a TB and HIV-endemic South African population: Analysis of a virtual cohort using routine health data.

PLoS One 2021 7;16(5):e0251303. Epub 2021 May 7.

Division of Computational Biology, Integrative Biomedical Sciences Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: It is widely accepted that people living with diabetes (PLWD) are at increased risk of infectious disease, yet there is a paucity of epidemiology studies on the relationship between diabetes and infectious disease in SSA. In a region with a high burden of infectious disease, this has serious consequences for PLWD.

Methods And Findings: Using routinely collected longitudinal health data, we describe the epidemiology of diabetes in a large virtual cohort of PLWD who have a high burden of HIV and TB, from the Khayelitsha subdistrict in the Western Cape Province in South Africa. Read More

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Increased risk of Alzheimer's disease among patients with age-related macular degeneration: A nationwide population-based study.

PLoS One 2021 7;16(5):e0250440. Epub 2021 May 7.

School of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the risk of Alzheimer's disease among patients with age-related macular degeneration and its association with confounding comorbidities.

Method: This was a population-based, retrospective cohort study. By accessing data from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan, we identified 10,578 patients aged 50-100 years who were newly diagnosed with age-related macular degeneration between 2000 and 2012 and 10,578 non- age-related macular degeneration individuals. Read More

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