192,587 results match your criteria young woman

Decrease in prevalence but increase in frequency of non-marijuana drug use following the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in a large cohort of young men who have sex with men and young transgender women.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2021 Apr 10;223:108701. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Northwestern University, Department of Medical Social Sciences, 625 N Michigan Ave, Chicago, IL, 60611, United States; Northwestern University, Institute for Sexual and Gender Minority Health and Wellbeing, 625 N Michigan Ave, Chicago, IL, 60611, United States.

Background: Substantial concern exists regarding the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on substance use behaviors. This is especially true for subpopulations like young men who have sex with men and young transgender women (YMSM-YTW) who report higher rates of substance use. This study examines changes in prevalence and frequency of marijuana and non-marijuana drug use among YMSM-YTW following the onset of the pandemic. Read More

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Sleep and physical activity in university students: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Sleep Med Rev 2021 Mar 20;58:101482. Epub 2021 Mar 20.

Appleton Institute, Central Queensland University, Adelaide, Australia.

University students have low levels of physical activity and report disturbances to sleep, which are independently associated with poor health outcomes. Some research suggests that there is a bi-directional relationship between sleep and physical activity in adults. However, the relationship between sleep and physical activity in university students has not yet been evaluated. Read More

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In-hospital Outcomes and Long-term Survival of Women of Childbearing Age with Aortic Dissection: Results from a Single-Center Database.

J Vasc Surg 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, McGovern Medical School at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), Houston, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: To define the outcomes and impact of pregnancy in a cohort of women of childbearing age with acute aortic dissection (AAD).

Methods: We reviewed our database of AAD to identify all eligible female patients. Women under the age of 45 were included. Read More

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Associations between air pollution exposure and birth defects: a time series analysis.

Environ Geochem Health 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Occupational Health and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, 81 Meishan Road, Hefei, 230032, Anhui, China.

Air pollution is a serious environmental problem in China. Birth defects are particularly vulnerable to outdoor air pollution. Our study was to evaluate the association between short-term exposure to air pollutants and the risk of birth defects. Read More

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Social stress and risk of declining cognition: a longitudinal study of men and women in the United States.

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Division of Geriatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine, 10833 Le Conte Ave, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.

Limited research is available on the relationship between social stress and risk of declining cognition. We sought to examine whether social stress has adverse effects on risk of declining episodic memory and executive functioning in aging individuals. We used data from the MIDUS study, a national probability sample of non-institutionalized, English speaking respondents aged 25-74 living in the 48 contiguous states of the United States. Read More

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Young adults' coping strategies against loneliness during the COVID-19-related quarantine in Greece.

Health Promot Int 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

1st Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, General Hospital "Papageorgiou", Ring Road Thessaloniki, N. Efkarpia, 54603 Thessaloniki, Greece.

COVID-19 and the related quarantine disrupted young adults' academic and professional life, daily routine and socio-emotional well-being. This cross-sectional study focused on the emotional and behavioural responses of a young adult population during the COVID-19-related quarantine in April 2020, in Greece. The study was conducted through an online survey. Read More

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Susceptibility to chronic immobilization stress-induced depressive-like behaviour in middle-aged female mice and accompanying changes in dopamine D1 and GABA receptors in related brain regions.

Behav Brain Funct 2021 Apr 16;17(1). Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Xi'an Medical University School of Nursing, Xi'an, Shaanxi, PR China.

Background: Middle-aged females, especially perimenopausal females, are vulnerable to depression, but the potential mechanism remains unclear. Dopaminergic and GABAergic system dysfunction is involved in the pathophysiology of depression. In the current study, we used 2-month-old and 11-month-old C57BL/6 mice as young and middle-aged mice, respectively. Read More

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Fresher with flavour: young women smokers' constructions and experiences of menthol capsule cigarettes and regular cigarettes.

E Gilbert A Ewald

BMC Womens Health 2021 Apr 16;21(1):155. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

School of Psychology, Western Sydney University, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, NSW, 2751, Australia.

Background: Flavour capsule cigarettes are one of the fastest growing segments of the tobacco market, and there is evidence that Australian young people are increasingly using menthol flavoured capsule cigarettes. This qualitative research examines how young women construct and experience menthol flavour capsule cigarettes as part of their smoking practices, and explores the perceived differences between menthol capsule cigarettes and regular cigarettes. Semi-structured face-to-face in-depth interviews were conducted with 41 Australian young women smokers, using a constructivist grounded theory approach. Read More

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Is stress related to the presence and persistence of oncogenic human papillomavirus infection in young women?

BMC Cancer 2021 Apr 16;21(1):419. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Zurich, Binzmühlestrasse 14/26, 8050, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Persistent infection with high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) is the most important risk factor for the development of cervical cancer, but factors contributing to HR-HPV persistence are incompletely understood. The objective of this study was to test for associations of chronic stress and two aspects of diurnal cortisol secretion (i.e. Read More

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Association of source country gender inequality with experiencing assault and poor mental health among young female immigrants to Ontario, Canada.

BMC Public Health 2021 Apr 16;21(1):739. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

ICES, 2075 Bayview Ave, Toronto, ON, M4N 3M5, Canada.

Background: Gender inequality varies across countries and is associated with poor outcomes including violence against women and depression. Little is known about the relationship of source county gender inequality and poor health outcomes in female immigrants.

Methods: We used administrative databases to conduct a cohort study of 299,228 female immigrants ages 6-29 years becoming permanent residence in Ontario, Canada between 2003 and 2017 and followed up to March 31, 2020 for severe presentations of suffering assault, and selected mental health disorders (mood or anxiety, self-harm) as measured by hospital visits or death. Read More

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Adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy among people living with HIV and associated high-risk behaviours and clinical characteristics: A cross-sectional survey in Vietnam.

Int J STD AIDS 2021 Apr 16:9564624211002405. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Graduate School of Public Health, 83911St Luke's International University, Tokyo, Japan.

Although Vietnam has promoted the utilisation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) towards HIV elimination targets, adherence to treatment has remained under-investigated. We aimed to describe high-risk behaviours and clinical characteristics by adherence status and to identify the factors associated with non-adherence. We included 426 people living with HIV (PLWH) currently or previously involved in HAART. Read More

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How Nearby Homicides Affect Young Women's Pregnancy Desires: Evidence From a Quasi-Experiment.

Demography 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Leveraging spatiotemporal variation in homicides that occurred during a 2.5-year weekly panel survey of 387 women ages 18-22 in Flint, Michigan, we investigate how young women's desires to become pregnant and to avoid pregnancy evolve in response to local homicides during the transition to adulthood. To address the endogeneity of exposure, we explore how the same woman's pregnancy desires (1) differed, on average, across weeks before and after the first homicide occurred within a quarter mile of her home; (2) evolved in the aftermath of this initial homicide exposure; and (3) changed in response to additional nearby homicides. Read More

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Origins and mechanisms leading to aneuploidy in human eggs.

Prenat Diagn 2021 Apr 22;41(5):620-630. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Genetics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, New Jersey, USA.

The gain or loss of a chromosome-or aneuploidy-acts as one of the major triggers for infertility and pregnancy loss in humans. These chromosomal abnormalities affect more than 40% of eggs in women at both ends of the age spectrum, that is, young girls as well as women of advancing maternal age. Recent studies in human oocytes and embryos using genomics, cytogenetics, and in silico modeling all provide new insight into the rates and potential genetic and cellular factors associated with aneuploidy at varying stages of development. Read More

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Polymorphous low-grade neuroepithelial tumor of the young: A detailed patho-molecular analysis and discussion of a case.

Clin Neuropathol 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Aim: Polymorphous low-grade neuroepithelial tumor of the young (PLNTY) is a rare entity with a diffuse, infiltrative pattern, awaiting to be included in the WHO CNS tumor classification; it occurs in pediatric and young patients with seizures and harbors mutually exclusive BRAFV600E or FGFR mutations. Nonetheless, the presence of these mutations may not be obligatory for diagnosis. The conventional histology of these tumors resembles that of oligodendrogliomas. Read More

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Awareness about Vulvovaginal Aesthetics Procedures among Medical Students and Health Professionals in Saudi Arabia.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2021 Mar 15;43(3):178-184. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Alfarabi College of Medicine, Alfarabi, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Objective:  The present study aimed to explore the opinion and ethical consideration of vulvovaginal aesthetics procedures (VVAPs) among health professionals and medical students in Saudi Arabia.

Methods:  This is a cross-sectional study performed between January 2020 and April 2020. Data was collected through electronic media, WhatsApp, and emails. Read More

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Postplacental Placement of Intrauterine Devices: Acceptability, Reasons for Refusal and Proposals to Increase its Use.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2021 Mar 15;43(3):172-177. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medical Science, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil.

Objective:  To evaluate the acceptability of postplacental placement of intrauterine devices (PPIUD), reasons for refusal and suggested policies to increase its use.

Methods:  Cross-sectional study conducted at the Women Hospital of the Universidade de Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil. Postplacental placement of intrauterine devices was offered to women admitted in labor who did not present infections, uterine malformation, twin pregnancy, preterm birth, and were at least 18 years old. Read More

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Dietary Riboflavin Intake and Riboflavin Status in Young Adult Women Living in Metro Vancouver, Canada.

Curr Dev Nutr 2021 Apr 13;5(4):nzab021. Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Women and Kids Theme, South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute, and Discipline of Paediatrics, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Background: Nutrition surveys suggest that <10% of Canadian adults have inadequate riboflavin intakes. However, biochemical riboflavin deficiency [erythrocyte glutathione reductase activity coefficient (EGRac) ≥1.40] has been reported in 41% of young adult women living in Metro Vancouver. Read More

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Severe Bone Microarchitecture Impairment in Women With Pregnancy and Lactation-Associated Osteoporosis.

J Endocr Soc 2021 May 26;5(5):bvab031. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Instituto de Diagnóstico e Investigaciones Metabólicas (IDIM), Universidad del Salvador, ZC 1012 Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Context: Pregnancy- and lactation-associated osteoporosis (PLO) is a rare condition characterized by fragility fractures, mostly vertebral, during the third trimester of pregnancy or the early postpartum period.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate bone microarchitecture in women with PLO to better understand the pathophysiology of this disease.

Methods: In this retrospective study, we included women with PLO referred to our bone center between November 2007 and July 2012. Read More

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Magnetic Resonance Imaging Features in Different Types of Invasive Breast Cancer: A Systematic Review of the Literature.

Cureus 2021 Mar 12;13(3):e13854. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Cardiology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, USA.

Breast cancer is the most common malignancy affecting women worldwide, and early diagnosis of breast cancer is the key to its successful and effective treatment. Traditional imaging techniques such as mammography and ultrasound are used to detect and configure breast abnormalities; unfortunately, these modalities have low sensitivity and specificity, particularly in young patients with dense breast tissue, breast implants, or post-surgical scar/architecture distortions. Therefore, breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been superior in the characterization and detection of breast cancer, especially that with invasive features. Read More

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A pilot evaluation of expedited partner treatment and partner HIV self-testing among adolescent girls and young women diagnosed with Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in Kisumu, Kenya.

Sex Transm Dis 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Centre for Microbiology Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Introduction: Expedited partner treatment (EPT) is effective for preventing STI recurrence, but concerns about intimate partner violence and missed opportunities for HIV testing have limited its use in African settings.

Methods: We conducted a pilot prospective evaluation of EPT among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) accessing HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis in an implementation project in Kisumu, Kenya. Those with etiologic diagnosis of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) were treated and given the option of delivering STI medication and HIV self-test kits to their current sexual partner(s). Read More

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Atypical chest pain in a young woman with an interatrial bronchogenic cyst.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Apr 15;14(4). Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Internal Medicine, Advocate Illinois Masonic Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

A 31-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with atypical retrosternal chest pain and dyspnoea. Investigations initially revealed atrial flutter on her electrocardiogram and an interatrial septal mass on CT angiography of the chest. Additional workup with cardiac MRI and transoesophageal echocardiogram were able to delineate the cardiac mass. Read More

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Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on anxiety and depression symptoms of young people in the global south: evidence from a four-country cohort study.

BMJ Open 2021 Apr 15;11(4):e049653. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Objective: To provide evidence on the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of young people who grew up in poverty in low/middle-income countries (LMICs).

Design: A phone survey administered between August and October 2020 to participants of a population-based longitudinal cohort study established in 2002 comprising two cohorts born in 1994-1995 and 2001-2002 in Ethiopia, India (Andhra Pradesh and Telangana), Peru and Vietnam. We use logistic regressions to examine associations between mental health and pandemic-related stressors, structural factors (gender, age), and lifelong protective/risk factors (parent and peer relationship, wealth, long-term health problems, past emotional problems, subjective well-being) measured at younger ages. Read More

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Brown Adipose Tissue Volume and Fat Content are Positively Associated with Whole-Body Adiposity in Young Men, Not in Women.

Diabetes 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

PROFITH "PROmoting FITness and Health through Physical Activity" Research Group, Sport and Health University Research Institute (iMUDS), Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Crta. Alfacar s/n, 18071 Granada, Spain.

Human brown adipose tissue (BAT) volume has been consistently claimed as inversely associated with whole-body adiposity. However, recent advances in the assessment of human BAT suggest that previously reported associations may have been biased. The present cross-sectional study investigates the association of BAT volume, mean radiodensity, and F-fluordeoxyglucose (F-FDG) uptake (assessed via a static positron emission tomography-computerized tomography (PET-CT) scan after a 2-hour personalized cold exposure) with whole-body adiposity (measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) in 126 young adults (42 men/84 women; 25±5 kg/m). Read More

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Rosai-Dorfman-Destombes (RDD) disease presenting as palindromic rheumatism.

BMC Med Imaging 2021 Apr 15;21(1):72. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Radiology, University of California, UCSD Medical Center, 200 W Arbor Drive, San Diego, CA, 92103-2686, USA.

Background: Rosai-Dorfman-Destombes (RDD) disease, is a rare proliferative and inflammatory disorder of non-Langerhans cell histiocytes.

Case Presentation: We report a 35-year-old woman, who originally presented with recurrent episodes of lower extremity joint/bone pain and chronic nasal stuffiness and congestion. Her worsening nasal congestion was due to an obstructing nasal cavity lesion which was subsequently biopsied. Read More

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Dual catastrophe of COVID-19: Massive pulmonary embolism and stroke in a previously healthy young patient: A case report.

J Infect Public Health 2021 Jan 30;14(5):647-650. Epub 2021 Jan 30.

Infectious Diseases Section, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

We are reporting a 45-year-old woman with COVID-19 who presented to the Emergency Department with a transient loss of consciousness and was found to have a massive pulmonary embolism and an acute stroke. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case that calls for attention to the importance of vigilance for such a catastrophic presentation of COVID-19. Read More

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January 2021

fvVaginal drug delivery approaches for localized management of cervical cancer.

Adv Drug Deliv Rev 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

State Key Laboratory of Polymer Physics and Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P. R. China. Electronic address:

Cervical cancer or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) remain a major public health problem among women globally. Traditional methods such as surgery are often associated with possible complications which may impact future pregnancies and childbirth especially for young female patients. Vagina with a high contact surface is a suitable route for the local and systemic delivery of drugs but its abundant mucus in continuous exchange presents a barrier for the popularization of conventional vaginal formulations including suppositories, gel, patch, creams and so on. Read More

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Cost of pre-exposure prophylaxis delivery in family planning clinics to prevent HIV acquisition among adolescent girls and young women in Kisumu, Kenya.

PLoS One 2021 15;16(4):e0249625. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States of America.

Introduction: Oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is increasingly being implemented in sub-Saharan Africa. Adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in Kenya contribute more than half of all new infections among young people aged 15-24 years, highlighting the need for evidence on the cost of PrEP in real-world implementation to inform the budget impact, cost-effectiveness, and financial sustainability of PrEP programs.

Methods: We estimated the cost of delivering PrEP to AGYW enrolled in a PrEP implementation study in two family planning clinics in Kisumu county, located in western Kenya. Read More

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"The highest values are individual": The life and times of eleanor harris rowland wembridge.

Psychol Serv 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Psychology.

Eleanor Harris Rowland Wembridge, one of the first women psychologists in the country, advocated tirelessly for the delivery of psychological services to enhance the lives of marginalized girls and women. Eleanor launched forward professionally with her doctorate at the young age of 22 and began work 5 years later at the Bedford reformatory that would ultimately lead to the first published correctional psychology research study. This precedent sets the historical marker at the interface of offender assessment, programs, and reentry. Read More

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Tibial Macrostructure and Microarchitecture Adaptations in Women During 44 Weeks of Arduous Military Training.

J Bone Miner Res 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Army Health and Performance Research, Army Headquarters, Andover, UK.

Bone adapts to unaccustomed, high-impact loading but loses mechanosensitivity quickly. Short periods of military training (≤12 weeks) increase the density and size of the tibia in women. The effect of longer periods of military training, where the incidence of stress fracture is high, on tibial macrostructure and microarchitecture in women is unknown. Read More

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Thematic Analysis of Dyadic Coping in Couples With Young-Onset Dementia.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Apr 1;4(4):e216111. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Integrated Brain Health Clinical and Research Program, Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston.

Importance: A diagnosis of young-onset dementia (YOD) is a life-altering event for both persons with dementia and their spousal caregivers. Dyadic coping (DC) theoretical models acknowledge that dyads cope with stressors as a unit, but these models have yet to be used in YOD.

Objective: To explore the lived experiences of couples managing YOD using an integrated DC model. Read More

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