6,859 results match your criteria years marketing


Safety of Dapagliflozin in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Saudi Arabia: A Post Authorization Safety Study.

Diabetes Ther 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: Sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors moderately reduce glucose levels in type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Some cases of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) were reported with SGLT2 inhibitors. However, data on the long-term safety of dapagliflozin in Saudi Arabia are lacking. Read More

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Diversity climate, trust, and turnover intentions: A multilevel dynamic system.

J Appl Psychol 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Pamplin College of Business, Virginia Tech.

Past research on employee trust and diversity climate is cross-sectional and often overlooks the distinction between overall unit climate and individual perceptions of climate. The current article addresses the complex relationship between trust and diversity climate, including directionality, evolution over time, multilevel characteristics, and influence on the critical outcome of turnover intentions. Using a novel, a multilevel analysis of cross-lagged panel data with latent interactions, we examined 6 years of data from 3,218 faculty members across 294 departments in a large U. Read More

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Alcohol use and associated factors among adolescent boys and young men in Kampala, Uganda.

Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 2021 Jun 9;16(1):49. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Disease Control and Environmental Health, Makerere University School of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Alcohol use leads to about 3 million deaths globally. The alcohol industry employs marketing strategies to establish their brands in the lives of young people at a time when addictive behaviors are initiated and reinforced. We conducted a survey among adolescent boys and young men (ABYM) to estimate the prevalence of alcohol use and associated factors using the Health Belief Model as the guiding framework. Read More

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Awareness and outcomes of the fruits and veggies (FNV) campaign to promote fruit and vegetable consumption among targeted audiences in California and Virginia: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Public Health 2021 Jun 9;21(1):1100. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Human Nutrition, Foods, and Exercise, Virginia Tech, 257 Wallace Hall, 295 West Campus Drive, Blacksburg, Virginia, 24061, USA.

Background: In 2015, the Partnership for a Healthier America launched the branded Fruits & Veggies (FNV) Campaign to apply a unique industry-inspired marketing approach to promote fruit and vegetable sales and intake to moms and teens in two US pilot markets: Fresno, California and Hampton Roads, Virginia. The aims of this cross-sectional study were to: 1) assess brand awareness and fruit- and vegetable-related outcomes among FNV Campaign target audiences in the California and Virginia market locations; and 2) examine whether reported awareness of the FNV Campaign was associated with differences in fruit- and vegetable-related cognitive and behavioral outcomes.

Methods: Data for this cross-sectional study were collected using an online survey administered to a non-probability convenience sample (n = 1604; February-July 2017) of youth aged 14-20 years (n = 744) and moms aged 21-36 years (n = 860) in the two pilot markets. Read More

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Efinaconazole topical solution (10%) for the treatment of onychomycosis in adult and pediatric patients.

Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Mediprobe Research Inc., London, ON, CAN.

Introduction: Onychomycosis, a common nail disorder caused by fungal infection, can be managed pharmaceutically with oral or topical treatments. While oral treatments are often used first-line to treat nail infections, these systemic antifungals are not appropriate for all patients, and no oral treatments are approved for use in children in the USA. Given this need, topical antifungals were developed, which can be used as monotherapy or in combination with oral drugs. Read More

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Lifestyle Habits and Wellbeing Among Physicians in Pakistan: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Cureus 2021 May 6;13(5):e14875. Epub 2021 May 6.

Surgery, Darul Sehat Hospital, Karachi, PAK.

Introduction Physicians' attitude towards a healthy lifestyle is important as it determines their extent of acceptance of these habits leading to overall well-being. Physicians with healthy lifestyle habits are more confident in advocating the same to their patients and their patients are keener in adopting lifestyle modifications. This study aimed to evaluate the lifestyle habits, wellbeing, and mental health of physicians in Pakistan. Read More

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Marketing management practices in an emergency care department.

J Med Life 2021 Mar-Apr;14(2):271-276

Department of Healthcare Marketing and Medical Technology, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucurest, Romania.

The aim of this case study was to identify effective marketing management strategies in the Emergency Care Department of a Romanian Emergency Hospital. An observational design study was conducted, and the instrument for collecting the data was the self-administered questionnaire. Out of 100 questionnaires completed, 74 proved to be valid. Read More

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Hepatitis D virus in 2021: virology, immunology and new treatment approaches for a difficult-to-treat disease.

Gut 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy.

Approximately 5% of individuals infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) are coinfected with hepatitis D virus (HDV). Chronic HBV/HDV coinfection is associated with an unfavourable outcome, with many patients developing liver cirrhosis, liver failure and eventually hepatocellular carcinoma within 5-10 years. The identification of the HBV/HDV receptor and the development of novel in vitro and animal infection models allowed a more detailed study of the HDV life cycle in recent years, facilitating the development of specific antiviral drugs. Read More

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An updated review on synthetic cathinones.

Arch Toxicol 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

UCIBIO, REQUIMTE, Laboratory of Toxicology, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Cathinone, the main psychoactive compound found in the plant Catha edulis Forsk. (khat), is a β-keto analogue of amphetamine, sharing not only the phenethylamine structure, but also the amphetamine-like stimulant effects. Synthetic cathinones are derivatives of the naturally occurring cathinone that largely entered the recreational drug market at the end of 2000s. Read More

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[The development history of oral contraceptives].

Authors:
Y Meng Z P Li

Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi 2021 Mar;51(2):92-96

Department of Medical History, School of Basic Medicine Sciences, Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150086,China.

The creation of oral contraceptives goes back 60 years. It has gone through a long and complex process from the discovery of sex hormones to their development into drugs to market. A correct understanding of the developmental history of oral contraceptives is of great importance for human reproduction. Read More

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Sociodemographic factors and early marriage among women in Bangladesh, Ghana and Iraq: An illustration from Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey.

Heliyon 2021 May 25;7(5):e07111. Epub 2021 May 25.

Statistics Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna, 9208, Bangladesh.

Early marriage is a form of violation of child rights to grow and develop. The Sustainable Development Goals had included early marriage in target 5.3, aiming to eliminate by 2030. Read More

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Twitch user perceptions, attitudes and behaviours in relation to food and beverage marketing on Twitch compared with YouTube.

J Nutr Sci 2021 27;10:e32. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, College of Health and Human Development, The Pennsylvania State University, 110 Chandlee Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802, USA.

Influencer marketing may be amplified on livestreaming platforms (e.g., Twitch) compared with asynchronous social media (e. Read More

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Twelve years of European cancer drug approval-a systematic investigation of the 'magnitude of clinical benefit'.

ESMO Open 2021 Jun 1;6(3):100166. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Austrian Institute for Health Technology Assessment (AIHTA), Vienna, Austria.

Background: The magnitude of clinical benefit of solid cancer drugs can be standardly assessed via the Magnitude of Clinical Benefit Scale (MCBS) developed by the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO). We applied two ESMO-MCBS versions to the last 12 years of European cancer drug approval and compared two predefined marketing authorisation timeframes to identify potential score changes over time.

Material And Methods: Originator solid cancer drugs and indication extensions that were approved between 1 January 2009 and 31 October 2020 by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) were included in our analyses. Read More

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Accessibility and Universal Design: Do They Provide Economic Benefits?

Stud Health Technol Inform 2021 Jun;282:3-12

Department of Economics and Management, Università degli Studi di Brescia (Italy).

Certainly, the issue of accessibility has, in addition to a well-known social value, obvious economic repercussions. However, these are not easily measurable, as they can be investigated only on the basis of indicators that are mainly qualitative and indirect. That said, this paper will highlight some aspects that can be considered a first approach, identifying the variables and key players in the economic field. Read More

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Assessment of the Impact of Tardive Dyskinesia in Clinical Practice: Consensus Panel Recommendations.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2021 24;17:1589-1597. Epub 2021 May 24.

Rocky Mountain Movement Disorders Center, Englewood, CO, USA.

Purpose: Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a hyperkinetic movement disorder in which patients experience abnormal involuntary movements that can have profound negative impacts on physical, cognitive, and psychosocial functioning. Use of measures to assess the functional impact of TD in routine clinical practice is lacking. To address this gap, an advisory panel of experts in psychiatry and movement disorder neurology was convened to develop consensus recommendations on assessment of the impact of TD on patients' functioning that can be used in clinical practice. Read More

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What's in a Name? Re-Branding and Re-Framing School Health Education to School Boards and Legislators as Education for Health Literacy-A Commentary.

J Sch Health 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

School of Interdisciplinary Health Programs, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, 49008, USA.

Background: Branding involves "labeling" (for identification) and "meaning" (for understanding) to a product, service, person, idea, or other entity. We are familiar with "brands" of soft drinks, automobiles, mobile phones, soups, cigarettes, and sports teams, and some brands have greater "market share" than others.

Methods: In this commentary, we review some of the ways that school health has been branded over the past 50+ years. Read More

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Gluten and FODMAPs Relationship with Mental Disorders: Systematic Review.

Nutrients 2021 May 31;13(6). Epub 2021 May 31.

Gluten Analysis Laboratory of the University of the Basque Country, Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of the Basque Country, 01006 Vitoria, Spain.

Nowadays, gluten and FODMAP food components (fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols) are increasingly studied due to their possible relation with extraintestinal-associated conditions. In recent years, gluten-free diets (GFD) and low-FODMAP diets (LFD) are becoming more popular not only in order to avoid the food components that cause intolerances or allergies in some people, but also due to the direct influence of marketing movements or diet trends on feeding habits. Likewise, neurological and psychiatric diseases are currently of increasing importance in developed countries. Read More

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Consumer Perspectives on Processing Technologies for Organic Food.

Foods 2021 May 27;10(6). Epub 2021 May 27.

Section of Agricultural and Food Marketing, University of Kassel, 37213 Witzenhausen, Germany.

Over the last years, consumer demand for natural and healthy convenient food has increased, and with it the demand for organic convenience food. With convenience food, the processing level increases, which consumers are sceptical of. This holds especially for organic consumers who prefer natural, healthy, and sustainable food products. Read More

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Clinical Management of COVID-19: A Review of Pharmacological Treatment Options.

Pharmaceuticals (Basel) 2021 May 28;14(6). Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Campbell University, Buies Creek, NC 27501, USA.

Since the outbreak and subsequent declaration of COVID-19 as a global pandemic in March 2020, concerted efforts have been applied by the scientific community to curtail the spread of the disease and find a cure. While vaccines constitute a vital part of the public health strategy to reduce the burden of COVID-19, the management of this disease will continue to rely heavily on pharmacotherapy. This study aims to provide an updated review of pharmacological agents that have been developed and/or repurposed for the treatment of COVID-19. Read More

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Psycho-Behavioural Segmentation in Food and Nutrition: A Systematic Scoping Review of the Literature.

Nutrients 2021 May 25;13(6). Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Nutrition, Dietetics and Food, Monash University, Notting Hill 3168, Australia.

Inadequate dietary intakes are a key modifiable risk factor to reduce the risk of developing non-communicable diseases. To encourage healthy eating and behaviour change, innovative public health interventions are required. Social marketing, in particular segmentation, can be used to understand and target specific population groups. Read More

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Food and drink marketing on social media and dietary intake in Australian adolescents: Findings from a cross-sectional survey.

Appetite 2021 May 29;166:105431. Epub 2021 May 29.

Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, Cancer Council Victoria, 615 St Kilda Road, Melbourne, Victoria, 3004, Australia. Electronic address:

Unhealthy food and drink marketing is prominent on social media and use of such platforms is widespread among adolescents. This study aims to examine the association between exposure to and engagement with food or drink advertisements on social media and unhealthy food and drink intake in Australian adolescents. In 2018, a representative sample of secondary school students aged 12-17 years (N = 8708) self-reported how frequently they saw food or drink advertisements on social media (exposure), 'liked' or 'shared' food or drink posts (engagement), and consumption of various unhealthy food and drinks. Read More

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Association between industry payments and prescriptions of long-acting insulin: An observational study with propensity score matching.

PLoS Med 2021 Jun 1;18(6):e1003645. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America.

Background: The rapidly increased spending on insulin is a major public health issue in the United States. Industry marketing might be one of the upstream determinants of physicians' prescription of long-acting insulin-the most commonly used and costly type of insulin, but the evidence is lacking. We therefore aimed to investigate the association between industry payments to physicians and subsequent prescriptions of long-acting insulin. Read More

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A designathon to co-create community-driven HIV self-testing services for Nigerian youth: findings from a participatory event.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 May 31;21(1):505. Epub 2021 May 31.

Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Background: Youth are at high risk for HIV, but are often left out of designing interventions, including those focused on adolescents. We organized a designathon for Nigerian youth to develop HIV self-testing (HIVST) strategies for potential implementation in their local communities. A designathon is a problem-focused event where participants work together over a short period to create and present solutions to a judging panel. Read More

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How Does Social Media Exposure and Engagement Influence College Students' Use of ENDS Products? A Cross-lagged Longitudinal Study.

Health Commun 2021 Jun 1:1-10. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, College of Education, The University of Texas at Austin.

Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) products have been marketed heavily on social media throughout the past years, which exerts great influence on young adults' ENDS use. Despite scholars' pioneering efforts in investigating the influence of tobacco and nicotine products marketing on young adults' vaping behavior, scholarly attention has been paid primarily to passive exposure to rather than active engagement with the information on social media. In addition, the majority of existing research has been cross-sectional or focused on the unidirectional path from marketing information to behavior. Read More

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Ethnic differences in the incidence of clinically diagnosed influenza: an England population-based cohort study 2008-2018.

Wellcome Open Res 2021 5;6:49. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Non-communicable Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

People of non-White ethnicity have a higher risk of severe outcomes following influenza infection. It is unclear whether this is driven by an increased risk of infection or complications. We therefore aimed to investigate the incidence of clinically diagnosed influenza/influenza-like illness (ILI) by ethnicity in England from 2008-2018. Read More

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[National efforts for alcohol prevention by the Federal Center for Health Education (BZgA)].

Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 2021 Jun 31;64(6):671-678. Epub 2021 May 31.

Referat 1-13, Prävention des Substanzmissbrauchs, Suchtprävention, Bundeszentrale für gesundheitliche Aufklärung (BZgA), Maarweg 149-161, 50825, Köln, Deutschland.

Alcohol consumption in Germany continues to be high relative to its European neighbors. A long-term reduction of alcohol consumption can result in a reduction of the morbidity and mortality associated with alcohol. For many years now, the Federal Centre for Health Education (BZgA) has directed its focus in the field of addiction prevention on alcohol prevention and implemented three national multilevel campaigns intended for this target group. Read More

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Incentives to promote the US pharmaceutical innovation: empirical research based on the case of Epogen.

Authors:
Lin Zhang Ji Wang

Drug Dev Ind Pharm 2021 Jun 7:1-5. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

School of Management, Shanghai University, Shanghai, China.

Objective: This study aims at emphasizing the significant impact of the incentives to promote the United States (US) pharmaceutical innovation.

Methods: We carried out a retrospective single-case study. We analyzed the innovation process of Epogen: basic research, applied research, regulatory, and marketing. Read More

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Capability, opportunity, and motivation: an across contexts empirical examination of the COM-B model.

BMC Public Health 2021 05 29;21(1):1014. Epub 2021 May 29.

Social Marketing @ Griffith, Griffith University, 170 Kessels Road, Nathan, QLD, 4111, Australia.

Background: There is limited evidence for successful weight gain prevention interventions targeting young adults. Developing effective interventions necessitates a theoretical model that can identify barriers and enablers for healthy eating and physical activity among young adults to support weight management. This study empirically examines the utility of the COM-B model as a framework for intervention planning across two behavioural contexts: eating and physical activity. Read More

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Effects of user experiences on continuance intention of using immersive three-dimensional virtual reality among institutionalized older adults.

J Adv Nurs 2021 May 29. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Health Promotion and Health Education, College of Education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Aim: To evaluate the acceptance of three-dimensional virtual reality programs and to explore the factors influencing the acceptance of the programs among the institutionalized older adults.

Design: A cross-sectional explanatory study.

Methods: A total of 71 residents completed the program successfully. Read More

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Adverse events reported to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System for tisagenlecleucel.

Am J Hematol 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, Office of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the first chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapy, tisagenlecleucel, in August 2017. Read More

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