153,097 results match your criteria years injuries

Impact of Body Mass Index and Comorbidities on Outcomes in Upper Extremity Nerve Transfers.

J Reconstr Microsurg 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Background:  There is a paucity of research investigating the impact of patient comorbidities, such as obesity and smoking, on nerve transfer outcomes. The objective of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate the impact of body mass index (BMI) and comorbidities on the clinical outcomes of upper extremity nerve transfers.

Methods:  A retrospective cohort study was executed. Read More

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Technology Acceptance and Usability of the BrainFx SCREEN in Canadian Military Members and Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Mixed Methods UTAUT Study.

JMIR Rehabil Assist Technol 2021 May 13;8(2):e26078. Epub 2021 May 13.

Heroes in Mind, Advocacy and Research Consortium, Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

Background: Canadian Armed Forces service members (CAF-SMs) and veterans exhibit higher rates of injuries and illnesses, such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and traumatic brain injury, which can cause and exacerbate cognitive dysfunction. Computerized neurocognitive assessment tools have demonstrated increased reliability and efficiency compared with traditional cognitive assessment tools. Without assessing the degree of technology acceptance and perceptions of usability to end users, it is difficult to determine whether a technology-based assessment will be used successfully in wider clinical practice. Read More

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Traumatic Frontal Sinus Fractures Management: Experience from High-Trauma Centre.

Korean J Neurotrauma 2021 Apr 18;17(1):15-24. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Kasr Al-Ainy Medical College, Cairo, Egypt.

Objective: Analysis of our traumatic brain injury data, reviewing current literatures and assessing planning valuable decision making in frontal sinus fracture for young neurosurgeons.

Methods: Hospital data base for head trauma was retrieved after board permission for retrospective analysis of cases admitted from 2010-2020. Patients with frontal sinus fractures and head trauma were identified according to a flow chart. Read More

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Firework-related Ocular Injuries During Festival Season: A Hospitalbased Study in a Tertiary Eye Care Center of Nepal.

Nepal J Ophthalmol 2021 Jan;13(25):31-39

Sagarmatha Chaudhary Eye Hospital, Lahan, Siraha, Nepal.

Introduction: Firework-related ocular injuries are an important cause of preventable ocular injuries and are common during the festival season. Despite the strict legislation in Nepal, the use of a firework is still commonly used during Tihar and Chaath festivals.

Objective: To evaluate demographic distribution, mode, causative firework, type of fireworks-related ocular injuries, and visual outcome at a tertiary eye hospital in Eastern Nepal. Read More

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January 2021

Radiological changes in sagittal parameters after C1-C2 arthrodesis and their clinical correlation: Is there a difference between traumatic and non-traumatic causes?

Int J Neurosci 2021 May 12:1-10. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Spine Service, Indian Spinal Injuries Centre, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi, India.

: Compensatory changes in cervical sagittal alignment after C1-C2 arthrodesis have been reported in a few studies. No studies have explored the differences in these compensatory changes between traumatic and non-traumatic pathologies. Conflicting reports exist on the correlation between cervical sagittal parameters and neck pain or function. Read More

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Celebrating 60 Years of Accomplishments of the Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute1.

Radiat Res 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Scientific Research Department.

Chartered by the U.S. Congress in 1961, the Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute (AFRRI) is a Joint Department of Defense (DoD) entity with the mission of carrying out the Medical Radiological Defense Research Program in support of our military forces around the globe. Read More

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Characteristics of the medical malpractice cases against orthopedists in China between 2016 and 2017.

PLoS One 2021 12;16(5):e0248052. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Journal Center, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, China.

Background: This study aimed to identify the most frequent reasons for orthopedic medical malpractice, gain insight into the related patient demographics and clinical characteristics, and identify the independent factors associated with it.

Methods: We collected and analyzed the demographic and injury characteristics, hospital levels and treatments, medical errors, and orthopedist's degree of responsibility for the patients who were subject to orthopedic medical malpractice at our institution. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify the factors associated with the orthopedist's degree of responsibility in the medical malpractice cases. Read More

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Outcomes Following Severe Distal Tibial, Ankle, and/or Mid/Hindfoot Trauma: Comparison of Limb Salvage and Transtibial Amputation (OUTLET).


J Bone Joint Surg Am 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Background: Selecting the best treatment for patients with severe terminal lower-limb injury remains a challenge. For some injuries, amputation may result in better outcomes than limb salvage. This study compared the outcomes of patients who underwent limb salvage with those that would have been achieved had they undergone amputation. Read More

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Modern management of paediatric tibial shaft fractures: an evidence-based update.

Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

St George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Aims: This review provides a summary of recent evidence surrounding the treatment of paediatric tibial shaft fractures and presents an algorithm to aid management of these injuries. This article reviews the relevant anatomy, epidemiology and aetiology of tibial shaft fractures and summarises contemporary treatment principles. Management recommendations and supporting evidence are given for fractures according to age (< 18 months, 18 months-5 years, 6-12 years, and 13-18 years). Read More

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Medical Treatment Following Violence Exposure in a National Sample of Children and Youth.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 May 3;4(5):e219250. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Sociology, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire.

Importance: Children and youth experience high rates of exposure to violence, which is associated with later poor physical and mental health outcomes. The immediate injuries and impacts from these exposures are often treated in emergency departments and medical offices.

Objective: To characterize, using nationally representative data, the size and characteristics of the child and youth population being seen by medical authorities in the wake of violence exposure. Read More

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Seatbelts Save Lives, and Spines, in Motor Vehicle Accidents: A Review of the National Trauma Data Bank in the Pediatric Population.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Cohen Children's Medical Center, New Hyde Park, NY New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine, Old Westbury, NY Texas Back Institute, Plano, TX Plainview Hospital, Northwell Health, Plainview, NY Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY Department of Surgery, Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine, Cohen Children's Medical Center, New Hyde Park, NY.

Study Design: Database Study.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to use a large, nationwide database to determine prevalence of pediatric spine fractures in the US, associated injuries, mechanisms of injury, use of safety devices and mortality rates.

Summary Of Background Data: Spinal fractures account for 1- 2% of pediatric injuries. Read More

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Overall health impacts of a potential increase in cycle commuting in Stockholm, Sweden.

Scand J Public Health 2021 May 12:14034948211010024. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Aims: To estimate the overall health impact of transferring commuting trips from car to bicycle.

Methods: In this study registry information on the location of home and work for residents in Stockholm County was used to obtain the shortest travel route on a network of bicycle paths and roads. Current modes of travel to work were based on travel survey data. Read More

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Analysis of electric scooter injuries admitted to the emergency service.

Ir J Med Sci 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Electric scooters (e-scooters) have become popular within a short time. With its growing popularity, the number of admissions to emergency services due to e-scooter injuries has also increased. In this study, we aimed to analyze the clinical and demographic characteristics of e-scooter injuries applied to our emergency department. Read More

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Evaluation of Lung Contusion, Associated Injuries, and Outcome in a Major Trauma Center in Shiraz, Southern Iran.

Emerg Med Int 2021 22;2021:3789132. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Thoracic and Vascular Surgery Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Science, Shiraz, Iran.

Objective: Blunt chest trauma as one of the most common injuries in trauma cases can cause significant morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical course of traumatic injuries with an initial diagnosis of a pulmonary contusion in patients.

Method: In this retrospective study, we evaluated the demographic and clinical features of patients who were referred to a major trauma center in southern Iran. Read More

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Injuries in mothers hospitalised for domestic violence-related assault: a whole-population linked data study.

BMJ Open 2021 May 11;11(5):e040600. Epub 2021 May 11.

School of Population and Global Health, The University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia.

Objective: To retrospectively assess a cohort of mothers for characteristics of injuries that they have suffered as a result of family and domestic violence (FDV) and which have required admission to a hospital during both the intrapartum and postpartum periods.

Design And Setting: Retrospective, whole-population linked data study of FDV in Western Australia using the Western Australia birth registry from 1990 to 2009 and Hospital Morbidity Data System records from 1970 to 2013.

Main Outcome Measures: Number of hospitalisations, and mode, location and type of injuries recorded, with particular focus on the head and neck area. Read More

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Pelvic and acetabular trauma in amateur equestrian enthusiasts - A retrospective review.

Surgeon 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

National Centre for Pelvic and Acetabular Trauma, Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Tallaght University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

Introduction: Horse riding related accidents can present with devastating pelvic and acetabular fractures. This study examines the nature, management and treatment outcomes of severe pelvic and acetabular trauma in amateur horse riders presenting to a national tertiary referral centre. We also aim to define certain at-risk groups. Read More

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Adolescents with and without head and neck burns: comparison of long-term outcomes in the burn model system national database.

Burns 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Harvard Medical School, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Charlestown, MA, United States. Electronic address:

Introduction: Facial burns account for persistent differences in psychosocial functioning in adult burn survivors. Although adolescent burn survivors experience myriad chronic sequelae, little is known about the effect of facial injuries. This study examines differences in long-term outcomes with and without head and neck involvement. Read More

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Epidemiology of injuries in water board sports: trauma versus overuse injury.

J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2021 May;61(5):707-711

Section of Orthopedics, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Neuroscience and Sensory Organs, University of Bari, Bari, Italy.

Background: Surfing is an increasingly popular sport in the world, but it is not sufficiently investigated in terms of epidemiology of injuries and possible prevention strategies. Moreover, there are different surfing disciplines, with specific characteristics and therefore different potential risks of injury. The aim of this study was to look at the injuries of recreational surfers in an Italian cohort, distinguishing between trauma and overuse lesions and putting in evidence any difference between specific water board sports. Read More

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The Association of High School Sport Participation and Injury History in Collegiate Club Sport Athletes.

J Athl Train 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

1Department of Kinesiology, University of Wisconsin - Madison, Madison, WI.

Context: Sport specialization during adolescence may affect future injury risk. This association has been demonstrated in some professional sports athletes.

Objective: Determine the association between adolescent sport specialization levels in high school and injuries sustained during collegiate club sports. Read More

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E-Cigarette Burns and Explosions: What are the Patterns of Oromaxillofacial Injury?

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

William Beaumont Hospital - Royal Oak, Department of Otolaryngology, Royal Oak, MI.

Purpose: With the recent increase in popularity of electronic cigarette use in the United States, its harmful effects are not only limited to smoke inhalation, but also to the possibility of e-cigarette device malfunction. The purpose of this review is to characterize oromaxillofacial trauma secondary to electronic cigarette device explosion.

Methods: For this systematic review, PubMed and Embase were searched in October 2019 using the following search terms: e-cigarette burns, e-cigarette injury, and e-cigarette explosions, which yielded 400 studies. Read More

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Potential Benefits of Limited Clinical and Radiographic Follow-up After Surgical Treatment of Ankle Fractures.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev 2021 05 11;5(5). Epub 2021 May 11.

From the Geisinger Medical Center, Department of Orthopaedics, MSK Institute, Danville, PA (Dr. Friedman and Dr. Horwitz); the Universidad del Rosario, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bogota, Colombia (Dr. Sanchez); the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California Davis Health System, Sacramento, CA (Dr. Zachos); Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Lahey Hospital and Medical Center, Burlington, MA (Dr. Marcantonio); Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Beaumont Health, Royal Oak, MI (Dr. Audet); Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH (Dr. Vallier); Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN (Dr. Mullis); University of Miami, Department of Anesthesiology, Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, FL (Dr. Myers-White); Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Carolinas Medical Center, Atrium Health Musculoskeletal Institute, Charlotte, NC (Dr. Kempton); and Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Akron General Hospital, Akron, OH (Dr. Watts).

Introduction: Ankle fractures are one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal injuries, with a significant number requiring surgical treatment. Postoperative complications requiring additional interventions frequently occur during the early postoperative period. We hypothesize that there is a limited need for routine clinical and radiographic follow-up once the fracture is deemed healed. Read More

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Fractures of the proximal radius in children: management and results of 100 consecutive cases.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Pediatric Surgery and Pediatric Urology, University Children's Hospital, Hoppe-Seyler-Strasse 3, 72076, Tübingen, Germany.

Introduction: Pediatric radial neck and head fractures are rare, accounting for only 1% of all fractures in children. The aim of this study is to describe the management and results of the respective fracture types and different injury characteristics.

Materials And Methods: This study performs a retrospective data analysis of 100 consecutive patients with a fracture of the proximal radius treated in a single high-volume pediatric trauma center. Read More

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Normative and Psychometric Characteristics of the Health and Behavior Inventory Among Children With Mild Orthopedic Injury Presenting to the Emergency Department: Implications for Assessing Postconcussive Symptoms Using the Child Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 5th Edition (Child SCAT5).

Clin J Sport Med 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Werklund School of Education, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB; Department of Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio; Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB; Department of Pediatrics, Nationwide Children's Hospital, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio; Department of Psychology, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah; Department of Neurology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah Department of Psychology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sainte-Justine, Université de Montréal, Montreal, QC; Department of Pediatrics, Stollery Children's Hospital, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB; Department of Pediatrics, BC Children's Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC; Department of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Ottawa, ON; and Department of Psychology, Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute, and Hotchkiss Brain Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB.

Objective: The study sought to present normative and psychometric data and reliable change formulas for the Health and Behavior Inventory (HBI), a postconcussive symptom rating scale embedded in the Child Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 5th edition (Child SCAT5).

Design: Prospective cohort study with longitudinal follow-up.

Setting: Pediatric emergency departments (EDs). Read More

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Retrospective review of work-related injuries sustained by foreign workers: a single centre experience over 10 years.

BMJ Open 2021 May 10;11(5):e042427. Epub 2021 May 10.

Emergency Department, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore.

Objectives: To investigate current patterns of work-related injuries sustained by foreign workers in Singapore and compare them to a decade ago. Secondary aim to analyse usefulness of selected trauma scores in this context.

Design: Retrospective review of trauma registry of a single centre, from 1 April to 30 June 2015. Read More

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Use of flow diverter stent for treatment of a cervical carotid artery dissection and pseudoaneurysm causing Horner's syndrome.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 10;14(5). Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Neurosurgery, Tallahassee Neurological Clinic, Tallahassee, Florida, USA.

A 28-year-old man in 2004 was identified with a spontaneous pseudoaneurysm and distal left cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) dissection. The patient was followed conservatively for 12 years with cross-sectional imaging. The patient was initially diagnosed with an acute left ICA dissection, with significant luminal narrowing. Read More

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Conducting national burden of disease studies in small countries in Europe- a feasible challenge?

Arch Public Health 2021 May 11;79(1):73. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Sciensano, Brussels, Belgium.

Background: Burden of Disease (BoD) studies use disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) as a population health metric to quantify the years of life lost due to morbidity and premature mortality for diseases, injuries and risk factors occurring in a region or a country. Small countries usually face a number of challenges to conduct epidemiological studies, such as national BoD studies, due to the lack of specific expertise and resources or absence of adequate data. Considering Europe's small countries of Cyprus, Iceland, Luxembourg, Malta and Montenegro, the aim was to assess whether the various national data sources identified are appropriate to perform national BoD studies. Read More

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Arthroscopy-controlled medial reefing and lateral release for recurrent patellar dislocation: clinical, radiologic outcomes and complications.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 May 10;22(1):430. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Korea University Ansan Hospital, 123, Jeokgeum-ro, Danwon-Gu, Gyeongki-do, Ansan-si, 15355, Republic of Korea.

Background: Few studies have reported the clinical outcomes of the medial reefing procedure and lateral release with arthroscopic control of medial retinacular tension in patients with recurrent patellar dislocation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical, radiologic outcomes and complications of arthroscopy-controlled medial reefing and lateral release.

Methods: Patients who underwent arthroscopy-controlled medial reefing and lateral release for recurrent patellar dislocation between November 2007 and June 2017 were retrospectively evaluated. Read More

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Neutrophil Extracellular Traps (NETs) Infiltrate Haematoma And Surrounding Brain Tissue after Intracerebral Haemorrhage: a Post-Mortem Study.

Neuropathol Appl Neurobiol 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Univ. Lille, Inserm, CHU Lille, U1172 - LilNCog - Lille Neuroscience & Cognition, F-59000, Lille, France.

Aim(s): Because of their prothrombotic and neuroinflammatory effects, neutrophils and neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) represent interesting therapeutic targets for spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (sICH). We investigated the presence, spatial and temporal distribution of NETs in a human sICH post-mortem study.

Methods: From 2005 to 2019, all sICH patients who came to autopsy within the first month after stroke were included and grouped according to the timing of death: 72 hours, 4-7 days, 8-15 days and > 15 days after ICH onset. Read More

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Sonographic assessment of pediatric chest wall thickness and width of the intercostal space: correlation with anthropometric data and implications for needle decompression.

Ultrasound J 2021 May 10;13(1):25. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Medical Center Mannheim, Theodor-Kutzer-Ufer 1-3, 68167, Mannheim, Germany.

Background: Emergent needle decompression in children is a rare event for emergency medicine and critical care providers. Hereby, risk of injury of intrathoracic structures is high and knowledge of age-specific values of chest wall thickness and width of the intercostal space (ICS) is crucial to avoid injuries. Investigation of the correlation of chest wall thickness and width of the intercostal space with age and body dimension like weight and height could provide guidance on depth of insertion and choice of the needle. Read More

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'This won't hurt a bit!' - A descriptive review of health care professionals' pharmacological management of pain in minor trauma.

S Afr Fam Pract (2004) 2021 Apr 22;63(1):e1-e8. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Division of Emergency Medicine, Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban.

Background: Emergency Centres (ECs) have a prominent trauma burden requiring effective pain management. This study aimed to review analgesia-prescribing habits in minor trauma, reviewing the patient demographics and diagnoses, analgesia-prescribing habits of health care professionals (HCPs) managing these cases, and differences in prescribing noted by patients' age group, gender and triage code.

Methods: A prospective, cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted in a regional EC in KwaZulu-Natal. Read More

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