95 results match your criteria worth pictures


LIVE FM (lecture improvised with video elements in forensic medicine): does a video worth a thousand pictures? A comparative study in medical education.

J Vis Commun Med 2021 Mar 31:1-7. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, India.

Forensic education should be fully conversant with a scientific theory of how students learn. By and large, the traditional model of education is widely accepted. 'Difficult-to-learn' areas in forensic medicine are the challenges to students as well as teachers. Read More

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Caring for a child with a disability in a Zambian community: A study using photo-elicitation.

Child Care Health Dev 2021 Jan 20. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Occupational Therapy Program, St. Catherine University, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.

Background: Over the past 25 years, caregivers of children with disabilities (CWD) in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) have received limited attention from researchers. Previous research identified the physical, emotional, and social challenges of caregiving in resource-limited areas. Researchers also identified protective factors, such as problem-focused coping and emotion-focused coping. Read More

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January 2021

Pictures worth more than a thousand words: Prediction of survival in medulloblastoma patients.

EBioMedicine 2020 Dec 21;62:103136. Epub 2020 Nov 21.

OncoRay - National Center for Radiation Research in Oncology, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, Technische Universität Dresden, Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden - Rossendorf, Dresden, Germany; German Cancer Consortium (DKTK), partner site, Dresden, Germany and German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany; Department of Radiotherapy and Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, Technische Universität Dresden, Germany.

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December 2020

Pictures are worth thousands of words.

J Card Surg 2020 Oct;35(10):2800-2801

Institute of Biological Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

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October 2020

Is a picture really worth a thousand words? Evaluating contributions of fluency and analytic processing in metacognitive judgements for pictures in foreign language vocabulary learning.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2020 Feb 10;73(2):211-224. Epub 2019 Oct 10.

The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA.

Previous research shows that participants are overconfident in their ability to learn foreign language vocabulary from pictures compared with English translations. The current study explored whether this tendency is due to processing fluency or beliefs about learning. Using self-paced study of Swahili words paired with either picture cues or English translation cues, picture cues garnered higher confidence judgements but not faster study times, and this was true whether judgements of learning were made after a delay (Experiment 1) or immediately (Experiment 2). Read More

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February 2020

[The influence of reward motivation on emotion regulation].

Sheng Li Xue Bao 2019 Aug;71(4):562-574

Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality of Ministry of Education, Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China.

The influence of reward on behavior is one of the hottest research subjects in psychological research. Reward-induced motivation promotes the performance of the participants. In the field of emotional processing, the reward can influence the individual's processing of emotional information, but previous studies have not directly discussed the effect of reward on emotional regulation. Read More

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Reproducibility of intraoral photography for pink and white tissue assessment - Is it worth the hassle?

J Prosthodont Res 2019 Oct 30;63(4):404-410. Epub 2019 Apr 30.

Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Odontology, University of Malmö, Malmö, Sweden; Division of Conservative Dentistry and Periodontology, University Clinic of Dentistry, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. Electronic address:

Purpose: To assess the effect of the shooting angle variation on linear and planimetric measurements of the pink and white tissues on intraoral photographs.

Methods: From intraoral three-dimensional (3D) scans of the anterior region in 10 patients, ninety-nine two-dimensional (2D) "scan pictures" each were generated with different shooting angles, each varying in 5° horizontal and vertical increments. Eleven intraoral photographs of each patient and tooth site were taken free-hand: one shot at baseline and 5 shots after 3 and 6 months at slightly varying shooting angles. Read More

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October 2019

Gender Differences in Body Evaluation: Do Men Show More Self-Serving Double Standards Than Women?

Front Psychol 2019 12;10:544. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Institute of Psychology, Osnabrück University, Osnabrück, Germany.

Generally speaking, compared to women, men are less dissatisfied with their own body and consider themselves to be better-looking and less overweight. So far, however, it is unclear whether these divergent body ratings arise from the application of double standards. With the present study, we examined whether men apply different standards to their own body than to other men's bodies and whether they differ from women in this regard. Read More

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Constructing positive narrative identities in a forensic setting: a single case evaluation of phototherapy.

Int J Prison Health 2019 03;15(1):76-90

University of Roehampton, London , London, UK.

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the use of a phototherapeutic technique called "Talking Pictures" within the forensic setting. This approach involves the use of a set of photographs to facilitate clients' disclosure, self-growth and promote the development of positive self-narratives. The use of art therapies and the construction of adaptive identity narratives have been proven to support desistance and increase resocialization in the prison population. Read More

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Is it worth turning a trigger into a joke? Humor as an emotion regulation strategy in remitted depression.

Brain Behav 2019 02 21;9(2):e01213. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Third Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, Warsaw, Poland.

Aim: Humor has long been considered as an effective emotion regulation strategy for people vulnerable to depression, but empirical evidence in this area is scarce. To address this issue, we investigated the emotional consequences of humor in remitted depressed patients and compared them with the effects of positive reappraisal and spontaneous emotion regulation.

Methods: Fifty-five patients with remitted major depression took part in a laboratory computer experiment in which they were shown negative pictures twice. Read More

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February 2019

A Stroop in the Hand is Worth Two on the Laptop: Superior Reliability of a Smartphone Based Alcohol Stroop in the Real World.

Subst Use Misuse 2019 21;54(4):692-698. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

a Department of Psychological Sciences , University of Liverpool , Liverpool , UK.

Background: Attentional bias (AB) is the tendency for substance-related stimuli to grab attention. The addiction Stroop task is widely used for measuring AB in the lab, but it has poor reliability and inconsistent predictive validity. Therefore, there is a need to improve the psychometric properties of the task. Read More

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January 2020

Pairing New Words With Unfamiliar Objects: Comparing Children With and Without Cochlear Implants.

Authors:
Emily Lund

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2018 09;61(9):2325-2336

Davies School of Communication Sciences & Disorders, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth.

Purpose: This study investigates differences between preschool children with cochlear implants and age-matched children with normal hearing during an initial stage in word learning to evaluate whether they (a) match novel words to unfamiliar objects and (b) solicit information about unfamiliar objects during play.

Method: Twelve preschool children with cochlear implants and 12 children with normal hearing matched for age completed 2 experimental tasks. In the 1st task, children were asked to point to a picture that matched either a known word or a novel word. Read More

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September 2018

A Picture Is Worth… Both Spelling and Sound.

Authors:
Donna Coch

Front Psychol 2018 17;9:1490. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

Reading Brains Lab, Department of Education, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, United States.

In an event-related potential (ERP) study using picture stimuli, we explored whether spelling information is co-activated with sound information even when neither type of information is explicitly provided. Pairs of picture stimuli presented in a rhyming paradigm were varied by both phonology (the two images in a pair had either rhyming, e.g. Read More

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Which variables should be controlled for to investigate picture naming in adults? A Bayesian meta-analysis.

Behav Res Methods 2019 12;51(6):2533-2545

Université de Bourgogne, CNRS, Franche-Comté, France.

Selecting items for designing psycholinguistic experiments can be a very hard and time-consuming process, because of the large number of variables that need to be controlled for. This is clearly the case for picture-naming experiments because, thanks to the collection of psycholinguistic norms on both pictures and their names, a large number of factors that affect naming speed and/or accuracy have been found. In the present study, a Bayesian meta-analysis was performed to determine the extent to which the variables that have generally been considered by researchers as important to control for are indeed worth taking into account. Read More

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December 2019

Does "a picture is worth 1000 words" apply to iconic Chinese words? Relationship of Chinese words and pictures.

Sci Rep 2018 05 29;8(1):8289. Epub 2018 May 29.

Department of Psychology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.

The meaning of a picture can be extracted rapidly, but the form-to-meaning relationship is less obvious for printed words. In contrast to English words that follow grapheme-to-phoneme correspondence rule, the iconic nature of Chinese words might predispose them to activate their semantic representations more directly from their orthographies. By using the paradigm of repetition blindness (RB) that taps into the early level of word processing, we examined whether Chinese words activate their semantic representations as directly as pictures do. Read More

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Worth a thousand words? Visual concept mapping of the quality of life of people with severe mental health problems.

Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 2018 09 25;27(3):e1721. Epub 2018 May 25.

Tranzo Scientific Centre for Care and Welfare, Tilburg University, Tilburg, the Netherlands.

Objectives: Conventional approaches to quality of life (QoL) measurement rely heavily on verbal, language-based communication. They require respondents to have significant cognitive and verbal ability, making them potentially unsuitable for people with severe mental health problems. To facilitate an alternative approach to QoL assessment, the current study aims to develop an alternative, visual representation of QoL for people with severe mental health problems. Read More

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September 2018

Comparison of nutrient intakes in South Asians with type 2 diabetes mellitus and controls living in the United States.

Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2018 Apr 31;138:47-56. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Division of Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, United States; Center for Human Nutrition, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, United States. Electronic address:

Aims: Despite having a high risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), little is known about the relationship between nutrient intakes and T2DM in South Asians (SA) in the U.S. In addition, the available data are limited to a few macronutrients and collected using subjective measures. Read More

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When a word is worth a thousand pictures: Language shapes perceptual memory for emotion.

J Exp Psychol Gen 2018 01;147(1):62-73

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

Across 3 studies we show that emotion words support the acquisition of conceptual knowledge for emotional facial actions that then biases subsequent perceptual memory for later emotional facial actions. In all studies, participants first associated emotional facial actions with a word during a learning phase or completed a control task. In a target phase, participants studied slightly different category exemplars. Read More

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January 2018

[Impact of Near Addition on the Optical Quality of Diffractive Multifocal Intraocular Lenses - a Laboratory Study Using an Optical Bench].

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2017 Dec 12;234(12):1533-1539. Epub 2017 Oct 12.

Augenklinik, Univ.-Augenklinik Heidelberg, International Vision Correction Research Centre (IVCRC) und David J Apple International Laboratory for Ocular Pathology, Heidelberg.

To analyse the optical quality of diffractive multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) with different near additions in a laboratory study. We analysed the AcrySof IQ ReSTOR + 2.5 D SV25T0 (Alcon Laboratories inc. Read More

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December 2017

A picture is worth a thousand words: Electronic cigarette content on Instagram and Pinterest.

Tob Prev Cessat 2017 Jul 3;3. Epub 2017 Jul 3.

University of Louisville, United States.

Introduction: This study examined electronic cigarette (e-cig) content in visual materials posted on the social-media platforms Instagram and Pinterest. Both platforms allow users to upload pictures to the internet and share them globally. Users can search for pictures tagged with specific keywords and phrases. Read More

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What's Worth Talking About? Information Theory Reveals How Children Balance Informativeness and Ease of Production.

Psychol Sci 2017 Jul 9;28(7):954-966. Epub 2017 Jun 9.

3 Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield.

Of all the things a person could say in a given situation, what determines what is worth saying? Greenfield's principle of informativeness states that right from the onset of language, humans selectively comment on whatever they find unexpected. In this article, we quantify this tendency using information-theoretic measures and report on a study in which we tested the counterintuitive prediction that children will produce words that have a low frequency given the context, because these will be most informative. Using corpora of child-directed speech, we identified adjectives that varied in how informative (i. Read More

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One look is worth a thousand words: New picture stimuli of interpersonal situations.

Soc Neurosci 2018 06 18;13(3):346-354. Epub 2017 May 18.

a Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy , University Hospital of Zurich, University of Zurich , Zurich , Switzerland.

This paper introduces a picture system that can be used in functional imaging experiments exploring interpersonal relations. This is important for psychotherapy research to understand the neural basis of psychological treatment effects. Pictures have many advantages for the design of functional imaging experiments, but no picture system illustrating interpersonal behavior patterns is, to date, available. Read More

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A picture is worth a thousand data points: an imagery dataset of paired shrub-open microsites within the Carrizo Plain National Monument.

Gigascience 2016 Sep 27;5(1):40. Epub 2016 Sep 27.

The Nature Conservancy, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Background: Carrizo Plain National Monument (San Joaquin Desert, California, USA) is home to many threatened and endangered species including the blunt-nosed leopard lizard (Gambelia sila). Vegetation is dominated by annual grasses, and shrubs such as Mormon tea (Ephedra californica), which is of relevance to our target species, the federally listed blunt-nosed leopard lizard, and likely also provides key ecosystem services. We used relatively nonintrusive camera traps, or trail cameras, to capture interactions between animals and these shrubs using a paired shrub-open deployment. Read More

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September 2016

The effects of emotion on younger and older adults' monitoring of learning.

Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn 2017 Sep 27;24(5):555-574. Epub 2016 Sep 27.

d Davis School of Gerontology , University of Southern California , Los Angeles , CA , USA.

Age-related differences in memory monitoring appear when people learn emotional words. Namely, younger adults' judgments of learning (JOLs) are higher for positive than neutral words, whereas older adults' JOLs do not discriminate between positive versus neutral words. In two experiments, we evaluated whether this age-related difference extends to learning positive versus neutral pictures. Read More

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September 2017

How well Informed are Cancer Patients Prior to a Life Cycle of Injectable Chemotherapy Drug Treatment?

J Cancer Educ 2018 02;33(1):74-82

Pharmacy Department, Foch Hospital, 40 rue Worth, 92150, Suresnes, France.

Cancer patient dissatisfaction, due to a long waiting time for chemotherapy treatment, is a common complaint. To improve patient satisfaction, our pharmaceutical team was prompted to design a series of information tools for injectable chemotherapy drug treatment (ICDT) patients. This study was based on French Health Authorities recommendations. Read More

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February 2018

Event-related potentials reflecting smoking cue reactivity and cognitive control as predictors of smoking relapse and resumption.

Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2016 Aug 8;233(15-16):2857-68. Epub 2016 Jun 8.

Institute of Psychology, Erasmus University Rotterdam, P.O. Box 1738, 3000, DR, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Rationale: Given that most attempts to quit smoking fail, it is critical to increase knowledge about the mechanisms involved in smoking relapse and resumption (i.e., the increase in smoking over time after a quit attempt). Read More

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How People with Facial Acne Scars are Perceived in Society: an Online Survey.

Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) 2016 Jun 18;6(2):207-18. Epub 2016 Apr 18.

Harrogate and District NHS Foundation Trust, Harrogate, UK.

Introduction: Atrophic scarring occurs throughout the course of inflammatory acne and across the spectrum of severity. This study evaluates perceptions of the general population toward individuals with clear skin and acne scars.

Methods: An online survey administered in the USA, UK, Japan, Germany, France and Brazil to respondents 18 years and over presented three facial pictures of clear skin or digitally superimposed acne scars (but no active acne lesions) in a random fashion. Read More

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Picture yourself: Self-focus and the endowment effect in preschool children.

Cognition 2016 07 29;152:70-77. Epub 2016 Mar 29.

Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max-Planck-Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany.

When an object comes into possession, the owner will typically think that it is worth more than it did before they owned the item in a bias known as the endowment effect. This bias is particularly robust in Western societies with independent self-construals, but has not been observed in children below 5-6years of age. In three studies, we investigated whether endowment effect can be induced in younger children by focusing their attention on themselves. Read More

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Interactive Data Visualization for HIV Cohorts: Leveraging Data Exchange Standards to Share and Reuse Research Tools.

PLoS One 2016 10;11(3):e0151201. Epub 2016 Mar 10.

Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America.

Objective: To develop and disseminate tools for interactive visualization of HIV cohort data.

Design And Methods: If a picture is worth a thousand words, then an interactive video, composed of a long string of pictures, can produce an even richer presentation of HIV population dynamics. We developed an HIV cohort data visualization tool using open-source software (R statistical language). Read More

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[Study on A White-Eye Pattern in Dielectric Barrier Discharge by Optical Emission Spectrum].

Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi 2015 Jun;35(6):1493-6

The white-eye pattern was firstly observed and investigated in a dielectric barrier discharge system in the mixture of argon and air whose content can be varied whenever necessary, and the study shows that the white-eye cell is an interleaving of three different hexagonal sub-structures: the center spot, the halo, and the ambient spots. The white-eye pattern is observed at a lower applied voltage. In this experiment, the heat capacity of water is high so that the water in water electrode is good at absorbing heat. Read More

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