57,047 results match your criteria working memory

Estimation of municipal solid waste amount based on one-dimension convolutional neural network and long short-term memory with attention mechanism model: A case study of Shanghai.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jun 9;791:148088. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

The State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai 200092, China; Shanghai Institute of Pollution Control and Ecological Security, 1515 North Zhongshan Rd. (No. 2), Shanghai 200092, China. Electronic address:

Municipal solid waste (MSW) amount has direct influence on MSW management, policy-decision making, and MSW treatment methods. Machine learning has great potential for prediction, but few studies apply the approaches of deep learning to forecast the quantity of MSW. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility and practicability of employing the methods of supervised learning, including Attention, one-dimension Convolutional Neural Network (1D-CNN) and Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) to predict the MSW Amount in Shanghai. Read More

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EEG-neurofeedback and executive function enhancement in healthy adults: A systematic review.

Psychophysiology 2021 Jun 12:e13874. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Neuroscience and Padova Neuroscience Center, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.

Electroencephalographic (EEG)-neurofeedback training (NFT) is a promising technique that supports individuals in learning to modulate their brain activity to obtain cognitive and behavioral improvements. EEG-NFT is gaining increasing attention for its potential "peak performance" applications on healthy individuals. However, evidence for clear cognitive performance enhancements with healthy adults is still lacking. Read More

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Food Should not be Forgotten: Impacts of Combined Cash Transfer Receipt and Food Security on Child Education and Cognition in South Africa and Malawi.

AIDS Behav 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Centre for Evidence-Based Intervention, Department of Social Policy & Intervention, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Social protection can take many forms. Both cash transfers and food security may have important contributions to child cognitive development. This study examines the potential impact of combinations of cash transfers and food security status on child cognitive development and educational outcomes. Read More

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Cognitive load influences oculomotor behavior in natural scenes.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 11;11(1):12405. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Psychology Department, Northeastern University, Boston, 02115, USA.

Cognitive neuroscience researchers have identified relationships between cognitive load and eye movement behavior that are consistent with oculomotor biomarkers for neurological disorders. We develop an adaptive visual search paradigm that manipulates task difficulty and examine the effect of cognitive load on oculomotor behavior in healthy young adults. Participants (N = 30) free-viewed a sequence of 100 natural scenes for 10 s each, while their eye movements were recorded. Read More

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Recurrent neural network-based acute concussion classifier using raw resting state EEG data.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 11;11(1):12353. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Djavad Mowafaghian Centre for Brain Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z3, Canada.

Concussion is a global health concern. Despite its high prevalence, a sound understanding of the mechanisms underlying this type of diffuse brain injury remains elusive. It is, however, well established that concussions cause significant functional deficits; that children and youths are disproportionately affected and have longer recovery time than adults; and that individuals suffering from a concussion are more prone to experience additional concussions, with each successive injury increasing the risk of long term neurological and mental health complications. Read More

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Relationships between motor scores and cognitive functioning in FMR1 female premutation X carriers indicate early involvement of cerebello-cerebral pathways.

Cerebellum Ataxias 2021 Jun 11;8(1):15. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Smaller expansions of CGG trinucleotide repeats in the FMR1 X-linked gene termed 'premutation' lead to a neurodegenerative disorder: Fragile X Associated Tremor/Ataxia Syndrome (FXTAS) in nearly half of aged carrier males, and 8-16% females. Core features include intention tremor, ataxia, and cognitive decline, and white matter lesions especially in cerebellar and periventricular locations. A 'toxic' role of elevated and expanded FMR1 mRNA has been linked to the pathogenesis of this disorder. Read More

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Novel deep learning-based transcriptome data analysis for drug-drug interaction prediction with an application in diabetes.

BMC Bioinformatics 2021 Jun 11;22(1):318. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Big Data Decision Institute, Jinan University, Guangzhou, 510632, China.

Background: Drug-drug interaction (DDI) is a serious public health issue. The L1000 database of the LINCS project has collected millions of genome-wide expressions induced by 20,000 small molecular compounds on 72 cell lines. Whether this unified and comprehensive transcriptome data resource can be used to build a better DDI prediction model is still unclear. Read More

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The importance of working memory capacity for improving speech in noise comprehension in children with hearing aid.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2021 May 24;147:110774. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Biostatistics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: One of the most common complaints of hearing aid users is difficulty in receiving speech in noise which is very important for all hearing impaired specially children with limited auditory and language experiences. Since working memory plays a significant role in speech perception, especially in challenging auditory situations such as background noise, it is likely that differences in its performance and capacity may impair the ability to understand speech in noise in hearing aid users. Therefore, we aimed to compare memory capacity between two groups of children using hearing aids in both ears, who differed only in the ability to understand speech in noise. Read More

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Treatment with edaravone improves the structure and functional changes in the hippocampus after chronic cerebral hypoperfusion in rat.

Brain Res Bull 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Histomorphometry and Stereology Research Centre, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Electronic address:

This study aimed to find out cellular and electrophysiological effects of the edaravone (EDR) administration following induction of vascular dementia (VaD) via bilateral-carotid vessel occlusion (2VO). The rats were randomly divided into control, sham, 2VO + V (vehicle), and 2VO + EDR groups. EDR was administered once a day from day 0-28 after surgery. Read More

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Brainstem Dysfunction in Healthy Aging.

Neuroimage 2021 Jun 8:118241. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Dept. of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco, CA. Electronic address:

The brainstem controls sub-cortical and cortical activity and influences the processing of incoming information. The goal of this study was to characterize age related alterations of brainstem-brain interactions during different brain states detected by dynamic analysis of task-free fMRI. 79 young (20-40 years) and 51 older adults (55-80 years) were studied. Read More

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14-3-3ζ is crucial for the conversion of labile short-term object recognition memory into stable long-term memory.

J Neurosci Res 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Laboratory of Neurobiology, CIMES, University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain.

The consolidation of new memories into long-lasting memories is multistage process characterized by distinct temporal dynamics. However, our understanding on the initial stage of transformation of labile memory of recent experience into stable memory remains elusive. Here, with the use of rats and mice overexpressing a memory enhancer called regulator of G protein signaling 14 of 414 amino acids (RGS14 ) as a tool, we show that the expression of RGS14 in male rats' perirhinal cortex (PRh), which is a brain area crucial for object recognition memory (ORM), enhanced the ORM to the extent that it caused the conversion of labile short-term ORM (ST-ORM) expected to last for 40 min into stable long-term ORM (LT-ORM) traceable after a delay of 24 hr, and that the temporal window of 40 to 60 min after object exposure not only was key for this conversion but also was the time frame when a surge in 14-3-3ζ protein was observed. Read More

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Real-Time and Adaptive Reservoir Computing With Application to Profile Prediction in Fusion Plasma.

IEEE Trans Neural Netw Learn Syst 2021 Jun 11;PP. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Nuclear fusion is a promising alternative to address the problem of sustainable energy production. The tokamak is an approach to fusion based on magnetic plasma confinement, constituting a complex physical system with many control challenges. We study the characteristics and optimization of reservoir computing (RC) for real-time and adaptive prediction of plasma profiles in the DIII-D tokamak. Read More

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Halstead Category Test sensitivity to neurocognitive deficits in prenatal alcohol exposed and cognitively impaired children.

Child Neuropsychol 2021 Jun 11:1-11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, USA.

: The Halstead Category Test (HCT) has been demonstrated to be sensitive to executive dysfunction in adults and children. Children with a history of significant prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) typically show deficits in executive functions in such areas as abstract reasoning, concept formation abilities, and cognitive flexibility. However, earlier research has not taken into account the demographic variables of age, sex, and ethnicity. Read More

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Child Linear Growth During and After the First 1000 Days Is Positively Associated with Intellectual Functioning and Mental Health in School-Age Children in Vietnam.

J Nutr 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Hubert Department of Global Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Background: Millions of children fail to meet their developmental potential and experience mental health concerns globally. Evidence is mixed on whether growth beyond the first 1000 d of life influences intellectual functioning and mental health in school-age children.

Objectives: We examined associations of childhood growth before and after the first 1000 d of life with child intellectual functioning and mental health at age 6-7 y. Read More

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Atrial fibrillation detection from raw photoplethysmography waveforms: A deep learning application.

Heart Rhythm O2 2020 Apr 27;1(1):3-9. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California.

Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF), a common cause of stroke, often is asymptomatic. Smartphones and smartwatches can detect AF using heart rate patterns inferred using photoplethysmography (PPG); however, enhanced accuracy is required to reduce false positives in screening populations.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that a deep learning algorithm given raw, smartwatch-derived PPG waveforms would discriminate AF from normal sinus rhythm better than algorithms using heart rate alone. Read More

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Patients with Hepatitis C Infection and Normal Liver Function: A Neuropsychological and Neurophysiological Assessment of Cognitive Functions.

Int J Hepatol 2021 19;2021:8823676. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Gastroenterology, Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro, 20270-004, Brazil.

Several studies have proposed a link between chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and the development of cognitive disorders. However, the inclusion of confounding factors in their samples significantly limits the interpretation of the results. Therefore, here, we aimed to compare the neurophysiological and cognitive performance between patients with HCV infection and a control group after excluding other factors that may cause cognitive impairment. Read More

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RLSTM: A New Framework of Stock Prediction by Using Random Noise for Overfitting Prevention.

Comput Intell Neurosci 2021 19;2021:8865816. Epub 2021 May 19.

Guangdong Laboratory of Artificial Intelligence and Digital Economy (SZ), Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China.

An accurate prediction of stock market index is important for investors to reduce financial risk. Although quite a number of deep learning methods have been developed for the stock prediction, some fundamental problems, such as weak generalization ability and overfitting in training, need to be solved. In this paper, a new deep learning model named Random Long Short-Term Memory (RLSTM) is proposed to get a better predicting result. Read More

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-Generated CAR19-T Cells Plus Lenalidomide Cause Durable Complete Remission of Triple-Hit Refractory/Relapsed DLBCL: A Case Report.

Front Immunol 2021 25;12:599493. Epub 2021 May 25.

Institute of Hematology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

MYC/BCL2/BCL6 triple-hit lymphoma (THL) is an uncommon subset of high-grade B-cell lymphoma with aggressive clinical behavior and poor prognosis. TP53 mutation is an independently poor progonistic indicator in patients with THL, hence novel therapeutic strategies are needed for these patients. CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor(CAR19)-T cell therapy has shown promising efficacy for relapsed/refractory diffuse large B cell lymphoma (RR DLBCL), but the majority of CAR19-T cell products to date have been manufactured using viral vectors. Read More

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The treatment of neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction in persons with spinal cord injury: An open label, pilot study of anticholinergic agent vs. mirabegron to evaluate cognitive impact and efficacy.

Spinal Cord Ser Cases 2021 Jun 10;7(1):50. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Spinal Cord Injury Service, South Texas Veteran's Health Care System, San Antonio, TX, USA.

Study Design: Pre-post intervention.

Objectives: 1. To test whether replacement of oral anticholinergic (AC) agents with mirabegron for neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) yields improved cognitive function in older persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). Read More

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Forecasting the spread of COVID-19 using LSTM network.

BMC Bioinformatics 2021 Jun 10;22(Suppl 6):316. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Laboratory for Medical Science Mathematics, RIKEN Center for Integrative Medical Sciences, Yokohama, 230-0045, Japan.

Background: The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, and within a few months, it has become a global pandemic. This forced many affected countries to take stringent measures such as complete lockdown, shutting down businesses and trade, as well as travel restrictions, which has had a tremendous economic impact. Therefore, having knowledge and foresight about how a country might be able to contain the spread of COVID-19 will be of paramount importance to the government, policy makers, business partners and entrepreneurs. Read More

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Prenatal and breastfeeding exposure to low dose of diethylhexyl phthalate induces behavioral deficits and exacerbates oxidative stress in rat hippocampus.

Food Chem Toxicol 2021 Jun 7:112322. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Cellular and Molecular Biology Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

Diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) is one of the most important derivatives of phthalate that has devastating effects on nervous system function. In this study, the effects of exposure with low doses of DEHP during pregnancy and lactation periods have been evaluated in rat's puppies. DEHP at doses 5, 40, 400 μg/kg/day and 300 mg/kg/day was given to mothers by gavage during pregnancy and lactation. Read More

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The Effects of Emotional Stimuli and Oxytocin on Inhibition Ability and Response Execution in Macaque Monkeys.

Behav Brain Res 2021 Jun 7:113409. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Australian Research Council, Centre of Excellence for Integrative Brain function, Monash University, Australia.

Social and emotional content of environmental stimuli influence executive control of behavior. There has been a great variability in the behavioral effects of emotional stimuli in humans. These variabilities might arise from other contextual factors, such as specific task demands or natural hormones, which potentially interact with emotional stimuli in modulating executive functions. Read More

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Khat and neurobehavioral functions: A systematic review.

PLoS One 2021 10;16(6):e0252900. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Psychology, Universidad Loyola Andalucía, Dos Hermanas, Sevilla, Spain.

Background: Khat is a plant that is used for its amphetamine-like stimulant properties. However, although khat is very popular in Eastern Africa, Arabian Peninsula, and the Middle East, there is still a lack of studies researching the possible neurobehavioral impairment derived from khat use.

Methods: A systematic review was conducted to identify studies that assessed the effects of khat use on neurobehavioral functions. Read More

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Do oral contraceptives affect young women's memory? Dopamine-dependent working memory is influenced by COMT genotype, but not time of pill ingestion.

PLoS One 2021 10;16(6):e0252807. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Despite the widespread use of oral contraceptives (OCs), and the well-documented influence of estrogens, notably 17β-estradiol (E2), on cognition, research relating OCs to working memory is limited and mixed. Two factors may contribute to these mixed findings: 1) pharmacokinetics of oral contraceptives, which drive fluctuations in synthetic hormone levels; and 2) genetic polymorphisms related to dopamine degradation and working memory, which interact with E2. This research investigated whether the pharmacokinetics of oral contraceptives, in concert with the single nucleotide polymorphism (Val158Met; rs4680) of the catechol-o-methyltransferase gene (COMT), influence working memory performance. Read More

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Swimming exercise improves short- and long-term memories: Time-course changes.

Physiol Rep 2021 Jun;9(11):e14851

Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.

The beneficial effects of exercise training on memory formation are well documented. However, the memory enhancement profile following the time-course of exercise training remains unknown. In this investigation, changes in the spatial hippocampal memory following a time-course of swimming exercise training were examined. Read More

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Positive memory intervention techniques: a scoping review.

Memory 2021 Jun 10:1-18. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

The scoping review examines and summarises the available knowledge base on intervention techniques focused on positive memories. An iterative series of and searches was conducted up to April 2021 following PRISMA-ScR guidelines. Thirty-nine studies, spanning 12 intervention techniques, were selected and described including: (1) theoretical basis; (2) type of study, sample, and measures; (3) intervention protocol; and (4) results of empirical studies if applicable. Read More

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The role of attention and explicit knowledge in perceiving bistable auditory input.

Psychophysiology 2021 Jun 10:e13875. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Neuroscience, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA.

The auditory system frequently encounters ambiguous sound input that can be perceived in multiple ways. The current study investigated the role of explicit knowledge in modulating how sounds are represented in auditory memory for a bistable sound sequence that could be perceived equally as integrated or segregated. We hypothesized that the dominant percept of the bistable sequence would suppress representation of the alternative perceptual organization as a function of how much top-down knowledge the listener had about the structure of the sequence. Read More

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Data-Driven Forecasting of Agitation for Persons with Dementia: A Deep Learning-Based Approach.

SN Comput Sci 2021 5;2(4):326. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Computer Science, North Carolina A&T State University, Greensboro, NC USA.

The World Health Organization estimates that approximately 10 million people are newly diagnosed with dementia each year and a global prevalence of nearly 50 million persons with dementia (PwD). The vast majority of PwD living at home receive the majority of their care from informal familial caregivers. The quality of life (QOL) of familial caregivers may be significantly impacted by their caregiving responsibilities and resultant caregiver burden. Read More

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Alexithymia and Sensory Processing Sensitivity: Areas of Overlap and Links to Sensory Processing Styles.

Front Psychol 2021 24;12:583786. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Psychology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada.

Alexithymia is a dimensional trait characterized by difficulties identifying and describing feelings and an externally oriented thinking (EOT) style. Here, we explored interrelationships between alexithymia and measures assessing how individuals process and regulate their responses to environmental and body-based cues. Young adults ( = 201) completed self-report questionnaires assessing alexithymia, sensory processing sensitivity (SPS), interoceptive accuracy (IA), sensory processing styles, and current levels of depression, anxiety, and stress. Read More

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Acute Effects of Polyphenols on Human Attentional Processes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Front Neurosci 2021 24;15:678769. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Nutrition and Preventive Medicine, Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom.

The effects of polyphenols on cognitive functions have been extensively studied. Due to the large heterogeneity in the study designs, however, it is often difficult to interpret their efficacy. To address this issue, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analyses to examine whether acute polyphenol intake may have a beneficial effect on cognition and specifically on the accuracy and speed of attention. Read More

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