103 results match your criteria word worth


The relationship between ambivalence, alexithymia, and salience network dysfunction in schizophrenia.

Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging 2021 Apr 5;310:111271. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Institute of Behavioral Science in Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Department of Psychiatry, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Ambivalence in schizophrenia is worth investigating its association with salience processing and alexithymia using functional MRI. Twenty-two patients with schizophrenia and 22 healthy controls were scanned during the ambivalence task of matching picture (ambivalent, positive and negative) and word (positive and negative) stimuli, and the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS) was rated. Patients exhibited decreased activity in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and insula compared to controls, and ACC activity in the ambivalent condition was negatively correlated with the TAS score in patients. Read More

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The Production of Complex Syntax in Spontaneous Language by 4-Year-Old Children With Hearing Loss.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2021 Mar 1;30(2):609-621. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Davies School of Communication Sciences & Disorders, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth.

Purpose Proficiency with complex syntax is important for language and reading comprehension, and production of complex syntax begins to emerge shortly after a young child begins using two-word combinations. Complex syntax production in preschool children with hearing loss who use spoken language has been explored minimally. The purpose of this study was to compare complex syntax production of 4-year-old children with hearing loss to age-matched and language-matched peers with normal hearing. Read More

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First report of causing bulb rot on in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Feb 22. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences Institute of Bast Fiber Crops, 107626, Changsha, Hunan, China;

Lilium lancifolium Thunb., commonly known as Juandan lily and tiger lily, is widely cultivated in China for its edible bulbs and medicinal properties, with a commercial value worth of ~RMB 6 billion Yuan per year. Bulb rot is an increasingly common disease on L. Read More

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February 2021

Focuses and trends of the studies on pediatric palliative care:A bibliometric analysis from 2004 to 2018.

Int J Nurs Sci 2021 Jan 30;8(1):5-14. Epub 2020 Nov 30.

School of Nursing, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, China.

Objectives: To investigate the focuses and trends of the studies on pediatric palliative care (PPC) and provide directions for future research.

Methods: Relevant papers about PPC published from 2004 to 2018 were analyzed using bibliometric analysis methods, including co-word analysis, biclustering analysis, and strategic diagram analysis. The included papers were divided into three groups based on the publication time, including 2004-2008, 2009-2013, and 2014-2018. Read More

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January 2021

Emergent Tact Control Following Stimulus Pairing: Comparison of Procedural Variations.

Anal Verbal Behav 2020 Dec 20;36(2):193-214. Epub 2020 Nov 20.

Department of Psychology, Texas Christian University, Box 298920, Fort Worth, TX 76129 USA.

We examined emergent tact control following stimulus pairing, using 2 different stimulus presentation arrangements. In the word-first condition, presentation of the auditory stimulus preceded the visual stimulus, and in the image-first condition, the visual stimulus preceded the auditory stimulus. Eight children (2-5 years old) participated. Read More

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December 2020

Social Stigma of People with Dementia.

J Alzheimers Dis 2020 ;78(4):1339-1343

Department of Neurology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland.

In a broad sense, the concept of social stigmatization (from the Greek word "stigma", or sign) refers to the attitude of social disapproval and the negative reception of a specific group of people due to the characteristic features of this group. The problem of stigma affects many people, and it is also present in medicine and affects people with dementia. Social stigma of people with dementia is a worldwide problem. Read More

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January 2020

Essential tremor: Is the word "essential" really essential?

Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2020 12 21;81:103-105. Epub 2020 Oct 21.

Department of Neurology, University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Essential tremor (ET) is among the common movement disorders. A surge in research in recent years has considerably improved our understanding of disease etiology and pathogenesis, and its associated clinical phenomenology and natural history. With this progress have emerged a multitude of new questions and conundrums and newly proposed terminologies. Read More

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December 2020

[Qualitative study on working experience of COVID-19 care nurses].

Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2020 Aug;49(4):480-486

Nursing Department, Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310052, China.

Objective: To study the working experience of COVID-19 care nurses.

Methods: Twenty two nurses taking care of COVID-19 patients were interviewed by means of descriptive phenomenology. All the data were transcribed and recorded, and then processed into WORD documents. Read More

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The Relation Between Vocabulary Knowledge and Phonological Awareness in Children With Cochlear Implants.

Authors:
Emily Lund

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2020 07 8;63(7):2386-2402. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Davies School of Communication Sciences & Disorders, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth.

Purpose The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relation between lexical knowledge and phonological awareness performance of children with cochlear implants. Method Thirty children with cochlear implants (aged 5-7 years), 30 children with normal hearing matched for age, and 30 children with normal hearing matched for vocabulary size participated in the study. Children completed a vocabulary knowledge measure and three phonological awareness tasks with words that had high and low neighborhood density. Read More

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Care haunts, hurts, heals: The promiscuous poetics of queer crip Mad care.

J Lesbian Stud 2020 Jul 1:1-19. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Faculty of Kinesiology, Sport, and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Care is a dirty word for many in our communities. "Caregiving" has become a euphemism for often-indifferent, under-funded labor that is done to our bodies to (barely) enable our continued survival. Care is a dirty word in many of our leftist-feminist communities. Read More

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Community-Based Eye Health Screening Study in the Elderly Hispanic Population in North Texas.

Tex Public Health J 2020 ;72(2):19-21

North Texas Eye Research Institute, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX.

The Hispanic population is underserved and underrepresented in health care. Epidemiological studies are cmcial for providing insight to identify disparities and unmet eye health needs in this vulnerable group. The purpose of our study is to examine the prevalence of ocular conditions in the elderly Hispanic population in North Texas and identify the frequency in which these conditions were undiagnosed. Read More

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January 2020

Frontocingulate Dysfunction Is Associated with Depression and Decreased Serum PON1 in Methamphetamine-Dependent Patients.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2020 19;16:489-499. Epub 2020 Feb 19.

Behavioral Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: Studies have been reported that frequent use of methamphetamine (MA) is associated with brain function impairment, mood disorders and excessive free radical production accompanied by the decreased level of the antioxidant response elements, but no study investigated their correlations simultaneously. In the current study, the correlation of brain function, depression and anxiety levels, and the serum levels of PON1 (an antioxidant) in MA-dependent patients were investigated.

Methods: Nineteen active MA abusers and 18 control subjects performed color-word Stroop task during fMRI and the state of their depression, anxiety, and stress were measured by the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 Items (DASS-21) questionnaire. Read More

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February 2020

Intermittent Hypoxia Training for Treating Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Pilot Study.

Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen 2020 Jan-Dec;35:1533317519896725

Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China.

Although intermittent hypoxia training (IHT) has proven effective against various clinical disorders, its impact on mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is unknown. This pilot study examined IHT's safety and therapeutic efficacy in elderly patients with amnestic MCI (aMCI). Seven patients with aMCI (age 69 ± 3 years) alternately breathed 10% O and room-air, each 5 minutes, for 8 cycles/session, 3 sessions/wk for 8 weeks. Read More

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December 2020

[Textual research on the terms of "Ointment" in traditional Chinese medicine].

Authors:
X Xu Y L Wu J P Zhu

Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi 2019 Jul;49(4):195-198

China Institute for History of Medicine and Medical Literature, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China.

Ointment in traditional Chinese medicine appeared very early, as early as in the (, ) has been recorded, (, -), unearthed in the Mawangdui Han Tomb, there were many cases of ointment in it.The earliest paste named after "plaster" with complete formulation and application method can be found in .In the Northern and Southern Dynasties, Tao Hongjing's (, ) presented a detailed description of the production process of ointment. Read More

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A comparative evaluation of medicine package inserts for oral antidiabetic agents in Palestine.

BMC Public Health 2019 Aug 2;19(1):1037. Epub 2019 Aug 2.

Poison Control and Drug Information Center (PCDIC), College of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, 44839, Palestine.

Background: Patient package inserts (PPIs) should provide accurate, sufficient, and clear information for patients as well as health care professionals. The goal of this study was to evaluate and compare the PPIs of local and imported anti-diabetic agents in the Palestinian market.

Methods: Eighteen leaflets were collected and analysed based on the completeness of 31 criteria using a scoring method, then the quantity of information was assessed by applying word counting of 17 headings and subheadings. Read More

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Insecurity about getting old: age-contingent self-worth, attentional bias, and well-being.

Aging Ment Health 2020 10 8;24(10):1636-1644. Epub 2019 Jul 8.

Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Older adulthood has often been recognized as a time of increased well-being and positive cognitive biases. However, older adults can also experience many social and identity challenges. We sought to investigate which older adults might be most vulnerable to these difficulties. Read More

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October 2020

Cognitive Training and Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Randomized Pilot Trial.

Front Neurosci 2019 12;13:307. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Center for BrainHealth, The University of Texas at Dallas, Dallas, TX, United States.

Background: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), a non-invasive stimulation, represents a potential intervention to enhance cognition across clinical populations including Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). This randomized clinical trial in MCI investigated the effects of anodal tDCS (a-tDCS) delivered to left inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) combined with gist-reasoning training (SMART) versus sham tDCS (s-tDCS) plus SMART on measures of cognitive and neural changes in resting cerebral blood flow (rCBF). We were also interested in SMART effects on cognitive performance regardless of the tDCS group. Read More

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Developmental dyslexia: A deficit in magnocellular-parvocellular co-activation, not simply in pure magnocellular activation.

Vision Res 2019 06 10;159:61-67. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of General Psychology, University of Padova, Via Venezia 8, 35131 Padova, Italy; Neuro.Vis.U.S. Laboratory, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.

The magnocellular deficit theory of dyslexia suggests a selective impairment in contrast detection of stimuli involving pure magnocellular response (e.g. Gabor patches of 0. Read More

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Spoken fictional narrative and literacy skills of children with Down syndrome.

J Commun Disord 2019 May - Jun;79:76-89. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Davies School of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Texas Christian University, TCU Box 297450, Fort Worth, TX 76129, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Children with Down syndrome (DS) exhibit below average nonverbal intelligence and impaired language skills; however, their spoken narrative production is a relative strength.

Aims: We examined expressive language skills produced during fictional narrative retells and analyzed the unique contribution of expressive language skills to word-level reading and reading comprehension of children with DS.

Methods And Procedures: The microstructure and macrostructure of fifteen, 8- to 18-year-old children with DS's narrative retells were analyzed. Read More

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Disrupted left fusiform response to print in beginning kindergartners is associated with subsequent reading.

Neuroimage Clin 2019 12;22:101715. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

McGovern Institute for Brain Research and MIT Integrated Learning Initiative, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, United States.

Dyslexia is a common neurobiological disorder in which a child fails to acquire typical word reading skills despite adequate opportunity and intelligence. The visual word form area (VWFA) is a region within the left fusiform gyrus that specializes for print over the course of reading acquisition and is often hypoactivated in individuals with dyslexia. It is currently unknown whether atypicalities in this brain region are already present in kindergarten children who will subsequently develop dyslexia. Read More

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December 2019

Qualitative exploration of the impact of employment and volunteering upon the health and wellbeing of African refugees settled in regional Australia: a refugee perspective.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 1;19(1):143. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Western Sydney University, School of Medicine, University Centre for Rural Health, 62 Uralba Street, PO Box 3074, Lismore, NSW, 2480, Australia.

Background: People from refugee backgrounds face various challenges after moving to a new country. Successfully securing employment has been linked to positive health outcomes in refugee populations; there is less research into the impact of volunteering on health outcomes in refugees, or the role of employment and volunteering in regional or rural communities. This study aims to explore how employment and volunteering influences the health and wellbeing of refugees settled in regional Australia, and identify areas for appropriate service provision. Read More

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February 2019

Exploring the Emerging Evolution Trends of Urban Resilience Research by Scientometric Analysis.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 10 6;15(10). Epub 2018 Oct 6.

Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 999077, China.

Numerous studies in urban resilience have been published in the past decade. However, only a few publications have tracked the evolution trends of urban resilience research, the findings of which can serve as a useful guide for scholars to foresee worth-effort research areas and make the best use of precious time and resources. In order to fill the research gap, this study performed a scientometric analysis on the evolution trends of urban resilience research using a versatile software package-CiteSpace. Read More

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October 2018

Pairing New Words With Unfamiliar Objects: Comparing Children With and Without Cochlear Implants.

Authors:
Emily Lund

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2018 09;61(9):2325-2336

Davies School of Communication Sciences & Disorders, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth.

Purpose: This study investigates differences between preschool children with cochlear implants and age-matched children with normal hearing during an initial stage in word learning to evaluate whether they (a) match novel words to unfamiliar objects and (b) solicit information about unfamiliar objects during play.

Method: Twelve preschool children with cochlear implants and 12 children with normal hearing matched for age completed 2 experimental tasks. In the 1st task, children were asked to point to a picture that matched either a known word or a novel word. Read More

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September 2018

When a word is worth more than a picture: Words lower the threshold for object identification in 3-year-old children.

J Exp Child Psychol 2018 11 5;175:37-47. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA.

A large literature shows strong developmental links between early language abilities and later cognitive abilities. We present evidence for one pathway by which language may influence cognition and development: by influencing how visual information is momentarily processed. Children were asked to identify a target in clutter and either saw a visual preview of the target or heard the basic-level name of the target. Read More

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November 2018

Metacognitive control in self-regulated learning: Conditions affecting the choice of restudying versus retrieval practice.

Mem Cognit 2018 10;46(7):1164-1177

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Villanova University, 800 Lancaster Avenue, Villanova, PA, 19085, USA.

In two experiments, learners studied word pairs one or two times and took a final cued recall test. They studied each pair upon its initial presentation and decided whether they would restudy it later, take a practice test on it later (retrieval practice), or forego all further practice with the pair. Whether learners preferred restudying or testing depended upon conditions. Read More

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October 2018

Does "a picture is worth 1000 words" apply to iconic Chinese words? Relationship of Chinese words and pictures.

Sci Rep 2018 05 29;8(1):8289. Epub 2018 May 29.

Department of Psychology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.

The meaning of a picture can be extracted rapidly, but the form-to-meaning relationship is less obvious for printed words. In contrast to English words that follow grapheme-to-phoneme correspondence rule, the iconic nature of Chinese words might predispose them to activate their semantic representations more directly from their orthographies. By using the paradigm of repetition blindness (RB) that taps into the early level of word processing, we examined whether Chinese words activate their semantic representations as directly as pictures do. Read More

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Adverse reactions analysis and prevention of antiseptic drug in the obstetrics and gynecology nursing.

Pak J Pharm Sci 2018 May;31(3(Special)):1137-1140

Nursing Department, The Fifth People's Hospital of Jinan, Jinan, China.

Antimicrobial agents are widely used in gynecologic inflammation and surgical period, so as to cure some infectious diseases, reduce the chance of surgical incision infection, but at the same time, there are many adverse reactions. The use of nursing interventions in obstetrics and gynecology can significantly reduce the adverse drug reactions in the treatment. The results showed that the incidence of adverse reactions in the observation group was 8. Read More

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Neural Response After a Single ECT Session During Retrieval of Emotional Self-Referent Words in Depression: A Randomized, Sham-Controlled fMRI Study.

Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 2018 03;21(3):226-235

Danish Research Centre for Magnetic Resonance, Centre for Functional and Diagnostic Imaging and Research, Copenhagen University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark.

Background: Negative neurocognitive bias is a core feature of depression that is reversed by antidepressant drug treatment. However, it is unclear whether modulation of neurocognitive bias is a common mechanism of distinct biological treatments. This randomized controlled functional magnetic resonance imaging study explored the effects of a single electroconvulsive therapy session on self-referent emotional processing. Read More

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Early development of letter specialization in left fusiform is associated with better word reading and smaller fusiform face area.

Dev Sci 2018 09 5;21(5):e12658. Epub 2018 Mar 5.

McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.

A functional region of left fusiform gyrus termed "the visual word form area" (VWFA) develops during reading acquisition to respond more strongly to printed words than to other visual stimuli. Here, we examined responses to letters among 5- and 6-year-old early kindergarten children (N = 48) with little or no school-based reading instruction who varied in their reading ability. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to measure responses to individual letters, false fonts, and faces in left and right fusiform gyri. Read More

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September 2018

Perceptions of Adult Women on Losing Their Mothers at an Early Age: Implications for Nursing Care During Childbirth.

MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2018 May/Jun;43(3):126-132

Jennie Gunn is a Professor, University of South Alabama, College of Nursing, Mobile, AL. The author can be reached via e-mail at Carroll Gunn Huebner is the Writing Center Coordinator for Online Services, Northwest Mississippi Community College, Senatobia, MS. Kristen McCoy is a Nurse Practitioner, GI Associates and Endoscopy Clinic, and Hospitalist, Baptist Hospital, Madison, MS.

Purpose: To explore the lived experience of women over the age of 21 who lost their mothers before the age of 18.

Methods: Using qualitative methodology, motherless child-adult women were gathered through emails, word of mouth, and snowballing techniques. Interviews were conducted at the convenience of the women. Read More

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October 2018