16,786 results match your criteria women psychosocial

Examining the association of alcohol use and psychotropic medication adherence among women with severe mental illness in South Africa.

Psychiatry Res 2021 Jul 19;304:114127. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

HIV Mental Health Research Unit, Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, Groote Schuur Hospital, Anzio Road Observatory, Cape Town 7925, South Africa.

Women with severe mental illness (SMI) in South Africa face numerous psychosocial challenges and alcohol use is widely used in this population as a coping strategy. Although hazardous alcohol use has a documented negative effect on medication adherence or chronic illness, research has mostly ignored the role of alcohol on psychotropic medication adherence in women with SMI. The primary aim of this study was to explore the association of hazardous alcohol use on psychotropic medication adherence in adult women living with SMI (N = 119), attending a psychiatric clinic for treatment in Cape Town. Read More

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Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial to improve the quality of life of housewives with musculoskeletal disorders: a health promotion intervention based on a participatory ergonomic approach-the Housewives Ergonomic Intervention (HEI) trial.

Trials 2021 Jul 26;22(1):490. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Ergonomics, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: A variety of household chores expose women to a variety of biomechanical and psychosocial risk factors. A result of this is many housewives with musculoskeletal disorders. Given the interactive effects of these risk factors, it is necessary to consider multiple strategies to mitigate their effects. Read More

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Risk factors associated with stress symptoms during pregnancy and postpartum: integrative literature review.

Women Health 2021 Jul 26:1-17. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Centro Universitário Barão de Mauá, Psychology, Brazil.

Stressful events during prenatal and postpartum have been associated with an increase in the susceptibility to the onset of various diseases, threatening mental and physical health of mother and baby. The aim of this study was to synthesize and analyze the literature related to risk factors associated with stress symptoms during pregnancy and immediate postpartum by means of an integrative review. The search was conducted from January 2013 to July 2020, consulting the following databases: PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Web of Science and LILACS. Read More

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Decision-Making Experience Related to Mastectomy Among Women With Breast Cancer: An Integrative Review.

Cancer Nurs 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Author Affiliations: Faculty of Health and Medicine, School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia (Ms Liu and Drs Hunter and Lee); Department of Nursing, School of Medicine, Xiamen University, China (Dr Zhu); and UON Singapore Campus and Priority Research Centre for Brain and Mental Health (Dr Chan), University of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Deciding to have a mastectomy can be challenging for women. An understanding of the decision-making experience related to mastectomy would contribute to improving the support of women making this decision.

Objective: The aim of this study was to understand women's decision-making experience related to mastectomy. Read More

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Associations of Symptoms of Depression, Social Support, and Quality of Life Among Korean Women Who Experience Infertility.

J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Objective: To describe the quality of life (QOL) of Korean women experiencing infertility based on sociodemographic and infertility characteristics and to examine the associations among symptoms of depression, social support, and QOL.

Design: Cross-sectional, descriptive study.

Setting: Participants were recruited from July to August 2019 on one of the largest South Korean websites where individuals share pregnancy and parenthood experiences. Read More

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Prosthesis rejection in individuals with limb amputation: a narrative review with respect to rehabilitation.

Riv Psichiatr 2021 Jul-Aug;56(4):175-181

School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milano Bicocca, Italy.

Objective: To evaluate the refusal of the prosthesis in order to highlight elements in determining the acceptance/rejection of the prosthetic devices, and its role on rehabilitation program.

Methods: A literature review through a search of the database Medline for studies published between October 2007 and May 2020 using the key words "prosthesis", "limb", and "accept"*.

Results: Nine studies were included. Read More

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Nitric oxide-related gene and microRNA expression in peripheral blood in pregnancy vary by self-reported race.

Epigenetics 2021 Jul 24:1-15. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Institute for Environmental Health Solutions, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC.

Adverse pregnancy outcomes disproportionately affect non-Hispanic (NH) Black patients in the United States. Structural racism has been associated with increased psychosocial distress and inflammation and may trigger oxidative stress. Thus, the nitric oxide (NO) pathway (involved in the regulation of inflammation and oxidative stress) may partly explain the underlying disparities in obstetric outcomes. Read More

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The Impact of a Father's Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) on the Relationship He Has with the Mother of His Baby.

Scientia (Waco) 2021 23;2021:33-39. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824.

The relationship between the father and mother during pregnancy has been linked to pregnancy outcomes. However, factors that influence this relationship have not been studied in depth. Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) of the father have been associated with poor health and functioning in adulthood, and may be important factors that impact the prenatal relationship between the parents. Read More

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Breast Cancer Survivors' Contribution to Psychosocial Adjustment of Newly Diagnosed Breast Cancer Patients in a Computer-Mediated Social Support Group.

Journal Mass Commun Q 2017 Jun 19;94(2):486-514. Epub 2017 Jan 19.

University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA.

This study investigated the role of breast cancer survivors in a computer-mediated social support (CMSS) group for women with breast cancer. Applying a computer-aided content analytic method, the present study examined the differences in support provision between survivors and newly diagnosed patients. This study further investigated the impacts of survivor-provided social support on psychosocial adjustment of newly diagnosed patients. Read More

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Passing as normal: Negotiating boundaries and coping with male breast cancer.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Jul 17;284:114239. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

The Louis and Gabi Weisfeld School of Social Work, Bar Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, 52900, Israel.

Background And Objective: Male breast cancer is a rare and understudied disease. In addition to coping with cancer, suffering from what is perceived as a "woman's disease" significantly burdens men's illness experience and can lead to stigmatization. The way men cope with these challenges has not been studied to date. Read More

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Prenatal perception of breastfeeding recommendation predicts early breastfeeding outcomes of participants in the Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC).

Am J Clin Nutr 2021 Jul 24. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Department of Sociology, California State University-Dominguez Hills, Carson, CA.

Background: Prenatal psychosocial factors predict breastfeeding practices but are not assessed in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC).

Objective: This study examined how prenatal perceptions of WIC's breastfeeding recommendations were associated with early breastfeeding outcomes.

Methods: This study used longitudinal data from a national sample of 2,053 pregnant participants in the WIC Infant and Toddler Feeding Practices Study-2 (WIC ITFPS-2) in 2013, the only national data assessing prenatal perceptions of WIC's breastfeeding recommendations. Read More

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The Effectiveness of Active Rehabilitation Camp on Physical Performance of Disabled People Moving in Wheelchairs.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Jul 16;18(14). Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Center of Security Technologies in Logistics, Faculty of Management, University of Lodz, 90-237 Lodz, Poland.

(1) Background: Regular participation in physical activity (PA) prevents many medical complications and improves the physical fitness of people with spinal cord injury, and in turn improves the functional independence, psychosocial status and quality of life. The goal of Active Rehabilitation Camps (ARCs) is to use various forms of PA in order for the participants to obtain the greatest efficiency and independence in everyday life. (2) Purpose: To evaluate the improvement in physical performance of people with chronic spinal cord disabilities moving in wheelchairs taking part in the Active Rehabilitation Camp depending on (a) sex, (b) type of disability, (c) the level of injury and (d) the type of wheelchair. Read More

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Relationship Dynamics among Couples Dealing with Breast Cancer: A Systematic Review.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Jul 7;18(14). Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, 40126 Bologna, Italy.

Most studies have been concerned with the experiences and needs of women with breast cancer and spouses/partners separately. In this review, the relationship dynamics that characterize the couple's experience of breast cancer treatment were investigated. Findings will inform both researchers and professionals in the area of oncology. Read More

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Psychosocial Impact of Assistive Devices and Other Technologies on Deaf and Hard of Hearing People.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Jul 7;18(14). Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Institute for Community Inclusion (INICO), University of Salamanca, 37005 Salamanca, Spain.

Deaf and hard of hearing people use a variety of assistive devices and technologies as a strategy to mitigate, counter or compensate for life difficulties resulting from hearing loss. Although outcome measures are commonly used with hearing aids, few studies have explored the perceived psychosocial impact of other assistive devices and technologies or the factors leading to their abandonment or lack of use. Therefore, the main aim of this study was to assess the psychosocial impact of different assistive devices on deaf and hard of hearing people using the Psychosocial Impact of Assistive Devices Scale. Read More

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[Ethical, Psychosocial and Legal Aspects of the Treatment of Pregnant Patients with Brain Death].

Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 2021 Jul 23;56(7-08):536-543. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

The therapy of brain-dead pregnant women is an extreme example not only of the possibilities in current critical care, but also of resulting ethical, social and legal controversies, an area not familiar to most clinicians. Based on the case of a patient with fatal traumatic brain injury, a previously unknown early pregnancy and stated will to donate organs, we will discuss several aspects using published case reports: therapeutic goals, especially palliative care vs. continuation; implications of brain death diagnosis; considerations on legal care; involvement of relatives, especially the child's father; dynamics within the care team; and finally the issue of putative organ donation. Read More

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Comparative Study of Sexual Side Effects in Female Patients With Schizophrenia Receiving Risperidone or Olanzapine.

Prim Care Companion CNS Disord 2021 Jul 22;23(4). Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Psychiatry, IQRAA International Hospital and Research Centre, Malaparamba, Kozhikode, Kerala, India.

To determine the prevalence of sexual dysfunction in female patients with schizophrenia receiving olanzapine or risperidone and to understand its relationship with other psychosocial variables.

This cross-sectional descriptive study evaluated 57 female stabilized schizophrenia outpatients receiving risperidone (n = 28) or olanzapine (n = 29) in the psychiatric departments of a tertiary care hospital in South India from January to May 2019. Sexual dysfunction was assessed with the Changes in Sexual Functioning Questionnaire, severity of psychosis with the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, and level of improvement with the Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement and Severity scales. Read More

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DHEA as a Biomarker of Stress: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Front Psychiatry 2021 6;12:688367. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

CHU Clermont-Ferrand, CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Clermont-Ferrand, France.

Psychosocial stress is a significant public health problem inducing consequences for quality of life. Results about the use of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) as a biomarker of acute stress are conflicting. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to demonstrate that DHEA levels could be a biomarker of stress. Read More

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Supportive and demanding managerial circumstances and associations with excellent workability: a cross-sectional study of Swedish school principals.

BMC Psychol 2021 Jul 22;9(1):109. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, 22185, Lund, Sweden.

Background: The leadership of principals is important for school, teacher and student related outcomes. To be capable of doing their work (i.e. Read More

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Geospatial Analysis of Neighborhood Environmental Stress in Relation to Biological Markers of Cardiovascular Health and Health Behaviors in Women: Protocol for a Pilot Study.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 Jul 22;10(7):e29191. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Social Determinants of Obesity and Cardiovascular Risk Laboratory, Cardiovascular Branch, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, United States.

Background: Innovative analyses of cardiovascular (CV) risk markers and health behaviors linked to neighborhood stressors are essential to further elucidate the mechanisms by which adverse neighborhood social conditions lead to poor CV outcomes. We propose to objectively measure physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior, and neighborhood stress using accelerometers, GPS, and real-time perceived ecological momentary assessment via smartphone apps and to link these to biological measures in a sample of White and African American women in Washington, DC, neighborhoods.

Objective: The primary aim of this study is to test the hypothesis that living in adverse neighborhood social conditions is associated with higher stress-related neural activity among 60 healthy women living in high or low socioeconomic status neighborhoods in Washington, DC. Read More

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Outpatient health service utilization and associated factors: A cross-sectional population-based study in Tehran in 2019.

Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021 2;35:71. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Social Welfare Management Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Health service utilization (HSU) is a significant health and political issue. Awareness of factors that affect HSU and the status of health service utilization can help health professionals improve their services. The aim of this study was to investigate the status of HSU and identify the factors affecting health service utilization among households residing in Tehran. Read More

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HPA-axis activity and the moderating effect of self-esteem in the context of intimate partner violence in Cameroon.

Eur J Psychotraumatol 2021 13;12(1):1930897. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

I-Reach Lab, Unit of Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland.

Background: The experience of intimate partner violence (IPV) is stressful. One objective way to monitor it is to assess victims' stress response by measuring the concentration of their salivary cortisol, the major stress hormone released by the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis.

Objective: We investigated how the IPV experienced by women in Cameroon affects their stress levels and those of their children. Read More

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Hypernatremic Dehydration Risk Factors in Newborns: Prospective Case-Controlled Study.

Klin Padiatr 2021 Jul 21;233(4):194-199. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Neonatology, Dr Behcet Uz Child Disease and Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Background: The prevalence of hypernatremic dehydration (HND) has increased in recent years most likely due to insufficient intake of breast milk as the most important factor. This study aimed to investigate risk factors of HND.

Methods: In this study, 47 neonates whom were diagnosed to have HND were included in the study group and 96 healty neonates whom were included in the control group. Read More

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Association of psychological distress and widespread pain with sympatoms of temporomandibular disorders and self-reported bruxism in students.

Clin Exp Dent Res 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Faculty of Medicine, Research Unit of Oral Health Sciences, Oulu University, Oulu, Finland.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of psychosocial distress and widespread pain with self-reported symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and bruxism, in two cross-sectional surveys in 2012 and 2016, and whether there are temporal changes in the magnitude of associations.

Materials And Methods: The data were gathered from Finnish university students in 2012 and 2016. TMD symptoms were assessed with three validated questions and bruxism with one frequently used question. Read More

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The benefits and disappointments following clitoral reconstruction after female genital cutting: A qualitative interview study from Sweden.

PLoS One 2021 21;16(7):e0254855. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

International Maternal and Child Health, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Female genital cutting or mutilation refers to the cutting of girls' external genitalia. Due to migration from contexts where female genital cutting is common, it is estimated that around 38 000 cut women and girls live in Sweden. Clitoral reconstruction, a relatively new form of surgical healthcare offered to women with female genital cutting, was established in Sweden in 2014. Read More

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The role of psychological flexibility, perceived injustice, and body-image in Vulvodynia: a longitudinal study.

Eur J Pain 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: Women with Vulvodynia experience pain, related impacts on sex and daily functioning, and depression. While psychosocial factors are associated with outcomes in Vulvodynia, longitudinal data are limited, especially in mixed/spontaneous Vulvodynia. Broad psychological models such as Psychological Flexibility (PF) and content-specific factors such as body-exposure anxiety and avoidance during sexual activities (BEA), and perceived injustice, have not been adequately investigated in Vulvodynia. Read More

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Perinatal mental health around the world: priorities for research and service development in Italy.

BJPsych Int 2020 Feb;17(1):8-10

National Centre for Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Istituto Superiore di Sanità - Italian National Institute of Heath, Italy.

In Italy, most studies on perinatal mental health and initiatives aimed at improving the early detection and management of perinatal mental disorders have been carried out at the local level. National population-based studies are lacking. A study of pregnant women, recruited and diagnosed by a university hospital, found a 12. Read More

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February 2020

Both "Vitamin L for Life" and "One Milligram of Satan": A Multi-Perspective Qualitative Exploration of Adjuvant Endocrine Therapy Use after Breast Cancer.

Curr Oncol 2021 Jul 5;28(4):2496-2515. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada.

Adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET) is recommended after hormone receptor-positive breast cancer to reduce risk of recurrence, but adherence is sub-optimal in many women. Behavioral interventions have been ineffective in improving adherence rates to AET. This qualitative descriptive study investigates factors that support women in AET use and suggestions for interventions to improve AET use and management. Read More

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Assessment of quality of life, anxiety, depression, and sleep quality in women with fibromyalgia and their spouses.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021 Jul;25(13):4506-4513

Dicle University School of Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Diyarbakir, Turkey.

Objective: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a chronic disease that is more common in adult women and is characterized by widespread pain in the body, especially in the musculoskeletal system. Fatigue, sleep disturbance, anxiety disorder, and depression can be observed in this syndrome alongside pain. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of FMS on the quality of life, psychological condition, and sleep quality of affected female patients and their spouses compared to women without FMS and their spouses. Read More

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Improving work and employment opportunities for women with psychosocial disabilities: an action research protocol.

Pan Afr Med J 2021 1;38:323. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Ikuze Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.

In Kenya, employment rates for persons with disabilities are very low and those with psychosocial disabilities have even more dismal rates of employment. This situation has negative impact on the individual's recovery, quality of life, mental and physical health. The systemic exclusion of persons with psychosocial disabilities in work and employment disproportionately affects women. Read More

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