13,058 results match your criteria women orthopaedic


A magnetic resonance imaging study on the temporomandibular joint disc-condyle relationship in young asymptomatic adults.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong, PR China. Electronic address:

The aim of this study was to assess the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc-condyle relationship in asymptomatic young adults. Ninety-three volunteers aged 19-23 years without temporomandibular disorder (TMD) symptoms underwent TMJ magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The condylar centre and apex methods were used to measure and analyse the position of the disc in the oblique sagittal plane, and the reliability of the two methods was compared by calculating the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC). Read More

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Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Affects the Development of Postmenopausal Osteoporotic Women with Vertebral Fractures.

Biomed Res Int 2021 16;2021:4650057. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Orthopedics, Qinghai Provincial People's Hospital, Qinhai, China.

Background: Postoperative pain, dysfunction, and significant bone loss may occur after vertebral fractures, which will lead to the occurrence of refractures and shorten the survival time, so postoperative rehabilitation is very important. Pulsed electromagnetic field therapy is noninvasive, pain-relieving, and beneficial to reduce bone loss and is an important treatment for patients to recover after surgery. Therefore, this study analyzed the effect of postmenopausal women's vertebral fracture rehabilitation after pulsed electromagnetic field treatment. Read More

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A comparison between Asians and Caucasians in the dimensions of the femoral isthmus based on a 3D-CT analysis of 1189 adult femurs.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistr. 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany.

Introduction: For successful intramedullary implant placement at the femur, such as nailing in unstable proximal femur fractures, the use of an implant that at least reaches or exceeds the femoral isthmus and yields sufficient thickness is recommended. A number of complications after intramedullary femoral nailing have been reported, particularly in Asians. To understand the anatomical features of the proximal femur and their ethnic differences, we aimed to accurately calculate the femoral isthmus dimensions and proximal distance of Asians and Caucasians. Read More

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Estimating the future clinical and economic benefits of improving osteoporosis diagnosis and treatment among women in South Korea: a simulation projection model from 2020 to 2040.

Arch Osteoporos 2021 Jul 28;16(1):115. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Amgen, Inc., Thousand Oaks, CA, USA.

Using a microsimulation model, the impact of increased diagnosis and treatment of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis on anticipated reduction in fractures and associated costs in South Korea from 2020 to 2040 was projected.

Introduction: The economic burden of osteoporosis was US $5.1B in 2011 in South Korea. Read More

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Sex-Specific Difference in Dynamic Balance Following Total Hip Replacement.

Innov Aging 2021 12;5(2):igab019. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Evolutionary Anthropology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA.

Background And Objectives: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a common surgical procedure in older adults (65 years or older). THA has high patient satisfaction, but little is known about balance and mobility limitations after surgery and if outcomes are sex-specific. This study was aimed to evaluate post-THA asymmetry during unilateral standing and a dynamic balance and reach test and test the hypotheses that balance performance would be decreased on the surgical limb and that balance deficits would be greater in women than in men. Read More

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The Influence of Sex on Clinical Outcomes in Minimally Invasive Lumbar Decompression.

Int J Spine Surg 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois.

Background: Research focused on postoperative outcomes among men and women undergoing minimally invasive lumbar decompression (MIS LD) spine surgery is sparse. This study aims to assess the influence of sex on postoperative patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) evaluations and achievement of a minimum clinically important difference (MCID).

Methods: A prospectively maintained surgical database was retrospectively queried for patients undergoing primary or revision, single or multilevel LD procedures from 2011 to 2019. Read More

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Association between Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Circulating Proteins in 50-Year-Old Swedish Men and Women: a Cross-Sectional Study.

Sports Med Open 2021 Jul 26;7(1):52. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

School of Health and Social Studies, Dalarna University, 79188, Falun, Sweden.

Background And Aims: A strong cardiorespiratory fitness is suggested to have beneficial effects on cardiovascular risk; the exact mechanisms underlying the cardioprotective effects of fitness remain uncertain. Our aim was to investigate associations between cardiorespiratory fitness and multiple plasma proteins, in order to obtain insights about physiological pathways associated with the effects of exercise on cardiovascular health.

Methods: In the Prospective investigation of Obesity, Energy and Metabolism (POEM) study (n=444 adults aged 50 years, 50% women), cardiorespiratory fitness was measured by a maximal exercise test on bicycle ergometer with gas exchange (VOpeak) normalized for body lean mass (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)). Read More

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Relationship between abnormalities detected by magnetic resonance imaging and knee symptoms in early knee osteoarthritis.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 26;11(1):15179. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Aomori, Japan.

We investigated the prevalence of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and their relationship with knee symptoms in women without radiographic evidence of knee osteoarthritis (KOA). This cross-sectional cohort study included 359 Japanese women without radiographic evidence of KOA (Kellgren‒Lawrence grade < 2). All participants underwent T2-weighted fat-suppressed MRI of their knees. Read More

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Prosthesis rejection in individuals with limb amputation: a narrative review with respect to rehabilitation.

Riv Psichiatr 2021 Jul-Aug;56(4):175-181

School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milano Bicocca, Italy.

Objective: To evaluate the refusal of the prosthesis in order to highlight elements in determining the acceptance/rejection of the prosthetic devices, and its role on rehabilitation program.

Methods: A literature review through a search of the database Medline for studies published between October 2007 and May 2020 using the key words "prosthesis", "limb", and "accept"*.

Results: Nine studies were included. Read More

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Risks vs. benefits of switching therapy in patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis.

Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab 2021 Jul 26:1-12. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Japan.

: Osteoporosis is characterized by the fragility of bones, leading to fractures and, consequently, the deterioration of functional capacity and quality of life. Postmenopausal women, in particular, are prone to osteoporosis and often require anti-osteoporosis treatment. In the last few decades, various anti-osteoporosis drugs have been approved for clinical use. Read More

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Prediction of Shoulder Stiffness After Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair.

Am J Sports Med 2021 Jul 26:3635465211028980. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, Schulthess Clinic, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Postoperative shoulder stiffness (POSS) is a prevalent adverse event after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (ARCR) that is associated with major limitations in everyday activities and prolonged rehabilitation.

Purpose/hypothesis: The purpose was to develop a predictive model for determining the risk of POSS within 6 months after primary ARCR. We hypothesized that sufficient discrimination ability of such a model could be achieved using a local institutional database. Read More

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Hallux valgus with and without metatarsalgia in women: a matched-cohort study of plantar pressure measurements.

Indian J Orthop 2021 Jul 19;55(Suppl 2):436-444. Epub 2021 May 19.

Foot and Ankle Unit, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Clinica HLA Vistahermosa, Av de Denia 76. 03016. Alicante, Spain.

Background: Few previous studies focused on plantar loading patterns in HV patients with metatarsalgia. Are there any differences in plantar pressure measurements in women with HV with and without metatarsalgia?

Methods: A prospective matched-cohort study was designed to analyze plantar pressure measurements in women with HV with and without metatarsalgia from January 2017 to December 2019. The inclusion criteria were age over 18 years old, women, diagnosis of HV with metatarsalgia. Read More

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Analyze the Differential Rates of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries Between Men and Women by Biomechanical Study of Single-Leg Landing in Badminton.

Indian J Orthop 2021 Jul 21;55(Suppl 2):409-417. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kaohsiung Municipal Siaogang Hospital, Siaogang Dist, No. 482, Shanming Rd, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Background: In female badminton players, certain landings are associated with injury to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). However, the kinematic and kinetic changes of the landing leg and the effects of risky posture on ACL injuries among female vs male badminton players are still unknown. We hypothesized that female players land with a significantly higher knee valgus angle and moment compared to male players during single-leg landings in badminton. Read More

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High-density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Is Negatively Correlated with Bone Mineral Density and Has Potential Predictive Value for Bone Loss.

Lipids Health Dis 2021 Jul 25;20(1):75. Epub 2021 Jul 25.

Department of Orthopaedics, Lanzhou University Second Hospital, #82 Cuiyingmen, Lanzhou, Gansu, People's Republic of China, 730000.

Background: Many studies have shown that lipids play important roles in bone metabolism. However, the association between high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and bone mineral density (BMD) is unclear. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the linear or nonlinear relation between HDL-C levels and BMD and addressed whether the HDL-C levels had the potential values for predicting the risk of osteoporosis or osteopenia. Read More

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Improvements in strength and agility measures of functional fitness following a telehealth-delivered home-based exercise intervention in endometrial cancer survivors.

Support Care Cancer 2021 Jul 25. Epub 2021 Jul 25.

Department of Kinesiology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1300 University Ave, Bardeen 253A, Madison, WI, 53706, USA.

Purpose: Endometrial cancer is strongly linked to obesity and inactivity; however, increased physical activity has important benefits even in the absence of weight loss. Resistance (strength) training can deliver these benefits; yet few women participate in resistance exercise. The purpose of this study was to describe both physiological and functional changes following a home-based strength training intervention. Read More

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Association between Pelvic Parameters and Vaginal Delivery.

Asian Spine J 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatsu, Japan.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Purpose: To investigate the association between vaginal delivery and pelvic parameters and clarify the effect of parity on parameter fluctuations.

Overview Of Literature: During vaginal delivery, the sacroiliac joint widens and the sacrum nutates (nods). Read More

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Subjective and Objective Outcomes of Surgery for Rheumatoid Forefoot Deformities Under the Current Treatment Paradigm.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2021 Jun 19. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Japan.

We investigated the clinical outcomes of surgical procedures for the treatment of forefoot deformities in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Twenty feet in 16 women (mean age 62.1 years) underwent corrective osteotomy of the first metatarsal bone with shortening oblique osteotomy of the lesser metatarsophalangeal joints (joint-preservation group), while 13 feet in 12 women (mean age 67. Read More

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Assessment of Burnout Levels before and during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Web-Based Survey by the (Italian) Association of Medical Endocrinologists (AME).

Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Interdisciplinary Department of Medicine - Section of Internal Medicine, Geriatrics, Endocrinology and Rare Diseases. School of Medicine, University of Bari, Piazza Giulio Cesare 11, Policlinico of Bari, Bari, Apulia, Italy.

Background: Some endocrinologists were involved in the management of patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 during the first wave of the pandemic. This study aims to analyze burnout levels among the Association of Medical Endocrinologists (AME) members before and during the pandemic.

Methods: We recruited two AME members samples at two different times: before COVID-19 (n = 811) and during the first wave of the ongoing pandemic (n = 579). Read More

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Factors associated with surgeon recommendation for additional cast immobilization of a CT-verified nondisplaced scaphoid waist fracture.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2021 Jul 24. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Department of Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery, Flinders Medical Centre, Flinders University, Flinders Drive, Bedford Park, Adelaide, South Australia, 5042, Australia.

Introduction: Data from clinical trials suggest that CT-confirmed nondisplaced scaphoid waist fractures heal with less than the conventional 8-12 weeks of immobilization. Barriers to adopting shorter immobilization times in clinical practice may include a strong influence of fracture tenderness and radiographic appearance on decision-making. This study aimed to investigate (1) the degree to which surgeons use fracture tenderness and radiographic appearance of union, among other factors, to decide whether or not to recommend additional cast immobilization after 8 or 12 weeks of immobilization; (2) identify surgeon factors associated with the decision to continue cast immobilization after 8 or 12 weeks. Read More

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Vascular Complications in Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Additionally Increase the Risk of Femoral Neck Fractures Due to Deteriorated Trabecular Microarchitecture.

Calcif Tissue Int 2021 Jul 24. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Laboratory of Bone Biology and Bioanthropology, Institute of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Dr Subotica 4/2, Belgrade, Serbia.

Individuals with diabetes mellitus type 2 (T2DM) have an increased risk of hip fracture, especially if vascular complications are present. However, microstructural origins of increased bone fragility in T2DM are still controversial. DXA measurement of the contralateral hip and three-dimensional microCT analyses of femoral neck trabecular microarchitecture were performed in 32 individuals (26 women and 6 men, 78 ± 7 years). Read More

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Influence of Anxiety/Depression, Age, Gender and ASA on 1-Year Follow-Up Outcomes Following Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty in 5447 Patients.

J Clin Med 2021 Jul 13;10(14). Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Department of Orthopedics, University Medical Center Regensburg, Asklepios Klinikum Bad Abbach, Kaiser-Karl-V.-Allee 3, 93077 Bad Abbach, Germany.

Introduction: There are many factors influencing the outcome after total joint arthroplasty (TJA). In particular, patient-related factors such as age, gender, ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologists), or preoperative anxiety/depression have become increasingly important. The aim of this study was to examine the association of these parameters with 1-year postoperative outcomes after total knee and total hip arthroplasty (TKA, THA). Read More

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Are changes in meniscus volume and extrusion associated to knee osteoarthritis development? a structural equation model.

Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Dept. of General Practice, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Objective: To explore the interplay between (changes in) medial meniscus volume, meniscus extrusion and radiographic knee osteoarthritis (OA) development over 30 months follow-up (FU).

Methods: Data from the PRevention of knee Osteoarthritis in Overweight Females study were used. This cohort included 407 middle-aged women with a body mass index ≥27 kg/m, who were free of knee OA at baseline. Read More

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Cognitive decline is associated with an accelerated rate of bone loss and increased fracture risk in women: a prospective study from the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study.

J Bone Miner Res 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Osteoporosis and Bone Biology, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Sydney, Australia.

Cognitive decline and osteoporosis often coexist and some evidence suggests a causal link. However, there are no data on the longitudinal relationship between cognitive decline, bone loss and fracture risk, independent of aging. This study aimed to determine the association between: (i) cognitive decline and bone loss; and (ii) clinically significant cognitive decline (≥3 points) on Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) over the first 5 years and subsequent fracture risk over the following 10 years. Read More

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The Burden of Patients With Lower Limb Amputations in a Community Safety-net Hospital.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

From the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA.

Background: The functional disability after amputation is tremendous and imposes a high economic burden on patients and health systems. The current literature on the costs of amputation has been limited to the index hospitalization or a short time window around the amputation procedure, which covers a small percentage of the total costs.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent lower extremity amputations at a single urban public level 1 trauma hospital. Read More

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MicroRNA miR-502-5p inhibits ovarian cancer genesis by downregulation of GINS complex subunit 2.

Bioengineered 2021 Dec;12(1):3336-3347

Dept of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei Province, P.R.C.

Ovarian cancer (OC) is one of the most common malignancies with high incidence and mortality and the eighth most common cancer-associated mortality in women worldwide. Aberrant expression of the GINS complex subunit 2 (GINS2) gene and miR-502-5p has been associated with cancer progression. This study aims to investigate the specific molecular mechanism of the miR-502-5p-GINS2 axis in OC. Read More

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December 2021

Gene Variants and Response to Zoledronic Acid Treatment in Chinese Women with Postmenopausal Osteoporosis.

Pharmgenomics Pers Med 2021 13;14:859-866. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Department of Orthopedics, The Affiliated Changzhou No.2 People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Changzhou, 213003, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Alpha-L-iduronidase (IDUA) rs3755955 and rs6831280 polymorphisms have been demonstrated to be associated with bone mineral density (BMD). However, no study has investigated the association of these two polymorphisms with osteoporosis (OP) susceptibility in Chinese postmenopausal women.

Patients And Methods: gene polymorphisms were genotyped in 278 women with OP and 303 healthy controls via polymerase chain reaction and Sanger sequencing. Read More

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Lower trabecular bone score is associated with an increased incidence of localized femoral periosteal thickening.

J Bone Miner Metab 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Division of Clinical Nephrology and Rheumatology, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 1-757 Asahimachi-Dori, Chuo-ku, Niigata City, 951-8510, Japan.

Introduction: Femoral localized periosteal thickening (LPT, also termed "beaking") of the lateral cortex often precedes an atypical femoral fracture (AFF). Bisphosphonate (BP) use, glucocorticoid use, and Asian race are major risk factors for developing such fractures. The aim of this study was to determine whether the trabecular bone score (TBS) reflecting the lumbar trabecular microarchitecture was related to LPT in glucocorticoid-treated Japanese patients with autoimmune diseases. Read More

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The Significance of the Gene for Weight and Body Composition in Swedish Women With Severe Anorexia Nervosa During Intensive Nutrition Therapy.

J Am Coll Nutr 2021 Jul 20:1-6. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Objective: The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the potential influence of the fat mass and obesity-associated gene (), SNP rs9939609, on body mass index (BMI) and body composition in women with anorexia nervosa (AN) undergoing intensive nutrition therapy.

Method: Twenty-five female patients with AN (20.1 ± 2. Read More

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Knowledge, practices and perceptions regarding oral health preventive measures among Mexican dental students: a cross-sectional survey study.

J Biol Regul Homeost Agents 2021 Mar-Apr;35(2 Suppl. 1):163-171

Department of Biomedical, Surgical and Dental Sciences, University of Milan, Milan Italy.

Although oral diseases are mostly preventable, they remain a global public health problem. Thus, there is a need for trained personnel to actively intervene in promoting oral health, to prevent and timeously detect oral diseases, and, in turn, to provide comprehensive quality healthcare. The main objective of the study was to evaluate the knowledge, practices and perceptions regarding oral health preventive measures amongst undergraduate dental students. Read More

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Current Orthopaedic Residency Letters of Recommendation Are Not Biased by Gender of Applicant.

JB JS Open Access 2021 Jul-Sep;6(3). Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Letters of recommendation (LORs) are highly influential in the residency selection process. Differences in language and length of LORs by gender have been demonstrated for applicants applying to surgical residencies and fellowships. This had yet to be studied in orthopaedic surgery. Read More

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