7,107 results match your criteria women age-adjusted


Generalized joint hypermobility and risk of pelvic girdle pain in pregnancy: does body mass index matter?

Physiother Theory Pract 2021 Apr 14:1-8. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

: Women with generalized joint hypermobility may be at increased risk of pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain, but evidence is inconclusive. : In this prospective cohort study of 283 pregnant women in Norway, we aimed to study the association of generalized joint mobility with pelvic girdle pain, and to evaluate if pre-pregnancy body mass index was a modifier of the association. : Generalized joint hypermobility was defined as a score of ≥5/9 positive tests on the Beighton score measured in early pregnancy. Read More

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Factors affecting nurses' intention to accept the COVID-9 vaccine: A cross-sectional study.

Public Health Nurs 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Family Medicine & School of Public Health, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.

Objective: To measure COVID-19 vaccine acceptance and related factors to undercover nurses' concerns and fears.

Design: A cross-sectional study.

Sample: The study included 639 nurses; 83% were women and 80% under 50 years. Read More

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Mortality in the Americas from 2013 to 2015 resulting from diseases, conditions and injuries which are 100% alcohol-attributable.

Addiction 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Aims: To describe mortality in the Americas from 2013 to 2015 inclusive resulting from diseases, conditions and injuries which are 100% attributable to alcohol consumption.

Design And Setting: Mortality registry, population-based study. The data come from 30 of the 35 countries of the Americas for the triennium of 2013 to 2015. Read More

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Trends in mortality due to pressure ulcers in Spain, over the period 1999-2016.

J Tissue Viability 2021 Apr 3. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Clinical Medicine Department, Miguel Hernández University, Carretera Nacional, N-332 S/n, 03550, Sant Joan, Alicante, Spain. Electronic address:

Aim: to analyse trends in mortality by Pressure Ulcers (PU) in Spain, between 1999 and 2016.

Methods: Mortality due to PU in residents in Spain over 65, where a PU was underlying/basic cause of death, was analysed. Data for populations and deaths were gathered from the Spanish National Statistics Institute. Read More

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Predicting the duration of supplemental home oxygen in prematurely-born infants at discharge from neonatal care.

Early Hum Dev 2021 Mar 17;157:105353. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Neonatal Intensive Care Centre, King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom; Department of Women and Children's Health, School of Life Course Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, King's College London, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Background: Discharge home of preterm infants on supplemental oxygen has significant healthcare, parental psychological and financial implications, but the potential ability of clinical parameters at discharge to predict the duration of home oxygen has not been previously examined.

Aims: To use clinical and epidemiological parameters available at discharge to predict the duration of home oxygen therapy.

Study Design: Retrospective observational cohort study with a primary and a validation cohort. Read More

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Sex and Racial Differences in Autopsy-Defined Causes of Presumed Sudden Cardiac Death.

Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, City & County of San Francisco, San Francisco, CA.

- Sudden cardiac death (SCD) studies report higher incidence in men and Blacks but presume cardiac cause. We sought to identify sex and race differences in rates and causes of presumed SCDs in a prospective postmortem study in San Francisco County. - All incident presumed SCDs meeting World Health Organization definition ages 18-90 were autopsied via active surveillance of consecutive out-of-hospital deaths in the stmortem ystematic Invesigation of udden ardiac eath (POST SCD) Study (2/1/2011 - 3/1/2014). Read More

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Metabolic syndrome in Zambian adults with human immunodeficiency virus on antiretroviral therapy: Prevalence and associated factors.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(14):e25236

University of Zambia School of Public Health.

Abstract: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a constellation of factors including hypertension, abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance that separately and together significantly increase risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes. In sub-Saharan Africa, with a substantial burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and increasing prevalence of CVD and diabetes, there is a paucity of epidemiological data on demographic, laboratory, and clinical characteristics associated with MetS among people with HIV (people with human [PWH]). Therefore, this study aimed to determine the burden and factors influencing MetS in antiretroviral therapy (ART)-experienced individuals in Zambia. Read More

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Maternal Mortality in the United States: Recent Trends, Current Status, and Future Considerations.

Obstet Gynecol 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and the School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, and the Children's and Women's Hospital of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; CHU de Québec-Université Laval Research Center, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada; the Division of Clinical Epidemiology, Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; the Perinatal Epidemiology Research Unit, Departments of Pediatrics and Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Dalhousie University and the IWK Health Centre, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada; the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; the Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, New Jersey; and the Epidemiology Branch, Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, Maryland.

Rigorous studies carried out by the National Center for Health Statistics show that previously reported increases in maternal mortality rates in the United States were an artifact of changes in surveillance. The pregnancy checkbox, introduced in the revised 2003 death certificate and implemented by the states in a staggered manner, resulted in increased identification of maternal deaths and in reported maternal mortality rates. This Commentary summarizes the findings of the National Center for Health Statistics reports, describes temporal trends and the current status of maternal mortality in the United States, and discusses future concerns. Read More

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Pregnancy outcomes among Asian Americans of advanced maternal age, 1992-2018.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Center of Excellence in Health Equity, Training, and Research, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.

Aim: The trend of delayed childbearing has implications for the increasing national burden of adverse perinatal outcomes across vulnerable racial-ethnic groups. The objective of this study was to investigate age-adjusted risk for adverse maternal-fetal outcomes among Asian Americans of advanced maternal age (≥35 years).

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study using the 1992-2018 Natality data files. Read More

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Combination of three-dimensional placental vascular indices and volume and uterine artery pulsatility index at 10-13 weeks of gestation could improve the prediction of adverse pregnancy outcomes.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea.

Aim: To evaluate whether three-dimensional (3D) placental vascular indices and volumes during the first trimester of pregnancy can be used as predictors of subsequent adverse outcomes.

Methods: This was a prospective cohort study including women with singleton pregnancies between 10 and 13 weeks. 3D placental volume and vascular indices and uterine artery pulsatility index (UtA-PI) were measured. Read More

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Total cholesterol/HDL-C ratio versus non-HDL-C as predictors for ischemic heart disease: a 17-year follow-up study of women in southern Sweden.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021 Apr 5;21(1):163. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Center for Primary Health Care Research, Clinical Research Centre, Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö, Lund University, Box 50332, 202 13, Malmö, Region Skåne, Sweden.

Background: A distorted blood lipid profile is an important risk factor for ischemic heart disease (IHD) but the predictive ability of the different lipid measures has rarely been studied. Our aim was to examine and compare, in a large sample of women, the predictive ability of total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio (TC/HDL-C) and non-HDL-C in relation to IHD, adjusted for age, exercise, smoking, waist-hip ratio, blood pressure, and diabetes mellitus.

Methods: Between 1995 and 2000, a total of 6537 women aged 50-59 years from the Women's Health in Lund area (WHILA) study in southern Sweden were included and underwent a baseline examination. Read More

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Smoking associates with distinct clinical phenotypes in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: a nationwide Danish cross-sectional study.

Lupus Sci Med 2021 04;8(1)

Lupus and Vasculitis Clinic, Copenhagen University Hospital Center for Rheumatology and Spine Diseases, Copenhagen, Hovedstaden, Denmark.

Objectives: SLE displays large clinical heterogeneity that beyond genetic factors may be determined by environmental exposures. In this Danish nationwide study, we aimed to determine if clinical subsets of SLE were associated with smoking history.

Methods: At each of six participating centres, incident or prevalent inpatients and outpatients with SLE were consecutively included. Read More

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Inferior control of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in women is the primary sex difference in modifiable cardiovascular risk: A large-scale, cross-sectional study in primary care.

Atherosclerosis 2021 Feb 23. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich and University Hospital Zurich, Pestalozzistrasse 24, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland; Division of Cardiology, Triemli Hospital, Birmensdorferstrasse 497, 8063 Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Sex differences in cardiovascular prevention have been reported, yet the role of sex with regard to different modifiable risk factors such as low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), systolic blood pressure (BP), and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in primary care settings is unclear. Therefore, we studied sex differences in assessment and measured values of LDL-C, BP, and HbA1c in primary and secondary cardiovascular prevention delivered by general practitioners.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was based on electronic medical records of 59,092 primary care patients (51. Read More

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February 2021

Knowledge of Sexual Transmission of Zika Virus Among Women Who Are Pregnant or Intend to Become Pregnant, Arizona, 2017.

Public Health Rep 2021 Apr 2:333549211006986. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Health Promotion Sciences, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Objectives: Levels of knowledge about the sexual transmission of Zika virus are consistently low in populations at risk of a mosquito-borne outbreak, including among women of childbearing age and women who are pregnant or intend to become pregnant. We investigated the effectiveness of sources of public health messaging about sexual transmission to women who are pregnant or intend to become pregnant in Arizona.

Methods: In 2017, we conducted an Arizona-statewide survey 15 months after the initial release of US guidelines on sexual transmission of Zika virus. Read More

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Mental health of undocumented migrants and migrants undergoing regularization in Switzerland: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 Apr 1;21(1):175. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Division of Primary Care Medicine, Geneva University Hospital and University of Geneva, Rue Gabrielle Perret Gentil 4, 1211, 14, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: Undocumented migrants live and work in precarious conditions. Few studies have explored the mental health consequences of such environment. The objective of this study is to describe the mental health of migrants at different stages of a regularization program. Read More

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Trends in the incidence and mortality of legionellosis in Japan: a nationwide observational study, 1999-2017.

Sci Rep 2021 Mar 31;11(1):7246. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of General Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho, Kitaku, Okayama, 700-8558, Japan.

This study examined temporal trend, seasonality, and geographical variations of legionellosis incidence and mortality in Japan. This nationwide observational study used the Japanese Vital Statistics and Infectious Diseases Weekly Report (1999-2017) data to calculate legionellosis crude and age-adjusted incidence and mortality rates per 100,000 population by age and sex. Incidence was compared among the 4 seasons and regional incidence among 47 prefectures. Read More

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High hepatitis C virus seropositivity, viremia, and associated risk factors among trans women living in San Francisco, California.

PLoS One 2021 30;16(3):e0249219. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Center for Public Health Research, San Francisco, CA, United States of America.

Trans women have been understudied in the Hepatitis C virus (HCV) epidemic, yet data suggest they may be at elevated risk of the disease. Using data collected from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) National HIV Behavioral Surveillance (NHBS) survey, we measured HCV seropositivity, viremia, and associated risk factors for HCV infection among trans women in San Francisco from June 2019 to February 2020. Respondent-driven sampling (RDS) was used to obtain a diverse, community-based sample of 201 trans women, of whom 48 (23. Read More

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Estimating the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Nigeria in 2020: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Ann Med 2021 Dec;53(1):495-507

College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Targeted public health response to obesity in Nigeria is relatively low due to limited epidemiologic understanding. We aimed to estimate nationwide and sub-national prevalence of overweight and obesity in the adult Nigerian population.

Methods: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Global Health, and Africa Journals Online were systematically searched for relevant epidemiologic studies in Nigeria published on or after 01 January 1990. Read More

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December 2021

Occurrence rates of von Willebrand disease among people receiving care in specialized treatment centres in the United States.

Haemophilia 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Mary M. Gooley Hemophilia Treatment Center, Rochester, NY, USA.

Introduction: In the network of U.S. comprehensive haemophilia treatment centres (HTCs), von Willebrand disease (VWD) is the most common bleeding disorder other than haemophilia. Read More

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The effects of lifetime estrogen exposure on breast epigenetic age.

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2021 Mar 26. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Division of Cancer Prevention & Control Research, University of California Los Angeles-DCPCR.

Background: Estrogens are thought to contribute to breast cancer risk through cell cycling and accelerated breast aging. We hypothesize that lifetime estrogen exposure drives early epigenetic breast aging observed in healthy women. In this study, we examined associations between hormonal factors and epigenetic aging measures in healthy breast tissues. Read More

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Clinical characteristics and risk factors for SARS-CoV-2 infection in pregnant women attending a third level reference center in Mexico City.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2021 Mar 26:1-5. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

National Institute of Perinatology, Mexico City, Mexico.

Background: COVID-19 symptoms vary widely among pregnant women. We aimed to assess the most frequent symptoms amongst pregnant women with SARS-CoV-2 infection in a tertiary hospital in Mexico City.

Methods: A cross-sectional study of pregnant women attending the National Institute of Perinatology in Mexico City was performed. Read More

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Association of spontaneous abortion with all cause and cause specific premature mortality: prospective cohort study.

BMJ 2021 03 24;372:n530. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Nutrition, Harvard T H Chan School of Public Health, 655 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA

Objective: To investigate the association of spontaneous abortion with the risk of all cause and cause specific premature mortality (death before the age of 70).

Design: Prospective cohort study.

Setting: The Nurses' Health Study II (1993-2017), United States. Read More

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Trends in known and undiagnosed diabetes, HbA1c levels, cardiometabolic risk factors and diabetes treatment target achievement in repeated cross-sectional surveys: the population-based Tromsø Study 1994-2016.

BMJ Open 2021 Mar 23;11(3):e041846. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Community Medicine, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate time trends in known and undiagnosed diabetes, glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels and other cardiometabolic risk factors in the general population as well as treatment target achievement among those with diabetes.

Design And Setting: Repeated cross-sectional surveys in the population-based Tromsø Study.

Methods: We used age-adjusted generalised estimating equation models to study trends in self-reported and undiagnosed (HbA1c ≥6. Read More

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High dose versus low dose standardized cranberry proanthocyanidin extract for the prevention of recurrent urinary tract infection in healthy women: a double-blind randomized controlled trial.

BMC Urol 2021 Mar 23;21(1):44. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

CHU de Québec-Laval University Research Center, Québec City, Canada.

Purpose: Our objective was to assess the efficacy of a high dose cranberry proanthocyanidin extract for the prevention of recurrent urinary tract infection.

Material And Methods: We recruited 145 healthy, adult women with a history of recurrent urinary tract infection, defined as ≥ 2 in the past 6 months or ≥ 3 in the past 12 months in this randomized, controlled, double-blind clinical trial. Participants were randomized to receive a high dose of standardized, commercially available cranberry proanthocyanidins (2 × 18. Read More

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Incidence of cancers of unknown primary origin in India and their trends during 1986-2014: A joinpoint regression analysis.

Indian J Cancer 2021 Mar 21. Epub 2021 Mar 21.

Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research, Indian Council of Medical Research, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: Cancer of unknown primary (CUP) origin is cancer in which malignant cancer cells are in the body but the site of cancer where it began is unknown. Detailed incidence and time trends of these cancers, specific to various regions in India is needed. This paper aims to summarize and report the incidence of other and unknown (O&U) cancers across India in 27 population-based cancer registries (PBCRs) and to study the trends among these cancers using joinpoint regression analysis. Read More

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Testosterone and sex hormone-binding globulin in dysglycemic women at high cardiovascular risk: A report from the Outcome Reduction with an Initial Glargine Intervention trial.

Diab Vasc Dis Res 2021 Mar-Apr;18(2):14791641211002475

Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Aims: Total and free testosterone and sex hormone-binding globulin may affect cardiovascular prognosis in women. The objective was to study the association between sex hormones and prognosis in women with dysglycemia and high cardiovascular risk.

Methods: This epidemiological report included dysglycemic women from the Outcome Reduction with an Initial Glargine Intervention trial ( = 2848) with baseline total testosterone and sex hormone-binding globulin. Read More

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Association between ALDH2 polymorphism and esophageal cancer risk in South Koreans: a case-control study.

BMC Cancer 2021 Mar 9;21(1):254. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School, Hwasun, Republic of Korea.

Background: Alcohol consumption is a major risk factor for esophageal cancer; however, a high incidence of esophageal cancer is observed particularly among Eastern Asians, although they consume relatively less alcohol, presumably due to the high frequency of aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) rs671 polymorphisms. Nevertheless, the association between ALDH2 polymorphisms and esophageal cancer remains under debate. In the present study, we evaluated the association between ALDH2 rs671 polymorphisms and the risk of esophageal cancer in the South Korean population. Read More

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Long-term ovarian reserve and fertility outcomes in female survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Leuk Lymphoma 2021 Mar 22:1-10. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Division of Oncology, Rambam Health Care Center, Haifa, Israel.

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common childhood malignancy, yet data regarding long-term ovarian reserve of female survivors are limited. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is a differential pattern of anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels in female childhood ALL survivors compared with the normal age-matched population. In a cohort of 56 female childhood ALL survivors (median age 29 years; median follow-up 20. Read More

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Excess mortality at Christmas due to cardiovascular disease in the HUNT study prospective population-based cohort in Norway.

BMC Public Health 2021 Mar 20;21(1):549. Epub 2021 Mar 20.

Torrens University Australia, South Australia, Wakefield Campus, Adelaide, SA, 5000, Australia.

Background: Although it is known that winter inclusive of the Christmas holiday period is associated with an increased risk of dying compared to other times of the year, very few studies have specifically examined this phenomenon within a population cohort subject to baseline profiling and prospective follow-up. In such a cohort, we sought to determine the specific characteristics of mortality occuring during the Christmas holidays.

Methods: Baseline profiling and outcome data were derived from a prospective population-based cohort with longitudinal follow-up in Central Norway - the Trøndelag Health (HUNT) Study. Read More

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An assessment of non-communicable disease mortality among adults in Eastern Uganda, 2010-2016.

PLoS One 2021 19;16(3):e0248966. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Makerere University Center for Health and Population Research, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: There is a dearth of studies assessing non-communicable disease (NCD) mortality within population-based settings in Uganda. We assessed mortality due to major NCDs among persons ≥ 30 years in Eastern Uganda from 2010 to 2016.

Methods: The study was carried out at the Iganga-Mayuge health and demographic surveillance site in the Iganga and Mayuge districts of Eastern Uganda. Read More

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