Arch Gynecol Obstet 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 222, Banpo-daero, Seocho-gu, Seoul, 06591, Republic of Korea.
Purpose: To investigate whether women with a short cervical length (CL), but delivered at term in the first pregnancy might have increased risks of having short cervix and spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) in the subsequent pregnancies.
Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study including singleton gestations who were delivered between Jan 2011 and Dec 2018, who had had one childbirth experience and who had transvaginal sonographic CL assessment performed at mid-trimester (18 ~ 30 weeks) in both pregnancy. The women were divided into four group according to the history of preterm birth and a short cervix (< 25 mm before 30 weeks of gestation): (1) the Preterm-short cervix group, (2) the Preterm-no shortening group, (3) the Term-short cervix group, and (4) the Term-no shortening group. Read More