976 results match your criteria white grains


Yield and quality of brown rice noodles processed from early-season rice grains.

Sci Rep 2021 Sep 21;11(1):18668. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Crop and Environment Research Center for Human Health, Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Crop Physiology and Molecular Biology, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, 410128, China.

Producing rice noodles using early-season rice grains is a way to bypass difficulties in marketing early-season rice that does not meet consumer preference for soft-textured rice. In recent years, brown rice foods including noodles have attracted great attention due to their health and nutritional benefits. This study was conducted to evaluate the yield and quality of brown rice noodles processed from two early-season rice cultivars. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Bioimaging of Pb by LA-ICP-MS and Pb isotopic compositions reveal distributions and origins of Pb in wheat grain.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Aug 18;802:149729. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

State Key Laboratory of North China Crop Improvement and Regulation, Key Laboratory for Farmland Eco-environment of Hebei Province, College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Hebei Agricultural University, Hebei, Baoding 071000, China. Electronic address:

Atmospheric heavy metal deposition in agroecosystems has increased recently, especially in northern China, which poses serious risks to crop safety and human health via food chain. Wheat grains can accumulate high levels of Pb even when wheat is planted in soils with low levels of Pb. However, the influence of atmospheric deposition on the accumulation and distribution of Pb in wheat grain is still unclear. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Deoxynivalenol and Zearalenone-Synergistic or Antagonistic Agri-Food Chain Co-Contaminants?

Toxins (Basel) 2021 Aug 11;13(8). Epub 2021 Aug 11.

School of Biotechnology, National Centre for Sensor Research, Dublin City University, Dublin 9, Ireland.

Deoxynivalenol (DON) and Zearalenone (ZEN) are two commonly co-occurring mycotoxins produced by members of the genus . As important food chain contaminants, these can adversely affect both human and animal health. Critically, as they are formed prior to harvesting, their occurrence cannot be eliminated during food production, leading to ongoing contamination challenges. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Impacts of Nitrogen Deficiency on Wheat ( L.) Grain During the Medium Filling Stage: Transcriptomic and Metabolomic Comparisons.

Front Plant Sci 2021 4;12:674433. Epub 2021 Aug 4.

Center for Crop Management and Farming System, Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences/Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology and Ecology, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, China.

Nitrogen (N) supplementation is essential to the yield and quality of bread wheat ( L.). The impact of N-deficiency on wheat at the seedling stage has been previously reported, but the impact of distinct N regimes applied at the seedling stage with continuous application on filling and maturing wheat grains is lesser known, despite the filling stage being critical for final grain yield and flour quality. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Associations of dietary patterns with blood pressure and markers of subclinical arterial damage in adults with risk factors for CVD.

Public Health Nutr 2021 Aug 16:1-10. Epub 2021 Aug 16.

Hellenic Foundation for Cardiovascular Health and Nutrition, Athens, Greece.

Objective: Unhealthy diet is a modifiable risk factor leading to subclinical arterial damage (SAD), high BP and CVD. It was aimed to investigate the possible associations of dietary patterns (DPs) with SAD in adults having multiple CVD risk factors.

Design: Dietary intake was evaluated through two 24-h dietary recalls and principal component analysis was used to identify DPs. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Functional Analysis of the Differences in the Dimensions of Two Types of Boiled and Steamed Rice Grains.

Int J Food Sci 2021 29;2021:5546016. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Health Sciences Faculty, Calisia University-Kalisz, Poland.

The study tested how the cooking process can change the dimensions of rice grains. The impact of set times of cooking or steaming process on the characteristics such as length, width, and height of two varieties of rice, namely, long-grain white and parboiled, was investigated. The measurements of the dimension characteristics obtained at different times of the cooking process were converted to functional data. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Combustion Synthesis of Aluminum Oxynitride in Loose Powder Beds.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Jul 27;14(15). Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Faculty of Materials Science and Ceramics, AGH University of Science and Technology, 30 Mickiewicz Av., 30-059 Kraków, Poland.

This paper describes combusting loose powder beds of mixtures of aluminum metal powders and aluminum oxide powders with various grain sizes under various nitrogen pressure. The synthesis conditions required at least 20/80 weight ratio of aluminum metal powder to alumina powder in the mix to reach approximately 80 wt% of γ-AlON in the products. Finely ground fused white alumina with a mean grain size of 5 μm was sufficient to achieve results similar to very fine alumina with 0. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Predictors of cognitive impairment in primary age-related tauopathy: an autopsy study.

Acta Neuropathol Commun 2021 08 5;9(1):134. Epub 2021 Aug 5.

Department of Pathology, Nash Family Department of Neuroscience, Ronald M. Loeb Center for Alzheimer's Disease, Icahn School of Medicine At Mount Sinai, Friedman Brain Institute, Neuropathology Brain Bank & Research CoRE, 1 Gustave L. Levy Place Box 1194, New York, NY, 10029, USA.

Primary age-related tauopathy (PART) is a form of Alzheimer-type neurofibrillary degeneration occurring in the absence of amyloid-beta (Aβ) plaques. While PART shares some features with Alzheimer disease (AD), such as progressive accumulation of neurofibrillary tangle pathology in the medial temporal lobe and other brain regions, it does not progress extensively to neocortical regions. Given this restricted pathoanatomical pattern and variable symptomatology, there is a need to reexamine and improve upon how PART is neuropathologically assessed and staged. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

First Report of Fusarium graminearum Causing Flower Blight On Hemp (Cannabis sativa) in Kentucky.

Plant Dis 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

University of Kentucky, Plant Pathology, 201 Plant Science Building, Lexington, Kentucky, United States, 40546;

In October of 2020, a grower in Boyle County, KY, reported mold and blight symptoms on flowers of field-grown hemp. Plants were approaching harvest, and the mold was affecting 100% of the cultivar 'White CBG' being grown for cannabinoid (CBD) extraction. Mycelium colonized the flower heads and any seeds within bracts. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Harnessing Sorghum Landraces to Breed High-Yielding, Grain Mold-Tolerant Cultivars With High Protein for Drought-Prone Environments.

Front Plant Sci 2021 30;12:659874. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Regional Agricultural Research Station, Palem - Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, Hyderabad, India.

Intermittent drought and an incidence of grain mold disease are the two major constraints affecting sorghum production and productivity. The study aimed at developing drought-tolerant sorghum varieties possessing a high protein content and tolerance to grain mold with stable performance using additive main effects and multiplicative interaction (AMMI) and genotype and genotype × environment interaction (GGE) biplot methods. Systematic hybridization among the 11 superior landraces resulted in subsequent pedigree-based breeding and selection from 2010 to 2015 evolved 19 promising varieties of grains such as white, yellow, and brown pericarp grains. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Antiamylase, Antiglucosidase, and Antiglycation Properties of Millets and Sorghum from Sri Lanka.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 17;2021:5834915. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Field Crop Research and Development Institute, Department of Agriculture, Mahailuppallama, Sri Lanka.

The present study evaluated a range of biological activities of selected millet types and sorghum varieties in Sri Lanka in relation to diabetes and its complications management. Five millet types, namely, proso millet, white finger millet, kodo millet, foxtail millet, and finger millet (Oshadha and Rawana), and two sorghum varieties, namely, sweet sorghum and sorghum ICSV 112, were used in this study. Methanolic extracts of whole grains were studied for antiamylase, antiglucosidase, and early- and middle-stage antiglycation and glycation reversing activities . Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Associations between Diet Quality and Anthropometric Measures in White Postmenopausal Women.

Nutrients 2021 Jun 6;13(6). Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN 55108, USA.

The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine the relationship between diet and anthropometric measures in postmenopausal women. Data collected from 937 women enrolled in the Minnesota Green Tea Trial (NTC00917735) were used for this analysis. Dietary intake and health-related data were collected via questionnaires. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

First Report of Spot Blotch Caused by on Winter Rye in Kentucky.

Plant Dis 2021 Jun 30. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

University of Kentucky, Plant Pathology, UKREC, 1205 Hopkinsville St., PO Box 469, Princeton, Kentucky, United States, 42445;

The Kentucky distilling industry ranks as one of the state's largest industries and continues to expand. In 2017, the Kentucky distilling industry was responsible for approximately $235 million in state and local tax revenues (Coomes and Kornstein, 2019). Rye (Secale cereale L. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

First report of causing root and crown rot on maize in Italy.

Plant Dis 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

UNIVERSITA' DI TORINO, AGROINNOVA, VIA L. DA VINCI 44, GRUGLIASCO, Italy, 10095;

Maize (Zea mays L.) is a cereal crop of great economic importance in Italy; production is currently of 62,587,469 t, with an area that covers 628,801 ha, concentrated in northern Italy (ISTAT 2020). Fusarium species are associated with root and crown rot causing failures in crop establishment under high soil moisture. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Changes in extractable phenolic profile during natural fermentation of wheat, sorghum and teff.

Food Res Int 2021 07 19;145:110426. Epub 2021 May 19.

Texas A&M University, Food Science & Technology Department, College Station, TX 77843, USA; Texas A&M University, Soil & Crop Sciences Department, 2474 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843, USA. Electronic address:

Whole grain polyphenols are associated with structure-specific bioactive properties. However, the phenolic profile of grain ingredients can be significantly altered by processes like fermentation. This study investigated how polyphenol profiles in different cereal grains respond to microbial metabolism during sourdough fermentation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effect of high pressure impregnation on micronutrient transfer in rice.

Food Chem 2021 Nov 29;362:130244. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Chemical Materials Engineering, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Rice, consumed by most people across the world, serves as a great mode for carrying nutrients. The processed, starch-rich white rice is mostly devoid of nutrients. High-pressure processing (HPP) is a technology known to produce cold gelatinizing effects in starch. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Dietary factors and MRI metrics in early Multiple Sclerosis.

Mult Scler Relat Disord 2021 Aug 19;53:103031. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Neurology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York City, United States.

Background: Despite significant interest in diet by the MS community, research on this topic is limited; there are no published studies evaluating associations between diet and neuroimaging in MS.

Methods: We utilized baseline data from the RADIEMS cohort of early MS (diagnosed <5.0 years, n=180). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

First Report of Maize Stalk Rot Caused by Fusarium nelsonii in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Gansu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Institute of Plant Protection, Lanzhou, China;

Maize (Zea Mays L.) is one of the main crops in Ningxia Province, China, and stalk rot has become a serious disease of maize in this area. Infected plants showed softening of the stalks at lower internodes, which lodged easily and died prematurely during grain filling, and the pith tissue internally appeared to be disintegrating and slightly brown to reddish. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Occurrence of root rot caused by on mung bean () in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Institute of Industrial Crops, Zhongling street 50#, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, Nanjing, China, 210014;

In Aug 2019, approximately 10% of mung bean plants at the experimental farm of the Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Science (32.03 N; 118.88 E) showed symptoms of stunting and wilting. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Identifying the Food Sources of Selected Minerals for the Adult European Population among Rice and Rice Products.

Foods 2021 May 31;10(6). Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Bromatology, Medical University of Białystok, Mickiewicza 2D Street, 15-222 Białystok, Poland.

The problem of dietary deficiency of several essential elements among different stages of life is still observed. The consumption of whole grains (among others unprocessed rice) is recommended as a part of a healthy diet. This research aimed to determine the content of selected macro- and microelements in rice and rice products to verify whether the tested products could be regarded as a source of selected minerals in the diet of the adult European population. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Down-Regulation of Gene Expression Alters Lysophospholipid Composition in the Endosperm of Rice Grain and Influences Starch Properties.

Foods 2021 May 23;10(6). Epub 2021 May 23.

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Agriculture & Food, Acton, ACT 2601, Australia.

Small quantities of lipids accumulate in the white rice grains. These are grouped into non-starch lipid and starch lipid fractions that affect starch properties through association with starch. Lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) and lysophosphatidylethanolamine (LPE) are two major lipid classes in the two fractions. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Sorghum Phenolic Compounds Are Associated with Cell Growth Inhibition through Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis in Human Hepatocarcinoma and Colorectal Adenocarcinoma Cells.

Foods 2021 May 1;10(5). Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Food Nutrition Dietetics and Health, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA.

Phenolic compounds in some specialty sorghums have been associated with cancer prevention. However, direct evidence and the underlying mechanisms for this are mostly unknown. In this study, phenolics were extracted from 13 selected sorghum accessions with black pericarp while F10000 hybrid with white pericarp was used as a control, and cell growth inhibition was studied in hepatocarcinoma HepG2 and colorectal adenocarcinoma Caco-2 cells. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Cosmeceutical Aptitudes of Azelaic Acid.

Curr Drug Res Rev 2021 May 26. Epub 2021 May 26.

Chitkara College of Pharmacy, Chitkara, University, Punjab, India.

Background: Azelaic acid (AZA) is a white crystalline dicarboxylic acid naturally found in grains, rye and barley. AZA has substantial biological and therapeutic abilities (viz a viz) its anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-keratinizing, anti-microbial properties, etc. which contribute to its applicability in the management of mild to harsh dermatological complications (acne, rosacea, dermatitis, hyper-pigmentation, carcinomas, etc. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Effects of 7 Days of Feeding Pulse-Based Diets on Digestibility, Glycemic Response and Taurine Levels in Domestic Dogs.

Front Vet Sci 2021 5;8:654223. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.

Grain-based carbohydrate sources such as rice comprise 30-50% of commercial pet foods. Some pet foods however have removed the use of grains and have instead incorporated pulses, such as peas and lentils, resulting in grain-free diets. The hypothesis was dog diets with higher levels of dietary fiber will produce a low glycemic response due to decreased rates of digestion and lowered bioavailability of all macronutrients and increased fecal bile salt excretion. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Examining the association between meal context and diet quality: an observational study of meal context in older adults.

Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2021 05 20;18(1):67. Epub 2021 May 20.

Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA.

Background: Though a healthy diet is widely associated with reduced risks for chronic disease and mortality, older adults in the U.S. on average do not meet dietary recommendations. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Application of sodium selenate to cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) increases shoot and grain Se partitioning with strong genotypic interactions.

J Trace Elem Med Biol 2021 Sep 13;67:126781. Epub 2021 May 13.

São Paulo State University (UNESP), Department of Biosystems Engineering, Rua Domingos da Costa Lopes 780, CEP17602-496, Tupã, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Backgorund: Cowpea is a crop widely used in developing countries due its rusticity. Besides its rich genotypic variability, most breeding programs do not explore its potential to improve elements uptake. Selenium (Se) is a scarce element in most soils, resulting in its deficiency being common in human diets. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Managing Genetic Hemochromatosis: An Overview of Dietary Measures, Which May Reduce Intestinal Iron Absorption in Persons With Iron Overload.

Gastroenterology Res 2021 Apr 21;14(2):66-80. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Naestved Hospital, University College Zealand, DK-4700 Naestved, Denmark. Email:

Genetic hemochromatosis causes iron overload by excess absorption of dietary iron, due to a decreased expression of hepcidin. The objective was to elaborate dietary recommendations that can reduce intestinal iron absorption in hemochromatosis patients, based on our present knowledge of the iron contained in nutrients and the mechanisms of iron uptake. This is a narrative review. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

First Report of Root Rot of Tobacco Caused by Fusarium brachygibbosum in China.

Plant Dis 2021 May 18. Epub 2021 May 18.

Xuchang, China;

Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) is an important cash crop in China, with an estimated production of 2.2 million tons every year (Berbeć and Matyka, 2020). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

First Report of Leaf Spot Caused by Alternaria brassicae on Avena sativa in China.

Plant Dis 2021 May 17. Epub 2021 May 17.

Gansu Agricultural University, 74661, College of Grassland Science, Lanzhou, Gansu, China;

Oat (Avena sativa) is an annual gramineous crop, which contains a source of soluble dietary fiber, β-glucan, unsaturated fatty acids, vitamins, minerals, phenolic acids and avenanthramides. It widely cultivated in cool and semi-arid areas in northern China (Li et al, 2017). In July 2018, a severe leaf spot infection was observed in the Forage Germplasm Nursery (31°17'22″N, 103°40'15″E, 2885 m elevation) in Tianzhu County, Wuwei City of Gansu Province in China. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Floral anatomy, embryology, seed, and fruit development in Cephalanthus (Naucleeae-Rubiaceae), with emphasis on C. glabratus.

Protoplasma 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

Instituto de Botánica del Nordeste (UNNE-CONICET), Sargento Cabral 2131, C. C. 209, C. P. 3400, Corrientes, Argentina.

Information on the reproductive anatomy in genera of the tribe Naucleeae, particularly Cephalanthus, is scarce and fragmented. Of the six species in the genus, only the mature megagamethophyte of Cephalanthus occidentalis has been described. This study aims to provide information on embryological aspects in flowers of C. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF