376,505 results match your criteria western blot


Corydecumine G Inhibits Microglia Activation via MAPK Pathway in a Rat Model of Neuropathic Pain.

J Chem Neuroanat 2022 Jun 22:102124. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines and Department of TCM pharmacology, School of Traditional Pharmacy, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China, 211198. Electronic address:

Background And Purpose: Microglial activation plays an important role in the onset and progression of neuropathic pain by producing a variety of pro-inflammatory cytokines that interact with neurons to enhance neuronal hyperexcitability. Corydalis decumbens (Thunb.) pers. Read More

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Comparison of two non-union models with damaged periosteum in mice: Segmental defect and pin-clip fixation versus transverse fracture and K-wire stabilization.

Bone 2022 Jun 22:116475. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Institute for Clinical and Experimental Surgery, Saarland University, 66421 Homburg/Saar, Germany.

Despite growing knowledge about the mechanisms of fracture healing, non-union formation still represents a major complication in trauma and orthopedic surgery. Non-union models in mice gain increasing interest, because they allow investigating the molecular and cellular mechanisms of failed fracture healing. These models often use segmental defects to achieve non-union formation. Read More

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LiuweiDihuang improved cognitive functions in SAMP8 mice by inhibiting COX-2 expression and subsequent neuroinflammation.

J Ethnopharmacol 2022 Jun 22:115491. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Henan University of Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou, 450046, PR China; Henan Engineering Research Center for Prevention and Treatment of Neurodegenerative Diseases, Zhengzhou, 450046, PR China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: LiuweiDihuang (LW) pills was mainly used to treatment of children's fontanelle incomplete closure, enuresis and nervous system development delays and other diseases.Following the deepening of pharmacological research, LW has a good effect on neurological diseases include senile dementia. However, the neuroprotection mechanism of LW on Alzheimer's disease (AD) through regulation of inflammation remains unclear. Read More

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Targeting miR-30d reverses pathological cardiac hypertrophy.

EBioMedicine 2022 Jun 22;81:104108. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Institute of Geriatrics (Shanghai University), Affiliated Nantong Hospital of Shanghai University (The Sixth People's Hospital of Nantong), School of Medicine, Shanghai University, Nantong 226011, China; Cardiac Regeneration and Ageing Lab, Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences, Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Organ Repair, School of Life Science, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China. Electronic address:

Background: Pathological cardiac hypertrophy occurs in response to numerous stimuli and precedes heart failure (HF). Therapies that ameliorate pathological cardiac hypertrophy are highly needed.

Methods: The expression level of miR-30d was analyzed in hypertrophy models and serum of patients with chronic heart failure by qRT-PCR. Read More

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Chelerythrine ameliorates rheumatoid arthritis by modulating the AMPK/mTOR/ULK-1 signaling pathway.

Phytomedicine 2022 May 12;104:154140. Epub 2022 May 12.

Dr.Neher's Biophysics Laboratory for Innovative Drug Discovery, State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Macau University of Science and Technology, Macau (S.A.R.), China. Electronic address:

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a long-term, progressive, and disabling autoimmune disease. It causes inflammation, swelling and pain in and around the joints and other body organs. Currently, no cure is available for RA. Read More

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Mangiferin, a natural glucoxilxanthone, inhibits mitochondrial dynamin-related protein 1 and relieves aberrant mitophagic proteins in mice model of Parkinson's disease.

Phytomedicine 2022 Jun 16;104:154281. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Anatomy, School of Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Sunshine Southern Avenue, Fang-Shan District, Beijing 102488, China. Electronic address:

Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease featured to mitochondrial dysfunction in neuronal cells. Dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) is an important regulator of mitochondrial fission and subsequent mitophagy. Mangiferin (MGF) is a glucosyl xanthone mainly derived from Mangifera indica L. Read More

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Celastrol upregulated ATG7 triggers autophagy via targeting Nur77 in colorectal cancer.

Phytomedicine 2022 Jun 16;104:154280. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Pharmacy, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, No.12 Urumqi Middle Road, Shanghai 200040, China. Electronic address:

Background: Celastrol is a biologically active ingredient extracted from Tripterygium wilfordii that has exerted properties of anti-cancer. We explored the anti-tumor activities of celastrol against colorectal cancer (CRC) and the potential signaling pathways involved in its mechanism in this study.

Purpose: The main purpose was to investigate the anti-CRC effects of celastrol and its novel potential mechanisms. Read More

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Calycosin reduces myocardial fibrosis and improves cardiac function in post-myocardial infarction mice by suppressing TGFBR1 signaling pathways.

Phytomedicine 2022 Jun 15;104:154277. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanfang Hospital (ZengCheng Branch), Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China. Electronic address:

Background: Excessive myocardial fibrosis is the pathological basis of heart failure following myocardial infarction (MI). Although calycosin improves cardiac function, its effect on cardiac fibrosis and cardiac function after MI in mice and its precise mechanism remain unclear.

Purpose: Here, we firstly investigated the effects of calycosin on cardiac fibrosis and ventricular function in mice after MI and the role of transforming growth factor-beta receptor 1 (TGFBR1) signaling in the amelioration of cardiac fibrosis and ventricular function. Read More

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Simiao Wan modulates the gut microbiota and bile acid metabolism during improving type 2 diabetes mellitus in mice.

Phytomedicine 2022 Jun 13;104:154264. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, School of Traditional Chinese Pharmacy, China Pharmaceutical University, 639 Longmian road, Nanjing, China. Electronic address:

Background: Gut microbiota coupled with their metabolites (bile acids, BAs) get involved in diabetic pathogenesis. Simiao Wan is a famous traditional Chinese formula consisting on Phellodendron chinense C.K. Read More

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Iristectorigenin A exerts novel protective properties against airway inflammation and mucus hypersecretion in OVA-induced asthmatic mice: Iristectorigenin A ameliorates asthma phenotype.

Phytomedicine 2022 Jun 8;104:154252. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Integrative Medicine, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Background: Despite the substantial amount of efforts made to reduce morbidity and improve respiratory management, asthma control remained a major challenge for severe patients. Plant isoflavones, one of the most estrogenic compounds, are considered a potential alternative therapy for asthma. Iristectorigenin A, a naturally occurring isoflavone, is extracted from a variety of medical plants and its biological activity has not been reported previously. Read More

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Artemisia Leaf Extract protects against neuron toxicity by TRPML1 activation and promoting autophagy/mitophagy clearance in both in vitro and in vivo models of MPP+/MPTP-induced Parkinson's disease.

Phytomedicine 2022 Jun 15;104:154250. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Cardiovascular and Mitochondrial Related Disease Research Center, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Hualien 970, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder involving the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc). Cellular clearance mechanisms, including the autophagy-lysosome pathway, are commonly affected in the pathogenesis of PD. The lysosomal Ca channel mucolipin TRP channel 1 (TRPML1) is one of the most important proteins involved in the regulation of autophagy. Read More

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Astragaloside Ⅳ alleviates ulcerative colitis by regulating the balance of Th17/Treg cells.

Phytomedicine 2022 Jun 19;104:154287. Epub 2022 Jun 19.

Formula-Pattern Research Center, Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 1688 Meiling Road, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330004, China. Electronic address:

Background: Restoring immune homeostasis by targeting the Th17/Treg response is a potentially valuable therapeutic strategy for ulcerative colitis (UC). Astragaloside IV (AS-Ⅳ) is a phytochemical naturally occurring in Astragalus membranaceus that has good anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant and anti-stress properties. However, the effects of AS-IV on the homeostasis of Th17/Treg cells in colitis mice remains unknown. Read More

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Expression pattern and cellular localization of two critical non-nuclear progesterone receptors in the ovine corpus luteum during the estrous cycle and early pregnancy.

Anim Reprod Sci 2022 Jun 15;243:107026. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Genetics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kastamonu University, Kastamonu, Turkey. Electronic address:

The study aimed to investigate the expression and cellular localization of two critical non-nuclear progesterone receptors, including membrane-associated-progesterone-receptor-component-1 (PGRMC1) and progestin and adipoQ receptor family member 7 (PAQR7) throughout the estrous cycle and early pregnancy in ovine corpus luteum (CL). Ewes were randomly grouped into cyclic (C, n = 4 per group) or pregnant (P, n = 4 per group) groups. Following slaughtering, the CL was obtained from both cyclic and pregnant ewes on days 12 (C12 and P12), 16 (C16 and P16), and 22 (C22 and P22). Read More

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Polystyrene nanoplastics induce profound metabolic shift in human cells as revealed by integrated proteomic and metabolomic analysis.

Environ Int 2022 Jun 15;166:107349. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

School of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China. Electronic address:

Nanoplastics (NPLs) are widespread in our environment. However, their impacts on human health and precise toxicity mechanisms remain poorly understood. Here we studied the internalization, release, and cytotoxicity of polystyrene nanoplastics (PSNPs) using the renal tubular epithelial cell line HKC and human derived liver cell line HL-7702. Read More

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Research on Mfn2 Gene Expression in Hepatocellular Carcinoma and its Antitumor Mechanism.

Altern Ther Health Med 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Objective: To detect the expression level of the Mfn2 gene in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and adjacent normal liver tissues and further analyze its anticancer effects.

Methods: The expression levels of Mfn2, GLS1 and the autophagy-related proteins lc3b and Beclin1 in liver cancer and adjacent tissues in patients with liver cancer were detected by real-time-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). The HepG2 human HCC cell line was cultured in vitro, and the Mfn2 protein was stably expressed through transfection of a high Mfn2 expression plasmid. Read More

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Liraglutide Attenuates Restenosis After Vascular Injury in Rabbits With Diabetes Via the TGF-β/Smad3 Signaling Pathway.

Altern Ther Health Med 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Background: Lower limb ischemia due to arterial stenosis is a major complication in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Liraglutide is a long-acting analogue of a glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist used for lowering blood glucose in patients with DM, and is believed to possess cardiovascular protective effects. The aim of this study was to investigate whether liraglutide has a protective effect on blood vessels and alleviates vascular intimal hyperplasia in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced rabbits with DM and its molecular mechanism. Read More

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LncRNA ZFAS1 regulates the hippocampal neurons injury in epilepsy through the miR-15a-5p/OXSR1/NF-κB pathway.

Metab Brain Dis 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Department of Pathophysiology, School of Basic Medicine, Jiamusi University, 148-Xuefu Street, Jiamusi, Heilongjiang, 154007, People's Republic of China.

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been confirmed to be involved in epilepsy development. It has been reported that lncRNA ZFAS1 plays a vital regulatory role in epilepsy progression. Therefore, the role and molecular mechanism of ZFAS1 in epilepsy progression deserve further investigation. Read More

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LINC00313 facilitates osteosarcoma carcinogenesis and metastasis through enhancing EZH2 mRNA stability and EZH2-mediated silence of PTEN expression.

Cell Mol Life Sci 2022 Jun 25;79(7):382. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Department of Emergency, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, 250063, Shandong Province, China.

Background: Osteosarcoma is one of the five leading causes of cancer death among all pediatric malignancies. Recent advances in non-coding RNAs suggested that many long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are dysregulated in cancer tissues and play important roles in carcinogenesis. We aimed to further explore the mechanisms of Long Intergenic Non-Protein Coding RNA 313 (LINC00313)-promoted malignant phenotypes of osteosarcoma. Read More

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Synergistic antitumor effect of a penicillin derivative combined with thapsigargin in melanoma cells.

J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Instituto de Química y Fisicoquímica Biológicas (IQUIFIB), Laboratorio de Oncología y Transducción de Señales, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Junín 956, C1113AAD, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Purpose: To investigate the effect of TAP7f, a penicillin derivative previously characterized as a potent antitumor agent that promotes ER stress and apoptosis, in combination with thapsigargin, an ER stress inducer, on melanoma cells.

Methods: The synergistic antiproliferative effect of TAP7f in combination with thapsigargin was studied in vitro in murine B16-F0 melanoma cells, and in human A375 and SB2 melanoma cells. In vivo assays were performed with C57BL/6J mice challenged with B16-F0 cells. Read More

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Improved osteogenic differentiation by extremely low electromagnetic field exposure: possible application for bone engineering.

Histochem Cell Biol 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Department of Innovative Technologies in Medicine and Dentistry, University "G. d'Annunzio", Via dei Vestini, 66100, Chieti, Italy.

Human periodontal ligament mesenchymal stem cells (hPDLSCs) are a promising cell type model for regenerative medicine applications due to their anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and non-tumorigenic potentials. Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) are reported to affect biological properties such as cell proliferation and differentiation and modulate gene expression profile. In this study, we investigated the effects of an intermittent ELF-EMF exposure (6 h/day) for the standard differentiation period (28 days) and for 10 days in hPDLSCs in the presence or not of osteogenic differentiation medium (OM). Read More

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Expression and role of miR-146a and SMAD4 in placental tissue of pregnant women with preeclampsia.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan Province, China.

Introduction: To investigate the expression of miR-146a in severe preeclampsia (PE) and its effect on trophoblast cell proliferation, invasion and apoptosis, as well as its relationship with SMAD4.

Material And Methods: Participants were divided into the severe PE group (n = 30) and the normal group (n = 30). The expression of miR-146a and SMAD4 in placenta tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry, qRT-PCR, and western blot. Read More

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LGI3 promotes human keratinocyte migration in high-glucose environments by increasing the expression of β-catenin.

Pharmazie 2022 Jun;77(6):186-190

Department of Biochemistry, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea;, Email:

The leucine-rich repeat LGI family member 3 (LGI3) has been reported to regulate various functions in epidermal keratinocytes. In this study, we investigated the effects of LGI3 on keratinocyte migration in environments with different glucose concentrations. Our results showed that cell migration is markedly impaired in high-glucose environments compared to in low-glucose environments (control). Read More

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Agonist-induced Piezo1 activation promote mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis in vascular smooth muscle cells.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2022 Jun 24;22(1):287. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Cardiology, Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, 212001, Jiangsu Province, China.

Objective: Mechanical damage plays an essential role in the progression of atherosclerosis. Piezo1 is a new mechanically sensitive ion channel. The present study investigated the vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) apoptosis induced by Piezo1 activation and explored its underlying mechanism. Read More

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Persistent Escherichia coli infection in renal tubular cells enhances calcium oxalate crystal-cell adhesion by inducing ezrin translocation to apical membranes via Rho/ROCK pathway.

Cell Mol Life Sci 2022 Jun 24;79(7):381. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Medical Proteomics Unit, Office for Research and Development, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, 6th Floor - SiMR Building, 2 Wanglang Road, Bangkoknoi, Bangkok, 10700, Thailand.

Recent evidence has suggested that recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) can cause not only infection stones but also metabolic stones (e.g., those containing calcium oxalate monohydrate or COM). Read More

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The role of ubiquitin signaling pathway on liver regeneration in rats.

Mol Cell Biochem 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts and Science, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, 26480, Eskisehir, Turkey.

The ubiquitin signalling pathway is a large system associated with numerous intracellular mechanisms. However, its function in the liver regeneration process remains unknown. This particular study investigates the intracellular effect mechanisms of the ubiquitin signalling pathway. Read More

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Bicyclol Attenuates Obesity-Induced Cardiomyopathy via Inhibiting NF-κB and MAPK Signaling Pathways.

Cardiovasc Drugs Ther 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Cardiology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Zhejiang, 325035, Wenzhou, China.

Purpose: Schisandra is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine in East Asia. As a traditional Chinese medicine derivative with Schisandra chinensis as raw material, bicyclol is well known for its significant anti-inflammatory effect. Chronic inflammation plays a significant part in obesity-induced cardiomyopathy. Read More

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Lipocalin 15 in the olfactory mucus is a biomarker for Bowman's gland activity.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 24;12(1):9984. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine and Faculty of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, 113-8655, Japan.

Olfactory mucus contributes to the specific functions of the olfactory mucosa, but the composition and source of mucus proteins have not been fully elucidated. In this study, we used comprehensive proteome analysis and identified lipocalin 15 (LCN15), a human-specific lipocalin family protein, as an abundant component of the olfactory mucus. Western blot analysis and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using a newly generated anti-LCN15 antibody showed that LCN15 was concentrated in olfactory mucus samples, but not in respiratory mucus samples. Read More

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Stabilizing and upregulating Axin with tankyrase inhibitor reverses 5-fluorouracil chemoresistance and proliferation by targeting the WNT/caveolin-1 axis in colorectal cancer cells.

Cancer Gene Ther 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Pathology, the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Qingyuan People's Hospital, Qingyuan, Guangdong, 511518, PR China.

Chemoresistance is a main obstacle for colorectal cancer treatment. In this study, we evaluated the effects and mechanisms of the WNT/β-catenin signaling pathway on the chemoresistance of SW480 and SW620 colorectal cancer cells. The activity of β-catenin was activated/inhibited by the small molecule compound GSK-3 inhibitor 6-bromo-indirubin-3'-oxime and the tankyrase inhibitor XAV939. Read More

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Macrophage-derived CCL23 upregulates expression of T-cell exhaustion markers in ovarian cancer.

Br J Cancer 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Stanford Women's Cancer Center, Stanford Cancer Institute, Stanford, CA, USA.

Background: Macrophages are an important component of the tumour immune microenvironment (TME) and can promote tumour growth and metastasis. Macrophage-secreted chemokine-ligand-23 (CCL23) induces ovarian cancer cell migration via chemokine-receptor 1 (CCR1). However, the effect of CCL23 on other immune cells in the TME is unknown. Read More

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Protective roles of seminal plasma exosomes and microvesicles during human sperm cryopreservation.

Reprod Biomed Online 2022 Apr 12. Epub 2022 Apr 12.

Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Infertility, moheb yas Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Research Question: Do seminal plasma microvesicles and exosomes, as two subtypes of extracellular vesicles, exert cryoprotective properties in sperm cryopreservation?

Design: Microvesicles and exosomes isolated from normozoospermic semen samples (n = 10) by serial ultracentrifugation were determined using scanning electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering and western blot analysis. The interactions between extracellular vesicles and spermatozoa were detected using Dil labelling. Purified spermatozoa from different normozoospermic samples (n = 25) were then treated individually with exosomes or microvesicles for 1 h and subsequently cryopreserved. Read More

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