113,190 results match your criteria well tolerated

Impact of prone position in non-intubated spontaneously breathing patients admitted to the ICU for severe acute respiratory failure due to COVID-19.

J Crit Care 2021 May 1;64:199-204. Epub 2021 May 1.

Service de Médecine intensive et réanimation, Hôpital Ambroise Paré, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, France; INSERM UMR 1018, Clinical Epidemiology Team, CESP, Université de Paris Saclay, Villejuif, France. Electronic address:

Purpose: Studies performed in spontaneously breathing patients with mild to moderate respiratory failure suggested that prone position (PP) in COVID-19 could be beneficial.

Materials And Methods: Consecutive critically ill patients with COVID-19 were enrolled in four ICUs. PP sessions lasted at least 3 h each and were performed twice daily. Read More

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Psychiatric Safety and Weight Loss Efficacy of Naltrexone/bupropion as Add-on to Antidepressant Therapy in Patients with Obesity or Overweight.

J Affect Disord 2021 Apr 23;289:167-176. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Bausch Health, Laval, QC, Canada.

There is significant association between obesity and depression. Naltrexone/Bupropion (NB) is indicated for treatment of overweight and obesity (BMI ≥27 kg/m with a comorbidity or ≥30 kg/m). This post-hoc analysis examines safety and efficacy of NB and placebo among individuals with overweight or obesity who were also taking antidepressant therapy during the LIGHT trial (N=8910). Read More

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Traditional Chinese Medicine as an adjunct therapy in the treatment of idiopathic membranous nephropathy: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

PLoS One 2021 14;16(5):e0251131. Epub 2021 May 14.

The Department of Nephrology, Longhua Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Background: Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) is one of the most common causes of nephrotic syndrome in adults involving multiple targets and factors. The effect of conservative nonimmunosuppressive or immunosuppressive therapies is unsatisfactory and with many side effects. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) can regulate immune function and improve kidney function. Read More

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Feasibility and tolerability of ophthalmic virtual reality as a medical communication tool in children and young people.

Acta Ophthalmol 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Center for medical Image Analysis & Navigation, University, Basel, Switzerland.

Purpose: Virtual reality (VR) can be useful in explaining diseases and complications that affect children in order to improve medical communications with this vulnerable patient group. So far, children and young people's responses to high-end medical VR environments have never been assessed.

Methods: An unprecedented number of 320 children and young people were given the opportunity to interact with a VR application displaying original ophthalmic volume data via a commercially available tethered head-mounted display (HMD). Read More

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Long-Term Effectiveness of Oral Ferric Maltol vs Intravenous Ferric Carboxymaltose for the Treatment of Iron-Deficiency Anemia in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Randomized Controlled Noninferiority Trial.

Inflamm Bowel Dis 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Gastroenterology Practice Minden and University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel, Clinic for Internal Medicine I, Kiel, Germany.

Background: Iron-deficiency anemia is common in inflammatory bowel disease, requiring oral or intravenous iron replacement therapy. Treatment with standard oral irons is limited by poor absorption and gastrointestinal toxicity. Ferric maltol is an oral iron designed for improved absorption and tolerability. Read More

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Efficacy and Safety of Mirodenafil Oro-Dispersible Film in Korean Patients with Erectile Dysfunction: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel-Group, Multicenter, Phase IV Study.

World J Mens Health 2021 Jan 21. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Department of Urology, Konkuk University Chungju Hospital, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Chungju, Korea.

Purpose: To investigate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of oro-dispersible film (ODF) formulation of mirodenafil 50 mg and 100 mg for the treatment of patients with erectile dysfunction (ED) in Korea.

Materials And Methods: A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study of 129 subjects was performed. Subjects were randomized to either placebo or mirodenafil ODF 50 mg or 100 mg to be taken in an "on demand" manner for 8 weeks. Read More

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January 2021

Low dose venetoclax in combination with bortezomib, daratumumab, and dexamethasone for the treatment of relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma patients-a single-center retrospective study.

Ann Hematol 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

James R. Berenson, MD, Inc, West Hollywood, CA, 90069, USA.

Venetoclax is a BCL-2 inhibitor currently indicated for use in treating hematologic malignancies with recommended doses ranging from 400 to 600 mg/day. Although currently not FDA-approved to treat multiple myeloma (MM) patients, there is a growing number of reports indicating its efficacy as a salvage therapy for these patients, especially for those with the t(11;14) chromosomal marker. These studies, however, have also indicated that venetoclax given at doses ≥ 400 mg/day can cause serious adverse events (SAEs) especially when administered with bortezomib, commonly related to infections. Read More

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Exploring the concepts and practices of advanced breast cancer treatment: a narrative review.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Apr;9(8):721

Department of Medical Oncology (Breast Cancer), Cancer Hospital of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences/Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, Hangzhou, China.

Objective: To explore the concepts and practices of advanced breast cancer treatment.

Background: Metastatic breast cancer (MBC) has become a chronic disease, with a median overall survival (OS) of around 3 years and a 5-year survival rate of about 25%. OS are strongly associated with the best available care, which consists of not only application of guidelines, but also multidisciplinary specialized care, the most efficacious medicines, and so on. Read More

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Narrative review of practical aspects of aerosol delivery via high-flow nasal cannula.

Jie Li James B Fink

Ann Transl Med 2021 Apr;9(7):590

Department of Cardiopulmonary Sciences, Division of Respiratory Care, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA.

Using high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) as a "vehicle" to administer aerosolized medication has attracted clinicians' interest in recent years. In this paper, we summarize the current evidence to answer the common questions raised by clinicians about this new aerosol delivery route and best practices of administration. Benefits of trans-nasal aerosol delivery include increased comfort, ability to speak, eat, and drink for patients while meeting a range of oxygen requirements, particularly for those who need to inhale aerosolized medication for long periods. Read More

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Inhibition of checkpoint kinase 1 potentiates anticancer activity of gemcitabine in bladder cancer cells.

Sci Rep 2021 May 13;11(1):10181. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Urology, National Defense Medical College, 3-2 Namiki, Tokorozawa, Saitama, 359-8513, Japan.

Checkpoint kinases (CHKs) are involved in the DNA damage response in many cancer cells. CHK inhibitors have been used in clinical trials in combination with chemotherapeutics; however, their effect against bladder cancer remains unclear. Here, we investigated the efficacy of combining gemcitabine with MK-8776, a novel CHK1 inhibitor, in four bladder cancer cell lines. Read More

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Pre-existing immune status associated with response to combination of sipuleucel-T and ipilimumab in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.

J Immunother Cancer 2021 May;9(5)

Department Hematology/Oncology, School of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA

Background: Sipuleucel-T is a US Food and Drug Administration-approved autologous cellular immunotherapy that improves survival in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). We examined whether administering ipilimumab after sipuleucel-T could modify immune and/or clinical responses to this treatment.

Methods: A total of 50 patients with mCRPC were enrolled into a clinical trial (NCT01804465, ClinicalTrials. Read More

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Efficacy and safety of tildrakizumab in patients with active psoriatic arthritis: results of a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multiple-dose, 52-week phase IIb study.

Ann Rheum Dis 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Dermatology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, USA.

Objectives: To evaluate efficacy and safety of the anti-interleukin-23p19 monoclonal antibody tildrakizumab in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA).

Methods: In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase IIb study, patients with active PsA were randomised 1:1:1:1:1 to tildrakizumab 200 mg every 4 weeks (Q4W); tildrakizumab 200, 100 or 20 mg Q12W; or placebo Q4W. Patients receiving tildrakizumab 20 mg or placebo switched to tildrakizumab 200 mg Q12W at W24; treatment continued to W52. Read More

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Perioperative outcomes of pulmonary resection after neoadjuvant pembrolizumab in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Division of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC.

Objectives: Pembrolizumab is a programmed death receptor-1 masking antibody approved for metastatic non-small cell lung cancer. This Phase 2 study (NCT02818920) of neoadjuvant pembrolizumab in non-small cell lung cancer had a primary end point of safety and secondary end points of efficacy and correlative science.

Methods: Patients with untreated clinical stage IB to IIIA non-small cell lung cancer were enrolled. Read More

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Successful salvage therapy for refractory primary cutaneous gamma-delta T-cell lymphoma with a combination of brentuximab vedotin and gemcitabine.

Exp Hematol Oncol 2021 May 13;10(1):32. Epub 2021 May 13.

Service and Central Laboratory of Hematology, University Hospital Lausanne (CHUV), Rue du Bugnon 46, CH - 1011, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Primary cutaneous gamma-delta T-cell lymphoma (PCGD-TCL) is a very rare lymphoma with an aggressive clinical course and a dismal outcome. The prognosis is linked to a pronounced resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. No standard treatment approach is defined due to the low frequency of the disease and lack of prospective studies. Read More

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Antihypertensives and Statin Therapy for Primary Stroke Prevention: A Secondary Analysis of the HOPE-3 Trial.

Stroke 2021 May 14:STROKEAHA120030790. Epub 2021 May 14.

Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton Health Sciences, ON, Canada (J.B., E.M.L., P.G., R.G.H., S.Y.).

Background And Purpose: The HOPE-3 trial (Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation-3) found that antihypertensive therapy combined with a statin reduced first stroke among people at intermediate cardiovascular risk. We report secondary analyses of stroke outcomes by stroke subtype, predictors, treatment effects in key subgroups.

Methods: Using a 2-by-2 factorial design, 12 705 participants from 21 countries with vascular risk factors but without overt cardiovascular disease were randomized to candesartan 16 mg plus hydrochlorothiazide 12. Read More

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A randomized phase II trial of veliparib, radiotherapy and temozolomide in patients with unmethylated MGMT glioblastoma: the VERTU study.

Neuro Oncol 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

NHMRC Clinical Trials Centre, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Temozolomide offers minimal benefit in patients with glioblastoma with unmethylated O 6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter status, hence the need for novel therapies. This study evaluated whether veliparib, a brain-penetrant poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, acts synergistically with radiation and temozolomide.

Methods: VERTU was a multicenter 2:1 randomized phase II trial in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma and MGMT-unmethylated promotor status. Read More

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Antiviral kinetics of tenofovir alafenamide and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate over 24 weeks in women of childbearing potential with chronic HBV.

PLoS One 2021 13;16(5):e0251552. Epub 2021 May 13.

New Zealand Liver Transplant Unit, Auckland Clinical Studies, Auckland, New Zealand.

Background/purpose: Use of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) improves patient outcomes in preventing mother-to-child transmission (pMTCT) of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) in mothers with chronic HBV and high viral loads. Given the lack of data for tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) in pMTCT, rates of early viral suppression with TAF and TDF were evaluated in women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) participating in 2 randomized, double-blind, Phase 3 studies in chronic HBV.

Methods: In a patient subset meeting WOCBP criteria and with baseline HBV DNA >200,000 IU/mL, rates of viral suppression with TAF or TDF in achieving the target of HBV DNA <200,000 IU/mL at weeks 12 and 24 were assessed. Read More

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Safety and Efficacy of Neoadjuvant Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy in Patients with Resectable Non-small-Cell Lung Cancer: A Systematic Review.

Target Oncol 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Thoracic Surgery Department, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Panjiayuan Nanli No 17, Beijing, 100021, People's Republic of China.

Background: Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for most new diagnoses of lung cancer, with high morbidity and mortality worldwide. Immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy has transformed the treatment of metastatic and advanced NSCLC. For resectable NSCLC, while surgery is the cornerstone of standard treatment, a number of clinical trials of neoadjuvant immunotherapy have been conducted. Read More

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Role of tadalafil in enhancing visualization of posterior urethra prior to combined voiding cystourethrogram and retrograde urethrogram: a retrospective analysis.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.

Purpose: To show utility of tadalafil in enhancing visualization of posterior urethra in patients with urethral stricture.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of adults male who failed to delineate the posterior urethra while undergoing combined voiding cystourethrogram and retrograde urethrogram (VCUG and RUG), as a part of preoperative assessment of stricture length and location before urethral reconstruction. The study was repeated 24 h later after a single dose of tadalafil 20 mg was administrated 2 h before the procedure (Tadalafil group). Read More

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Real-world effectiveness and tolerability of Zelesse cream® for treating vulvovaginitis in adult women: an observational, prospective study.

J Int Med Res 2021 May;49(5):3000605211013226

Medical Department, ITF Research Pharma S.L.U., Madrid, Spain.

Objective: To assess the efficacy, acceptability, and tolerability of a vaginal cream based on plant extracts for treating signs and symptoms of vulvovaginitis (VV) (Zelesse cream®), either as monotherapy (non-infectious VV) or adjuvant to antimicrobial therapy (infectious VV).

Methods: This prospective, observational, multicenter study included women who attended outpatient offices for VV. The severity of signs (vaginal discharge, erythema, and edema) and symptoms (pruritus, burning, and dysuria) was assessed before and after 15±5 days of daily treatment with Zelesse cream on a 4-point scale (18-point global score). Read More

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Tocilizumab reduces the risk of ICU admission and mortality in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Objective: The study aims to describe characteristics and clinical outcome of patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection that received siltuximab according to a protocol that aimed to early block the activity of IL-6 to avoid the progression of the inflammatory flare.

Methods: Retrospective review of the first 31 patients with SARS-CoV-2 treated with siltuximab, in Hospital Clinic of Barcelona or Hospital Universitario Salamanca, from March to April 2020 with positive polymerase-chain reaction (PCR) from a nasopharyngeal swab.

Results: The cohort included 31 cases that received siltuximab with a median (IQR) age of 62 (56-71) and 71% were males. Read More

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Side effects of long-term use of proton pump inhibitors: practical considerations.

Pol Arch Intern Med 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are among the most commonly prescribed drugs, due to the increasing incidence of acid-related disorders but also to a large number of prescriptions with inappropriate indications. Despite PPIs being effective and well tolerated, there have been growing concerns of potential adverse effects associated with long-term use of PPIs. Indeed, pharmacovigilance agencies have issued broad-based product warnings on the association between PPIs treatment and long-term complications, including increased risk of fractures and impaired magnesium absorption. Read More

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First-in-human trial assessing the pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic profile of a novel recombinant human chorionic gonadotropin in healthy women and men of reproductive age.

Clin Transl Sci 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Ferring Pharmaceuticals A/S, Reproductive Medicine & Maternal Health, Copenhagen, Denmark.

The purpose of this first-in-human trial was to examine the safety, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of a novel recombinant human chorionic gonadotropin (FE 999302, choriogonadotropin beta) to support its clinical development for various therapeutic indications. The single and multiple dose pharmacokinetics of choriogonadotropin beta (CG beta) were evaluated in women and the single dose pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of CG beta were compared to those of choriogonadotropin alfa (CG alfa) in men. CG beta was safe and well-tolerated in all 84 healthy subjects. Read More

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Safety and tolerability of chronic intranasal oxytocin in older men: results from a randomized controlled trial.

Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Psychology, University of Florida, P.O. Box 112250, Gainesville, FL, 32611, USA.

Rationale: Most studies evaluating the safety and tolerability of intranasal oxytocin (OT) have not reported consistent adverse events (AEs), but they have largely focused on young men and single-dose administration. Thus, it is unclear whether these findings translate to older individuals and with longer administration periods.

Objective: Extending previous work, this study investigated the safety and tolerability of chronic intranasal OT in generally healthy older men. Read More

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Preliminary evaluation of probiotic effects on gastrointestinal signs in dogs with multicentric lymphoma undergoing multi-agent chemotherapy: A randomised, placebo-controlled study.

Vet Rec Open 2021 Dec 29;8(1):e2. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Clinical Sciences College of Veterinary Medicine Kansas State University Manhattan Kansas USA.

Background: Gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity is a major dose-limiting factor in dogs undergoing chemotherapy. A proposed mechanism of GI toxicity includes chemotherapy-driven GI dysbiosis. This study was designed to determine the effects of probiotic administration on GI side-effects in dogs receiving multi-agent chemotherapy. Read More

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December 2021

A Recombinant BCG Vaccine Is Safe and Immunogenic in Neonatal Calves and Reduces the Clinical Disease Caused by the Respiratory Syncytial Virus.

Front Immunol 2021 26;12:664212. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Preventative Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, United States.

The human respiratory syncytial virus (hRSV) constitutes a major health burden, causing millions of hospitalizations in children under five years old worldwide due to acute lower respiratory tract infections. Despite decades of research, licensed vaccines to prevent hRSV are not available. Development of vaccines against hRSV targeting young infants requires ruling out potential vaccine-enhanced disease presentations. Read More

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Safety and Tolerability of Burst-Cycling Deep Brain Stimulation for Freezing of Gait in Parkinson's Disease.

Front Hum Neurosci 2021 26;15:651168. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Neurology, Norman Fixel Institute for Neurological Diseases, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, United States.

: Freezing of gait (FOG) is a common symptom in Parkinson's disease (PD) and can be difficult to treat with dopaminergic medications or with deep brain stimulation (DBS). Novel stimulation paradigms have been proposed to address suboptimal responses to conventional DBS programming methods. Burst-cycling deep brain stimulation (BCDBS) delivers current in various frequencies of bursts (e. Read More

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Paracetamol (acetaminophen) rescues cognitive decline, neuroinflammation and cytoskeletal alterations in a model of post-operative cognitive decline (POCD) in middle-aged rats.

Sci Rep 2021 May 12;11(1):10139. Epub 2021 May 12.

Ulysses Neuroscience Ltd, Room 3.57B, Trinity College Dublin-Institute of Neuroscience (TCIN), Lloyd Institute, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland.

Post-operative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a debilitating clinical phenomenon in elderly patients. Management of pain in elderly is complicated because analgesic opiates elicit major side effects. In contrast, paracetamol (acetaminophen) has shown analgesic efficacy, no impact on cognition, and its side effects are well tolerated. Read More

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[Clinical efficacy and safety analysis of camrelizumab combined with apatinib as a second-line therapy for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma: a multicenter retrospective study].

Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi 2021 Apr;29(4):326-331

Department of Infectious Diseases and Hepatology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China.

To analyze the clinical efficacy and safety of camrelizumab combined with apatinib as a second-line therapy for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Ninety-four cases with mid-and advanced-stage HCC who received camrelizumab combined with apatinib as second-line treatment were enrolled. Routine blood test, blood biochemical indexes, tumor stage, tumor imaging characteristics, previous treatment strategies and other clinical data before treatment were documented. Read More

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Randomized clinical trial of bedtime sublingual cyclobenzaprine (TNX-102 SL) in military-related PTSD and the role of sleep quality in treatment response.

Psychiatry Res 2021 Apr 30;301:113974. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Tonix Pharmaceuticals, Inc., New York, NY.

Effective posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) pharmacotherapy is needed. This 12-week randomized multicenter trial evaluated efficacy and safety of TNX-102 SL, a bedtime sublingual formulation of cyclobenzaprine, in patients with military-related PTSD randomized to TNX-102 SL 2.8 mg or 5. Read More

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