148,870 results match your criteria welfare


Addressing the overrepresentation of Black children in Ontario's child welfare system: insights from child welfare workers and community service providers.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Dec 3;123:105423. Epub 2021 Dec 3.

Kempe Center for the Prevention and Treatment of Child Abuse and Neglect, University of Colorado, United States. Electronic address:

Background: The overrepresentation Black children experience in the child welfare system is well documented in the United States, but such studies are now emerging in Canada. In Ontario, there are few studies that address this issue concerning Black families.

Objective: This study is to explore the insights of child welfare workers and community service providers on how to potentially address Black children's overrepresentation in Ontario's child welfare system. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Preschoolers learn new moral and conventional norms from direct experiences.

J Exp Child Psychol 2021 Dec 3;215:105322. Epub 2021 Dec 3.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA.

By observing others, children can learn about different types of norms, including moral norms rooted in concerns for welfare and rights, and social conventions based on directives from authority figures or social consensus. Two experiments examined how preschoolers and adults constructed and applied knowledge about novel moral and conventional norms from their direct social experiences. Participants watched a video of a novel prohibited action that caused pain to a victim (moral conditions) or a sound from a box (conventional conditions). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Population group differences in subjective importance of meat in diet and red and processed meat consumption.

Appetite 2021 Dec 3:105836. Epub 2021 Dec 3.

Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, P.O. Box 30, FI-00271 Helsinki, Finland.

Red and processed meat (RPM) consumption associates directly with several unfavorable health outcomes and with environmental impact of diet. RPM consumption differs between certain population groups, and moreover, encompasses various subjective meanings. Literature on determinants of subjective importance of meat in diet (SIM), however, is scarce. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Effects of cupping therapy for obesity: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Nov;100(44):e27701

Department of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, 23 Kyungheedae-ro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Obesity is a prevalent disease in modern society. Despite the various interventions available in conventional medicine, their success rates are not satisfactory because of the complex mechanisms involved in obesity. Cupping therapy is a traditional Chinese medicinal intervention, and it has become widely used in various clinical settings for the treatment of obesity. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Characteristics and outcome differences in male and female oral cavity cancer patients in Taiwan.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Nov;100(44):e27674

Department of Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan.

Abstract: Oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a leading cause of death in Taiwan. Most of the patients in the literature are male. The risk factors, cancer characteristics, and treatment outcomes were investigated in female patients and compared with male patients in this study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Short- and long-term mortality after intravenous thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke: A propensity score-matched cohort with 5-year follow-up.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Nov;100(44):e27652

Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan Hospital, Republic of Korea.

Abstract: It remains unknown whether intravenous thrombolysis (IVT), thrombectomy, or poststroke antithrombotic medication lower short- and long-term mortality in acute ischemic stroke (AIS). This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of IVT in AIS using propensity score matching, to determine whether IVT could reduce short- and long-term mortality, and to identify risk factors influencing short- and long-term mortality in AIS.During 2013 to 2014, the nationwide Korea Acute Stroke Assessment registry enrolled 14,394 patients with first-ever recorded ischemic stroke. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Influence of genetic variants of opioid-related genes on opioid-induced adverse effects in patients with lung cancer: A STROBE-compliant observational study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Nov;100(44):e27565

Shizuoka Cancer Center, Shizuoka, Japan.

Abstract: Despite the dramatic advancement of cancer chemotherapy and immunotherapy, the insufficient progress has been made in basic or translational research on personalization of opioid therapy. Predicting the effectiveness of opioid analgesic therapy and the risk of adverse effects prior to therapy are expected to enable safer and more appropriate opioid therapy for cancer patients. In this study, we compared the incidence of opioid-induced adverse effects between patients with different variants of the genes related to responsiveness to opioid analgesics. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

-arginine reduces injury from heat stress to bovine intestinal epithelial cells by improving antioxidant and inflammatory response.

Anim Biotechnol 2021 Dec 6:1-9. Epub 2021 Dec 6.

Henan International Joint Laboratory of Animal Welfare and health Breeding, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang, China.

Heat stress (HS) has a negative impact on the health and performance of dairy cows, resulting in economic losses. Damage to the intestinal epithelium is the main cause of the adverse effects of heat stress on bovine health. This study investigated the repair capability of -arginine (-Arg) in reducing the adverse effects of HS on bovine intestinal epithelial cells (BIECs). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Factors associated with disability and pain intensity in patients with complex regional pain syndrome.

Disabil Rehabil 2021 Dec 6:1-9. Epub 2021 Dec 6.

Department of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, School of Physical Therapy, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada‎.

Purpose: To examine the associations between psychological factors (pain catastrophizing, pain-related anxiety, and fear of pain) and level of pain and disability in patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS).

Methods: One hundred and two patients with CRPS were recruited from tertiary care centers with the different upper limb injuries were evaluated for pain, disability, and psychological factors. Patients completed the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) Questionnaire, Patient Rated Wrist Evaluation (PRWE), Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK-11), and Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Objective scoring of footpad dermatitis in broilers using video image segmentation and a deep learning approach: vcamera-based scoring system.

Br Poult Sci 2021 Dec 6. Epub 2021 Dec 6.

Computer Science Academic Group, Faculty of Information and Communication Technology, Mahidol University, 999 Phuttamonthon 4 Road, Salaya, Nakhon Pathom 73170 Thailand.

1. Footpad dermatitis (FPD) can be used as an important indicator of animal welfare and for economic evaluation; however, human scoring is subjective, biased and labour intensive. This paper proposed a novel deep learning approach that can automatically determine the severity of FPD based on images of chicken's feet. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Nutritional Status and COVID-19 among Older Persons in Kerala, India.

Inquiry 2021 Jan-Dec;58:469580211059738

The International Institute of Migration and Development (IIMAD), Kerala, India.

The COVID-19 pandemic has posed an unprecedented public health crisis globally irrespective of age. There is no doubt that the older population (above the age of 60) is the most vulnerable age category due to multiple co-morbidities, which often is not in their favour. Age category, types of co-morbidities and nutritional levels indeed play a pivotal role in determining mortality rates. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Engineered nanomaterials induce alterations in biological barriers: focus on paracellular permeability.

Nanomedicine (Lond) 2021 Dec 6. Epub 2021 Dec 6.

The Sperm Laboratory, College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310058, PR China.

Engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) are widely used in medical diagnosis and treatment, as food additives and as energy materials. ENPs may exert adverse or beneficial effects on the human body, which may be linked to interactions with biological barriers. In this review, the authors summarize the influences of four typical metal/metal oxide nanomaterials (Ag, TiO, Au, ZnO nanoparticles) on the paracellular permeability of biological barriers. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Air Pollution Exposure Affects Severity and Cellular Endotype of Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyps.

Laryngoscope 2021 Dec 6. Epub 2021 Dec 6.

Research Unit of Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Nasal Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Objectives/hypothesis: Air pollution has emerged as an important environmental risk factor for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) progression. This study assessed exposure to five types of air pollution (PM , SO , NO , CO, O ) and explored their effects on CRS with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) severity and endotype.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Editorial: Perspectives in Dealing With Surplus Male Farm Animals.

Front Vet Sci 2021 12;8:797081. Epub 2021 Nov 12.

Institute for Animal Hygiene, Animal Welfare and Farm Animal Behaviour, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Hanover, Germany.

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Inequitable Flow of Animals in and Out of Shelters: Comparison of Community-Level Vulnerability for Owner-Surrendered and Subsequently Adopted Animals.

Front Vet Sci 2021 11;8:784389. Epub 2021 Nov 11.

Animal Welfare Program, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

There is increasing awareness among animal shelter professionals regarding the role of shelters in perpetuating inequities in pet ownership, although the relationship between owner vulnerabilities and animal shelter services is largely understudied. Currently, there is no literature comparing the sociodemographic conditions of communities where surrendered animals originate and communities where they are adopted. The present study compared the "flow" of surrendered animals between originating communities (incoming) and communities where they were adopted (outgoing; = 21,270). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Characterizing Pet Acquisition and Retention During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Front Vet Sci 2021 18;8:781403. Epub 2021 Nov 18.

Communications, The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, New York, NY, United States.

In March 2020, Americans began experiencing numerous lifestyle changes due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Some reports have suggested that pet acquisition and ownership increased during this period, and some have suggested shelters and rescues will be overwhelmed once pandemic-related restrictions are lifted and lifestyles shift yet again. In May 2021, the ASPCA hired the global market research company Ipsos to conduct a general population survey that would provide a more comprehensive picture of pet ownership and acquisition during the pandemic. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Animal-Based Factors Prior to Infection Predict Histological Disease Outcome in Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus- and -Infected Pigs.

Front Vet Sci 2021 17;8:742877. Epub 2021 Nov 17.

Wageningen Livestock Research, Department of Animal Health and Welfare, Wageningen, Netherlands.

A large variety of clinical manifestation in individual pigs occurs after infection with pathogens involved in porcine respiratory disease complex (PRDC). Some pigs are less prone to develop respiratory disease symptoms. The variation in clinical impact after infection and the recovery capacity of an individual animal are measures of its resilience. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Control and Prevention of Epizootic Lymphangitis in Mules: An Integrated Community-Based Intervention, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

Front Vet Sci 2021 12;8:648267. Epub 2021 Nov 12.

Director, International Department, The Donkey Sanctuary, Sidmouth, United Kingdom.

From 2010 to 2017, as part of a wider animal welfare program, The Donkey Sanctuary piloted an integrated, community-based model for the control and prevention of epizootic lymphangitis (EZL) in cart mules in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia. Stakeholders included muleteers, service providers, and transport and animal health regulatory authorities. Interventions included muleteer education, wound prevention, harness improvement, animal health professional training, treatment of early EZL cases, euthanasia for advanced cases, and review of transport services and traffic guidelines. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Gaps in Knowledge About SARS-CoV-2 & COVID-19 Among University Students Are Associated With Negative Attitudes Toward People With COVID-19: A Cross-Sectional Study in Cyprus.

Front Public Health 2021 19;9:758030. Epub 2021 Nov 19.

Medical School, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.

University students represent a highly active group in terms of their social activity in the community and in the propagation of information on social media. We aimed to map the knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of University students in Cyprus about severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) and Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) to guide targeted future measures and information campaigns. We used a cross-sectional online survey targeting all students in conventional, not distance-learning, programs in five major universities in the Republic of Cyprus. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Sustainable Development of African Countries: Minding Public Life, Education, and Welfare.

Front Public Health 2021 11;9:748845. Epub 2021 Nov 11.

North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power, Zhengzhou, China.

Sustainable development (SD) has increasingly played a key background role in government policymaking across the world, especially for the least developed countries in Africa. Therefore, the purpose of our research is to study the SD of African countries in public life, education, and welfare, and then to help policy makers better monitor the status of sustainable development and formulate development policies in these aspects. We firstly propose a new method to assess the SD in public life, education, and welfare. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Taiwan Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons Consensus on mCRC Treatment.

Front Oncol 2021 15;11:764912. Epub 2021 Nov 15.

Division of Colorectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University Chung-Ho Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Therapeutic options for metastatic CRC (mCRC) have changed significantly in recent years, greatly increasing the complexity of therapeutic decision-making. Although oncology guidelines have helped improve the care process, guidelines may also limit the flexibility to individualize in-clinic decision-making. This consensus paper addresses specific gaps in the current international guidelines to assist Taiwanese colon and rectal experts make specific therapeutic choices. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Medical neglect in Ontario: Implications for health care provision.

Paediatr Child Health 2021 Nov 27;26(7):e283-e289. Epub 2021 May 27.

Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Objectives: This study explores child welfare investigations for medical neglect in Ontario, Canada, focusing on household, family and child characteristics of such investigations and factors associated with substantiated victimization.

Methods: This analysis used data from the Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 2018. Bivariate analyses compared medical neglect with other neglect investigations to create a profile of medical neglect investigations in Ontario, and a binary logistic regression determined which case characteristics were associated with substantiation of medical neglect. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Married Adults Coresiding with Older Parents: Implications for Paid Work and Domestic Workloads.

J Popul Ageing 2021 20;14(4):507-535. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

The rise of life expectancy throughout the developed world has meant that older adults play an increasingly important role in their grown-up children's lives. We evaluate whether the intergenerational solidarity theory is useful for understanding the intergenerational transfers of time in Japan given the relatively generous welfare provision for the older adults and the fall in intergenerational coresidence. We apply seemingly unrelated regression models to data of the 2006 Japanese Survey on Time Use and Leisure Activities (Statistics Bureau Japan, 2006) to investigate how coresidence patterns are associated with paid and unpaid work time of adult married children. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Construction and Development of App Application Platform for Public Information Products of Urban Grand Media in the Context of Artificial Intelligence.

Comput Math Methods Med 2021 25;2021:6974688. Epub 2021 Nov 25.

School of Science and Technology, The University of Georgia, Tbilisi 017, Georgia.

This paper conducts in-depth research and analysis on the construction of the public information product APP application platform of urban big media in the context of artificial intelligence and discusses its development. Based on the improvement of the SICAS model, a model of enterprise and user information interaction characteristics in the new media environment is constructed, and social network analysis and semantic analysis methods are used to research enterprise and user information interaction characteristics in the new media environment. The point degree centrality index is used to analyze forwarding and being forwarded behavior in information interaction, the intermediate centrality index is used to analyze following and being followed behavior, the proximity centrality index is used to analyze commenting and being commented behavior, the feature vector centrality index is used to analyze the cohesiveness of information interaction behavior, and the semantic keyword word is used to analyze the semantic keyword word in the research process. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Promoting the Quality of Teacher-Toddler Interactions: A Randomized Controlled Trial of "Thrive by Three" In-Service Professional Development in 187 Norwegian Toddler Classrooms.

Front Psychol 2021 18;12:778777. Epub 2021 Nov 18.

Regional Centre for Child and Youth Mental Health and Child Welfare, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Department of Mental Health, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway.

The effectiveness of the Thrive by Three intervention, a 10-month, multicomponent, in-service professional development model to promote the quality of caregiver-toddler interactions (i.e., process quality), was tested utilizing a clustered randomized controlled design. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Engagement of Families Attending Early Childhood Services During 5-Month School Closure Due to COVID-19: An Italian Experience.

Front Psychol 2021 18;12:722834. Epub 2021 Nov 18.

Research & Development Department, Cooperativa Sociale Aeris, Vimercate, Italy.

During the COVID-19 outbreak, we experienced the suspension of both work-related and spare activities, with the closure of shops, companies, services, as well as schools. Children probably are the ones who have suffered the most from this situation, due to the limited socialization with peers and boredom experienced at home. In this context, schools and childhood services tried to relieve the negative effects brought by the pandemic through actions aimed at actively engaging students and their parents in promoting child development and wellbeing. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Self-Management in Anxiety and Depression: A Psychometric Evaluation of a Questionnaire.

Front Psychol 2021 15;12:694583. Epub 2021 Nov 15.

Psychiatry, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

To examine the underlying factor structure and psychometric properties of the Assessment of Self-management in Anxiety and Depression (ASAD) questionnaire, which was specifically designed for patients with (chronic) anxiety and depressive disorders. Moreover, this study assesses whether the number of items in the ASAD can be reduced without significantly reducing its precision. The ASAD questionnaire was completed by 171 participants across two samples: one sample comprised patients with residual anxiety or depressive symptoms, while the other consisted of patients who have been formally diagnosed with a chronic anxiety or depressive disorder. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Prevention Adaptation of an Evidence-Based Treatment for Parents Involved With Child Welfare Who Use Substances.

Front Psychol 2021 19;12:689432. Epub 2021 Nov 19.

Oregon Social Learning Center, Eugene, OR, United States.

Parental substance use, especially opioid misuse and/or methamphetamine use, is a key driver for recent increases in family involvement with child welfare and foster care placements in the United States. There is an urgent need for programs that prevent parental substance use disorders, yet few prevention programs exist that target parents' unique needs and strengths. Adapting evidence-based treatment approaches for prevention might be an efficient, effective way to address this gap. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

After-Effects of Intermittent Theta-Burst Stimulation Are Differentially and Phase-Dependently Suppressed by α- and β-Frequency Transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation.

Front Hum Neurosci 2021 12;15:750329. Epub 2021 Nov 12.

Department of Orthoptics, Faculty of Medical Science, Fukuoka International University of Health and Welfare, Fukuoka, Japan.

Intermittent theta-burst stimulation (iTBS) using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is known to produce excitatory after-effects over the primary motor cortex (M1). Recently, transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) at 10 Hz (α) and 20 Hz (β) have been shown to modulate M1 excitability in a phase-dependent manner. Therefore, we hypothesized that tACS would modulate the after-effects of iTBS depending on the stimulation frequency and phase. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021