1,626 results match your criteria weight-related behaviors

Strategies used by providers to support individuals with spinal cord injury in weight management: a qualitative study of provider perspectives.

Spinal Cord Ser Cases 2021 Jul 29;7(1):65. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Veterans Affairs, Center of Innovation for Complex Chronic Healthcare (CINCCH), Edward Hines Jr. VA Hospital, Hines, IL, USA.

Study Design: This is a descriptive qualitative study.

Objectives: To explore recommended strategies employed by healthcare providers to support individuals with SCI in weight management.

Setting: Fourteen veteran administration hospitals in the United States and the Shirley Ryan AbilityLab (SRALab) SCI Model Systems in Illinois. Read More

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Impact of diagnostic labels and causal explanations for weight gain on diet intentions, cognitions and emotions: An experimental online study.

Appetite 2021 Jul 26;167:105612. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Wiser Healthcare, Sydney School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, 2006, Australia; Sydney Health Literacy Lab, Sydney School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, 2006, Australia. Electronic address:

Disease labels and causal explanations for certain symptoms or conditions have been found to have both positive and negative outcomes. For example, a diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome could conceivably motivate a person to engage in weight management, which is the recommended first line treatment. Furthermore, doctors may feel more comfortable discussing weight when linked to a medical condition. Read More

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Weight management across preconception, pregnancy, and postpartum: A systematic review and quality appraisal of international clinical practice guidelines.

Obes Rev 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Monash Centre for Health Research and Implementation, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

This systematic review and quality appraisal evaluated clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for weight management and weight-related behaviors across preconception, pregnancy, and postpartum. CPGs published in English were identified from research and guideline-specific databases between 2010 and 2019. Recommendations were categorized into weight (body mass index screening, weight loss, weight gain prevention, and gestational weight gain), diet, food safety, physical activity, and behavioral strategies. Read More

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Evaluation of a Pediatric Obesity Management Toolkit for Health Care Professionals: A Quasi-Experimental Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 07 16;18(14). Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Division of Endocrinology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON M5G 1X8, Canada.

Health care professionals (HCPs) play a critical role in helping to address weight-related issues with pediatric patients, yet often feel ill-equipped to discuss/manage this complex and sensitive health issue. Using the five As ("Ask, Assess, Advise, Agree, and Assist") of Pediatric Obesity Management, we created a series of educational videos and evaluated the content, quality (acceptability, engagement), and impact of these videos on HCPs' self-efficacy, knowledge, and change in practice when addressing weight-related issues with pediatric patients and their families using questionnaires. HCPs ( = 65) participated in a baseline assessment and 4-6 month follow-up ( = 54). Read More

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Awareness drives changes in reward value which predict eating behavior change: Probing reinforcement learning using experience sampling from mobile mindfulness training for maladaptive eating.

J Behav Addict 2021 Jul 15. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

1Mindfulness Center, Brown School of Public Health and Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, 121 South Main Street, Providence, RI 02903, USA.

Background And Aims: Maladaptive eating habits are a major cause of obesity and weight-related illness. The development of empirically-based approaches, such as mindfulness training (MT) that target accurate mechanisms of action to address these behaviors is therefore critical. Two studies were conducted to examine the impact of MT on maladaptive eating and determine the involvement of reinforcement learning mechanisms underlying these effects. Read More

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Personal Social Networks and Adiposity in Adolescents: A Feasibility Study.

Child Obes 2021 Jul 14. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Research Center of Sainte Justine University Hospital, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada.

Weight-related behaviors are determined by multiple individual and contextual factors, with recent evidence implicating personal social networks (PSNs). Greater understanding of these relationships could help inform healthy weight promoting interventions. We conducted a feasibility study among youth at risk of obesity to document process outcomes, to discern relationships between PSN features and weight-related behaviors, and to generate hypotheses with respect to perceived social support (SS) and sex. Read More

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Predictors of negative psychosocial and health behavior impact of COVID-19 among young adults.

Health Educ Res 2021 Jul 1. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Department of Prevention and Community Health, Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University Science & Engineering Hall, 800 22nd St NW, #7000C, Washington, DC 20052, USA.

Given the global impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on mental and physical health, we examined young adults' changes in mental health, intimate relationship quality, alcohol use and weight-related behaviors during COVID-19 and their correlates (depressive symptoms, resilience, social context and COVID-19-related factors). We analyzed data from a longitudinal study of 1082 young adults across six metropolitan areas (Mage = 24.76 ± 4. Read More

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Changing the narrative around obesity in the UK: a survey of people with obesity and healthcare professionals from the ACTION-IO study.

BMJ Open 2021 06 30;11(6):e045616. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

School of Psychology, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.

Objectives: To investigate the perceptions, attitudes, behaviours and potential barriers to effective obesity care in the UK using data collected from people with obesity (PwO) and healthcare professionals (HCPs) in the Awareness, Care, and Treatment In Obesity maNagement-International Observation (ACTION-IO) study.

Design: UK's PwO (body mass index of ≥30 kg/m based on self-reported height and weight) and HCPs who manage patients with obesity completed an online survey.

Results: In the UK, 1500 PwO and 306 HCPs completed the survey. Read More

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Feasibility of a virtual reality-based approach to improve behavioral weight management outcomes.

Pilot Feasibility Stud 2021 Jun 22;7(1):129. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Center for Health Research, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA, USA.

Background: Behavioral weight loss interventions promote clinically significant weight loss over 12 months, but weight regain remains problematic and a substantial proportion of participants do not achieve long-term weight loss maintenance. Novel methods are needed that instill habit strength for sustaining weight control behaviors long term. Virtual reality (VR) has the potential to provide opportunities within behavioral treatment for patients to practice desired weight control behaviors in the frequency and magnitude necessary to build durable habits. Read More

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Urban environment and obesity and weight-related behaviours in primary school children.

Environ Int 2021 Oct 15;155:106700. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

ISGlobal, Barcelona, Spain; Spanish Consortium for Research on Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Spain; Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: Urban environments are characterised by many factors that may influence children's lifestyle and increase the risk of childhood obesity, but multiple urban exposures have scarcely been studied.

Objective: We evaluated the association between multiple urban exposures and childhood obesity outcomes and weight-related behaviours.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study including 2213 children aged 9-12 years in Sabadell, Spain. Read More

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October 2021

Dietary adherence and program attrition during a severely energy-restricted diet among people with complex class III obesity: A qualitative exploration.

PLoS One 2021 17;16(6):e0253127. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

The Boden Collaboration for Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise & Eating Disorders, Charles Perkins Centre, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW, Australia.

Meal replacement Severely Energy-Restricted Diets (SERDs) produce ≥ 10% loss of body mass when followed for 6 weeks or longer in people with class III obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2). The efficacy of SERDs continues to be questioned by healthcare professionals, with concerns about poor dietary adherence. This study explored facilitators and barriers to dietary adherence and program attrition among people with class III obesity who had attempted or completed a SERD in a specialised weight loss clinic. Read More

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Weight-related behaviors and weight loss maintenance: a cross-sectional study in Cyprus.

BMC Public Health 2021 06 10;21(1):1115. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Sciences and Education, Harokopio University Athens, Kallithea, Greece.

Background: This study examined the differences between maintainers and regainers regarding obesity related eating behaviors. A secondary objective was to develop an eating behavior index predicting the likelihood of successful weight loss maintenance.

Methods: The current cross-sectional evaluation conducted in Cyprus was part of the MedWeight (Greek) study. Read More

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The relationship between adverse childhood experiences and weight-related health behaviors in a national sample of children.

Acad Pediatr 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, University of California Los Angeles, 300 UCLA Medical Plaza, Suite 3300, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.

Objective: To examine how adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) relate to healthy weight behaviors in children.

Methods: We examined data from the 2016 National Survey of Children's Health. ACE scores were calculated from six measures of household dysfunction. Read More

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Pragmatic Evaluation of a Health System-Based Employee Weight Management Program.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 05 31;18(11). Epub 2021 May 31.

HealthPartners Institute, Bloomington, MN 55425, USA.

: We aimed to evaluate the fidelity and estimate the effectiveness of a novel health system employee weight-management program. Employees participating in a weight loss program consisting of self-monitoring, health coaching and meal replacements optionally enrolled in the 12-month study. Longitudinal, single-arm analyses were conducted evaluating change over time via survey, claims and programmatic data. Read More

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Pre- and Post-Migration Influences on Weight Management Behaviours before and during Pregnancy: Perceptions of African Migrant Women in England.

Nutrients 2021 May 14;13(5). Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Social Work, Education and Community Wellbeing, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE7 7XA, UK.

The prevalence of overweight/obesity is high among Black women in England, who also face high risks of pregnancy and childbirth complications. This study explored African migrant women's perceptions of pre- and post-migration influences on their weight-related behaviours and weight management support during pregnancy. Interviews were conducted with women of child-bearing age from Ghana, Nigeria, and Cameroon ( = 23). Read More

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Substance Use, Mental Health, and Weight-Related Behaviors During the COVID-19 Pandemic Among Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Patients.

Obes Surg 2021 08 27;31(8):3738-3748. Epub 2021 May 27.

School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

Purpose: The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on behavioral issues among those who have completed bariatric surgery (BS) is not well described in ethnically diverse populations. The aim of this study was to compare the impact of COVID-19 lockdown orders and after lockdown orders were lifted on substance use, mental health, and weight-related behaviors among a sample of post-BS adults.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective medical chart review identified BS patients from one university-based obesity medicine clinic and two BS practices. Read More

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Counseling and Behavioral Interventions for Healthy Weight and Weight Gain in Pregnancy: Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force.

JAMA 2021 05;325(20):2094-2109

Pacific Northwest Evidence-based Practice Center, Department of Medical Informatics and Clinical Epidemiology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland.

Importance: Counseling and active behavioral interventions to limit excess gestational weight gain (GWG) during pregnancy may improve health outcomes for women and infants. The 2009 National Academy of Medicine (NAM; formerly the Institute of Medicine) recommendations for healthy GWG vary according to prepregnancy weight category.

Objective: To review and synthesize the evidence on benefits and harms of behavioral interventions to promote healthy weight gain during pregnancy to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation. Read More

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Integrating Health at Every Size principles into adolescent care.

Curr Opin Pediatr 2021 08;33(4):361-367

Department of Family Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, Arizona, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Weight trends continue to increase in adolescents, but current weight-focused interventions have not demonstrated any lasting impact on overall health. Among adolescents, experiencing weight bias increases risks of harmful weight-related behaviors and decreases engagement in health-promoting behaviors, thus leading to worsened health outcomes. The Health at Every Size (HAES) approach may be an avenue to promote health holistically among adolescents without eliciting harmful weight-related behavior and improving provider-patient rapport. Read More

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Design of the GOT Doc study: A randomized controlled trial comparing a Guided Self-Help obesity treatment program for childhood obesity in the primary care setting to traditional family-based behavioral weight loss.

Contemp Clin Trials Commun 2021 Jun 20;22:100771. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

University of California, San Diego, Department of Pediatrics, Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, And Department of Psychiatry, United States.

Currently one-third of children in the United States have overweight or obesity (OW/OB). The goal of Healthy People 2020 is to reduce the proportion of children with OW/OB and increase the proportion of primary care visits that include nutrition and weight-related counseling. Unfortunately, many health care providers find it difficult to offer effective weight-related counseling and treatment in the primary care setting. Read More

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Comparison of obstetrician-gynecologists and family physicians regarding weight-related attitudes, communication, and bias.

Obes Res Clin Pract 2021 Jul-Aug;15(4):351-356. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, Dayton, OH, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: To assess physician perceptions regarding weight-related communication, quality of care, and bias in obstetrics-gynecology (OBGYN) and family physician (FP) practices.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey study based on a convenient sampling of OBGYN and FP was conducted. Physicians completed a 40-question survey assessing perceived obesity management and weight bias in caring for female patients with body mass index ≥25kg/m. Read More

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Relationships between patterns of technology-based weight-related self-monitoring and eating disorder behaviors among first year university students.

Eat Behav 2021 May 8;42:101520. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, United States of America.

Objective: To identify patterns of technology-based weight-related self-monitoring (WRSM) and assess associations between identified patterns and eating disorder behaviors among first year university students.

Methods: First year university students (n = 647) completed a web-based survey to assess their use of technology-based WRSM and eating disorder behaviors. The cross-sectional data were analyzed using gender-stratified latent class analysis to identify patterns of WRSM, followed by logistic regression to calculate the predicted probability of eating disorder behaviors for each pattern of WRSM. Read More

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The social environment and childhood obesity: Implications for research and practice in the United States and countries in Latin America.

Obes Rev 2021 Jun 5;22 Suppl 3:e13246. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Medical School, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.

The environments of children influence their risk for childhood obesity through, among other factors, a child's weight-related behaviors (i.e., diet and physical activity). Read More

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Women in larger bodies' experiences with contraception: a scoping review.

Reprod Health 2021 Apr 29;18(1):89. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

School of Public Health and Health Systems, Faculty of Health, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1, Canada.

Background: As the prevalence of obesity increases and the age of onset decreases, more women of reproductive age will be living in larger bodies. Research on weight-related efficacy and safety has informed clinical guidelines for routine and emergency contraceptive use by women with a higher body mass index; however, patient perspectives are needed to understand women in larger bodies' experiences with contraception and contraceptive care. This scoping review summarizes the literature on women in larger bodies' experiences with contraception with the goal of gaining a better understanding of the nature of these experiences and identifying gaps in the existing research. Read More

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Family Social Capital: Links to Weight-Related and Parenting Behaviors of Mothers with Young Children.

Nutrients 2021 Apr 23;13(5). Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Nutritional Sciences Department, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA.

Family social capital includes the social relationships, values, and norms shared by a family and is positively linked with children's mental and physical health status. This cross-sectional study addresses a gap in the literature related to family social capital vis-à-vis weight-related behaviors and home environments of 557 mothers and their young children (ages 2 to 9 years). Mothers completed an online survey comprised of valid, reliable questionnaires assessing family relationships and weight-related behavioral and home environment measures. Read More

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Determinants of Weight-Related Behaviors in Male Saudi University Students: A Qualitative Approach Using Focus Group Discussions.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 04 1;18(7). Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Health Promotion, NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Center+, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Obesity is a serious public health concern in the Gulf States. Students are exposed to many unhealthy weight-related behaviors due to college life. However, research that gives insight into regional and culture-specific aspects and determinants of weight-related behaviors in students is lacking. Read More

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Weight-Related Behaviors of Children with Obesity during the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Child Obes 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Population Health Sciences, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA.

During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, children and families have had to adapt their daily lives. The purpose of this study was to describe changes in the weight-related behaviors of children with obesity after the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. Semistructured interviews ( = 51) were conducted from April to June 2020 with parents of children with obesity. Read More

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Development and validation of the Child Weight Risk Questionnaire.

Eat Weight Disord 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Psychological Science, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, 9201 University City Blvd., Charlotte, NC, 28223, USA.

Purpose: The study objective was to develop and validate a measure of parent perception of child weight-related risk, the Child Weight Risk Questionnaire (CWRQ), among a sample of US parents.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a sample of 216 parents of 6- to 12-year-old children who were overweight. The CWRQ was used to assess parent beliefs about their child's susceptibility to physical, social-emotional, and behavioral health problems due to weight. Read More

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Does your past define you? How weight histories are associated with child eating-disorder psychopathology.

Eat Weight Disord 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, 301 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT, 06519, USA.

Purpose: To examine how parents' and adolescents' weight histories were associated with parents' approach to eating/weight-related parenting and children's eating-disorder behaviors.

Methods: Participants were 502 parents (69.3% mothers, 30. Read More

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Weight stigma is overlooked in commercial-grade mobile applications for weight loss and weight-related behaviors.

Obes Sci Pract 2021 Apr 14;7(2):244-248. Epub 2020 Nov 14.

The Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University Providence Rhode Island USA.

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Heterogeneities in Consumer Diet Quality and Health Outcomes of Consumers by Store Choice and Income.

Nutrients 2021 Mar 24;13(4). Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA.

Obesity and other diet-related health conditions have received much attention in the public health literature over the past two decades. This study investigates the relationship between household food budget shares at different food outlets with diet quality and weight-related health outcomes in the United States. Our analysis used event-level food purchase data from the national household food acquisition and purchases survey (FoodAPS). Read More

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